Ken Fussichen's History Of The Day For
August 17th

Home Click on * for the link to the relevant chronology. New Date
682*St Leo II begins his reign as Catholic Pope.Ref: 69
1590*John White, the leader of 117 colonists sent in 1587 to Roanoke Island (North Carolina) to establish a colony, returns from a trip to England to find the settlement deserted. No trace of the settlers is ever found.Ref: 2
1635*English Puritan Richard Mather, 39, first arrives in Boston. A staunch defender of the congregational form of church government, Mather is remembered today for founding the "dynasty" to which is born his son Increase Mather in 1639, and his grandson Cotton Mather in 1663.Ref: 5
1780*Birth of George Croly, Irish churchman and author. During his life he published writings of biographical, historical and religious importance, but is primarily remembered today as author of the hymn, "Spirit of God, Descend Upon My Heart".Ref: 5
1787*Jews are granted permission in Budapest Hungary to pray in groups. 
1807*District Attorney Hay delivers the opening statement for the prosecution of Aaron Burr.Ref: 87
1809*In Pennsylvania, Thomas Campbell, 46, and his son Alexander, 20, form the American Movement for Christian Unity, which later became the Disciples of Christ Church.Ref: 5
1815*Napoleon arrives at Saint Helena for the beginning of his exile.Ref: 4
1858*The first bank in Hawaii opens.Ref: 5
1859*A hot air balloon became a mail carrier, as John Wise left Lafayette, IN with over 100 letters for people in New York City. Once again, the mail was late, as Mr. Wise only got 27 miles out of town before being forced to land.Ref: 4
1862*(Dakota Conflict) Four Dakota kill five settlers near Litchfield. Councils are held among the Dakota on whether to wage war. Despite deep divisions on the issue, war is the chosen course.Ref: 87
1870*Mrs Esther Morris becomes the 1st woman magistrate (South Pass, Wyoming).Ref: 5
1891*First public bath opens in New York CityRef: 39
1896*A prospecting party discovered gold in Alaska, a finding that touched off the Klondike gold rush.Ref: 70
1902*Regular service on the Springfield-Xenia traction line begins. (XDG, p 3B, 9/30/2003)Ref: 83
1908*Bank of Italy opens new HQ at Clay & Montgomery.Ref: 5
1938*Nazis require Jewish women to add Sarah and men to add Israel to their names on all legal documents including passports.Ref: 35
1940*President Roosevelt and Canadian Prime Minister William Mackenzie King met in Ogdensburg, NY, where they agreed to set up a joint defense commission.Ref: 5
1944*The mayor of Paris, Pierre Charles Tattinger, meets with the German commander Dietrich von Choltitz to protest the explosives being deployed throughout the city.Ref: 2
1945*Oppenheimer warns Stimson that: 1. atomic weapons would improve qualitatively and quantitatively over coming years; 2. adequate defenses against nuclear weapons would not be developed; 3. the US would not retain hegemony over nuclear weapons; 4. wars could not be prevented even if better nuclear weapons were developed.Ref: 91
1945*Upon hearing confirmation that Japan has surrendered, Sukarno proclaims Indonesia's independence from Netherlands (National Day).Ref: 2
1948*Former State Department official Alger Hiss faced his chief accuser, Whittaker Chambers, during a closed-door meeting of the House Un-American Activities Committee in New York. Hiss repeated his denial that he'd ever been a Communist agent.Ref: 70
1950*Indonesia gains independence from the Netherlands.Ref: 5
1951*Hurricane winds drive 6 ships ashore, Kingston, Jamaica.Ref: 5
1956 The U.S. offers financial aid to Egypt for the construction of the Aswan Dam. 
1959*A 7.1 quake strikes Yellowstone National Park.Ref: 5
1960*American Francis Gary Powers U-2 spy trial opens in Moscow. He pleads guilty to spying over the Soviet Union.Ref: 2
