Ken Fussichen's History Of The Day For
August 18th

Home Click on * for the link to the relevant chronology. New Date
1686*Cassini reports seeing a satellite orbiting Venus.Ref: 5
1688*Puritan clergyman John Bunyan, 69, preached his last sermon, before dying 13 days later. In 1678 he had authored Pilgrim's Progress, an allegory describing the difficulties encountered in the Christian life, while journeying through this world.Ref: 5
1735*The Evening Post, of Boston, MA is published for the first time.Ref: 4
1782*Poet and artist William Blake marries Catherine Sophia Boucher.Ref: 2
1817*Gloucester, Mass, newspapers tells of wild sea serpent seen offshore.Ref: 5
1834*Mt Vesuvius erupts.Ref: 5
1835*Last Pottawatomie Indians leave Chicago.Ref: 5
1838*First US marine expedition.Ref: 5
1840*The organization of the American Society of Dental Surgeons was founded in New York City. Among the organizers was Dr. Chapin A. Harris of Baltimore, Maryland.Ref: 4
1862*(Dakota Conflict) Groups of Dakota kill 44 Americans in attacks on the Redwood Agency and on federal troops advancing to the Agency in the hope of suppressing the uprising. Ten Americans are captured.Ref: 87
1872*First Montgomery Ward mail order catalogue issued.Ref: 10
1891*Rainmaking experiments are conducted near Midland, Texas by the U.S. government. 
1894*Congress establishes the Bureau of Immigration.Ref: 70
1899*The Anti-Cigarette League was formed by Lucy Payne Gaston in Chicago, Illinois.Ref: 4
1905*Newell S. Wright, an attorney, filed to register the Cadillac crest as a trademark. 
1914*President Wilson issued his "Proclamation of Neutrality," aimed at keeping the United States out of World War One.Ref: 70
1919*The Anti-Cigarette League of America was formed in Chicago, Illinois. 
1920*Tennessee became the 36th state to ratify the 19th Amendment to the Constitution, which guaranteed the right of women to vote.Ref: 70
1930*Eastern Airlines begins passenger service.Ref: 5
1936*106.5ø F-Hottest afternoon ever in Iowa.Ref: 5
1937*The first FM radio construction permit is issued to W1X0J (later to become WGTR) in Boston, MA. The station went on the air two years later.Ref: 4
1938*The Toyota Motor Company, Ltd., a division of Toyoda Automatic Loom Works, is established. 
1938*President Franklin Roosevelt dedicates the Thousand Islands Bridge connecting the United States and Canada.Ref: 5
1941*Phillies commit 8 errors in a game.Ref: 5
1943*Final convoy of Jews from Salonika Greece arrive at Auschwitz.Ref: 5
1946*Golf Writers Associaton of America formed.Ref: 5
1954*Assistant Secretary of Labor James E. Wilkins became the first black to attend a meeting of a president's Cabinet as he sat in for Labor Secretary James P. Mitchell.Ref: 70
1958 Fidel Castro makes a speech on Cuban pirate radio Rebelde.Ref: 5
1958*Great Britain issues regional stamps (N Ireland, Scotland & Wales).Ref: 5
1960*First oral contraceptive, "Enovid 10"put on sale by Searle Drug Company.Ref: 10
1961 (Berlin Wall) Construction on Berlin Wall completed.Ref: 5
1963*James Meredith became the first black to graduate from the University of MississippiRef: 70
1966*The first batch of redesigned $100 bills featuring the now-familiar motto "In God We Trust" were printed on this day. 
1967 Luxury liner Queen Mary sold to Southern California town of Long Beach.Ref: 10
1967*Rolling Stones release "We Love You".Ref: 5
1978*Memphis, Tenn, settles with striking police officers & firefighters.Ref: 5
1982*Wang Laboratories fell prey to the intense competition of the computer industry and filed for Chapter 11. 
