Ken Fussichen's History Of The Day For
August 20th

Home Click on * for the link to the relevant chronology. New Date
1619*The first group of twenty Africans is brought to Jamestown, Virginia.Ref: 2
1692*(Salem Witch Trials) Margaret Jacobs recants the testimony that led to the execution of her grandfather George Jacobs Sr. and Burroughs.Ref: 87
1805*James Collier, John Sterrett and James McCoy present a petition to the board of commissioners to create Xenia Township out of a portion of Beavercreek Township (Ohio). "Xenia" is said to equate to the Greek word for "hospitality".Ref: 54
1807*(thru the 29th) Arguments on the defense motion to exclude further evidence based on the Constitution's definition of treason.Ref: 87
1862*(Dakota Conflict) (and 21st) The Dakota attack Fort Ridgely, but the Fort is successfully defended.Ref: 87
1866*President Andrew Johnson formally declares is Civil War over. (XDG, p 4A, 8/20/2000)Ref: 83
1866*The National Labor Union advocated an eight-hour workday. Industry, however, did not heed the request. Workers commonly worked 10 or 12 hour days -- or more.Ref: 4
1878*The Xenia (Ohio) Library is founded. (XDG, 9/29/1978)Ref: 83
1908 The Congo Free State becomes the Belgian Congo.Ref: 5
1908*The American Great White Fleet arrives in Sydney, Australia, to a warm welcome.Ref: 2
1911 First cable message beamed around the world by telegraph at 7:00 p.m. from NY Times Bldg.Ref: 10
1912*Plant Quarantine Act goes into effect.Ref: 5
1935*Test Pilot Les Towers flies the B-17 prototype non-stop from Seattle to Dayton, Ohio and establishes an unofficial record of flying 2100 miles at 232 MPH. He credits the automatic pilot with flying most of the way. 
1942*Seaborg isolates pure plutonium through a separation process suitable for industrial scale use.Ref: 91
1948*The US expels Soviet Consul General in New York, Jacob Lomakin.Ref: 5
1948*The first uniform birth registration system for numbering U.S. birth certificates goes into effect. 
1949 Hungary (Magyar People's Republic) accepts constitution.Ref: 5
1949*Soviets detonate their first Atom bomb.Ref: 87
1953*The Soviet Union publicly acknowledged it had tested a hydrogen bomb.Ref: 5
1956*Republicans convene at Cow Palace.Ref: 5
1956*First nuclear power generated in Britain at Calder Hall power station, Cumbria.Ref: 10
1958*A pentecostal sect, formed by Grady R. Kent out of the Church of God of Prophecy, formally adopted as its name "The Church of God of All Nations." The denomination is headquartered today in Cleveland, Tennessee.Ref: 5
1960*Senegal breaks from the Mali federation; declaring independence.Ref: 5
1962*The first Ford Thunderbird is produced. 
1964*President Johnson signs Economic Opportunity Act (totaling nearly $1 billion).Ref: 5
1968*First Fillmore West show, SFRef: 62
1971*FBI begins covert investigation of journalist Daniel Schorr.Ref: 5
1971*(My Lai) Calley's sentence reduced to twenty years for his role at My Lai.Ref: 87
1978*Gunmen open fire on an Israeli El Al Airline bus in London.Ref: 5
1980*UN Security Council condemns (14-0, US abstains) Israeli declaration that all of Jersualem is its capital.Ref: 5