1960*Gabon gains independence from France (National Day).Ref: 5
1961*The Kennedy administration establishes Alliance for Progress.Ref: 5
1971 Ugandan dictator Idi Amin expels all Asians from Uganda, removing half the work force from that country. 
1971*(My Lai) The trial against Captain Ernest Medina for his role at My Lai commences.Ref: 43
1982*South Bend, Ind jury acquits self-avowed racist Joseph Paul Franklin.Ref: 5
1984*Pete Rose returns to Cin Reds as player-manager (gets 2 hits).Ref: 5
1985*Dave Kingman hits his 400th HR.Ref: 5
1985 Rajiv Gandhi announces Punjab state elections in India.Ref: 5
1986*Bronze pig statue unveiled at Seattle's Pike Place Market.Ref: 5
1987*Dow Jones Industrial Avg closes above 2,700 for first time (2,700.57).Ref: 5
1988*LIRR (Long Island Railroad) says Penn station will get air conditioning in 1991.Ref: 5
1988*NYC first case of Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever (9 year old Bronx boy).Ref: 5
1994*Deputy Treasury Secretary Roger Altman resigned under pressure, the latest Clinton administration official felled by the Whitewater controversy. 
1995*James B. McDougal, McDougal's ex-wife, Susan H. McDougal, and Arkansas Governor Jim Guy Tucker were indicted by the Whitewater grand jury. (James McDougal was convicted on 18 of 19 counts of fraud and conspiracy; Tucker was found guilty on one count of fraud and one count of conspiracy; Susan McDougal was convicted on four fraud-related charges.)Ref: 6
1996*Ruth Sando Perry is appointed president of the Liberian Council of State. Perry, a former Liberian senator, thus became the first woman to head an African country. 
1998*The Federal Reserve Board approved the megamerger of NationsBank and BankAmerica. 
1998*President Bill Clinton admits to the American public that he had affair with White House intern Monica Lewinsky.Ref: 2
1998*Russia devalues the ruble. (TWA, 1999)Ref: 95
1999*President Bill Clinton admits to the American public that he had affair with White House intern Monica Lewinsky; he then delivered a TV address in which he denied previously committing perjury, admitted his relationship with Lewinsky was "wrong," and criticized Kenneth Starr's investigation. 
1999*Russia allowed the ruble's value to drop by up to 34%. 
2000*The Democratic National Convention in Los Angeles nominated Connecticut Sen. Joseph Lieberman for vice president.Ref: 70
1805*Lewis & Clark: Having discovered a village of Shoshones, Lewis tries to negotiate for the horses he now knows are all-important to cross the daunting mountains. On this day, Clark and the rest of the expedition arrive and Sacagawea is brought in to help translate. Remarkably, the Shoshone chief, Cameahwait, turns out to be her brother. The captains name the spot Camp Fortunate.Ref: 65
1807*Fultonís Folly, the Clermont (although it wasnít named at the time), made its first journey. Robert Fultonís steamboat traveled between Albany, New York and New York City, a 150-mile journey. The trip took 32 hours. (XDG, p 4A, 8/17/2000)Ref: 83
1833 The first steam ship to cross the Atlantic entirely on its own power, the Canadian ship Royal William, begins her journey from Nova Scotia to The Isle of Wight.Ref: 2
1835*Solyman Merrick of Springfield, MA patents the wrench.Ref: 4
1877*Asaph Hall discovers Mars' moon Phobos.Ref: 5
1915*Charles F. Kettering of Detroit, MI patented the electric, automobile self-starter.Ref: 4
1950*The Standards Western Computer (SWAC) built under Harry Huskey's leadership, is dedicated at UCLA. Ref 
1958*Pioneer 0 USA Lunar Orbiter explodes at T +77 sec.Ref: 40
1966*Pioneer 7 - USA Solar Probe was turned off in the mid 1990's.Ref: 40
1970*Venera 7 launched by USSR for soft landing on Venus.Ref: 5