1982*The stock market set a new trading record. 132,690,000 shares on the New York Stock Exchange were traded. It was the most activity in a single day for stockbrokers and traders.Ref: 4
1984*Triangle Oil Corp, above-ground storage tank at Jacksonville Fla, spills 2.5 m gallons of oil burned after lightning sparked a fire.Ref: 5
1988*FDA approves Minoxidil as a hair loss treatment.Ref: 5
1988*Largest house (130 rooms) on Long Island sold for $22 million.Ref: 5
1988*Indiana Sen. Dan Quayle was nominated as George H.W. Bush's running mate during the Republican convention in New Orleans.Ref: 70
1991*Soviet hard-liners launched a coup aimed at toppling President Mikhail S. Gorbachev, who was vacationing in the Crimea. The coup collapsed three days later.Ref: 70
1994*Florida Governor Lawton Chiles declared an immigration emergency and demanded federal help to cope with the largest surge of Cuban refugees since the 1980 Mariel boatlift. 
1995*(OJ Simpson) Superior court judge John Reid rules that Captain York's testimony is not relevant to Simpson trial.Ref: 87
1996*Shannon Faulkner, who'd won a two-and-a-half-year legal battle to become the first female cadet at The Citadel, quit the South Carolina military college after less than a week, most of it spent in the infirmary.Ref: 6
1997*Beth Ann Hogan became the first coed in the Virginia Military Institute's 158-year history.Ref: 70
1805*Lewis & Clark: Lewis's 31st birthday. Though he has just become the first American citizen to reach the Continental Divide and has concluded successful negotiations for horses, in his journal entry he turns introspective, writing that "I had as yet done but little, very little indeed." He vows "in future, to live for mankind, as I have heretofore lived for myself."Ref: 65
1868*Pierre Janssan discovers helium in solar spectrum during eclipse.Ref: 5
1929*The first cross-country women's air derby begins. Louise McPhetride Thaden wins first prize in the heavier-plane division, while Phoebe Fairgrave Omlie finishes first in the lighter-plane category.Ref: 2
1960*The 1st photograph is bounced off a satellite, Cedar Rapids, Iowa.Ref: 5
1976*USSR's Luna 24 soft-lands on Moon.Ref: 5
1698 After invading Denmark and capturing Sweden, Charles XII of Sweden forces Frederick IV of Denmark to sign the Peace of Travendal.Ref: 2
1759*The French fleet is destroyed by the British under "Old Dreadnought" Boscawen at the battle of Lagos Bay.Ref: 2
1846*U.S. forces led by Gen. Stephen W. Kearney captures Santa Fe, N.M.Ref: 70
1862*Confederate General J.E.B. Stuart's headquarters is raided by Union troops of the 5th New York and first Michigan cavalries.Ref: 2
1864*Petersburg Campaign-Battle of Weldon Railroad day 1 of 3 days.Ref: 5
1864*Union General William T. Sherman sends General Judson Kilpatrick to raid Confederate lines of communication outside Atlanta. The raid is unsuccessful.Ref: 2
1870 Prussian forces defeat the French at the Battle of Gravelotte during the Franco-Prussian War.Ref: 2
1879 Prussian forces defeat the French at the Battle of Gravelotte during the Franco-Prussian War. 
1942*Britain's Security Intelligence Service radios Berlin, Germany, telling of a commando raid on Dieppe for dawn on the 19th. The message is sent via a captured German radio, and the raid is scheduled for the 18th. Unfortunately, the raid was postponed for one day because Mountbatten did not show at the appointed time. 
1942*Japan sends a crack army to Guadalcanal to repulse the U.S. Marines fighting there. In the end, they were not successful.Ref: 2
1943*Navy lost 70 dead or missing and 47 wounded when the destroyer Amner Read struck a mine. American casualties totaled 313 men.Ref: 82
1943*The Royal Air Force Bomber Command completes the first major strike against the German missile development facility at Peenemunde.Ref: 2
1944*Over 4,000 French political prisoners are released from prisons in Paris, France, by their German guards, under a deal worked out between Swedish Consul-General Raoul Nordling and German commander of Paris, von Choltitz. 