1982 A multinational peace-keeping force featuring U.S. Marines lands in Lebanon. 
1985 The machine that revolutionized the world’s offices, the original Xerox 914 copier, took its place among the honored machines of other eras at the Smithsonian Institution’s National Museum of American History. The document copier had been formally introduced to the world in March of 1960. In just twenty-five years, the machine, invented by Chester Carlson, a patent lawyer, had become obsolete enough to make it into the museum. We’re sure some offices, somewhere, are still using the 914, thermal paper, liquid toner and all.Ref: 4
1985 Israel ships 96 TOWs to Iran on behalf of the US.Ref: 5
1986*U.S. Census Bureau officials reports that the U.S. population stood at 240,468,000 and the median age reached an all-time high of 31-1/2 years.Ref: 4
1991 More than 100,000 people rallied outside the Russian Parliament building as protests against the Soviet coup increased. President Bush said he would never deal with the coup leaders.Ref: 6
1991*(August 1991 Coup) Yeltsin speaks to crowd from tank then barricades himself in Parliament building.Ref: 89
1992*The Republican national convention in Houston renominated President George H.W. Bush and Vice President Dan Quayle.Ref: 70
1994*Benjamin Chavis Junior was fired as head of the NAACP after a turbulent 16-month tenure.Ref: 6
1996*President Clinton approved the first minimum-wage increase in five years, raising the hourly minimum by 90 cents to $5.15 per hour over 13 months.Ref: 6
1996*Susan McDougal was sentenced in Little Rock, Arkansas, to two years in prison in a Whitewater fraud case.Ref: 6
1998*The Supreme Court of Canada released its opinion on the Quebec Secession Reference. The Court “found there to be no basis, either under Canadian domestic law or under international law, on which the governmental institutions of Quebec could claim any legal right to secede from Canada unilaterally.”Ref: 4
1998*Monica Lewinsky went before a grand jury for a second round of explicit testimony about her White House trysts with President Clinton. (XDG, p 4A, 8/20/2003)Ref: 83
1998*Retaliating 13 days after the deadly embassy bombings in East Africa, US forces launched cruise missile strikes against alleged terrorist camps in Afghanistan and what was described as a chemical plant in Sudan.Ref: 70
1999*The CIA pulls the security clearances for former director John Deutch for keeping secret files on an unsecured home computer. (XDG, p 4A, 8/20/2000)Ref: 83
2002*Without firing a shot, masked German police commandos freed two senior diplomats from armed men who had stormed the Iraqi embassy, bringing a bloodless end to a five-hour hostage drama by a previously unknown group opposed to Saddam Hussein. (XDG, p 4A, 8/20/2003)Ref: 83
1741*Danish navigator Vitus Jonas Bering, commisioned by Peter the Great of Russia to find land connecting Asia and North America, discovers America.Ref: 2
1896*The dial telephone is patented.Ref: 5
1897*Mosquitos spread malaria, discovers Sir Ronald Ross in Hydrabad.Ref: 10
1910*The first U.S. pilot to fire a gun from a Curtis biplane is J. E. Fickel of Sheepshead Bay, New York, when he fires two shots from a rifle at a ground target.Ref: 49
1913*700 feet above Buc, France, parachutist Adolphe Pegond becomes the first person to jump from an airplane and land safely.Ref: 2
1913*First aviator ‘loops the loop' at Kiev, Russia.Ref: 10
1913*First stainless steel cast in Sheffield, England.Ref: 10
1923*The first American dirigible, the Shenandoah, was launched at Lakehurst, NJ.Ref: 4
1929*First airship flight around the Earth flying eastward completed.Ref: 5
1947*Turner Caldwell in D-558-I sets aircraft speed record, 1131 kph.Ref: 5
1955*Col. Horace A. Hanes, a U.S. Air Force pilot, flew to an altitude of 40,000 feet. Hanes reached a speed of 822.135 miles per hour in a Super Sabrejet.Ref: 4
1957*A USAAF balloon sets a world altitude record of 102,000 feet.Ref: 5
1960*USSR recovers 2 dogs; first living organisms to return from space.Ref: 5
1975*Launch of Viking 1, first craft to send pictures from surface of MarsRef: 5
1977*Voyager 2 is launched from Cape Canaveral towards Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus & Neptune. (Voyager 2 was launched before Voyager 1.)Ref: 5
917 A Byzantine counter-offensive is routed by Syeon at Anchialus, Bulgaria.Ref: 2
1781*George Washington begins to move his troops south to fight Cornwallis.Ref: 5
1794*General "Mad" Anthony Wayne overwhelmingly defeats the Indian confederacy at Fallen Timbers, essentially ending the hostilities along the Ohio River.Ref: 60
1847*General Winfield Scott wins the battle of Churubusco on his drive to Mexico City.Ref: 2
1865*Pres Johnson proclaims an end to "insurrection" in TX.Ref: 5
1914*German forces occupy Brussels, Belgium during WW I.Ref: 5
1914*Russia wins an early victory over Germany at Gumbinnen.Ref: 2
1918*Britain opened its offensive on the Western front during World War One.Ref: 5
1940*Radar is used for the first time, by the British during the Battle of Britain.Ref: 2
1940*British PM Churchill says of the Royal Air Force, "Never in the field of human conflict was so much owed by so many to so few".Ref: 5
1941*Nazi siege of Leningrad begins.Ref: 36
1941*Adolf Hitler authorizes the development of the V-2 missile.Ref: 2
1942*Dimout regulations took effect in San Francisco.Ref: 37
1944*United States and British forces close the pincers on German units in the Falaise-Argentan pocket in France.Ref: 36
1945*Soviet forces complete their conquest of Manchuria. 