1978*Three American men left Presque Isle, Maine in a balloon six days earlier. After traveling 137 hours, 18 minutes and approximately 3,200 miles, Max Anderson, Ben Abruzzo and Larry Newman landed at Miserey, France. The balloon that carried the three for this, the first completed transatlantic flight by balloon, was named the Double Eagle II. (XDG, p 4A, 8/17/2000)Ref: 83
1743 By the Treaty of Abo, Sweden cedes southeast Finland to Russia, ending Sweden's failed war with Russia.Ref: 2
1812*Napoleon Bonaparte's army defeats the Russians at the Battle of Smolensk during the Russian retreat to Moscow.Ref: 2
1846*US takes Los Angeles.Ref: 5
1863*Federal batteries and ships bombarded Fort Sumter in Charleston, S.C., harbor during the Civil War.Ref: 70
1914*Belgian capital removed from Brussels to Antwerp.Ref: 38
1940*Hitler declares a blockade of the British Isles.Ref: 36
1942*US bombers stage their first independent raid on Europe when they attack Rouen, France.Ref: 36
1942*122 U.S. Marine raiders, transported by submarine, attack Makin Atoll in the Gilbert Islands.Ref: 5
1943*Americans conduct daylight air raids on Regensburg and Schweinfurt in Germany.Ref: 36
1943*The Germans complete their evacuation of Sicily.Ref: 36
1943*The Allies reach Messina, Sicily, completing the Sicily conquest.Ref: 36
1943*Portuguese leader Salazar signs an accord with Britain, allowing British airbases on Azores in return for US$30 million, the promise of modern fighter planes, anti-aircraft guns, and British protection in the event of Axis or Spanish attack. 
1943*British planes attack a German experimental rocket base at Peenemonde. The attack is a success, delaying German deployment of V-1 rockets by a year. 
1944*The mayor of Paris, Pierre Charles Tattinger, meets with the German commander Dietrich von Choltitz to protest the explosives being deployed throughout the city.Ref: 2
1991*Iraq said it would "play host" to all foreign citizens in the country who were from "aggressive nations," and place them in military and civilian targets until the threat of war was over.Ref: 6
2003*In Baghdad, two men on a motorcycle unload an explosive device at an exposed water main. The explosion left 300,000 homes without running water. (Time, p 33, 9/01/2003) 
1869 The 1st international boat race is held on the Thames River. Oxford beats Harvard.Ref: 5
1870*The 1st ascent of Mt Rainier, Washington.Ref: 5
1894*Pitcher John Wadsworth of Louisville gave up 28 base hits, all singles, in a single game. John set a National League and major-league record.Ref: 4
1894*Phils get 36 hits, Sam Thompson hits for cycle beating Louisville 29-4.Ref: 5
1904*Red Sox hurler Jesse Tennehill no-hits the White Sox, 6-0.Ref: 1
1918*The famous race horse, Man oí War, is sold at auction for $5,000 to Samuel Riddle.Ref: 5
1919 Swimmer Gertrude Ederle, 12, becomes the youngest world-record breaker in history of sport.Ref: 10
1933*Everett Scott's consecutive game record of 1,307 games is broken by Yankee first baseman Lou Gehrig.Ref: 1
1937*In Cincinnati, the Cardinals beat the Reds with the final out being recorded at 12:02 am. making it the first major league game ever completed after midnight.Ref: 1
1938*Henry Jackson Armstrong defeats Lou Ambers at Madison Square Garden in New York City. Armstrong wins the lightweight boxing championship and became the first fighter to hold three titles at one time: The feather, welter, and lightweight crowns.Ref: 97
1944*Yanks Johnny Lindell ties record with 4 consecutive doubles in a game.Ref: 5
1948*Phillies commit 8 errors in a game.Ref: 5
1948*An estimated crowd of 100,000 fans pass by the body of Babe Ruth which is on display at Yankee Stadium.Ref: 1
1948*A day after Babe Ruth dies, Yankee Tommy Henrich hits his fourth grand slam of the season tying one of the Bambino's records.Ref: 1