1965*Operation Starlite marks the beginning of major U.S. ground combat operations in Vietnam.Ref: 2
1966*Australians bloodily repulse a Viet Cong attack at Long Tan.Ref: 2
1991*A US frigate fired warning shots across the bow of an Iraqi oil tanker in the Gulf of Oman -- apparently the first shots fired by the United States in the Persian Gulf crisis.Ref: 6
2003*A soldier in Baghdad is killed by explosives. (Time, p 33, 9/01/2003) 
2003*A soldier in Baghdad is killed while driving on the road from the airport. (Time, p 33, 9/01/2003) 
1873 Mount Whitney CA scaled for the first time by climbers Lucas, Begole and Johnson (14,494').Ref: 10
1886*Carr Baker Neel and Samuel Neel win the U.S. Lawn Tennis Association’s outdoor men’s-doubles title at Newport, Rhode Island. It was the first time that two brothers had taken the title. 
1896*Carr Baker Neel and Samuel Neel won the U.S. Lawn Tennis Association’s outdoor men’s-doubles title at Newport, Rhode Island. It was the first time that two brothers had taken the title.Ref: 4
1902*The first unassisted triple play in baseball is made by Harry O'Hagen. 
1915*The Boston Braves open Braves Field defeating the Cardinals, 3-1.Ref: 1
1940*Jimmy Powers, sport editor of the New York Daily News, causes a flap when he suggests the Yankees poor play this season can be attributed to "a mass polio epidemic" contracted from Lou Gehrig. The former Yankee first baseman and his roommate, Bill Dickey, file suit and the newspaper retracts the story (9/26/40) and apologizes.Ref: 1
1956*In their 13-4 victory at Crosley Field, the Reds hit eight home runs (Bob Thurman [3] Ted Kluszewski [2] Frank Robinson [2] and Wally Post [1] ) to tie a major league mark. The Braves add two more to set a National League mark for total homers for a nine inning game.Ref: 1
1957*Amelia Wershoven sets record of female throwing a baseball (252'4").Ref: 5
1957*Juan-Manuel Fangio, wins his last auto World Championship at 46.Ref: 5
1959*Long time baseball executive Branch Rickey is named president of the newly formed Continental League. The 77-year old former Dodger general manager is currently serving as an advisor with the Pittsburgh Pirates.Ref: 1
1965*After hitting a ball on top of the pavillion at Sportman's Park, Brave Hank Aaron is denied a HR because ump Chris Pelekoudas calls him out for being out of the batter's box.Ref: 1
1973*Hank Aaron's record 1,378 extra base hit surpasses Stan Musial record.Ref: 5
1975*Earl Averill, Bucky Harris, Billy Herman, 'Judy' Johnson and Ralph Kiner are inducted into the Hall of Fame.Ref: 1
1979*Matthew Saad Muhammad outpoints John Conteh in Atlantic City to retain the WBC light-heavyweight (?) boxing title.Ref: 97
1980*John Claiborne fired as G.M. of the St Louis Cardinals.Ref: 86
1980*Kansas City Royals’ slugger George Brett saw his batting average reach the lofty .400 mark. A debate began as to whether Brett could keep up that pace through the end of the season. He didn’t.Ref: 4
1981*Football running back Herschel Walker of the University of Georgia took out an insurance policy with Lloyd’s of London. The all-American was insured for one million dollars.Ref: 4
1982*The longest baseball game played at Wrigley Field in Chicago, IL went 22 innings before the Los Angeles Dodgers defeated the Cubs 2-1. The game had started the previous day and had been postponed, after 17 innings, because of darkness.Ref: 4
1982*Passing Hank Aaron, Pete Rose becomes the All-time leader in plate appearances when he steps up the plate for the 13,941st time.Ref: 1