1968 The Soviet Union and other Warsaw Pact nations invaded Czechoslovakia to crush the "Prague Spring" liberalization drive of Alexander Dubcek's regime.Ref: 70
1971*The Cambodian military launches a series of operations against the Khmer Rouge.Ref: 2
1990*Iraq moves Western hostages to military installations (human shields).Ref: 5
2003*An interpreter is killed and two soldiers are wounded in Tikrit in a rocket-propelled grenade attack. (Time, p 33, 9/01/2003) 
2003*A soldier in Baghdad is killed and two are wounded by a bomb. (Time, p 33, 9/01/2003) 
2003*One soldier is killed and another is injured in an accident in Diwaniyah after their supply convoy was attacked by gunfire. (Time, p 33, 9/01/2003) 
1912*Wash Senator Carl Cushion no-hits Cleve Indians, 2-0 in 6 innings.Ref: 5
1920*A preliminary meeting in Akron to discuss the formation of the American Pro Football League occurs.Ref: 5
1920*Allen Woodring wins the 200-meter run at the Olympic Games held at Antwerp, Belgium using borrowed shoes.Ref: 5
1939*The National Bowling Association is founded in Detroit, MI. It is the first bowling association in the U.S. for African-Americans.Ref: 4
1945*Dodger Tommy Brown becomes the youngest player (17 years, 8 months. and 14 days) in major league history to hit a HR. 'Buckshot', who started his career as a 16 year-old high school student, connects off of Pirate hurler Preacher Roe.Ref: 1
1946*Prior to the start of the game against the Senators in Washington, using the US Army's Sky Screen Chronograph, Bob Feller's fastball is clocked at 98.6 miles-per-hour breaking Richard Donald's speed record of 94 mph.Ref: 1
1948*The largest crowd (78,382) ever to attend a night game sees Satchel Paige become the fourth consecutive Indian to throw a shutout. The ageless wonder joins Gene Bearden, Sam Zoldak and Bob Lemon in blanking the opposition.Ref: 1
1949*Cleveland’s Indians and Chicago’s White Sox played at Municipal Stadium in Cleveland before the largest crowd to see a nighttime major-league baseball game: 78,382.Ref: 4
1957*Chic White Sox Bob Keegan no-hits Wash Senators, 6-0.Ref: 5
1958*Detroit Tiger Jim Bunning no-hits Boston Red Sox, 3-0.Ref: 5
1958*The Chicago Cubs run out of catchers in eventual 4-2 loss to Pirates, and first baseman Dale Long becomes major's first left-handed receiver since 1905.Ref: 86
1958*Dale Long becomes first major league lefty catcher in 52 years.Ref: 5
1960*The Philadelphia Phillies snapped their modern major-league record of 23 consecutive losses by beating the Milwaukee Braves (score: 7-3). 
