Ken Fussichen's History Of The Day For
August 21st

Home Click on * for the link to the relevant chronology. New Date
1129 The warrior Yoritomo is made Shogun without equal in Japan.Ref: 2
1680*Pueblo Indians took possession of Santa Fe, New Mexico, after driving out the Spanish.Ref: 70
1846*Donner Party: The party climbs Donner Hill and enters the Salt Lake Valley.Ref: 28
1856*The Charter Oak in Hartford , where Connecticut colonial charter hidden in 1687, falls to ground.Ref: 10
1858*The first of seven debates between U.S. Senate candidates Abraham Lincoln and Stephen A. Douglas was held in Ottawa, Ill.Ref: 70
1874*Popular 19th century preacher Henry Ward Beecher (1813-1887) was accused by Theodore Tilton of committing adultery with his wife. The resulting trial ended in a 9-3 hung jury decision, in Beecher's favor.Ref: 5
1878*A group of 100 lawyers got together at Saratoga Springs, New York and formed the American Bar Association.Ref: 4
1911*‘Mona Lisa' stolen from Louvre after hanging in one place for more than a century;police mystified.Ref: 10
1912*The first boy reached the rank of Eagle Scout, the highest rank in the Boy Scouts of America program. He was Arthur R. Eldred of Oceanside, NY.Ref: 4
1912*Mr Carter-Cotton chosen first chancellor of Univ of British Columbia.Ref: 5
1927*4th Pan-African Congress meets (NYC).Ref: 5
1944*The Dumbarton Oaks conference, which lays the foundation for the establishment of the United Nations, is held in Washington, D.C.Ref: 2
1950*The United Nations moved into its new permanent facilities in NY City -- on land donated by the Rockefeller family.Ref: 4
1959*(new state) President Eisenhower signed an executive order proclaiming Hawaii the 50th state of the union.Ref: 70
1968 After 5 years Russia once again jams Voice of America radio.Ref: 5
1968*Democratic Convention opens in Chicago.Ref: 5
1968*The first Medal of Honor awarded to an African American Marine in the Vietnam War goes to James Anderson, Jr. 
1972*Republican convention opens in Miami Beach.Ref: 5
1979*Florida's first woman Chief of Police, Sue Wegner, was sworn in as chief of MineolaRef: 62
1982 Palestinian terrorists are dispersed from Beirut.Ref: 5
1987*Sgt. Clayton Lonetree, the first Marine ever court-martialed for spying, was convicted in Quantico, Va., of passing secrets to the KGB.Ref: 70
1989 Colombian soldiers and police raided the estates of drug lords as part of a crackdown that followed the shooting death of a presidential candidate. 
1991*(August 1991 Coup) Latvia declares its independence; Gorbachev returns from house arrest in CrimeaRef: 89
1991*(August 1991 Coup) A hard-line coup against Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev collapsed in the face of a popular uprising led by Russian federation President Boris N. Yeltsin.Ref: 70
1992*The seige at Ruby Ridge begins. Eleven days after the shootout Randy Weaver surrendered. The FBI had killed (murdered?) his wife, one son and his dog. Weaver was later exonerated and successfully sued for token damages. 
1994 Ernesto Zedillo wins the Mexican presidency. 
1995*ABC News settled a $10 billion libel suit by apologizing to Philip Morris for reporting the tobacco giant had manipulated the amount of nicotine in its cigarettes. (XDG, p 4A, 8/21/2000)Ref: 83
1996*President Clinton signed the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996, aimed at making health insurance easier to obtain and keep.Ref: 6
1997*Hudson Foods Co. closed a plant in Nebraska, agreeing to destroy some 25 million pounds of hamburger after the largest meat recall in U.S. history.Ref: 70
1998*Samuel Bowers, a 73-year-old former Ku Klux Klan leader, was convicted in Hattiesburg, Miss., of ordering a 1966 firebombing that killed civil rights activist Vernon Dahmer.Ref: 70
1999*Jeffrey Levy, a student at the University of Oregon, pleads guilty to illegally distributing thousands of pirated software programs, movies and pieces of music from his Web site, giving the government its first Internet piracy conviction under the 1997 Electronic Theft Act. 