1963*Dick Hall, a relief pitcher for the Baltimore Orioles, retired his 28th batter in a row. Hallsís string of success began on July 24th and covered five games.Ref: 4
1963*Jim Hickman becomes the first NY Met to hit for the cycle.Ref: 5
1969*NY Jets beat NY Giants 37-14 in their first meeting (pre season).Ref: 5
1972*Southpaw Steve Carlton records his 15th straight victory establishing a new Phillies record for consecutive wins beating the Reds, 9-4. The victory is Lefty's 20th of the season.Ref: 1
1973*Lee Trevino got the first hole in one of his career at the U.S.I. Golf Classic, in Sutton, MA.Ref: 4
1973*At Shea Stadium, 42-year old New York Mets' outfielder, Willie Mays, hits his 660th and final home run of his career off Reds' lefty Don Gullett. Third-string catcher Hal King belts a pinch-hit homer in the top of the 10th inning giving Cincinnati a 2-1 victory.Ref: 1
1976*Royals' third baseman George Brett steals home in the tenth inning to beat the Indians, 4-3.Ref: 1
1980*The Detroit Tigers retire Al Kaline's uniform no. 6.Ref: 29
1982*LA Dodgers beat Chicago Cubs, 6-5, in 21 innings (game completed 8/18).Ref: 5
1986*The referee stops the heavyweight boxing match between Mike Tyson and Jose Luis Ribalta in the 10th round in Atlantic City NJ. Tyson gets the decision.Ref: 97
1987*Steffi Graf replaced Martina Navratilova as the number one tennis player in the Womenís International Tennis Association. The 18-year-old had won eight tournaments in 1987, including the French Open.Ref: 4
1988*Butch Reynolds of USA sets the 400m record (43.29) in Zurich.Ref: 5
1990*White Sox Carlton Fisk backstop breaks Johnny Bench's record for home runs by a catcher hitting his 328th in a 4-2 victory over the Rangers.Ref: 1
1990*Phyllis Polander sues Mike Tyson for sexual harassmentRef: 5
1992*Kevin Gross no-hits the Giants at Dodger Stadium, 2-0 .Ref: 1
1997*Davis Love III won the 79th PGA Championship at Mamaroneck, NY. It was his first major title and he finished five strokes ahead of Justin Leonard with a 72-hole total of 11-under 269 (which included 3 rounds of 66).Ref: 4
1999*Steve Kline, Montreal Expos, strikes out 4 batters in the 7th inning. (Sporting News Complete Baseball Record Book, 2002, ISBN 0-89204-668-0) 
1999*Oriole reliever Jesse Orosco, 42, sets a major league mark pitching in his 1,072nd game passing Dennis Eckersley on the all-time career appearance list.Ref: 1
2001*Toronto Blue Jay infielder Jeff Frye becomes the second Blue Jay to hit for the cycle, accomplishing the feat against the Texas Rangers with Kelly Gruber, the other Blue Jay to hit for the cycle, in attendance.Ref: 86
2002*Homering in the seventh inning of Mariner stater James Baldwin, Yankee All-star Alfonso Soriano becomes the first second baseman to hit 30 home runs and steal 30 bases in the same season. Bobby Bonds is the only other Yankee to post a 30/30 season accomplishing the feat in 1975.Ref: 1
2002*Alex Rodriguez becomes the sixth player and the first infielder to compile five consecutive 40-home run seasons. The Rangers' shortstop joins Ralph Kiner (1947-51), Duke Snider (1953-57), Ken Griffey Jr (1996-2000), Sammy Sosa (1998-2002) and Babe Ruth ( 1926-32), who established the record with seven straight 40-homer seasons.Ref: 1
2003*Peanuts character Charlie Brown joins late broadcaster Bob Prince, Negro League star Josh Gibson, former catcher Manny Sanguillen current shortstop Jack Wilson to be honored by the Pirates with a bobblehead doll give-away day. Almost ten percent of the nearly 18,000 Peanuts strips created by Charles Schulz focused on baseball.Ref: 1
1903*The first Pulitzer Prize is awarded, as Joseph Pulitzer makes a million-dollar donation to Columbia University. This provided the funding for the Pulitzer Prize awards to be made in Joseph Pulitzerís name.Ref: 4
1937 "The Wizard of Oz" premiers. 