1961*In the second game of a doubleheader, the Phillies snap a 23-game losing streak by beating the Braves,7-4. The victory establishes a new record for most consecutive losses by a major league team.Ref: 1
1974*In a 18-8 rout of the Cubs, Davey Lopes hits three HRs, a double and a single. The Dodger second baseman's 15 total bases is the most ever for a leadoff hitter.Ref: 1
1974*At Anaheim Stadium, Angel Nolan Ryan throws a ball clocked at 100.9 miles per hour making it the fastest pitch ever thrown in major league baseball.Ref: 1
1974*Angel Nolan Ryan of the CA Angels whiffs 19 Tigers in a 1-0, 11-inning loss to the Tigers. It is the third time the 'Ryan Express' has struck out 19 batters in one game this season.Ref: 1
1978*At Shea Stadium, Dodger Blue becomes black and blue as pitcher Don Sutton and first baseman Steve Garvey begin fighting in the clubhouse prior to their 5-4 victory over the Mets.Ref: 1
1978 Mark Vinchesi of Amherst Mass keeps a frisbee aloft 15.2 seconds.Ref: 5
1979 Diana Nyad becomes the first woman to swim the 89 miles from the Bahamas to Florida (time: 27h 38m). It was her 3rd attempt. (XDG, p 4A, 8/20/2003)Ref: 83
1980 Reinhold Messner of Italy is 1st to solo ascent Mt Everest.Ref: 5
1980*Bob Watson of the NY Yankees hit a baseball that bounced off the loudspeakers in Seattle’s Kingdome. He led the Yankees to a 5-4 victory over the Mariners. It was the second game in a row in which Watson hit a speaker-shot. He hit a double the first night and a triple this night, as the ball caromed off the loudspeakers.Ref: 4
1982*Don Lever becomes the first captain of the NJ Devils.Ref: 5
1985 Hanspeter Beck of South Australia, finishes a 3,875 mile, 51 day trip from Western Australia to Melbourne on a unicycle.Ref: 5
1985*Mets' phenom Doc Gooden strikes out 16 Giants in a 3-0 victory over San Francisco to become the first NL pitcher to strike out 200 or more batters in each of his first two seasons.Ref: 1
1986*Phils Don Carmen perfect game bid is broken in the 9th.Ref: 5
1988*Yordanka Donkova of Bulgaria sets 100m hurdle woman's record (12.21).Ref: 5
1989*The Chicago White Sox retire Harold Baines' uniform #3.Ref: 29
1989*It's a busy day on the trading block for the Mets as they send popular outfielder Mookie Wilson to the Blue Jays for pitcher Jeff Musselman and minor leaguer Michael Brady after getting Frank Viola from the Twins for pitchers Rick Aguilera, David West, and Kevin Tapani and two minor leagers.Ref: 1
1990*George Steinbrenner steps down as NY Yankee owner.Ref: 5
1990*NY Yankee Kevin Mass is quickest to reach 15 HRs (approx 132 at bats).Ref: 5
1992*WCMQ (1210 AM) signs a two-year contract to become the official Spanish radio voice of the Florida Marlins.Ref: 86
1995*Setting a major league record, Indian Jose Mesa picks up his 37th save in as many opportunities as Cleveland beats the Brewers, 8-5.Ref: 1
1995*Minnesota Twins' Kirby Puckett hit his 200th career home run off Felipe Lira at Detroit.Ref: 86
1998*At Shea Stadium, Cardinal first baseman Mark McGwire becomes the first player in major league history to hit 50 home runs in three consecutive seasons. Mac's seventh inning solo shot helps to defeat the Mets, 2-0.Ref: 1
1999*Bob Gebhard, the Colorado Rockies' first and only general manager, resigns his post.Ref: 86
2000*The winningest pitcher in franchise history is honored by the Yankees during Whitey Ford Day ceremonies at Yankee Stadium. The crafty lefty holds the team record for victories (236) , innings pitchedRef: 1