1983*Kansas City's protest is upheld and the "Pine Tar" game concludes with the Royals winning 5-4. When play is resumed, Yankee pitcher Ron Guidry is in center field for the final out of the top of the ninth while lefthanded first baseman Don Mattingly is at second. Royals' reliever Dan Quisenberry retires the Yankees in order in the bottom of the ninth.Ref: 86
1983 Samantha Druce, age 12y 119d is youngest woman to swim English Channel.Ref: 5
1986*Jim Kelly signs with the Buffalo Bills of the National Football League for an estimated $7.5 million (over five years). The contract made the former Houston USFL player the highest paid in the NFL.Ref: 4
1987 Philip Rush of NZ, sets the record for triple crossing English Channel. His time 28:21, 10 hours faster than the 1st man to do it.Ref: 5
1987*Earl Campbell, the ‘Tyler Rose’, announced his retirement from professional football. Campbell, the 1977 Heisman Trophy winner, played eight seasons in the National Football League and was a star for the Houston Oilers.Ref: 4
1989*Oriole Cal Ripken passes Steve Garvey for the third-longest consecutive games streak by playing in his 1208th straight game.Ref: 1
1989*Bucky Dent replaces Dallas Green as Yankee manager.Ref: 86
1989*Arturo Barrios of Mexico sets the 10K record (27:08.23) in Berlin.Ref: 5
1991 The Pan Am games close in Havana.Ref: 5
1992*Due to severe back pain, basketball star Larry Bird was forced to retire after 13 years with the Boston Celtics. In those 13 seasons, he was MVP three times, played in 12 all-star games, and scored double figures in points, rebounds, and assists 69 times.Ref: 4
1995*In spite of Brave rally in the ninth, Tom Henke records his 300th career save as the Cards edge Atlanta, 4-3; he becomes the seventh pitcher in MLB history to reach this milestone.Ref: 1
1997*The Colorado Rockies acquire RHP Pedro Astacio from the Dodgers for second baseman Eric Young. Astacio goes 5-1 to close out the season and picks up four of the top five Rockies single-game strikeout performances for the year.Ref: 86
1998*Greg Maddux wins his 200th career game as the Braves beat the Giants, 8-4; all of Atlanta¹s nine hits were doubles.Ref: 1
1999*Manager Lou Piniella gets his 1000th win, this one with the Seattle Mariners 5-1 win over the Toronto Blue Jays.Ref: 86
2000*After beating out a potential double play ball to prolong a five-run ninth inning rally which ties the game, Angel flycatcher Darin Erstad makes a 10th inning game-saving catch and follows it with a game-winning homer in the 11th to beat Yankees, 9-8.Ref: 1
2001*California prosecutors decide not to press charges against boxer Mike Tyson in connection with an alleged sexual assault on Arlene Moorman near Big Bear Lake.Ref: 98
2002*In a pregame ceremony, Tommy Agee is inducted posthumously in to the Mets Hall of Fame. The Mets' center fielder (1968-72) is best remembered for two his great two catches in Game 3 of the 1969 World Series.Ref: 1
1840*First ‘class photograph' taken by Samuel F.B. Morse of Yale College 30th reunion.Ref: 10
1898*Adolph Ochs takes over the New York Times, saying his aim is to give "the news, all the news, in concise and attractive form, in language that is permissible in good society, and give it early, if not earlier, than it can be learned through any other medium."Ref: 2
1939 The film The Wizard of Oz opens in New York City.Ref: 2
1949*Ralph Flanagan and his orchestra recorded their first tune on wax, You’re Breaking My Heart.Ref: 4
1958 Lolita, by Vladimir Nabokov, is published.Ref: 70
1958*TV game show scandal investigation starts.Ref: 5