1939 "Wizard of Oz" opens at Loew's Capitol Theater in NY.Ref: 5
1941*Walt Disney, his studio paralysed by a cartoonist's strike, goes on a goodwill tour of South America (underwritten by a $70,000 government grant.). The film "Saludos Amigos" and "The Three Caballeros"result. Federal mediators later settle the strike.Ref: 73
1943 Writer Norman Corwinís first success debuted on CBS radio. It was Passport for Adams, starring Robert Young who played a small town newspaper editor. Corwin would have many other radio successes. He wrote and produced such radio classics as This is War, An American in England and We Hold These Truths.Ref: 4
1945 Animal Farm, written by George Orwell, first publishedRef: 62
1954*The Newport Jazz Festival opened at the Newport Casino in Rhode Island. It featured jazz legends Dizzy Gillespie, Gerry Mulligan and Ella Fitzgerald. 
1962*Beatles replace Pete Best with Ringo Starr.Ref: 5
1969*The Woodstock Music and Art Fair concluded near Bethel, N.Y.Ref: 70
1984*On this, the first night of his Breaking Hearts Tour, Elton John announced that he was retiring from touring.Ref: 4
1990 "The Exorcist 3" premiers.Ref: 5
1992*Actor-director Woody Allen admitted being romantically involved with Soon-Yi Previn, the adopted daughter of Allen's longtime companion, actress Mia Farrow.Ref: 70
1993*Allegations of child abuse prompted Los Angeles police to investigate entertainer Michael Jackson. This, after the 13-year-old son of a Beverly Hills dentist told his therapist that Jackson had sexually abused him. Jackson claimed the allegations followed a failed attempt by the dentist to extract 20 million dollars from the singer. No criminal charges were filed against Jackson, but a civil suit was. It was settled out of court in January 1994. Michael Jackson, meanwhile, cancelled or postponed several dates on his Dangerous world tour, citing illness or exhaustion.Ref: 4
1997*The old CN (Canadian National) train station in Liverpool, Nova Scotia, home town of country singing legend Hank Snow, was dedicated as the Hank Snow Country Music Centre. The Centre features personal memorabilia of Nova Scotiaís "native son", including his 1947 Cadillac and pieces from other Canadian country music stars (including Carroll Baker, Wilf Carter, Ronnie Prophet, George Hamilton IV, Lucille Starr). Snow died December 20, 1999 at the age of 85.Ref: 4
1472 Richard, Duke of York, is born.Ref: 10
1601*(date uncertain) Pierre de Fermat French lawyer/mathematician, is born.Ref: 68
1629*King John III Sobieski of Poland, is born.Ref: 4
1686*Nicola Porpora, Italian composer and voice teacher, is born.Ref: 70
1755*Thomas Stothard, English painter, designer and illustrator, is born.Ref: 70
1761*Birth of William Carey, pioneer English missionary to India. He taught at the newly founded Fort William College of Calcutta from 1801 until his death, and helped found the Serampore Press, which made the Bible accessible to over 300 million people.Ref: 5
1786*Frontiersman and Congressman Davy Crockett is born.Ref: 68
1798*Thomas Hodgkin, English physician, is born.Ref: 70
1840*Wilfrid Scawen Blunt England, writer (Irish Land League), is born.Ref: 5
1844*Menelik II King of Ethiopia (1896-1913), is born.Ref: 5
1870*Frederick Russell, developer of the 1st successful typhoid fever vaccine, is born.Ref: 5
1876*Eric Drummond first Secretary-General of League of Nations (1919-33), is born.Ref: 5
1887*Marcus Garvy, Black Nationalist who promoted the departure of African-Americans back to Africa, is born.Ref: 68
1888*Monty (Edgar Montillion) Wooley, NYC, actor (Pied Piper, Man Who Came to Dinner), is born.Ref: 5
1890*-Ralph R. Teetor, inventor of the cruise control, is born in Hagerstown, Indiana. 
