Ken Fussichen's History Of The Day For
August 13th

Home Click on * for the link to the relevant chronology. New Date
523*St John I begins his reign as Catholic Pope.Ref: 5
1099*Pope Paschal begins his reign as Catholic Pope.Ref: 69
1521*The end of the Aztec civilization. Spanish forces under Hernando Cortes stormed Tenochtitlan, the capital of the Aztec Empire. Cortes's men leveled the city and captured Cuauhtemoc, the Aztec emperor.Ref: 2
1587*In Roanoke, Virginia, Manteo became the first American Indian converted to Protestantism, and was baptized into the Church of England by members of Sir Walter Raleigh's expedition to the New World.Ref: 5
1608*John Smith's account of the early days of the Jamestown Colony is submitted for publication in London. 
1624*French King Louis XIII names Cardinal Richelieu his first minister. (XDG, p 4A, 8/13/2000)Ref: 83
1630 Emperor Ferdinand II dismisses Albert Eusebius van Wallenstein, his most capable general.Ref: 2
1651*Litchfield, CT founded.Ref: 5
1682*The first Welsh immigrants to the American colonies arrived in Pennsylvania. They were Quakers, and settled near modern Philadelphia.Ref: 5
1727*In the German village of Herrnhut, religious reformer Count Nicolaus von Zinzendorf, 27, organized a group of Bohemian Protestant refugees into the first Moravian community of "Unitas Fratrum" (united brotherhood).Ref: 5
1784*The Continental Congress met for the final time in Annapolis, Maryland. It moved a few more times, from Philadelphia, PA to New York City and, finally, to its permanent seat of government in Washington, DC.Ref: 4
1814*Britain Takes Over the Dutch Cape Colony. Britain was granted formal control of southern Africa's Cape of Good Hope by the Congress of Vienna after 8 years of British occupation.Ref: 10
1846*The American flag was raised for the first time in Los Angeles. (XDG, p 4A, 8/13/2000)Ref: 83
1852*English politician Benjamin Disraeli writes: "These wretched colonies will all be independent in a short time, and are a millstone round our necks." 
1876*Reciprocity Treaty between US and Hawaii ratifiedRef: 5
1878*The Luray Caverns are discovered in Virginia. 
1881*The first African-American nursing school opens at Spelman College in Atlanta, Georgia.Ref: 2
1890*The first annual convention of postal workers is held in Boston, Massachusetts. 
1906*Black soldiers raid Brownsville Texas.Ref: 5
1907*Afghanistan independence recognized by Anglo-Russian convention.Ref: 10
1907*The first taxicab took to the streets of New York City.Ref: 4
1919*George Schwartz, James D. Adair and Roy C. Hayward acquire the contract to operate Xenia Ohio's Opera House. (XDG, 10/2/1981)Ref: 83
1919*McClellan Hospital, in Xenia OH, originally located on the second floor of a two-story building, opens on East Second Street. (XDG, p 4B, 9/30/2003)Ref: 83
1923*Mustapha Kemal elected president of Turkey.Ref: 5
1931*Elk City, Oklahoma dedicated its new community hospital. It was the first of its kind in the United States.Ref: 4
1932*Adolf Hitler rejected the post of vice-chancellor of Germany, saying he was prepared to hold out "for all or nothing."Ref: 70
1945*Stimson recommends shipping the second plutonium core to Tinian.Ref: 91
1946*Britain transfers illegal immigrants bound to Palestine, to Cyprus.Ref: 5
1948 During the Berlin Airlift, the weather over Berlin becomes so stormy that American planes have their most difficult day landing supplies. They deem it ‘Black Friday.’Ref: 2
1953*Pres Eisenhower establishes Govt Contract Compliance Committee.Ref: 5
1960*Central African Republic & Chad proclaim independence from France.Ref: 5
1961 (Berlin Wall) Berlin was divided as East Germany sealed off the border between the city's eastern and western sectors with a barbed wire fence in order to halt the flight of refugees. Two days later, work began on the Berlin Wall. Barbed wire divides Berlin. also RefRef: 70
1963*Custom agents confiscate 21 gold coins from Witte Museum.Ref: 5
1966 Great Cultural Revolution in China led by Mao Tse-tung to prevent capitalism, build socialism.Ref: 10
1991*Prominent Washington figure Clark Clifford resigns as chairman of First American Bankshares Inc. in the wake of the BCCI scandal. 