2001*A 7.0 earthquake hits east of North Island, New Zealand.Ref: 85
2002*A jury in San Diego convicted David Westerfield of kidnapping 7-year-old Danielle van Dam from her home and killing her. Westerfield was later sentenced to death.Ref: 70
1525*Estavao Gomes returns to Portugal after failing to find a clear waterway to Asia.Ref: 2
1560*Tycho Brahe becomes interested in astronomy.Ref: 5
1841*John Hampton of New Orleans, LA, receives a patent for venetian blinds.Ref: 4
1858*Sam Browne of the 2nd Punjab Cavalry invents the belt that would bear his name.Ref: 10
1888*William Burroughs of St. Louis, MO patented his adding machine. It was an invention that bore the name of Burrough’s office machine company for many years.Ref: 4
1953*Marion Carl in Douglas Skyrocket reaches record 25,370 m.Ref: 5
1965*Gemini 5 launched into Earth orbit (2 astronauts).Ref: 5
1968*William Dana reaches 80 km (last high-altitude X-15 flight).Ref: 5
1972*First hot air balloon flight over the Alps.Ref: 5
1972*US orbiting astronomy observatory Copernicus launched.Ref: 5
1989*The U.S. space probe Voyager 2 fired its thrusters to bring it closer to Neptune's mysterious moon Triton.Ref: 5
2017*Next total solar eclipse visible from North America.Ref: 5
1794*France surrenders the island of Corsica to the British.Ref: 2
1808*Napoleon Bonaparte's General Junot is defeated by Wellington at the first Battle of the Peninsular War at Vimiero, Portugal.Ref: 2
1863*Pro-Confederate William C. Quantrill and 450 proslavery followers raid Lawrence, KS and butcher 182 boys and men.Ref: 2
1864*Confederate General A.P. Hill attacks Union troops south of Petersburg, Va., at the Weldon railroad. His attack is repulsed, resulting in heavy Confederate casualties. With Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia stubbornly clinging to Petersburg, Ulysses S. Grant decided to cut its vital rail lines.Ref: 2
1915*The Washington Post carries story that General Staff is planning to send a force of 1 million soldiers overseas. 
1915*Italy declares war on Turkey.Ref: 2
1942*US Marines turn back the first major Japanese ground attack on Guadalcanal in the Battle of Tenaru.Ref: 2
1945*President Truman ends the Lend-Lease program that had shipped some $50 billion in aid to U.S. allies during World War II. (XDG, p 4A, 8/21/2000)Ref: 83
1945*In Canada, Prime Minister King accepts McNaughton's resignation as Minister of Defence. 