1890*Harry Hopkins, who organized the Works Projects Administration under President Roosevelt, is born.Ref: 2
1893*Mae (Mary Jane) West playwright, actress: Sextette, Go West, Young Man, Iím No Angel, Every Dayís a Holiday, Diamond Lil, Sex; actress: She Done Him Wrong, My Little Chicadee, Myra Breckinridge; autobiography: Goodness Had Nothing to Do with It; is born in Brooklyn NY.Ref: 4
1900*Quincy Howe Boston Mass, newscaster (CBS Weekend News), is born.Ref: 5
1901*Henri Tomasi Marseilles France, composer (Don Juan de Ma§ara), is born.Ref: 5
1904*John Hay Whitney, American sportsman, publisher (NY Herald Tribune, 1961-7), financier and philanthropist, dies at age 77, is born.Ref: 70
1906*Hazel Bishop, American chemist; founded pioneering cosemtics business, is born.Ref: 70
1909*Larry Clinton bandleader: Deep Purple, My Reverie, On a Slow Boat to China; composer: The Dipsy Doodle, Satan Takes a Holiday, Tap Dancerís Nightmare, Dusk in Upper Sandusky; is born.Ref: 4
1911 Mikhail Botvinnik is born.Ref: 10
1914*Franklin D Roosevelt Jr son of FDR/(Rep-D-NY, 1949-55), is born.Ref: 68
1918*Mort Marshall NYC, actor (Cully-Dumplings), is born.Ref: 5
1920*Maureen OíHara (FitzSimons) actress: Miracle on 34th Street, How Green was My Valley, The Quiet Man, The Hunchback of Notre Dame, is born in Dublin Ireland. (also TWA, 1998)Ref: 4
1920*Georgia Gibbs Worcester Mass, singer (Ballin the Jack, Kiss of Fire), is born.Ref: 5
1922*Ralph Roberts NC, actor (Tradition, Gone are the Days), is born.Ref: 5
1923*Larry Rivers (Yitzroch Grossberg) artist: 9 Kinds of French Money, The Bike Girl, Downtown Lion, Head of an English Girl, Lenin?, Sky Music at Carnegie Hall, Wounded Civil War Soldier, is born.Ref: 4
1926*Haakon Barfod Norway, yachting (Olympic-gold-1948, 52), is born.Ref: 5
1926*Jean Poiret, French actor and playwright, is born.Ref: 70
1927*Robert Moore Detroit Mich, actor (Marshall-Diana), is born.Ref: 5
1929*U-2 Pilot, CIA Agent Gary Powers is born.Ref: 68
1929*Isabel Sanford Emmy Award-winning actress: The Jeffersons [1980-1981]; Desperate Moves, Love at First Bite, is born.Ref: 4
1930*Glenn Corbett Rothenburg actor: Shadow Force, The Stranger, All the Young Men, Shenandoah, The Violent Years, Route 66, The Road West, Itís a Manís World, Dallas; is born.Ref: 4
1932*John (Red) Kerr basketball: Syracuse Nationals, Philadelphia Warriors, Baltimore Bullets; coach: Chicago Bulls: NBA Coach of the Year [1966]; Phoenix Suns, is born.Ref: 4
1932*Duke Pearson composer, band leader, musician: piano: How Insensitive; is born.Ref: 4
1932*Chet Allen, Chickasha Okla, actor (Jerry-Bonino, Slats-Troubleshooter), is born.Ref: 5
1932*V.S. Naipaul Trinidad, novelist (Middle Passage), is born.Ref: 5
1933*Jim (James Houston) Davenport baseball: SF Giants [World Series: 1962/all-star: 1962], is born.Ref: 4
1935*Charlotte Gilman, American writer and women's rights advocate, dies at age 75.Ref: 70
1939*Chico (Ron) Maki hockey: NHL: Chicago Blackhawks, is born.Ref: 4
1939*Luther Allison Arkansas, guitarist (Bad News is Coming), is born.Ref: 5
1940*Thomas Williams US, ice hockey play (Olympic-gold-1960), is born.Ref: 5
1941*Boog (John Wesley) Powell baseball: Baltimore Orioles [World Series: 1966, 1969, 1970, 1971/all-star: 1968, 1969, 1970, 1971/Baseball Writerís Award: 1970], Cleveland Indians, LA Dodgers, is born.Ref: 68
1943*Yukio Kasaya Japan, 70m ski jumper (Olympic-gold-1972), is born.Ref: 5