1958*Perez Prado, the ‘Mambo King’, received one of the first gold records awarded by the Record Industry Association of America (RIAA). The single, Patricia, was certified as having sold over one million copies.Ref: 4
1958*Betsy Palmer joins the Today Show panel.Ref: 5
1962*Peter, Paul & Mary release their 1st hit "If I Had a Hammer".Ref: 5
1962*Ringo Starr joins Beatles;debut at Cavern Club, Liverpool. (Some say Horticultural Society dance)Ref: 10
1972*Police fine Paul & Linda McCartney $800 in Sweden cannabis possession.Ref: 5
1973*Jazz drummer and legend Gene Krupa played for the final time with members of the original Benny Goodman Quartet.Ref: 4
1981*Rex Harrison brought the award-winning My Fair Lady back to Broadway as he recreated the role of Henry Higgins. The play had originally opened in 1956.Ref: 4
1981*Jerry Lewis appears on "Donahue" to defend Telethons.Ref: 5
1986 Crockett's Tavern opens in Fort Wilderness.Ref: 5
1997*The Rolling Stones launched their Bridges to Babylon album/tour package with a news conference -- and a full production number -- under the Brooklyn Bridge. Mick Jagger, Charlie Watts, Ron Wood and Keith Richards cruised in from Manhattan in a cherry-red 1955 Cadillac convertible with a police escort leading the way.Ref: 4
472 Flavius Ricimer, general of the Western Roman Empire, kingmaker, is born.Ref: 68
1587*Virginia Dare became the first child of English parents to be born on American soil, on what is now Roanoke Island, North Carolina.Ref: 68
1685*Brook Taylor, English mathematician, discoverer of Taylor's Theorem, is born.Ref: 93
1750*Antonio Salieri, Italy, composer (Tatare), is born.Ref: 68
1774*Meriwether Lewis, American explorer who led the Corps of Discovery with William Clark, is born in Charlottsville VA. also Ref.Ref: 2
1778*Fabian Gottlieb von Bellinghausen first to circumnavigate Antarctica, is born.Ref: 5
1792*Lord John Russel, Prime Minister of England from 1846 to 1852 and 1865 to 1866 is born.Ref: 68
1807*Charles F. Adams, U.S. diplomat and public official whose father was John Quincy Adams is born.Ref: 68
1830*Francis Joseph, German emperor of Austria (1848-1916) and king of Hungary (1867-1916), is born.Ref: 70
1834*Marshall Field, of Chicago's Marshall Field's, is born.Ref: 68
1856*Birth of Charles Gabriel, American sacred music artist. He edited a great number of hymnbooks, and wrote several hymns, including "More Like the Master," "I Stand Amazed in the Presence" and "Send the Light".Ref: 5
1871*Francis John McConnell, American Methodist bishop, college president and reformer, is born.Ref: 70
1873*Otto Harbach songwriter (Smoke Gets in Your Eyes), is born.Ref: 5
1873*Leo Slezak,Austrian opera singer and film comedian, is born.Ref: 70
1896*Alan Mowbray London England, actor (Dante, Colonel Flack)Ref: 5
1900*Walter O'Keefe Hartford Ct, songwriter/TV host (Mayor of Hollywood), is born.Ref: 5
1901*Arne Borg, Swedish champion swimmer, is born.Ref: 70
1904*Cosmetic mogul, Max Factor, Jr. is born.Ref: 68
1904*Sterling W Cole (Rep-R-NY), is born.Ref: 5
1906*Andre Van Gyseghem England, actor (Search for the Nile), is born.Ref: 5
1907*Enoch Light Canton Ohio, orch leader (Gulf Road Show with Bob Smith), is born.Ref: 5
1915*(Hubert) Max Lanier baseball: pitcher: SL Cardinals [World Series: 1942, 1943, 1944/all-star: 1943, 1944], NY Giants, SL Browns, is born.Ref: 4
1916*Elsa Morante Italy, writer (L'isola di Arturo), is born.Ref: 5
1916*Moura Lympany Saltash England, pianist (OBE-1979), is born.Ref: 5
1917*Former Secretary of Defense Caspar Weinberger is born.Ref: 68
1918*Elsa Morante, Italian writer (History: A Novel), is born.Ref: 2