2000*Tiger Woods won the PGA Championship in a playoff over Bob May, becoming the first player since Ben Hogan in 1953 to win three majors in one year. Woods, winner of four of the last five majors, won his first in a playoff. He became the first player to repeat as PGA champion since Denny Shute in 1937. Woods, with an 18-under 270, holds the scoring record in relation to par in every major championship.Ref: 4
2002*A judge issues a temporary restraining order preventing the sale of Barry Bonds' 600th career home run ball hit into the Pacific Bell Park stands on August 9. Jay Arsenault, who allegedly promised friends after being given a game ticket to split any monetary gains if he caught the historic baseball, has been ordered to appear in court for hearing on September 5 along with the prized souvenir.Ref: 1
1667 John Milton publishes Paradise Lost, an epic poem about the fall of Adam and Eve.Ref: 2
1882*Premiere of Tchaikovsky's ‘1812 Overture' in Moscow.Ref: 10
1885*The Mikado, by Gilbert and Sullivan, opened at the Fifth Avenue Theatre in New York City.Ref: 4
1895*Fiction: Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Norwood Builder" (BG).Ref: 5
1904 Dublin's Abbey Theatre is founded, an outgrowth of the Irish Literary Theatre founded in 1899 by William Butler Yeats and Lady Gregory.Ref: 2
1920 First US coml radio, 8MK (WWJ), Detroit began daily broadcasting.Ref: 5
1930*Dumont's first TV broadcast for home reception (NYC).Ref: 5
1939*Johnny Weissmuller, who played Tarzan in films, marries Beryl Scott.Ref: 4
1939*Orrin Tucker’s orchestra recorded Oh, Johnny, Oh, Johnny, Oh!, on Columbia Records.Ref: 4
1944*"Anna Lucasta," opens on Broadway.Ref: 5
1965*Rolling Stones release "Satisfaction" (their 1st #1 US hit).Ref: 5
1969*Andy Williams received a gold record for the album Happy Heart on Columbia Records.Ref: 4
1977*Best of My Love, by the Emotions, topped the pop charts. It had a number one run of four weeks.Ref: 4
1979*Singer Vikki Carr & Michael Nilsson wed.Ref: 5
1561*Jacopo Peri, Italian composer, is born.Ref: 70
1745*Birth of Francis Asbury, English Methodist missionary and circuit-riding bishop of the American colonies. During 42 years of labor, Asbury traveled 300,000 miles by horseback, ministering up and down the Eastern seaboard., is born.Ref: 5
1778*Bernardo O'Higgins won independence for Chile, is born.Ref: 5
1785*Admiral Oliver Hazard Perry is born. (American naval officer: Battle of Lake Erie: "We have met the enemy, and they are ours.") Ref 
1833*Benjamin Harrison (R), the 23rd president of the United States, was born in North Bend, Ohio.Ref: 68
1860*Raymond Poincar‚ France, PM (1912), president, is born.Ref: 5
1873*Eliel Saarinen, Finland, architect (GM Tech Institute, Mich), is born.Ref: 5
1881*Edgar Albert Guest, Detroit Mich, poet/newspaperman, is born.Ref: 5
1884*Birth of Rudolf Bultmann, German New Testament scholar. He pioneered Form Criticism with his History of the Synoptic Tradition (1921), whereby he sought to identify the devices of Hebrew speech in order to make the central Gospel message meaningful to moderns., is born.Ref: 5
1886*Birth of Paul Tillich, German philosophical theologian. Tillich advocated "myth" as a signpost, participating in the reality to which it points. Evangelicals generally criticize Tillich today for his pantheistic views of God.Ref: 5
1890*H.P. Lovecraft US, Gothic novelist (At the Mountains of Madness), is born.Ref: 5
1901*Salvatore Quasimodo, Italy, poet/critic/translator (Nobel 1959), is born.Ref: 5
1905*Jack Teagarden, American jazz trombonist, is born.Ref: 70
1907*Alan Reed NYC, actor (Mr Adams & Eve/voice (Fred Flintstone), is born.Ref: 5