1996*(Trump) CNN reported that The New York Post reported that Donald Trump planned to construct a 140-story NYSE Tower at the end of Wall Street. ‘The Donald’ said the New York Stock Exchange should be housed in the world’s tallest building, and he was willing to build it.Ref: 4
1642*Christiaan Huygens discovers Martian south polar cap.Ref: 5
1889*William Gray of Hartford, CT patents the coin-operated telephone.Ref: 4
1912*St. Joseph’s College in Philadelphia, PA was granted the first experimental radio license by the U.S. Department of Commerce.Ref: 4
1930*Captain Frank M. Hawks, superintendent of the Aviation Division of Texaco, flew a red-and-white Travel Air monoplane from Los Angeles to New York in 12 hours, 25 minutes and 3 seconds. 
1946*Carl E. Weller of Easton, PA receives patent on the soldering gun.Ref: 10
1960*The first two-way telephone conversation by satellite took place with the help of Echo 1, a balloon satellite.Ref: 70
1977*First test glide of the shuttle.Ref: 5
1987*Fossil bones discovered in Texas in 1984 are proclaimed to be the remains of possibly the world's oldest birds. 
1989*US space shuttle STS-28 landsRef: 5
1680*War starts when the Spanish are expelled from Santa Fe, New Mexico, by Indians under Chief Pope.Ref: 2
1704*The Duke of Marlborough and Prince Eugene of Austria defeat the French Army at the Battle of Blenheim in the War of Spanish Succession. (XDG, p 4A, 8/13/2000)Ref: 83
1787 The Ottoman Empire declares war on Russia.Ref: 2
1862*Confederate General Nathan Bedford Forrest defeats a Union army under Thomas Crittenden at Murfreesboro, Tennessee.Ref: 2
1898*Manila, the capital of the Philippines, falls to the U.S. Army.Ref: 2
1940*A massive German bombing offensive begins against airfields and factories in England. Hitlers's "Eagle Day" starts with 1485 sorties against Britain.Ref: 36
1942*The Manhattan Project (the development of nuclear power for military purposes) is born.Ref: 22
1945*Truman orders area fire bombing resumed.Ref: 91
1945*Gen. Henry Arnold, US Army Air Force, launches the largest raid on Japan of the war with over 1000 B-29s and other aircraft, carrying 6000 tons of bombs.Ref: 91
1963*A 17 year-old Buddhist monk burns himself to death in Saigon, South Vietnam.Ref: 41
2003*One solider dies and another is injured in Dawr after their armored personnel carrier hit an explosive device. (Time, p 33, 9/01/2003) 
1906*After pitching 1727 consecutive complete innings, including fifteen games in relief, Cub pitcher Jack Taylor's streak comes to an end as the Brooklyn Superbas knock him out of the game in the third inning.Ref: 1
1910*In a game which features each team having 38 at-bats, 13 hits, 12 assists, 2 errors, 5 strikeouts, 3 walks, 1 hit batsman, and 1 passed ball, the Pirates and the Superbas (later to be known as the Dodgers) play to what else an 8-8 tie.Ref: 1
1917*Phillies steal 5 bases in an inning against the Braves.Ref: 5
1919*The previously undefeated racehorse, Man o’ War, was upset -- by Upset -- at Saratoga, NY. This turn of events so upset Man o’ War that the horse never lost a race again. Man o’ War proved to be quite the stud, as well. After wining 1,300 races, he sired 379 foals. The stud fee for Man o’ War was $5,000.Ref: 4
1928 Soviet Union Spartacan Games begins.Ref: 5
1932*Yankee pitcher Red Ruffing homers & wins game 1-0 in 10 tying.Ref: 5
1935 The first roller derby match was held at the Coliseum in Chicago, IL.Ref: 4
1939*Yankees set AL shutout margin with 21-0 victory over A's.Ref: 5
1948*Cleveland Indians rookie pitcher Satchel Paige threw his first complete game in the major leagues. He allowed the Chicago White Sox only five hits in the 5-0 shutout. Incidentally, the rookie pitcher was 42 years old.Ref: 4
