Ken Fussichen's History Of The Day For
August 14th

Home Click on * for the link to the relevant chronology. New Date
1248*Construction of Cologne Cathedral begun.Ref: 5
1390*Robert III and Annabella are crowned King and Queen of Scotland at Westminster Abbey by Walter Trayl.Ref: 16
1605*The Popham expedition reaches the Sagadahoc River in present-day Maine and settles there.Ref: 2
1765*Mass colonists challenge British rule by an Elm (Liberty Tree).Ref: 5
1784*Russian fur trader Grigory Shelikhov founds first permanent Russian settlement in Alaska on Kodiak I.Ref: 10
1809*Greene County (Ohio) accepts the William Kendall-built County Court House. (Ref: The Herald-Advisor Magazine Section, p. 2, 9/8/1935) 
1811*Paraguay declares itself independent of Spain.Ref: 10
1816*Remotest island in the world, Tristan da Cunha, annexed by the United Kingdom.Ref: 10
1820*The New York Eye Infirmary, the first U.S. eye hospital, opens in New York City. 
1842*Seminole War ends; Indians removed from Florida to Oklahoma.Ref: 5
1846*Henry David Thoreau jailed for tax resistance.Ref: 5
1848*The U.S. Congress creates the Oregon Territory, made up of today’s Oregon, Washington, Idaho and parts of Montana and Wyoming.Ref: 4
1862*Lincoln receives first group of blacks to confer with a US president.Ref: 5
1876*Prairie View State University forms.Ref: 5
1880 Exactly 632 years after rebuilding began, the Cologne Cathedral, Cologne, Germany, was completed ... only to be damaged again during WWII. The largest Gothic style cathedral in Northern Europe was first built on the same site in 873 A.D., but was destroyed by fire in 1248. Rebuilding began on this day in 1248.Ref: 4
1893*France issues first driving licenses, included required test.Ref: 5
1908*Race riot in Springfield Illinois.Ref: 5
1910 6th International Congress of Esperantists held in Washington, DC.Ref: 5
1919*A U.S. aeromarine flying boat carries the first air mail delivery at sea. 
1923*Carnegie Steel establishes the eight-hour day for its workers. 
1925*Mount Rushmore figures are proposed.Ref: 51
1933*John Dillinger robs Citizens National Bank of Bluffton, Ohio, with Copeland and Crouch.Ref: 42
1933*Forest fire in Tillamook, Oregon wipes out 270,000 acres ($200 million damage).Ref: 10
1935*The U.S. Congress passed, and U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed into law, the Social Security Act, creating unemployment insurance and pension plans for the elderly. also RefRef: 4
1947*India granted independence within British Commonwealth.Ref: 5
1947*Pakistan was created by a partition agreement by British as an independent country.Ref: 70
1953*(Chairman, Joint Chiefs) General Omar Bradley, USA, completes his tenure as chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. (TWA, 1997)Ref: 95
1953*David N. Mullany and his 13-year-old son, David A. Mullany, while trying to come up with a ball that would curve every time it was thrown, wound up inventing the Wiffle Ball. The ball had oblong holes on the top half, and a solid bottom. The original Wiffle bat was wood, but for many years it has been a skinny yellow fungo-shaped plastic bat. You can still buy the bat-and-ball set for a few dollars.Ref: 4
1957*(Chairman, Joint Chiefs) Admiral Arthur W Radford, USN, completes his tenure as chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. (TWA, 1997)Ref: 95
1961*(since April 11th) Eichmann on trial in Jerusalem for crimes against the Jewish people, crimes against humanity and war crimes. Found guilty and hanged at Ramleh on May 31, 1962. A fellow Nazi reported Eichmann once said "he would leap laughing into the grave because the feeling that he had five million people on his conscience would be for him a source of extraordinary satisfaction."Ref: 35
1962*The "White Gloves Gang" rob a mail truck of $1.5 million. They have not been caught.Ref: 52
1962*French & Italian workers break through at Mount Blanc Vehicular Tunnel.Ref: 5
1965*The first nuclear ship named for an African American, George Washington Carver, is launched at Newport News, Virginia. 