1908*Alfonso Lopez baseball player (AL Manager of the year 1959), is born.Ref: 5
1908*Valentin Glushko, Soviet rocket scientist, is born.Ref: 70
1908*Kingsley Davis, American sociologist and demographer, is born.Ref: 70
1910*Eero Saarinen, Finnish-born American architect, is born.Ref: 70
1913*Roger Wolcott Sperry, American Nobel Prize-winning neurobiologist (1981), is born.Ref: 70
1918*Jacqueline Susann author: The Valley of the Dolls, The Love Machine; is born.Ref: 4
1920*Istven Szivos Hungary, water polo player (Olympic-gold-1976), is born.Ref: 5
1921*Jacqueline Susann, Phila Pa, author (Valley of the Dolls), is born.Ref: 68
1923*Country singer ‘Gentleman’ Jim Reeves is born.Ref: 4
1926*Frank Rosolino musician: trombone: with Stan Kenton, Harold Land, Bob Cooper, Clarke-Boland Big Band; dies.Ref: 4
1927*Joya Sherrill singer: Long, Strong and Consecutive, I Let a Song Go Out of My Heart, is born.Ref: 4
1931*Don King Cleveland OH, boxing promoter (Muhammud Ali, Sugar Ray Leonard, Mike Tyson), is born.Ref: 68
1931*Frank Capp musician: drums: big jazz band: Capp-Pierce Juggernaut, is born.Ref: 4
1933*Former Senate Majority Leader George Mitchell (Democrat, Maine) is born.Ref: 68
1935*Justin Tubb San Antonio TX, country singer (Grand Ole Opry), is born.Ref: 5
1936*Sam Melville actor: The Rookies, Roughnecks, Twice Dead; is born.Ref: 4
1937*George Thoma German FR, cross country ski jumper (Olympic-gold-1960), is born.Ref: 5
1938*Jean-Loup Chritien first French traveler in space (on Soyuz T-6), is born.Ref: 5
1940*Sam Melville Utah, actor (Mike Danko-Rookies, Roughnecks), is born.Ref: 5
1941*William H Gray III, Baton Rouge La, (Rep-D-Pa, 1978- ), is born.Ref: 5
1942*Singer Isaac Hayes is born. (TWA, 1988)Ref: 95
1942*Anthony Earl Numkena, actor: Wagon Train: A Man Called Horse, Brave Eagle, Alaska Seas, Westward Ho the Wagons, Escape to Burma, Strange Lady in Town, Destination Gobi, Pony Soldier; registered radiologic technologist and diagnostic medical sonographer, is born.Ref: 4
1942*Hans-Joachim Klein German FR, 100m swimmer (Olympic-bronze-1964), is born.Ref: 5
1944*Graig Nettles 3rd baseman (NY Yankees, SD Padres, Cleve Indians), is born.Ref: 5
1944*Rajiv Ghandi India’s Prime Minister [1989-1991]Ref: 4
1946*Connie Chung TV newscaster (NBC, CBS), is born.Ref: 68
1947*Jim Pankow trombonist, song writer; group: Chicago: Make Me Smile, Colour My World, is born.Ref: 4
1948*Tom Banks football: Auburn Univ., SL Cardinals, is born.Ref: 4
1948*Robert Plant rocker (Led Zeppelin-Stairway to Heaven), is born.Ref: 5
1951*Philip Parris Lynott musician: bass, singer: [w/Gary Moore]: Parisienne Walkways, Out in the Fields; group: Thin Lizzy: Whiskey in the Jar, The Rocker, Little Girl in Bloom, Still in Love with You, Killer on the Loose; solo: Sarah, Yellow Pearl, Nineteen, is born.Ref: 4
1952*Doug Fieger musician: guitar, singer: group: The Knack: My Sharona, Good Girls Don’t, Baby Talks Dirty, is born.Ref: 4
1952*Rudy Gatlin singer: group: The Gatlin Brothers: Night Time Magic, I’ve Done Enough Dyin’ Today, All the Gold in California, is born.Ref: 4
1953*Peter Horton Bellevue Wash, actor (Gary-30 Something), is born.Ref: 5
1954*Al Roker TV weatherman: The Today ShowRef: 4
1955*Jay Acovone Mahopac NY, actor (Det Rado-Hollywood Beat), is born.Ref: 5
1956*Joan Allen actress: Nixon, Searching for Bobby Fischer, Peggy Sue Got Married, Manhunter, All My Sons, is born.Ref: 4
1957*Cindy Nicholas Canada, swimmer, swam English Channel 19 times, is born.Ref: 5
1957*Jim "Bullseye" Bowen British TV game show host, is born.Ref: 5
1958*Lenny Henry British comedian (3 of a Kind), is born.Ref: 5