1951*Every one who shows up with a musical instrument is admitted free to Ebbets Field. Two thousand fans take advantage of the Musical Depreciation Night promotion including a man who brings a piano.Ref: 1
1963*Warren Spahn sets left-hander strike out mark at 2,382.Ref: 5
1964*In a battle of teenagers, 19-year old Met first baseman Ed Kranepool homers twice off 18-year old Phillie hurler Rick Wise.Ref: 1
1969*Bowie Kuhn, who had been the acting commissioner of major-league baseball since February, started this day expecting his term to come to an end. He ended the day having signed a seven-year contract. He stayed on for almost a decade after that contract expired.Ref: 4
1969*Oriole Jim Palmer hurls a no-hitter against the A's, the 8-0 victory gives Baltimore a comfortable 14 and a half game lead in the first American League East Division race ever.Ref: 1
1978*Although the Yankees score five runs in the top of the 7th inning, the Bronx Bombers lose to the Orioles, 3-0 because the score reverted to the last completed inning after the game is rained out. This rule will be changed in 1980, and the game today would have been suspended.Ref: 1
1979*St. Louis Cardinal Lou Brock collects his 3000th career hit (single off Dennis Lamp) in the 4th inning against the Chicago Cubs at Busch Stadium.Ref: 86
1980*Tatyana Kazankina of USSR sets 1.5k woman's record (3:52.47) in USSR.Ref: 5
1982*Dodger second baseman Steve Sax steals his 41st base to set a team record for rookies.Ref: 1
1986*United States Football League standout Herschel Walker signed to play with the Dallas Cowboys of the National Football League. Walker’s contract paid an estimated $5 million over five years. He had been playing for the New Jersey Generals before the USFL went out of business.Ref: 4
1986*After 22 seasons, Tony Perez of the Cincinnati Reds announced his plan to retire at the end of the 1986 season. That would leave Pete Rose and George Foster as the only remaining, active players from the original Big Red Machine of the 1970s.Ref: 4
1987*The Cubs retire Hall of Famer Billy Williams' uniform number (26).Ref: 1
1988*Boston Red Sox win AL record 24 straight home games.Ref: 5
1988*US beats Jamaicia 5-1, in 2nd round of 1990 world soccer cup.Ref: 5
1988*Ronald J Dossenbach sets world record for pedaling across Canada from Vancouver, BC to Halifax, NS in 13 days, 15 hr, 4 min.Ref: 5
1991*Toronto Blue Jays' Tom Henke's streak of consecutive saves comes to an end with a Paul Molitor home run in the ninth. Henke still sets a Major League mark for consecutive saves with 25.Ref: 86
1991*(and 14th) San Diego Padre Fred McGriff becomes the 4th player in N.L. history to blast grand slams in consecutive games.Ref: 86
1995*The Minnesota Twins retire Kent Hrbek's uniform no. 14.Ref: 29
1997*In a pregame ceremony attended by Rachel and Sharon Robinson, the Colorado Rockies retire No. 42 in honor of Jackie Robinson's historic and heroic contributions to the game of baseball. His number adorns the rightfield wall in Coors Field, and is retired across baseball.Ref: 86
1998*On the eve of a meeting of the New Jersey Athletic Control Board, Mike Tyson's advisers abruptly withdrew his application for a New Jersey boxing license.Ref: 98
2000*Mike Sweeney becomes the fastest Royal player ever to reach 100 RBIs when he goes deep helping Kansas City defeat the Orioles, 10-5.Ref: 1
2000*Astros' first baseman Jeff Bagwell goes 4-for-5 and drives in a club-record seven runs as Houston drubs the Phillies,14-7.Ref: 1
1867*"Under the Gaslight", by Augustin Daly, opened in New York City. The show went on to become one of the most popular melodramas ever staged in America.Ref: 4
1876*Premiere of Wagner's "Der Ring des Nibelungen" in its entirety at Bayreuth.Ref: 10
