Ken Fussichen's History Of The Day For
August 23rd

Home Click on * for the link to the relevant chronology. New Date
1617*First one-way streets established in London; 17 specified including Thames St. and Pudding Lane.Ref: 10
1762*Major Henry Gladwin takes command of Detroit.Ref: 92
1821*After 11 years of war, Spain grants Mexican independence as a constitutional monarchy.Ref: 2
1833*England passes a law making owning a slave illegal in realm after one year. 700,000 slaves freed.Ref: 5
1838*Mt Holyoke Female Seminary (South Hadley, Mass) first graduating class.Ref: 5
1862*(Dakota Conflict) About 650 Dakota attack New Ulm a second time. Most buildings in the town are burned. Although 34 die and 60 are wounded, the town is successfully defended.Ref: 87
1869*The first carload of freight (boots & shoes) arrives in San Francisco, from Boston, after a 16-day rail tripRef: 5
1872*The 1st Japanese commercial ship visits San Francisco, carrying tea.Ref: 5
1877*Texas outlaw Wes Hardin is captured near Pensacola, FL. 
1900*Booker T. Washington forms the National Negro Business League in Boston, Massachusetts.Ref: 2
1902*Fanny Farmer, among the first to emphasize the relationship of diet to health, opens her School of Cookery in Boston.Ref: 2
1913 The statue of The Little Mermaid, based on the tale by Hans Christien Andersen, was unveiled in Copenhagen. It was a donation from brewer Carl Jacobsen to the City of Copenhagenand has become a famous symbol of the city.Ref: 4
1913*Automobiles are legally allowed to enter Yosemite National Park, California, for the first time on this day, marking a huge change in the national park system. Prior to 1913, most park visitors traveled by train to the park and then took scheduled stagecoach tours. 
1923*The KKK acquires control of Valparaiso University. (Ref: unidentified newspaper clipping) 
1939*Joseph Stalin and German Foreign Minister Joachim von Ribbentrop sign a non-aggression pact between the Soviet Union and Germany, freeing Hitler to invade Poland and Stalin to invade Finland.Ref: 36
1948*During its Amsterdam Assembly (Aug 22 Sept 4), the newly-formed World Council of Churches officially ratified its Constitution.Ref: 5
1957*Digital Equipment Corporation founded.Ref: 51
1960*World's largest frog (7.275 lbs) is caught in Equatorial Guinea.Ref: 5
1968*(Chicago 7) Classes are held in Lincoln Park on karate, snake dancing, and other means of self-defense. Police post "11 p.m. curfew" signs in park trees.Ref: 87
1972*Republican convention (Miami Beach, Fla) nominates Vice President Spiro T Agnew for a second term, but not unanimously; one vote goes to NBC newsman David Brinkley).Ref: 5
1977*Massachusetts Governor Michael Dukakis proclaims "Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti Day" on the fiftieth anniversary of their death.Ref: 87
1979*UN's Vienna office opens.Ref: 5
1982 Lebanon's parliament elected Christian militia leader Bashir Gemayel president. (However, Gemayel was assassinated some three weeks later.)Ref: 6
1987*A Congressional panel says the MX missile has serious accuracy problems. 
1990*President Bush accepts delivery of a modified 747-200B as Air Force One. 
1991*Iraqi state television showed President Saddam Hussein meeting with a group of about 20 Western detainees, telling the group -- whom he described as "guests" -- that they were being held "to prevent the scourge of war."Ref: 6
1996*During a memorial service at Fort Myer, Virginia, President Clinton eulogized three US diplomats killed in a road accident near Sarajevo, Bosnia-Herzegovina, and vowed to carry on the struggle for peace in the Balkans.Ref: 6
1996*Full-scale combat operations end in ChechnyaRef: 89
1998*Yeltsin sacks entire government, appoints Chernomyrdin interim PMRef: 89
1999 Berlin again becomes the capital of Germany.Ref: 10
2000 Fifty years after the German government moved to the capital of Bonn, Berlin reclaimed its role as a center of power in Germany with the arrival of Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder.Ref: 6
2000*The Dow Jones industrial average soared 199.15 to a new record of 11,209.84.Ref: 6
2002*New York publicist Lizzie Grubman pleaded guilty in a hit-and-run crash that injured 16 people outside a Hamptons nightclub.Ref: 70
1500*Christopher Columbus is arrested for mistreating the natives of Haiti.Ref: 62
1541*Jacques Cartier lands near Quebec on his third voyage to North America.Ref: 2
1889*The 1st ship-to-shore wireless message is received in the US at San Francisco.Ref: 5
1892*John H. Stedman of Rochester, NY patents the printed streetcar transfer.Ref: 4
1904*Hard D. Weed of New York state patents the grip-tread tire chain for automobiles.Ref: 4
1924*Mars' closest approach to Earth since the 10th century.Ref: 5
1956*The first transcontinental helicopter flight begins. 