1963*The South Vietnamese Army arrests over 100 Buddhist monks in Saigon as martial law is declared in South Vietnam. US complicity in the overthrow of South Vietnam's president made it impossible to stay uninvolved in the war.Ref: 2
1968 Radio Prague (Czech) at 12:50 AM announces a Soviet-led invasion. Warsaw Pact forces enter Czechoslovakia to end reform movement.Ref: 5
1988 Cease fire between Iran & Iraq takes effect after 8 years of warRef: 5
2003*A Marine is shot and killed while sitting in an SUV that was stuck in traffice in Hillah. The gunman escaped into a crowded market nearby. (Time, p 33, 9/01/2003) 
1883*Providence shuts out Phillies 28-0.Ref: 5
1887*Mighty (Dan) Casey Struck-out in a game with the NY Giants!.Ref: 5
1902*Joe McGinnity of the National League Baltimore Orioles is thrown out of the league for punching and spitting at an ump. Due his popularity, 'Iron Man Mike' will be quickly reinstated.Ref: 1
1903*Model F. Packard arrives in N.Y. after 52 days on road from S.F. First transcontinental auto race.Ref: 10
1908*On the third try, Senator Gabby Street catches a ball thrown from the top of the Washington Monument. Scientists estimated the 555-foot drop the ball traveled had a force between 200 and 300 pounds.Ref: 1
1919*Phillies' catcher John Adams of the Philadelphia ties a NL record for backstops as he records seven assists in one game.Ref: 1
1922*Curly Lambeau & Green Bay Football Club granted NFL franchise.Ref: 5
1926*White Sox Ted Lyons no hits Red Sox 6-0 in just 67 minutes at Fenway.Ref: 5
1929*The Chicago Cardinals became the first professional football team to go out of town for training camp. The team started practice in Coldwater, MI.Ref: 5
1931*Babe Ruth becomes the first major leaguer to hit 600 career HRs as the Yankees defeat the Browns, 11-7.Ref: 1
1933*Ruth's homer leads AL to a 4-2 win in first All Star Game.Ref: 5
1947*The first Little League World Series tourney is held at Williamsport, Pennsylvania. With a .625 team batting average, the hometown Maynard Midgets easily win the tournament, 16-7.Ref: 1
1948*Cleveland's streak of victories (8) shutouts (4) and scoreless innings (47) ends in the ninth inning when Bob Lemon walks Pat Seerey and yields HRs to Aaron Robinson and Dave Philley in a 3-2 loss to the White Sox.Ref: 1
1949*NY Giants beat Phillies on a forfeit, due to fan's throwing debris.Ref: 5
1950*Althea Gibson admitted to U.S. Lawn Tennis Assn.;will become first Black to compete.Ref: 10
1951*Major General Emmett O'Donnell is selected by the owners to be the new commissioner, but President Truman overrules the decision stating the officer is needed in Korea in his post as commander of bombers.Ref: 1
1971*Sixteen-year-old Laura Baugh becomes the youngest winner of the United States Women’s Amateur Golf tournament.Ref: 4
1972*Phil Niekro snaps Steve Carlton's 15-game winning streak as Atlanta beats the Phillies, 2-1 in 11 innings.Ref: 1
1975*Cub hurlers Rick and Paul Reuschel join forces to blank the Dodgers, 6-0. Rick goes 6 1-3 innings and Paul finishes the game for the first ever shutout thrown by two brothers.Ref: 1
1976*Al Bumbry hits the 17th inside-the-park HR in Oriole history.Ref: 5
1977*In his first appearance at Shea Stadium since being traded, Tom Seaver throws a 6-hitter against his former teammates and strikes out 11 helping the Reds defeat the Mets, 5-1. In addition to his work on the mound, 'Tom Terrific' hits a double and scores two runs.Ref: 1
1977 Donna Patterson Brice sets high speed water skiing rec (111.11 mph).Ref: 5
1982*Brewers' reliever Rollie Fingers become the first player in major league history to record 300 career saves as Milwaukee defeat the Mariners, 3-2.Ref: 1