1892*The first issue of the Afro American newspaper is published in Baltimore, Maryland.Ref: 2
1924*The first country music record to sell one million copies reached that point on this day. It was "The Prisoner’s Song", recorded by Vernon Dalhart. "The Prisoner’s Song" and songs like "Molly Darling", "Death of Floyd Collins" and "New River Train" helped Dalhart outsell all others during his era (about 75 million records). He became a Country Music Hall of Famer in 1981.Ref: 4
1930*Guy Lombardo and his orchestra put to wax "Go Home and Tell Your Mother", on Columbia Records.Ref: 4
1934*Cartoonist Al Capp began his famous comic strip, "Li’l Abner". In those early days, the cartoon strip was carried in eight newspapers. Eventually, it would be in more than 500, and would be the basis for a Broadway play and a Hollywood movie, too.Ref: 4
1942*The Walt Disney classic Bambi opens at Radio City Music Hall in New York City.Ref: 73
1952*The original version of "Hound Dog" was recorded by Willie Mae (Big Mama) Thornton. It was the first hit for the song-writing team of Jerry Leiber and Mike Stoller. Musician-composer Johnny Otis ("Willie and the Hand Jive") said he helped Leiber and Stoller with the writing of "Hound Dog". All was fine as long as Big Mama Thornton was doin’ the singing (Otis was her producer); but as soon as the Elvis version started bringing in the bucks, Otis was cut out of the picture. Otis went to court but lost the suit.Ref: 4
1965*Rock group Jefferson Airplane was formedRef: 62
1971*Paul & Linda McCartney release "The Back Seat of My Car".Ref: 5
1990*Soul singer/songwriter Curtis Mayfield ("Superfly", "Freddie’s Dead") is paralyzed from the neck down after a lighting tower fell on him at a concert in Brooklyn, New York. Mayfield died Dec 26, 1999.Ref: 4
1422*William Caxton first English printer (Histories of Troy), is born.Ref: 5
1625*Erasmus Bartholin, Danish physician, mathematician and physicist, is born.Ref: 70
1655*Johann Christoph Denner, inventor of the clarinet, is born.Ref: 2
1802*Nikolaus Lenau Hungary, German poet (Faust, Die Albigenser), is born.Ref: 5
1814*Anders Jonas Angstrom, Sweden, physicist, founded spectroscopy, is born.Ref: 5
1818*Lucy Stone, American pioneer in the women's rights movement, is born in West Brookfield, MA.Ref: 70
1819*Sir George Gabriel Stokes physicist/mathematician (Spectroscope), is born.Ref: 5
1820*Sir George Grove, English writer of the Dictionary of Music and Musicians, is born in London, England.Ref: 70
1851*Felix Adler, American educator and founder of the Ethical Movement, is born.Ref: 70
1860*Annie Oakley (aka Phoebe Anne Oakley Mozee) is born in a Darke County, Ohio, log cabin.Ref: 68
1866 Giovanni Agnelli, Italian industrialist, is born.Ref: 70
1867*George Luks, American painter, is born.Ref: 70
1888*John Logie Baird Scotland, inventor (father of TV), is born.Ref: 5
1895*Bert Lahr (Irving Lahrheim) (actor: The Wizard of Oz, Rose Marie, Ship Ahoy, The Night They Raided Minsky’s) is born.Ref: 68
1895*Robert Burton actor (Dr Gordon-Kings Row), is born.Ref: 5
1898*Jean Borota France, tennis champ (35 Wimbledons between 1922-64), is born.Ref: 5
1899*Alfred (Joseph) Hitchcock, director of over 50 films including Rebecca, Rear Window, Psycho and North by Northwest, is born in London, England.Ref: 2
1902 Lord (Alan John) Sainsbury is born.Ref: 10
1902*Felix Wankel Germany, inventor (Wankel rotary-piston engine), is born.Ref: 5
1902*Salvador Luria, Italian-born American Nobel-Prize winning biologist (1969), is born.Ref: 70
1902*Regis Toomey, Pitts Pa, actor (Burke's Law, Petticoat Junction), is born.Ref: 5
1904*Charles ‘Buddy’ Rogers (actor: Abie’s Irish Rose, Varsity, Mexican Spitfire at Sea, My Best Girl) is born.Ref: 4
1907 Sir Basil Spence is born.Ref: 10