1961*US lunar probe Ranger 1 reaches 190 km from Earth, falls back.Ref: 5
1966*Lunar Orbiter 1 takes first photograph of Earth from Moon.Ref: 5
1973*Intelsat communications satellite launched.Ref: 5
1977*First man-powered flight of a mile (Bryan Allen in Gossamer Condor)Ref: 5
1989*Voyager 2 makes its closest approach to Neptune - 3042 milesRef: 62
452 The Roman fortress city of Aquileia is stormed, sacked and totally destroyed by Attila's Huns. (Vardy, Steven B., Attila, ISBN 1-55546-803-9, p 91) 
1244*Turks expel the crusaders under Frederick II from Jerusalem.Ref: 2
1346*Victory of English under King Edward III over French (Philip VI) in Battle of Crécy (100 Yrs War).Ref: 10
1711*A British attempt to invade Canada by sea fails.Ref: 2
1839*Hong Kong taken by British in Anglo-Chinese opium war.Ref: 10
1863*Union batteries cease their first bombardment of Fort Sumpter, leaving it a mass of rubble but still unconquered by the Northern besiegers.Ref: 2
1864*Fall of Fort Morgan at Mobile.Ref: 5
1866 The Treaty of Prague ends the Austro-Prussian war.Ref: 5
1913*French aircraft bomb Mullheim in Germany.Ref: 49
1914*Japan declares war on Germany in World War One.Ref: 70
1940*(and 24th) A German bomber, lost over London, jettisons its bombs. The bombing is thought to be intentional, and leads to a retaliatory RAF bombing of Berlin, Germany.Ref: 24
1941*Hitler suspends Aktion T4, the Nazi euthenasia program, which had accounted for nearly a 100,000 deaths. Ref 
1942*German forces begin an assault on the major Soviet industrial city of Stalingrad.Ref: 35
1942*Last cavalry charge in history; 2,000 Russians flee from 600 mounted men of Italian Cavalry.Ref: 10
1943*The Soviet troops recapture Kharkov.Ref: 36
1944*German SS engineers begin placing explosive charges around the Eiffel Tower in Paris.Ref: 2
1944*Romanian Prime Miniaster Ion Antonescu is dismissed by King Michael, paving the way for Romania to abandon the Axis in favor of the Allies. (National Day 1944-1990). (XDG, p 4A, 8/23/2000)Ref: 83
1950*Up to 77,000 members of the U.S. Army Organized Reserve Corps are called involuntarily to active duty to fight the Korean War.Ref: 2
1883*Phillies make 27 errors against Providence (wild pitches, walks & passballs count as errors prior to 1888).Ref: 5
1906*The White Sox, en route to the American League flag, beat the Senators for their 19th consecutive win.Ref: 1
1907*Pitts Howie Camnitz no-hits NY Giants, 1-0 in 5 inning game.Ref: 5
1922*A 23-litre car named “Chitty Chitty Bang Bang” wins the first Southsea (England) Speed Carnival in 1922, driven by Count Louis Zborowski at 73.1 miles per hour. 