1983*On the same day two minor leaguers, Vince Coleman & Donnell Nixon, break Rickey Henderson's single-season record by stealing their 131st base of the season.Ref: 1
1984*Victoria Roche was the first girl to compete in a Little League World Series game. The reserve outfielder from Belgium played in the annual event held in Williamsport, PA with her brother, starting outfielder Jeremy Roche.Ref: 4
1985*Mary Decker Slaney runs mile in world record 4:16.71.Ref: 5
1986*The Boston Red Sox made history against the Cleveland Indians. The Red Sox whipped the Indians 24-5 in the worst loss in the Tribe’s 85-year history. Greg Swindell made his major-league debut on the mound for the Indians. Dennis ‘Oil Can’ Boyd got a 17-run lead for Boston and, luckily, held on for the win. Spike Owens becomes the first major leaguer in 40 years to score six runs in a game.Ref: 1
1987*"Mack Lobell" set harness racing's trotting mil (1:52)Ref: 5
1999*Oriole outfielder Brady Anderson becomes only the third player in major league history to lead off both games of a doubleheader with a home run. It doesn't help as the White Sox sweep the twin bill.Ref: 1
2001*The International League's Triple-A game between Rochester Red Wings (Orioles) and Ottawa Lynx (Expos) features Tim Raines and his son Tim Jr. as opponents. It is believed to be the first contest involving a dad and his son facing each other during the regular season on the professional level.Ref: 1
2002*The Expos' first selection in the amateur draft (fifth overall), Clint Everts signs a deal with Montreal which gives him a $2.5 million signing bonus. The Houston Cypress Falls High School's right-hander along with teammate left-hander Scott Kazmir (Mets) are only the fourth pair of high school players selected in the first round of the same draft.Ref: 1
2002*In longest game ever played in Little League World Series history, Louisville, Kentucky beats Fort Worth, Texas in the US semifinal in 11 innings, 2-1. A record-setting with 49 strikeouts is recorded as Fort Worth's Walker Kelly strikes out 21 in nine two-hit innings and Louisville's Aaron Alvey fans 19 batter over nine no-hit inning.Ref: 1
1821 Saturday Evening Post first published.Ref: 10
1938*A classic recording was made this day. Fats Waller waxed Ain’t Misbehavin.Ref: 4
1976*RCA Victor Records announces that sales of Elvis Presley records had passed the 400 million mark.Ref: 4
1980*Linda Ronstadt debuted on Broadway in the production of Gilbert and Sullivan’s, The Pirates of Penzance.Ref: 4
1983*The musical play "La Cage Aux Folles" opened on Broadway. 
1984 Clint Eastwood contributed a hand print and the words, “You made my day,” to the Hollywood Walk of Fame in front of Mann’s Chinese Theatre.Ref: 4
1996 The new Globe theater opens in England.Ref: 2
1165*Philip II Augustus, first great Capetian king of France (1179-1223), is born.Ref: 5
1567*St. Francis De Sales, French Roman Catholic bishop of Geneva, is born.Ref: 70
1660*Hubert Gautier engineer, wrote first book on bridge building, is born.Ref: 5
1725*Jean-Baptiste Greuze, French painter, is born.Ref: 70
1765*William IV king of England (1830-37), is born.Ref: 5
1789*Augustin-Louis Baron Cauchy, French mathematician, is born.Ref: 5
1798*Jules Michelet, French historian who wrote the 24-volume Historie de France, is born.Ref: 2
1799*Birth of Alexander R. Reinagle, English church organist. He penned many sacred compositions, including ST. PETER, which afterward became the melody to the hymn, "In Christ There is No East or West".Ref: 5
1805*August Bournonville, Danish director of the Danish Royal Ballet, is born.Ref: 70