1943*Robert De Niro actor: Academy Award-winning actor: Raging Bull [1980], The Godfather II [1974]; Brazil, The Deer Hunter, The Untouchables, Taxi Driver, Awakenings, Cape Fear, Frankenstein, Back Draft, Search for Tomorrow; director: Bronx Tale, is born in New York City.Ref: 95
1947*Gary Talley musician: guitar: groups: Big Star, The Box Tops: The Letter, Neon Rainbow, Cry like a Baby, Choo-Choo Train, I Met Her in Church, Sweet Cream Ladies, Forward March, Soul Deep, is born.Ref: 4
1948*Bill (William Raymond) Parsons baseball: pitcher: Milwaukee Brewers, Oakland Athletics, is born.Ref: 4
1951*Robert Joy actor: Harriet the Spy, Waterworld, Longtime Companion, Big Shots, Desperately Seeking Susan, Atlantic City, Amityville 3: The Demon, The Lawrenceville Stories, is born.Ref: 4
1951*Alain Mimoun France, marathon runner (Olympic-gold-1956), is born.Ref: 5
1951*Alan Minter England, light-middleweight boxer (Olympic-bronze-1972), is born.Ref: 5
1952*Nelson Piquet Brazilian auto racerRef: 4
1952*Guillermo Vilas tennis champion: Australian Open [1978-79], French open [1977], U.S. Open 1977], is born.Ref: 4
1952*Kathryn C Thornton Montgomery Alabama, PhD/astronaut (STS 33, sk: 49), is born.Ref: 5
1953*Kevin Rowlands rocker (Dexy's Midnight Runners-Come on Eileen), is born.Ref: 5
1955*Fernand Leger, French painter/ceramist/cubist (The City), dies at age 74.Ref: 70
1955*Colin Moulding songwriter, singer, musician: bass: group: XTC: Making Plans for Nigel, Sgt. Rock [Is Going to Help Me], Senses Working Overtime, is born.Ref: 4
1958*Belinda Carlisle Hollywood Ca, (GoGos lead singer, Heaven on Earth), is born.Ref: 5
1960*Sean Penn actor: Fast Times at Ridgemont High, Casualties of War, Shanghai Surprise, Weíre No Angels, Carlitoís Way, Colors, Dead Man Walking, is born.Ref: 4
1963*Carmen Berg Bismark ND, playmate (July, 1987), is born.Ref: 5
1965*Steve Gorman musician: drums: The Black Crowes, is born.Ref: 4
1965*Glen Goldsmith rocker (What You See is What You Get), is born.Ref: 5
1969*Donald E Wahlberg Jr, Boston, rocker (New Kids-Hangin' Tough)Ref: 5
1970*Jim Courier tennis champion: Australian Open [1992, 93], French Open [1991, 92], is born.Ref: 4
1970*Donnie Wahlberg singer: group: New Kids on the Block; brother of Marky Mark, is born.Ref: 4
1637*Johann Gerhard, German theologian, dies at age 54.Ref: 70
1786 Frederick II (the Great) King Prussia dies.Ref: 10
1850*Jose Francisco de San Martin South American revolutionary hero, dies.Ref: 5
1877*Billy the Kid's first recorded kill, blacksmith Frank P. Cahill, in Coffeyville, KS. Ref 
1915*Mob lynches Jewish businessman Leo Frank in Cobb County, Ga after death sentence for murder of 13-year-old girl commuted to life.Ref: 5
1920*Ray Chapman, hit in the head yesterday by a pitch from the Yankees' Carl Mays, dies. (Sports Encyclopedia: Baseball 2000, ISBN 0-312-20437-X) 
1928*Sir George Otto Trevelyan, English historian, statesman and biographer, dies at age 90.Ref: 70
1955*Hurricane Diane, following hurricane Connie floods Connecticut River killing 190 & doing $1.8 billion damage.Ref: 5
1962 (Berlin Wall) East German border guards shot and mortally wounded 18-year-old Peter Fechter, who had attempted to cross the Berlin Wall into the western sector.Ref: 17
1964*(Black Sox) Oscar Felsch dies at age 73 in Milwaukee, WI. Former occupation Ė bartender.Ref: 87
1968*Clessie Lyle Cummins (of Cummins Engine Company) passes away. 