1960*Elizabeth Alda daughter of Alan Alda, actress (Beth-Four Seasons), is born.Ref: 5
1961*Linda Mantz NYC, actress (Frankie-Dorothy), is born.Ref: 5
1961*Rick Rael heavy metal rocker, is born.Ref: 5
1962*Geoffrey Blake actor: The Last Starfighter, Young Guns, Critters 3, Forrest Gump, Apollo 13, Mighty Joe Young, Cast Away, is born.Ref: 4
1964*Giuseppe Giannini Rome Italy, soccer player (Rome A Team), is born.Ref: 5
1966*Courtney Gibbs Miss USA (1988)/actress (Baywatch)Ref: 5
1971*Ke Huy Quan Saigon Vietnam, actor (Sam-Together We Stand), is born.Ref: 5
1672*Johan de Witt, Dutch statesman and political leader of Holland (1653-72), dies at age 46.Ref: 70
1804*Lewis & Clark: Near what is now Sioux City, Iowa, Sergeant Charles Floyd becomes the expedition's first casualty from what was probably a burst appendix. (Also becomes first United States soldier to die west of Mississippi.) Captains name hilltop where he is buried Floyd's Bluff and nearby stream Floyd's River.Ref: 65
1823*Pope Pius VII dies.Ref: 69
1852*Steamer "Atlantic" collided with fishing boat, sinks with 250 aboard.Ref: 5
1887*Jules Laforgue, French Symbolist poet, dies at age 27.Ref: 70
1912*William Booth founder of the Salvation Army; author: In Darkest England, The Way Out; dies at age 83.Ref: 5
1914*Saint Pius X (Giuseppe Melchiorre Sato) 257th Pope of the Roman Catholic Church (1903-14); dies.Ref: 4
1915*Paul Ehrlich, German Nobel Prize-winning medical scientist (Nobel: Medicine: 1908), dies at age 61.Ref: 70
1927*Fannie Zeisler, Austrian-born American pianist, dies at age 64.Ref: 70
1940*After a previous machine gun attack failed, exiled Russian Leon Trotsky is assassinated in Mexico City, with an alpine ax to the back of the head by Stalin agent Frank Jackson.Ref: 2
1955*Hundreds of people were killed in anti-French rioting in Morocco and Algeria.Ref: 70
1961*Vilhjalmur Stefansson Arctic explorer, dies at 82.Ref: 5
1968*The last imperial pheasant in a U.S. zoo dies at the Bronx Zoo, New York. 
1974*64 Ilona Massey 6/16/1910 8/20/1974 Hungarian movie actress and singerRef: 70
1975*Il-62 crashes south of Damascus, Syria, killing 126.Ref: 5
1982*Ulla Jacobsson Swedish actress, dies in Vienna at 53 of bone cnacer.Ref: 5
1985*Harchand Singh Longowai Sikh leader, shot by Sikh extremists.Ref: 5
1986*Mail carrier Patrick Sherrill, Edmond Ok, shot 14 fellow workers deadRef: 5
1986*Thad Jones (Thaddeus Joseph Jones) musician: trumpet, cornet, flugelhorn: played with Count Basie, Thelonious Monk; bandleader: Thad Jones-Mel Lewis Orchestra; composer: A Child is Born; dies.Ref: 4
1986*Donn Bennett TV host (The Big Idea), dies at 76.Ref: 5
1986*Walter Brooke actor (DA Scanlon-Green Hornet), dies at 71.Ref: 5
1989*Fifty-six people died when the pleasure boat, Marchioness, sank in the Thames River in London. (TWA, 1997)Ref: 95
1989*Video executive Jose Menendez and his wife, Kitty, were shot to death in their Beverly Hills, CA, mansion by their sons, Lyle and Erik.Ref: 6
1989*British conservationist George Adamson, 83, was shot and killed by bandits in Kenya. (TWA, 1990)Ref: 95
1991*Lenore Strunsky Gershwin widow of Ira Gershwin, dies at 90.Ref: 5
1993*Cojoined twins, Angela and Amy Lakeberg are separated at The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia in an operation that sacraficed Amy, since the sisters shared a common heart and liver tissue. Although the operation appeared to be successful, Angela dies in June 1994. (XDG, p 4A, 8/20/2003)Ref: 83

Last Update: October 27th, 2005
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