1968*(Chicago 7) ACLU suit seeking an injunction requiring issuance of permit is withdrawn after hearing amid concerns that court might instead enjoin demonstrators.Ref: 87
1970*City University of NY inaugurates open admissions.Ref: 5
1971*Bahrain proclaims independence after 110 years of British rule.Ref: 5
1971*British begin internment without trial in Northern Ireland.Ref: 5
1974*Congress authorizes US citizens to own gold.Ref: 5
1979*Rainbow seen in Northern Wales for a 3 hour duration.Ref: 5
1980 Strike at Gdansk ship yards in Poland marks beginning of the Solidarity union in PolandRef: 62
1980*President Carter and Vice President Mondale are nominated for a second term at the Democratic National Convention in New York. (XDG p 4A, 8/14/2000)Ref: 83
1981*George Foster hits his 8th HR into the red seats at Riverfront.Ref: 5
1984*Patricia (Patty) Ann Reagan married Paul Grilley on a movie set in California. The proud poppa, U.S. President Ronald Reagan, gave his daughter away in the private ceremony.Ref: 4
1995*Shannon Faulkner became the first female cadet in the history of The Citadel, South Carolina's state military college. She quit the school less than a week later.Ref: 70
1996*The Republican National Convention in San Diego nominated Bob Dole for president and Jack Kemp for vice president.Ref: 70
1997*An unrepentant Timothy McVeigh is formally sentenced to death for the Oklahoma City bombing. (XDG p 4A, 8/14/2002)Ref: 83
1998*A federal appeals court in Richmond, Va., rules that the Food and Drug Administration had no authority to regulate tobacco, striking down FDA rules making it harder for minors to buy cigarettes; the Clinton administration said it would appeal. 
2126*Comet expected to hit earth; end of the world worries some.Ref: 10
1559*Spanish explorer de Luna enters Pensacola Bay, Florida.Ref: 2
1806*Lewis & Clark: They arrive back at the Mandan villages. John Colter is given permission to leave the expedition and return to the Yellowstone to trap beaver (and become one of the first American "mountain men"). The captains say good-bye to Charbonneau, Sacagawea, and Baptiste.Ref: 65
1834*Jacob Perkins receives British patent on ice-making machine.Ref: 10
1888*Oliver B. Shallenberger of Rochester, PA received a patent (#388,003) for the electric meter.Ref: 4
1962*NASA civilian test pilot Joseph A Walker takes X-15 to 60,000 m.Ref: 5
1966*First US lunar orbiter begins orbiting the Moon.Ref: 5
1984*IBM released PC-DOS v3.0 for PC/AT (with network support). Remember those AT machines? A 286 processor, 20-30meg hard drive and 256k/512k RAM for somewhere between $6000 and $9000. Ah yes, those were the days.Ref: 4
410 Alaric sacks Rome.Ref: 5
1385 Portuguese defeat Castilians at Aljubarrota, retain independence.Ref: 5
1756*French commander Louis Montcalm takes Fort Oswego, New England, from the British.Ref: 2
1777*Planning an attack on Philadelphia, British General Sir William Howe (1729-1814) entered the Chesapeake Bay, disembarking at Head of Elk, Maryland, on August 25. General John Burgoyne (1722-1792), in the meantime, marched troops down from Canada to cut off New England. 
1793*Republican troops in France lay siege to the city of Lyons.Ref: 2
1813*British warship Pelican attacks & captures US war brigantine Argus.Ref: 5
1814 In the Treaty of Kiel Denmark gives Norway to Sweden; Denmark keeps Greenland, Iceland and FaroeRef: 10
1814*During the American Revolution, American patriot Francis Scott Key (1779-1843) was held overnight as a British prisoner during their shelling of Fort McHenry in Baltimore. In the morning, Key penned what later became our national anthem "The Star-Spangled Banner".Ref: 5
1900*International forces, including U.S. Marines, entered Beijing to put down the Boxer Rebellion, which was aimed at purging China of foreigners.Ref: 70
1912*2,500 US marines invade Nicaragua; US remains until 1925.Ref: 5
1914*Battle of the Frontiers begins (World War I) 
1917*China declared war on Germany and Austria during World War I.Ref: 70
1941*President Roosevelt and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill issue the Atlantic Charter, a statement of principles that renounced aggression.Ref: 36
1942*Dwight D. Eisenhower is named the Anglo-American commander for Operation Torch, the invasion of North Africa.Ref: 2
1944*In Canada, authority is given to proceed with anthrax bombing trials at Suffield, Alberta. 