1919*Walter J Hickel (Gov-R-Alaska)/US Secretary of Interior (1969-71), is born.Ref: 5
1920*Bob (Robert Daniel) Kennedy baseball: Chicago White Sox, Cleveland Indians [World Series: 1948], Baltimore Orioles, Detroit Tigers, Brooklyn Dodgers, is born.Ref: 4
1922*Alain Robbe-Grillet France, novelist (Voyeur), is born.Ref: 5
1922*Shelley Winters [Schrift], St Louis Mo, actress (Poisidon Adventure), is born.Ref: 95
1923*Jimmy Witherspoon, blues singer, is born.Ref: 2
1924*Mohammad Zia Ul-Haq pres of Pakistan (1978-88), is born.Ref: 5
1925 Brian Aldiss, is born.Ref: 10
1927*Rosalynn Carter (Smith) First Lady: wife of 39th U.S. President Jimmy Carter, is born.Ref: 4
1930*Grant Williams actor: Escape from Planet Earth, The Incredible Shrinking Man; is born in New York City.Ref: 4
1930*Johnny Preston Port Arthur, TX, rocker (Feel So Fine), is born.Ref: 5
1932*Luc Montagnier, virologist who discovered the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), is born.Ref: 2
1933*Roman Polanski, Polish film director best known for Rosemary's Baby and Chinatown.Ref: 2
1934*Roberto Clemente (Walker) Baseball Hall of Famer: Pittsburgh Pirates right fielder {World Series: 1960, 1971/all-star: 1960 thru 1967, 1969 thru 1972/Baseball Writer’s Award: 1966} is born.Ref: 4
1935*Olympic and National Track and Field Hall of Famer, 1960 decathlon gold medalist, 1960 AP Athlete of the Year, lit torch at the 1984 Olympics, Rafer Johnson is born.Ref: 68
1935*Gail Fisher Orange NJ, actress (Peggy-Mannix), is born.Ref: 5
1937 Willie Rushton is born.Ref: 10
1937*Robert Redford Calif, actor (Sting, Candidate, Natural, Great Gatsby), is born.Ref: 5
1939*Joe (Jose Joaquin Lopez) Azcue baseball: catcher: Cincinnati Reds, KC Athletics, Cleveland Indians [all-star: 1968], Boston Red Sox, California Angels, Milwaukee Brewers, is born.Ref: 4
1939*Johnny Preston singer: Running Bear, Cradle of LoveRef: 4
1941*Christopher Jones Jackson TN, actor (Wild in the Streets), is born.Ref: 5
1941*Matt Snell football: NY Jets running back: Super Bowl III, is born.Ref: 4
1943*Martin Mull comedian, actor: Roseanne, Mary Hartman, Mary Hartman, Take This Job and Shove It, Portrait of a White Marriage, The History of White People in America, is born in Chicago IL.Ref: 95
1944*Carl Wayne singer: group: The Move: Night of Fear, I Can Hear the Grass Grow, Flowers in the Rain, Fire Brigade, Wild Tiger Woman, Blackberry Way, is born.Ref: 4
1948*Rudy Hartono Kurniawan Indonesia, All-England tennis champ, is born.Ref: 5
1950*Dennis Elliott musician: drums: group: Foreigner: I Want to Know What Love Is, Waiting for a Girl like You, is born.Ref: 4
1951*Candice Earley actress (Donna Tyler-All My Children), is born.Ref: 5
1951*Greg Pruitt football: LA Raiders running back: Super Bowl XVIII, is born.Ref: 4
1952*Actor/dancer Patrick Swayze is born in Houston TX. (TWA, 1997)Ref: 95
1952*Elayne Boosler comedienne, actress: Meatballs Part II, Mother Goose Rock ’n’ RhymeRef: 4
1957*Actor Denis Leary is born. (TWA, 2002)Ref: 95
1957*Ron Strykert musician: guitar: group: Men at Work: Who Can It Be Now, Down Under, is born.Ref: 4
1958*Madeleine Stowe actress: Unlawful Entry, The Last of the Mohicans, Gangster Wars, is born.Ref: 4
1961*John Viscardi NYC, actor (Father Tony-One Life to Live), is born.Ref: 5
1967*Blas Elias Gomez Kennedy TX, rock drummer (Slaughter-Stick it Live), is born.Ref: 5
1967*Tracy Tracy rocker (Primitives-Lovely, Lump of Coal), is born.Ref: 5
1968*Greta Lind actress (Katie Kennicott-All My Children), is born.Ref: 5
1969*Edward Norton actor: Fight Club, American History X, Keeping the Faith, The People vs. Larry Flynt, The Score< is born.Ref: 4