1907*Alfred Alwin Felix Krupp, Essen Germany, arms manufacturer, is born.Ref: 5
1908*Gene Raymond NYC, actor (Paris 7000, Fireside Theater), is born.Ref: 5
1909*John Beal actor (Amityville 3D), is born.Ref: 5
1911 William Bernbach is born.Ref: 10
1912*Ben Hogan (golf champion: Masters [1951, 1953], U.S. Open [1948, 1950, 1951, 1953], British Open [1953], PGA [1946, 1948]), is born in Dublin TX.Ref: 68
1912*Rita Johnson, Worcester Mass, actress (All Mine to Give), is born.Ref: 5
1913 Archbishop Macarios is born.Ref: 10
1916*Daniel Schorr, radio and television correspondent, is born.Ref: 2
1918*Frederick Sanger England, chemist (Nobel 1958, 1980), is born.Ref: 5
1919*George Shearing (jazz pianist: September in the Rain, I’ll Take Romance, Changing with the Times; composer: Lullaby of Birdland, Conception, Consternation), is born.Ref: 4
1919*Birth of Rex Humbard, pioneer radio and television evangelist. In 1958 Humbard established the Cathedral of Tomorrow in Akron, Ohio, from which he afterward based his television ministry.Ref: 5
1920*Neville Brand (actor: Stalag 17, Birdman of Alcatraz, Riot in Cell Block II, Laredo; U.S. Army: 4th most-decorated [WWII]) is born.Ref: 95
1920*George Shearing London, blind pianist/composer (Lullabye of Byrdland), is born.Ref: 5
1927*Fidel Castro Ruz Cuban political leader (1959- ), is born.Ref: 15
1929*Actor Pat Harrington (One Day At A Time) is born in New York City. (TWA, 1997)Ref: 95
1930*Vinegar Bend (Wilmer David) Mizell (baseball: pitcher: SL Cardinals [all-star: 1959], Pittsburgh Pirates [World Series: 1960], NY Mets), is born.Ref: 4
1930*Robert Culp, Berkley Calif, actor (I Spy, Bob & Carol & Ted & Alice), is born.Ref: 68
1930*Don Ho, Hawaii, ukulele player (Tiny Bubbles), is born. (TWA, 1997)Ref: 95
1931*Norman Read NZ, 50K walker (Olympic-gold-1956), is born.Ref: 5
1934*Gary Davidson founder of ABA, WHA, WFL, is born.Ref: 5
1935*Baseball pitcher ‘Mudcat’ (James Timothy ‘Jim’) Grant is born.Ref: 68
1939*Saul Steinberg artist (The Art of Living), is born.Ref: 5
1940*Tony (Lee) Cloninger (baseball: pitcher: Milwaukee Braves, Atlanta Braves [only player from National League and only pitcher to have 2 grand slams in a game: July 3, 1966], Cincinnati Reds [World Series: 1970], St. Louis Cardinals), is born.Ref: 4
1941*James Stuart Blackton, the first American animator, top cartoonist, founder of Vitagraph, and publisher of the first true movie fanzine Motion Picture World, is hit by a bus on Pico Blvd.Ref: 73
1942*Robert L Stewart Wash DC, Brig Gen US Army/astronaut (STS 41B, 51J), is born.Ref: 5
1943*Gary Ilman US, 100m freestyle (Olympic-4th-1964), is born.Ref: 5
1944*Kevin Tighe (actor: What’s Eating Gilbert Grape, Newsies, Double Cross, City of Hope, Another 48 Hrs., Caught in the Act), is born.Ref: 4
1947*Gretchen Corbett Camp Sherman Ore, actress (Beth-Rockford Files), is born.Ref: 5
1948*Kathleen Battle, Portsmouth Ohio, soprano (Shephard-Tannh„user), is born.Ref: 5
1949*Cliff Fish (musician: bassist: group: Paper Lace: The Night Chicago Died)Ref: 4
1949*Andy (Andre) Thornton (baseball: Chicago Cubs, Montreal Expos, Cleveland Indians [all-star: 1982, 1984]), is born.Ref: 4
1949*Bobby Clarke Manitoba, NHL player/coach (Phila Flyers), is born.Ref: 5
1949*Sheralee Ft Lauderdale Fla, vocalist (Your Hit Parade)Ref: 5
1951*Dan Fogelberg Peoria Ill, rocker (Same Auld Lang Syne), is born.Ref: 5
1952*Don Hardeman (football: Texas A&I, NFL: Houston Oilers, TB Buccaneers, Baltimore Colts, NO Saints), is born.Ref: 4
1955*Betsy King LPGA golfer (1990 Dinah Shore, 1990 US Women's Open), is born.Ref: 5
1958*Feargal Sharkey rocker (Undertones-Never Never, Good Heart), is born.Ref: 5
1959*Danny Bonaduce (actor: The Partridge Family, H.O.T.S., America’s Deadliest Home Video; disc jockey), is born.Ref: 4