1945*American B-29 bombers attack Tokyo.Ref: 62
1945*Following leaflet bombing of Tokyo with surrender terms, Hirohito orders that an Imperial Edict accepting surrender be issued. 2:49 p.m. (1:49 a.m. Washington time), Japanese news agency announces surrender.Ref: 91
1945*Gen. MacArthur is appointed to head the occupation forces in Japan.Ref: 62
1945*CBS radio began the series, "Columbia Presents Corwin". Orson Welles did a special reading about the fall of Japan, titled, "Fourteen August".Ref: 4
1945*This is the day that U.S. President Harry S Truman announced that Japan had surrendered to the Allies [WWII]. Thousands thronged into the streets throughout the United States to celebrate V-J Day. A million people flock to Times Square, New York to see news flash: Japan Surrenders. The official ratification of the surrender didn’t take place until September 2, in Tokyo Bay aboard the "USS Missouri".Ref: 70
1969*British troops arrived in Northern Ireland to intervene in sectarian violence between Protestants and Roman Catholics.Ref: 70
1973*The United States ends the "secret" bombing of Cambodia.Ref: 2
1888*Tim Keefe's nineteen game winning streak ends when Gus Krock and the White Stockings defeat the Giants.Ref: 1
1903*In a second effort to regain the heavyweight boxing title, James J. Corbett, known as Gentleman Jim, was knocked out cold by James J. Jeffries in the 10th round.Ref: 97
1919*Yankee Muddy Ruel hits into a triple-play.Ref: 5
1919*In a total of two hours and seventeen minutes, the Dodgers and Cubs split a doubleheader. In the opener, the Cubs blank Brooklyn 2-0 in one hour and 10 minutes and in the nightcap it takes the Dodgers one hour and 7 minutes to shut out Chicago, 1-0.Ref: 1
1932*Dodger John Quinn,49, becomes the oldest pitcher to win a major league game earning the victory in relief against the Giants.Ref: 1
1932*10th Olympic Games at Los Angeles closes.Ref: 5
1933*Jimmie Foxx hits for the cycle and drives in nine runs breaking an American League record as the A's beat the Indians, 11-5.Ref: 1
1936*The first basketball competition was held at the Olympic Games -- in Berlin, Germany. The U.S. defeated Canada, 19-8.Ref: 4
1937*In a doubleheader against the Browns, the Tigers set a major league record scoring 36 in the twin bill. Pete Fox tallies eight times in the double dip.Ref: 1
1939*The first night game took place at Comiskey Park before a crowd of 30,000 fans. The White Sox defeated the Browns by a score of 5-2.Ref: 86
1947*Mildred ‘Babe’ Didrikson Zaharias turns golfing professional in order to accept $300,000 for a series of golf movies.Ref: 4
1948*14th Olympic games in London closes.Ref: 5
1958*Indian Vic Power steals home twice in the same game; he will only have a total of three for the entire season.Ref: 1
1958*Canadian Football League plays first game (Winnipeg 29, Edmonton 21).Ref: 5
1959*Lamar Hunt of Dallas announced his intentions to form a second pro football league. The first meeting was held in Chicago, and consisted of Hunt representing Dallas; Bob Howsam, Denver; K.S. (Bud) Adams, Houston; Barron Hilton, Los Angeles; Max Winter and Bill Boyer, Minneapolis; and Harry Wismer, New York City (New York Titans, later Jets). They made plans to begin play in 1960. Ref 
1961*In a 9-2 defeat to the Cubs' Dick Ellsworth, the Phillies drop their seventeenth consecutive game and for the eleventh straight time the opposing pitcher throws a complete game against the team.Ref: 1
1965*Continental Football League plays first games.Ref: 5