1969*(thru the 20th) 248 people were killed as Hurricane "Camille" slammed into the Gulf Coast.Ref: 72
1969*Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, the German-born architect who helped introduce the International Style to the United States, dies.Ref: 5
1971*Horace McMahon actor (Martin Kane Private Eye), dies at 64.Ref: 5
1973*Conrad Aiken Pulitzer Prize-winning poet: Selected Poems [1930]; dies at age 84.Ref: 4
1973*Paul Williams singer: groups: The Primes, The Temptations: The Way You Do the Things You Do, My Girl, Itís Growing, Get Ready, Beauty is Only Skin Deep, [I Know] Iím Losing You, Youíre My Everything, All I Need, I Wish It Would Rain, Cloud Nine, Runaway Child, Running Wild, I Canít Get Next to You, Just My Imagination; dies.Ref: 4
1975*Sig Arno Hamburg Germany, actor (My Friend Irma), dies at 80.Ref: 5
1976*William Redfield actor (Jimmy Hughes Rookie Cop), dies at 48.Ref: 5
1979*Vivian Vance (Vivian Roberta Jones) Emmy Award-winning actress: I Love Lucy [1953]; The Lucy-Desi Comedy Hour, Lucy in Connecticut, The Lucy Show; dies at age 70.Ref: 4
1980*Harold Adamson lyricist: Time on My Hands, Daybreak, dies.Ref: 4
1982*Barney Phillips actor (Dragnet, Felony Squad), dies at 68.Ref: 5
1983*Ira Gershwin (Israel Gershvin) lyricist: Lady Be Good, The Man I Love, The Man That Got Away, Someone to Watch Over Me, I Got Rhythm; dies in Beverly Hills CA at age 86.Ref: 4
1987*Rudolph Hess Nazi, dies at 93, after 46 years in Spandau Prison, at a Berlin hospital near Spandau Prison, apparently a suicide. (also TWA, 1988)Ref: 68
1988*Pakistani President Zia-ul-Haq and U.S. Ambassador Arnold Raphel are killed in an airplane crash suspected of being an assassination. (TWA, 1989)Ref: 95
1988*Franklin D Roosevelt Jr (Rep-D-NY, 1949-55), dies on 74th birthday.Ref: 68
1990*Pearl Bailey broadway actress/singer, dies at 72 from a heart attack.Ref: 70
1991*Actress-singer Pearl Bailey died in Philadelphia at age 72.Ref: 68
1994*Jack Sharkey boxer: World Heavyweight Champion: won title from Max Schmeling in a 15-round split decision [June 21, 1932], lost title when Primo Carnera knocked him out [June 29, 1933]; record: 38-13-3 (14 knockouts, 1 no-contest); dies at age 91.Ref: 4
1996*Catherine East, American feminist, dies at age 80.Ref: 70
1999*A 7.4 earthquake hits northwestern Turkey, 65 miles east of Istanbul. Tallies indicate 17,000 dead and 34,000 injured. (TWA, 2000)Ref: 95

Last Update: October 27th, 2005
© 2000-2005   Kenneth Fussichen