1959*Mark Nevin rocker (Fairground Attraction-Find My Love), is born.Ref: 5
1961*Dawnn Lewis actress (Jaleesa-Different World), is born.Ref: 5
1963*Pamela Jean Stein Syracuse NY, playmate (Nov, 1987), is born.Ref: 5
1963*Tigg Ketler Chula Vista Ca, drummer (Bang Tango-Dancin' on Coals), is born.Ref: 5
1964*Ian Haughland heavy metal rocker (Europe-The Final Countdown), is born.Ref: 5
1967*Quinn Cummings (actress: The Goodbye Girl, The Babysitter, Night Terror, Intimate Strangers) is born.Ref: 4
1973*Kelly O'Dell (actress: X-rated films) is born.Ref: 4
1974*Brittany Andrews (actress: X-rated films) is born.Ref: 4
662 Saint Maximus dies.Ref: 10
1826*René-Théophile-Hyacinthe Laënnec, physician; writer: papers on respiratory and heart ailments; inventor: stethoscope; dies.Ref: 4
1863 Eugène Delacroix dies.Ref: 10
1868*Quakes kill 25,000 & causes $300 million damages (Peru & Ecuador).Ref: 5
1881*Edward Trelawny, English author, dies at age 88.Ref: 70
1896*Sir John Millais, English painter and illustrator, dies at age 67.Ref: 70
1900*Collis Porter Huntington, American railroad magnate, dies at age 78.Ref: 70
1908*Death of Ira D. Sankey, 68. He was Dwight Moody's song evangelist from 1870. During their revival crusades, Sankey penned many hymn tunes, of which the most enduring today are HIDING IN THEE ("O Safe to the Rock That is Higher Than I") and SANKEY ("Faith is the Victory").Ref: 5
1910*British nurse Florence Nightingale, famous for her care of British soldiers during the Crimean War, dies in London.Ref: 68
1912*Jules Massenet, composer, dies at age 70 in Paris, France. (Also: Cross, Milton, "Encyclopedia of the Great Composers and Their Music", Doubleday & Co, 1953)Ref: 70
1912*Octavia Hill, English activist and leader of the British open-space movement, dies at age 73.Ref: 70
1913 August Bebel, German co-founder of the Social Democratic Party, dies at age 73.Ref: 70
1939*Sabotage suspected in crash of the 'City of San Francisco' which fell into the Humboldt River killing 24. (Elko, Nevada).Ref: 5
1946*H. G. (Herbert George) Wells writer: War of the Worlds, The Time Machine, The Invisible Man, The Outline of History; dies at age 79.Ref: 4
1964*Last two executions of murderers in Britain: Walton prison, Liverpool and Strangeways, Manchester.Ref: 10
1965*Hayato Ikeda, Japanese prime minister (1960-4), dies at age 65.Ref: 70
1971 King Curtis stabbedRef: 10
1972*George Wiess Yankee GM, dies.Ref: 5
1982*Charles Walters director, dies at 68.Ref: 5
1982*Joe E Ross comedian (Toody-Car 54, Phil Silvers Show), dies at 77.Ref: 5
1983*Joe Tex (Arrington, Jr.) singer: I Gotcha, Hold What You’ve Got, Skinny Legs and All, Ain’t Gonna Bump No More (With No Big Fat Woman; dies.Ref: 4
1984 Tigran Petrosian is born.Ref: 10
1984*Clyde Cook actor, dies in his sleep at 92.Ref: 5
1985*J.W. (John Willard) Marriott hotel magnate; dies.Ref: 68
1985*Marion Martin actress, dies at 67.Ref: 5
1988*Edward Bennett Williams attorney; owner: Baltimore Orioles; dies.Ref: 4
1988*Otto E Passman (Rep-D-La, 1947-77), dies at 88.Ref: 5
1989*Searchers find the wreckage of a plane that disappeared almost a week earlier while carrying Congressman Mickey Leland and fifteen others. There were no survivors. (XDG, p 4A, 8/13/2000)Ref: 83
1989*Tim Richmond race car driver (won 13 NASCAR races), dies of AIDS.Ref: 5
1991*Inventor and entrepreneur Jack Ryan, who helped give birth to Barbie and Hot Wheels racing toys, dies at age 65.Ref: 5
1995*Flags fly at half-mast at the stadium as Yankee legend Mickey (Charles) Mantle, ‘The Commerce Comet’, three-time MVP, dies of liver cancer at the age of 63 in Dallas, Texas.Ref: 1

Last Update: October 27th, 2005
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