1969*The New York Mets were 9½ games behind the league-leading Chicago Cubs. The Amazing Mets began a comeback that launched the phrase, “You Gotta Believe,” as they began a drive that took them to the National League pennant and the World Series Championship (over the Baltimore Orioles). It was the first championship for the Mets franchise which began in 1962.Ref: 4
1971*Thanks to outstanding defensive plays by outfielder Jose Cruz and third baseman Joe Torre, Cardinal fireballer Bob Gibson no-hits the Pirates, 11-0.Ref: 1
1973*Johnny Unitas files $725,000 suit against Balt Colts.Ref: 5
1976*A charity picnic and softball game was staged to raise money for a new softball field and for the Community General Hospital in Monticello, NY. Gager’s Diner and Bend ’n Elbow Tavern fielded competing teams (a total of 50 men and 20 women) to play a 365-inning ball game. The game began at 10 a.m. and was finally called because of rain and fog at 4 p.m. the following day. The score was Gager’s Diner 491, Bend ’n Elbow Tavern 467.Ref: 4
1977 77,691 see NY Cosmos beat Ft Lauderdale Strikers 8-3 at Giant Stad.Ref: 5
1981*Jeff Burroughs hits three home runs as the Mariners defeat the Twins, 13-3 in the second game of a doubleheader.Ref: 1
1982*With his 12,365th career at-bat, Phillies' Pete Rose passes Hank Aaron to become the all-time leader of plate appearances.Ref: 1
1984*The Chicago White Sox retire Luis Aparicio's uniform #11.Ref: 29
1986*Reds' player-manager Pete Rose collects his 4,256th and final hit of off Giant reliever Greg Minton. (Thanks to Danny O'Brien for tracking down Greg Minton and Pete Rose to verify this fact)Ref: 1
1986*Phillies & Pirates play a 6 game series in 4 days.Ref: 5
1987*A's Mark McGwire hits his 39th round-tripper breaking the major league record for home runs by rookies surpassing Wally Berger and Frank Robinson. The freshman first baseman will finish the season with 49 homers to lead the American League.Ref: 1
1990*Denver area voters pass a 1% sales tax to finance construction of a new baseball stadium, if MLB awards a franchise.Ref: 86
1990*Angel's Louis Palonia is 74th to hit an inside the park grandslam.Ref: 5
1993*"Reggie Jackson Day," his uniform number (44) retired.Ref: 86
1994*Nick Price won the PGA Championship at Southern Hills Tulsa, Oklahoma in record fashion. He finished at 11-under-par 269 for 72 holes, six strokes ahead of Corey Pavin. It was the lowest stroke total in any American major championship. That year Price also became one of only six players since 1945 to capture consecutive majors (w/Hogan, Nicklaus, Palmer, Trevino and Watson).Ref: 4
1998*Chris Hoiles hits two grand slam home runs in the same game. (2003 Sports Illustrated Almanac, ISBN 1-929049-55-2) 
1998*The Los Angeles Dodgers retire Don Sutton's uniform No. 20.Ref: 29
1998*The A's Rickey Henderson's stolen base in the first-inning against the Tigers makes the thirty-nine year old the oldest player to steal 50 bases in a season.Ref: 1
1999*With Pudge's 20th stolen base in Chicago, Texas backstop Ivan Rodriguez becomes the first catcher in major league history with 20 homers and 20 stolen bases in the same season.Ref: 1
1457 The first book ever printed is published by a German astrologer named Faust. He is thrown in jail while trying to sell books in Paris. Authorities concluded that all the identical books meant Faust had dealt with the devil.Ref: 2
1873*The first issue of "Field and Stream" magazine was published.Ref: 4