1970*Malcolm Jamal Warner Jersey City NJ, actor (Theodore-Cosby Show), is born. (TWA, 1997)Ref: 95
1971*Trey Ames Canton Oh, actor (David-A Year in the Life)Ref: 5
1227*The Mongol conqueror Genghis Khan dies.Ref: 68
1276*Pope Hadrian V is poisoned.Ref: 69
1503*Pope Alexander IV (the worst pope, elected by a corrupt conclave and father of Cesare and Lucretia Borgia) is accidently poisoned.Ref: 69
1559*Pope Paul IV (pope 1555-59), dies.Ref: 17
1642*Guido Reni, Italian painter, dies at age 66.Ref: 70
1765 Francis I Holy Roman Emperor dies.Ref: 10
1823*-Andre-Jacques Garnerin, French parachutist, dies at age 54.Ref: 70
1850*Honore de Balzac, French novelist (The Human Comedy, Lost Illusions), dies at age 51.Ref: 70
1922 William Henry Hudson dies.Ref: 10
1940*Walter Chrysler, American businessman; founder of Chrysler Corporation, dies at age 65.Ref: 68
1947*Naval torpedo & mine factory explodes at Cadiz, Spain killing 300.Ref: 5
1952*Ralph Byrd actor (Dick Tracy TV Show), dies at 43.Ref: 5
1953*Francis John McConnell, American Methodist bishop, college president and reformer, dies at age 82.Ref: 70
1955*On the heels of Hurricane Connie, Hurricane Diane kills 200 people and causes $3.25billion in damage across PA, CT, MA, NY, NJ, VA and RI. This is the first billion dollar storm. (Ref: Facts on File, Vol XV, No 773, Aug 18-24, 1955) 
1959*Harvey Glatmin executed.Ref: 5
1961*Learned Hand, Chief judge (US Court of Appeals), dies at age 89.Ref: 70
1963*Clifford Odets US, dramatist (1961 Award of Merit-Golden Boy), dies.Ref: 4
1968*Cy Walter pianist (3's Company), dies at 52.Ref: 5
1969*Two concert goers die at the Woodstock Music and Art Fair in Bethel, New York, one from an overdose of heroin, the other from a burst appendix.Ref: 2
1976*Two U.S. Army officers are killed in Korea's demilitarized zone as a group of North Korean soldiers weilding axes and metal pikes attacked U.S. and South Korean soldiers. 
1977*Elvis Presley's funeral; 75,000 gather outside Graceland to pay respects.Ref: 10
1981*Anita Loos, American novelist and Hollywood screenwriter (Gentlemen Prefer Blondes), dies at age 88.Ref: 68
1981*Robert Russell Bennett musician: orchestration: Victory at Sea series; dies.Ref: 4
1982*Beverly Bayne actress, dies at 87.Ref: 5
1983*Hurricane "Alicia" slammed into the TX coast, leaving 22 dead and causing more than a billion dollars' worth of damage. (TWA, 1997)Ref: 95
1983*(Green River Killer) April Dawn Buttram, 17, is last seen. She is the 30th of 48 women Gary Ridgway admits killing. (USA Today, p 3A, 11/06/2003)Ref: 13
1988*Sir Frederick Ashton, English choreographer and director of the Royal Ballet, dies at age 83.Ref: 70
1989*In Colombia, leading presidential hopeful Luis Carlos Galan was assassinated outside Bogota; the Medellin drug cartel is strongly suspected. (TWA, 1997)Ref: 95
1990*B.F. (Burrhus Frederic) Skinner psychologist: behaviorism: developed the Skinner Box, an experimental, enclosed environment for laboratory animals; dies at age 86.Ref: 4
1990*Mr. R. Howard Webster, the Toronto Blue Jays' Honorary Chairman passes away at age 80.Ref: 86
1992*John Sturges director: Bad Day at Black Rock, Gunfight at the O.K. Corral, The Magnificent Seven, The Great Escape, Ice Station Zebra, The Eagle Has Landed; dies.Ref: 70
1999*A day after a deadly earthquake strikes western Turkey, survivors denounce the rescue effort as sluggish and disorganized. The death toll eventually exceeded 17,000. (XDG, p 4A, 8/18/2000)Ref: 83

Last Update: October 27th, 2005
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