1931*A misplayed ball by A's outfielder Jim Moore leads to a 1-0 loss to the Browns. The defeat ends Lefty Grove's winning streak at 16.Ref: 1
1936*The Indians' seventeen-year-old rookie pitcher, Bob Feller makes his first major league start striking out the first eight batters he faces. 'Rapid Robert' will finish the game with 15 strikeouts as Cleveland beats the Browns, 4-1.Ref: 1
1942*Francisco Segura of Ecuador wins the Longwood Bowl at Brookline, MA. Francisco became the first player from South America to win a major U.S. grass-court tennis tournament.Ref: 4
1950 West Germany & Japan are readmitted to Intl Amateur Athletic Federation.Ref: 5
1952*Giant batter Bob Elliot is tossed from the Cardinal game for protesting a strike two call and his replacement, Bobby Hoffman, is also thrown out for arguing the third strike of the same at-bat.Ref: 1
1953*Phil Grate sets record for throwing a baseball (443' 3").Ref: 5
1957*Stan Musial of the St Louis Cardinals plays the last of 895 consecutive games due to a shoulder injury. ("The 1999 ESPN Sports Almanac") 
1958*In a 10-1 win over Milwaukee, Gil Hodges hits his 14th career grand slam .Ref: 1
1961*Five Giants (Cepeda, F. Alou, Davenport, Mays & Orsino) hit homers in the same inning tying a major league record in a 14-0 rout of the Reds.Ref: 1
1964*St Louis Cards are 11 games back in NL, & win the World Series.Ref: 5
1968*Yanks & Tigers play 3-3 tie in 19 due to 1 AM curfew.Ref: 5
1969 Audrey McElmory (US) wins World Cycling Championships, Brno, Czechoslovakia (1st American to win cycling race title since 1912).Ref: 5
1970 US swimmer Gary Hall broke three world records at the AAU (Amateur Athletic Union) outdoor swimming meet, held in Los Angeles, CA.Ref: 4
1982*Gaylord Perry of the Mariners is caught by the umpires applying a foreign substance to the ball. Although the righthander has been suspected for years of loaded up the baseball, it is the first time he has been ejected from a game.Ref: 1
1983*Pete Rose of the Cincinnati Reds and Philadelphia Phillies, plays the last of 745 consecutive games. ("The 1999 ESPN Sports Almanac") 
1985*Paul Hornung awarded $1,160,000 by a Louisville court against NCAA who barred him as a college football analyst for betting on games.Ref: 5
1985*Said Aouita of Morroco sets the 1.5k record (3:29.46) in Berlin.Ref: 5
1986*Darrell Waltrip became the first racecar driver to earn $7 million, making him the best-paid driver in NASCAR.Ref: 4
1987 The Pan American games concluded in Indianapolis, with the United States winning a record 369 medals, including 168 gold.Ref: 4
1988*Boxer Mike Tyson breaks a bone in his right hand in a 4 a.m. street brawl with professional fighter Mitch Green in Harlem.Ref: 98
1989*LA Dodgers beat Montreal Expos, 1-0, in 22 innings.Ref: 5
1990*Colorado's Baseball Advisory Committee, headed by Gov. Roy Romer, designates the Colorado Baseball Partnership to spearhead the formation of an ownership group.Ref: 86
1993*Toronto Blue Jay Joe Carter collects 3 home runs vs. the Cleveland Indians for his fifth career 3 homer game; an AL record.Ref: 86
1998*Barry Bonds becomes the first player in major league history to hit 400 home runs and steal at least 400 bases (438). The Giant slugger reaches the unmatched plateau with his 26th homer of the year against Marlin Kirt Ojala in a 10-5 San Francisco victory.Ref: 1
1998*At County Stadium against the Padres, Bob Hamelin hits his fourth pinch-hit home run of the season. It is the most pinch-hit home runs hit by a single Brewers player in a season and is also the all-time franchise record.Ref: 86