1933 WLW in Cincinnati, OH premiered "Ma Perkins". Just four months later, "Ma" moved to WMAQ Radio in Chicago and was heard over the entire NBC radio network. Virginia Payne was 23 years old when she started in the title role. Ma Perkins operated a lumberyard in Rushville Center. Her children were Evey, Fay and John (who was killed in the war). One of the other characters in the show was Shuffle Shober. Virginia Payne played Ma Perkins for 27 years -- and 7,065 episodes.Ref: 4
1942 Garry Moore hosted a new radio program on NBC. "The Show Without a Name" was an effort to crack the morning show dominance of Arthur Godfrey (CBS) and "Don McNeil’s Breakfast Club" (ABC). A prize of $500 was offered to name the show and someone came up with the title, "Everything Goes".Ref: 4
1965*Beatles tape an appearance for the Ed Sullivan Show.Ref: 5
1971*Elton John put the finishing touches to his "Madman Across the Water" LP at Trident Studios, London. He recorded "Indian Sunset", "Rotten Peaches" and the title song, "Madman Across the Water". "Tiny Dancer", "Levon", "Razor Face", "Holiday Inn", "All the Nasties" and "Goodbye" had been recorded earlier. Since the album’s release on Feb 2, 1972, it has sold over two million copies in the U.S. alone.Ref: 4
1978*French TV announced a rating of "0" for a program about an Armenian's woman's 40th birthday, (comp: Napoleonic drama-67%, Knockout-33%).Ref: 5
1981*The BBC recording of the Royal Wedding of Prince Charles and Lady Diana reached number one on the album charts in Britain.Ref: 4
1991*Comedian Jackie Mason marries his manager Jyll Rosenfeld (37)Ref: 5
1552*Paolo Sarpi, Venetian patriot and scholar, is born.Ref: 70
1642*Cosimo III, Italian 6th duke of Tuscany, is born.Ref: 70
1777*Hans Christian Oersted Den, physicist/chemist (View of Chemical Law), discovered electromagnetism, is born.Ref: 5
1802*Letitia Elizabeth Landon England, poet/novelist/socialite, is born.Ref: 5
1810*Birth of Samuel S. Wesley, grandson of Methodist hymnwriter Charles Wesley. Himself a sacred composer, Samuel Wesley penned over 130 original hymn tunes. The best remembered of these today is AURELIA, to which is sung "The Church's One Foundation".Ref: 5
1840 Baron Richard von Krafft-Ebing is born.Ref: 10
1851*John Henry "Doc" Holliday is born in Griffin, SpaldingCo, GA. Ref 
1860*Ernest Thompson Seton, British/Canadian naturalist and writer; helped found the Boy Scouts of America, is born.Ref: 70
1863*"Casey at the Bat" author Ernest Thayer is born.Ref: 68
1867*John Galsworthy (Nobel Prize-winning author [1932]; The Forsyte Saga), is born.Ref: 4
1869*Armas J„rnefelt Vyborg Finland, composer (Berceuse)Ref: 5
1869*Daniel Jackling, American mining engineer and metallurgist, is born.Ref: 70
1886*Arthur J. Dempster, the American physicist who built the first device for measuring charged particles, is born.Ref: 70
1901*Sir James Pitman England, educator/publisher/phonetic speller, is born.Ref: 5
1903*Eduardo Mallea, Argentine novelist, essayist and short-story writer, is born.Ref: 70
1903*John Ringling North circus director, is born.Ref: 5
1910*Pierre Schaeffer, French composer, acoustician and electronics engineer, is born.Ref: 70
1913*(Franck) Frank Pourcel (composer, violinist: group: The French Fiddles: Only You) is born.Ref: 4
1915*Max Klein, American painter; invented "paint by numbers", is born.Ref: 70
1920*Nehemiah Persoff actor (Al Capone, Yentl), is born.Ref: 5
1924*Georges Pretre Waziers France, conductor (NY Met), is born.Ref: 5
1925*Russell Baker, author and columnist for The New York Times, is born.Ref: 2
1926*Alice Ghostly Montana, actress (Bewitched, With 6 You Get Egg Roll), is born.Ref: 5