1854*Frank Andrew Munsey, American newspaper and magazine publisher, is born.Ref: 70
1866*Birth of Civilla D. Martin, teacher and songwriter, in Nova Scotia. A pastor's wife, she penned in 1904 the hymn, "Be Not Dismayed, Whate'er Betide" (a.k.a. "God Will Take Care of You").Ref: 5
1872*Aubrey Beardsley, English illustrator; leader in the Aestheticism movementRef: 70
1890*Bill Henry SF Calif, newscaster (Who Said That?), is born.Ref: 5
1896*Roark Bradford, writer/humorist (Ol' Man Adan an' His Chillun), is born.Ref: 5
1896*Albert Ball, English World War I fighter pilot, is born.Ref: 70
1904*William "Count" Basie, American band leader and composer, is born.Ref: 2
1906*Friz Freleng animator (Bugs Bunny-Emmy 1982), is born.Ref: 5
1906*William "Count" Basie jazz pianist, is born.Ref: 5
1907*Dr Roy K Marshall Glen Carbon Ill, TV scientist (Nature of Things), is born.Ref: 5
1909*C Dillon Douglas Geneva Switz, US Secretary of Treasury (1961-65), is born.Ref: 5
1913*Olympic high jumper (1936) Cornelius Johnson is born.Ref: 68
1915*Jack Weston [Morris Weinstein], Cleveland, actor (4 Seasons, Rad), is born.Ref: 5
1916*Murry (Monroe) Dickson baseball: pitcher: SL Cardinals [World Series: 1943, 1946], Pittsburgh Pirates [all-star: 1953], Philadelphia Phillies, KC Athletics, NY Yankees [World Series: 1958]; is born.Ref: 4
1918*Billy (William) Reay hockey: NHL: Detroit Red Wings, Montreal CanadiensRef: 4
1920*Gerry (Gerald Lee) Staley baseball: pitcher: SL Cardinals [all-star: 1952, 1953], Cincinnati Redlegs, NY Yankees, Chicago White Sox [World Series: 1959/all-star: 1960], Detroit Tigers, KC Athletics, is born.Ref: 4
1923*Chris Schenkel, Biuppus Ind, sportscaster (Monday Night Fights), is born.Ref: 5
1928*Gillian Sheen England, foils (Olympic-gold-1956), is born.Ref: 5
1928*Art Farmer musician: trumpet, flugelhorn: worked w/Horace Henderson, Johnny Otis, Lionel Hampton Band; recorded be-bop classic Farmer’s Market; developed musical instrument called ‘flumpet’; is born.Ref: 4
1930*Princess Margaret Rose, Countess of Snowdon, sister of Queen Elizabeth II, was born but the birth was not registered till three days later to avoid the registration number 13Ref: 4
1931*Pete Retzlaff football: Philadelphia Eagles: Bert Bell Trophy winner [1965], is born.Ref: 4
1931*Nancy Hadley LA Calif, actress (Love That Jill, Joey Bishop Show), is born.Ref: 5
1932*Actor-director Melvin Van Peebles is born.Ref: 68
1933*Dame Janet Baker York England, mezzo-soprano (Owen Wingrave), is born.Ref: 5
1936*Wilt (Wilton) Chamberlain Basketball Hall of Famer: NBA MVP Award: Philadelphia Warriors [1960], Philadelphia 76ers [1966, 1967, 1968]; is born.Ref: 4
1936*Mart Crowley playwright (Boys in the Band), is born.Ref: 5
1938*Singer Kenny (Kenneth Donald) Rogers is born. (TWA, 1997)Ref: 95
1939*Clarence Williams III NYC, actor (Mod Squad, 52 Pick Up, Purple Rain), is born.Ref: 5
1939*Harold Reid singer: group: The Statler Brothers: Flowers on the Wall, Bed of Roses, Class of ’57, is born.Ref: 4
1943*Felix (Bernardo Martinez) Millan baseball: Atlanta Braves [all-star: 1969, 1970, 1971], NY Mets [World Series: 1973], is born.Ref: 4
1944*Jackie DeShannon (Sharon Myers) Hazel Kentucky, singer (What the World Needs Now), is born.Ref: 5
1944*Peter Weir director: Dead Poets Society, Witness, Green Card, The Year of Living Dangerously, The Mosquito Coast, The Truman Show, is born.Ref: 4
1945*Patty McCormack (Russo) Bkln NY, actress (Mama, Peck's Bad Girl, Ropers), is born.Ref: 5
1946*Lev Alburt USSR, International Chess Master (1976), is born.Ref: 5
1947*Carl Giammarese musician: guitar: The Buckinghams: Kind of a Drag, A&E: Biography, is born.Ref: 4