1926*Buddy (Armando) Greco, Phila Pa, singer (Away We Go, Broadway Open House), is born.Ref: 5
1928 Lina Wertmuller is born.Ref: 10
1929*Dick Tiger (Ihetu) (International Boxing Hall of Famer: world champion middleweight boxer [1962-1963, 1964], lightweight champion [1965-1968]; bouts: 81 [won 61, lost 17, drew 3, Kos 26]) is born.Ref: 4
1930*Earl Weaver St Louis Mo, manager (Balt Orioles 1968-82, 85-86), is born.Ref: 5
1935*John Brodie (College Football Hall of Famer: Stanford University quarterback; San Francisco 49ers; sportscaster: NBC Sports), is born.Ref: 4
1937*Joe (Joel Edward) Horlen (baseball: pitcher: Chicago White Sox [all-star: 1967], Oakland Athletics [World Series: 1972]) is born.Ref: 4
1938*Niara Shudarkasa, educator and first woman president of Lincoln University, is born.Ref: 2
1940*Dash Crofts Cisco TX, singer (Seals & Crofts-Summer Breeze), is born.Ref: 5
1941*Connie Smith Elkhart, Indiana, singer (Dream Painter, New Horizons), is born.Ref: 5
1941*David Crosby (Van Cortland), rocker (Crosby, Stills & Nash-Southern Cross), is born. (TWA, 1988)Ref: 95
1942*Sandy Gilmour Montclair NJ, newscaster (Prime Time Sunday), is born.Ref: 5
1943*Jon A McBride Charleston WV, Capt USN/astronaut (STS 41G), is born.Ref: 5
1944*Robyn Smith Astaire jockey/wife of Fred Astaire, is born.Ref: 5
1945*Joyce Kazmierski (golf: LPGA Tour pro; LPGA teaching pro; owner: Sun Spirit Golf Tours), is born.Ref: 4
1945*Steve Martin (Emmy Award-winning comedy writer: The Smothers Brothers Comedy Hour [1968-69]; comedian, actor: All of Me, Roxanne, L.A. Story, Parenthood, Father of the Bride, Dead Men Don’t Wear Plaid, The Jerk, The Man with Two Brains, Three Amigos, Planes, Trains & Automobiles, Saturday Night Live), is born.Ref: 4
1946*Antonio Fargas Bronx NY, actor (Huggy Bear-Starsky & Hutch), is born.Ref: 5
1946*Larry Graham rocker (One in a million, you), is born.Ref: 5
1946*Susan St James LA Cal, (MacMillan & Wife, Kate & Allie, Name of Game), is born.Ref: 5
1947*Danielle Steel (Schuelein-Steel) (author: Vanished, Wanderlust, Daddy, The Ring, Secrets, Going Home), is born.Ref: 4
1950*Gary Larson (cartoonist: The Far Side), is born.Ref: 4
1951*Warren Capone (football: Dallas Cowboys linebacker: Super Bowl X) is born.Ref: 4
1952*Debbie Meyer US, 200m/400m/800m freestyle swimmer (Oly-gold-1968), is born.Ref: 5
1952*Mark C Lee Viroqua Wisconsin, Major USAF/astronaut (STS-30, sk:47), is born.Ref: 5
1954*Mark (Steven) Fidrych (‘The Bird’: baseball: pitcher: Detroit Tigers [Rookie of the Year: 1976/all-star: 1976, 1977), is born.Ref: 4
1956*Sharon Bryant vocalist (Atlantic Starr Touch a 4 Leaf Clover), is born.Ref: 5
1956*Jackée Harry (Emmy Award-winning actress: 227 [1987]; Sister, Sister, The Royal Family), is born.Ref: 4
1957*Jackee (Harry) Winston-Salem NC, actress (Sandra-227), is born.Ref: 5
1958*Earvin (Magic) Johnson NBA star (LA Lakers), is born.Ref: 5
1959*Magic (Earvin Jr.) Johnson (basketball: LA Lakers: NBA individual record: career assists [9,921]; NBA MVP [1987, 89, 90]; Olympic Dream Team [1992]), is born.Ref: 68
1961*Susan Olson actress (Cindy-Brady Bunch), is born.Ref: 5
1965*Emmanuelle B‚art St Tropez France, actress (Manon of the Spring), is born.Ref: 5
1965*Lynette Falls Ridgewood NJ, Miss NJ-America-1991Ref: 5
1968*Catherine Bell (actress: JAG, Mother of the Bride, Crash Dive, Black Thunder, The Time Shifters), is born.Ref: 4
1968*Halle Berry (Academy Award-winning actress: Monster’s Ball [2001]; Living Dolls, Knots Landing, Boomerang, Jungle Fever, Losing Isaiah, Executive Decision, Bulworth, Introducing Dorothy Dandridge, X-Men; first runner-up: Miss USA [1986]), is born.Ref: 4