1951*Bernhard Germeshausen German DR, bobsled (Olympic-gold-1976, 80), is born.Ref: 5
1951*John (Hardin) Stearns baseball: catcher: Philadelphia Phillies, NY Mets [all-star: 1977, 1979, 1980, 1982], is born.Ref: 4
1951*Harry Smith Indiana, TV host (CBS Morning Show), is born.Ref: 5
1952*Joe Strummer (John Mellors) musician: guitar, singer: group: The Clash: 1977, Capital Radio, Career Opportunities, I’m So Bored with the USA, Police and Thieves, Complete Control, [White Man] in Hammersmith Palais, English Civil War, Stay Free, Brand New Cadillac, Death or Glory, Jimmy Jazz, is born.Ref: 4
1953*Joe Strummer [John Mellor], rocker (Clash-Rock the Casbah), is born.Ref: 5
1954*Archie Griffin football: Heisman Trophy winner: Ohio State [1974 & 1975]; Cincinnati Bengals running back: Super Bowl XVI, is born.Ref: 4
1954*Bruce (Michael) Berenyi baseball: pitcher: Cincinnati Reds, NY Mets, is born.Ref: 4
1956*Kim Cattrall Liverpool England, actress (Mannequin, Star Trek VI), is born.Ref: 5
1957*Kim Sledge Phila, vocalist (Sister Sledge-We are Family), is born.Ref: 5
1957*Frank (Enrico) Pastore baseball: pitcher: Cincinnati Reds, Minnesota Twins, is born.Ref: 4
1957*Budgie rocker (Siouxsie & the Banshees-Wild Thing), is born.Ref: 5
1957*Janice Thomas WBL guard (NY Stars), is born.Ref: 5
1958 Steve Case is born.Ref: 10
1959*Jim McMahon NFL QB (Chicago Bears, SD Chargers, Phila Eagles), is born.Ref: 5
1967*Michael Bendetti actor (Officer Tony McCann-21 Jump Street)Ref: 5
1975*Alicia Witt actress; Cybill, Mr. Holland’s Opus, Four Rooms, Hotel Room, is born.Ref: 4
1999*Hua Mei, the giant panda cub, was born at the San Diego Zoo weighing a not-so-giant 4-5 ounces. Her parents are Bai Yun and Shi Shi (they arrived at the zoo on Sep 10, 1996 on a 12-year conservation study). Hua Mei was the first panda born in the US in ten years.Ref: 4
1245*Alexander of Hales, 59, died. An English scholastic theologian, Alexander is regarded as the founder of the Franciscan school of theology.Ref: 5
1614*Elizabeth Bathway, convicted of 610 murders in 1611, dies in her "jail".Ref: 52
1785*Jean-Baptiste Pigalle, French sculptor dies at age 71.Ref: 70
1940*Exiled Communist revolutionary Leon Trotsky died in Mexico City from wounds inflicted by an assassin.Ref: 68
1940*"Casey at the Bat" author Ernest Thayer dies at age 77.Ref: 68
1943*Henrik Pontoppidan Denmark, realist writer (Nobel 1971), dies.Ref: 68
1947*Theodore Bilbo, American politician; senator from Mississippi (1935-47), dies at age 69.Ref: 70
1947*Ettore Bugatti, Italian builder of racing and luxury automobiles, dies at age 65.Ref: 70
1951*Constant Lambert, English composer, conductor and critic, dies at age 45.Ref: 70
1958*Walter Schumann choral director (Ford Show), dies at 44.Ref: 5
1959 Jacob Epstein dies.Ref: 10
1964 Palmiro Togliatti, Italian politician who led the Italian Communist Party for nearly 40 years, dies at age 71.Ref: 70
1971*George Jackson murdered.Ref: 5
1975*3 truck pile up kills 10, injures 26 on French highway.Ref: 5
1978*Charles Eames, American designer and architect, dies at age 71.Ref: 70
1983*Philippine opposition leader Benigno S. Aquino Jr, 50, ending a self-imposed exile in the United States, is shot dead moments after stepping off a plane at Manila International Airport.Ref: 17
1986*More than 1700 people died when toxic gas erupted from a volcanic lake in the West African nation of Cameroon.Ref: 17
1988*More than 1,000 people were killed in an earthquake at Bihar, India, the Himalayan region and Nepal. Registering 6.5 on the Ritcher scale, it killed more than 850 people and left 15,000 injured.Ref: 4

Last Update: October 27th, 2005
© 2000-2005   Kenneth Fussichen