1040 King Duncan Scotland murderedRef: 10
1464*Pope Pius II, Italian Pope of the Roman Catholic Church (1458-64), dies at age 58.Ref: 70
1848*Death of English devotional writer Sarah Flower Adams, 43. In 1845 she published The Flock at the Fountain, a catechism containing hymns for children. One of those hymns remains popular to this day: "Nearer, My God, To Thee."Ref: 5
1870*David Farragut Civil War Union Navy Admiral: “Damn the torpedoes, full speed ahead.”; dies at age 69.Ref: 4
1891*Sarah Childress Polk first Lady: wife of 11th President of the United States, James Knox Polk; dies.Ref: 68
1922*Alfred Northcliffe, English newspaper publisher, dies at age 57.Ref: 70
1936*Rainey Bethea hung for the murder of a 70 year old woman at 5:45 a.m., last US public execution.Ref: 5
1940*Franklin Hooper, American editor in chief of Encyclopedia Britiannica, dies at age 78.Ref: 70
1941*Paul Sabatier, French chemist, dies at age 86.Ref: 70
1941*Last execution in Tower of London-8 man firing squad kills German spy.Ref: 10
1951*Newspaper publisher William Randolph Hearst dies in Beverly Hills, Calif at age 88.Ref: 68
1955*Herbert Putnam, American librarian; led the Library of Congress (1899-1939), dies at age 93.Ref: 70
1956*Bertolt Brecht, German poet/playwright, dies at age 58.Ref: 70
1958*Frederic Joliot-Curie, French Nobel Prize-winning physicist; shared prize with his wife, Irene, dies at age 58.Ref: 70
1958*Gladys L Presley mom of Elvis, dies at 46.Ref: 5
1958*Mary Ritter Beard American historian, dies at 82.Ref: 5
1958*KLM Superconstellation crashes west of Ireland, killing 99.Ref: 5
1963*Clifford Odets, American stage and motion-picture writer and director, dies at age 57.Ref: 70
1964*Johnny Burnette ‘The Master’: singer: Dreamin’, You’re Sixteen; brother of singer Dorsey Burnette; is killed in a boating accident.Ref: 4
1972*Oscar Levant, musician, actor: An American in Paris, The Bandwagon, Romance on the High Seas; dies at age 65.Ref: 4
1972*Jules Romains, French novelist, dramatist and poet, dies at age 86.Ref: 70
1972*East German Aeroflot Illyushin 62 crashes near Moscow, killing 156.Ref: 5
1980*Dorothy Stratten, (Star 80), Playboy centerfold, is shot to death by her estranged husband, Paul Snider.Ref: 68
1982*Patrick Magee Irish actor, dies at 58.Ref: 5
1985*Gale Sondergaard actress, dies at cerebral vascular thrombosis.Ref: 5
1988*Enzo Ferrari Italy, sportscar manufacturer (Ferrari), dies at 90.Ref: 68
1991*Douglas Kiker newscaster: NBC-TV News; journalist: NBC Magazine with David Brinkley; author: Death Below Deck; dies of a heart attack at 61.Ref: 4
1992*John Sirica, U.S. federal judge: presided over Watergate trials and hearings; dies at age 88.Ref: 4
1992*Tony Williams singer: group: The Platters: Only You, The Great Pretender, Twilight Time, My Prayer, Smoke Gets In Your Eyes, Harbor Lights; dies.Ref: 4
1994*Elias Canetti, Bulgarian Nobel Prize-winning novelist and playwright (1981), dies at age 89.Ref: 70
1994*Alice Childress, actress/writer, dies at age 77 in New York City. (TWA, 1995)Ref: 95
1999*Pee Wee (Harold) Reese, Baseball Hall of Fame shortstop: Brooklyn Dodgers [World Series: 1941, 1946-1954/all-star: 1942, 1946-1954], LA Dodgers; coach: LA Dodgers; dies.Ref: 68
1999*Anthony Newley actor: Stop the World, I Want to Get Off, Roar of the Grease Paint, Oliver Twist, No Time to Die; singer: What Kind of Fool Am I?; dies.Ref: 4

Last Update: October 27th, 2005
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