1999 The women's 100-meter butterfly record is set at 57.88 by Jenny Thompson at the Pan Pacific Championships. 
1999*Joining Babe Ruth and Mark McGwire, Mariner Ken Griffey Jr. becomes the third player in major league history to hit 200 homers in a four-season span. Junior's 39th helps Seattle beat the Indians, 4-1.Ref: 1
2000*At Comerica Park, fans flee their seats as swarms of small insects invade the stands during the first inning. The six-legged pests did not affect the players, and the game continues uninterrupted with the Tigers edging the Mariners, 6-5.Ref: 1
2000*Team president Bob Graziano apologizes to a female couple who were asked to leave Dodger Stadium on August 8th because the two shared a kiss during a game. The pair felt the action of the eight security guards was discriminatory because the couple's friends, a man and a woman, also kissed but were not ejected.Ref: 1
1858*(Prohibition) A melodrama titled Ten Nights in a Barroom opened at the National Theatre in New York City. It was a temperance melodrama -- about the evils of drinking.Ref: 4
1919*The "Gasoline Alley" cartoon strip premiers in Chicago Tribune.Ref: 5
1923 Billy Jones and Ernie Hare, The Happiness Boys, were heard on radio for the first time. The two were billed as radio’s first comedians and were also credited with creating and performing the first singing commercial.Ref: 4
1933*Joe Shuster and Jerry Siegal receive a positively worded rejection from Consolidated regarding their idea of "The Superman". (Daniels, Les, "Superman", 1998, ISBN 0-8118-2162-5) 
1947*Margaret Truman, daughter of U.S. President Harry S Truman, presented her first public concert. Margaret sang before 15,000 people at the Hollywood Bowl.Ref: 4
1958*Marie Ashton completes playing piano a female record 133 hours.Ref: 5
1962*John Lennon marries Cynthia Powell. 
1963*Beatles release "She Loves You" in the UK.Ref: 5
1963*Ringo admits he wrote a song "Don't Pass Me By".Ref: 5
1965*The U.S. premiere of the motion picture Help!, starring The Beatles, was held for thousands of moviegoers wanting to see the group’s first color motion picture. Their first film, A Hard Day’s Night, had been produced in black and white.Ref: 4
1968*Ringo quits the Beatles over a disagreement, temporarily.Ref: 5
1979*Soviet dancer Alexander Godunov defected while the Bolshoi Ballet was on tour in New York.Ref: 70
1984*South Fork Ranch, the home of the fictitious Ewing clan of the CBS-TV show "Dallas", was sold. The ranch, a 200-acre spread near Dallas, was to be transformed from a tourist site into a hotel, according to the new owners.Ref: 4
1984*The gang from the PBS series Sesame Street was seen in a feature film. The plot of the movie, starring Big Bird and Oscar the Grouch, revolved around Big Bird leaving Sesame Street and joining a family of dodo birds.Ref: 4
2000*An estimated 51 million viewers tuned in for the finale of CBS' reality series "Survivor," in which contestant Richard Hatch won the $1 million prize.Ref: 70
1524*Francois Hotman, French jurist and humanist scholar, is born.Ref: 70
1754*Louis XVI, King of France during the French Revolution who met his fate at the guillotine, is born at Versailles. (XDG, p 4A, 8/23/2000)Ref: 83
1755*Jean Baptiste Lislet-Geoffroy, French geographer, is born.Ref: 2
1769*Georges, Baron Cuvier, French zoologist and statesmanRef: 70
1785*Oliver Hazard Perry, American naval officer: Battle of Lake Erie: “We have met the enemy, and they are ours.”; is born.Ref: 4
1849*William Ernest Henley, English poet, critic and editor, is born.Ref: 70
1852*Arnold Toynbee, English economist and social reformer, is born.Ref: 70
1868*Edgar Lee Masters, American poet and novelist, is born.Ref: 70
1869*James (Sunny Jim) Rolph SF mayor (1912-31), MUNI backer, is born.Ref: 5
1871*Jack Butler Yeats, Irish painter, is born.Ref: 70
1883*Jonathan Wainwright, U.S. general who fought against the Japanese on Corregidor in the Philippines and was forced to surrender, is born.Ref: 2
1898*Alfred Eisenstaedt, the German-born photographer whose pioneering images for Life magazine helped define American photojournalism, is born.Ref: 68
1898*Albert Claude, biologist who won the 1974 Nobel for his work on the sub-structure of the cell. He never graduated from high school, is born.Ref: 2
1900*Ernst Krenek Vienna Austria, composer (Johnny Spielt Auf), is born.Ref: 5
1901*John Sherman Cooper (Sen-Ky), is born.Ref: 5
1903*William Primrose Glasgow Scot, violist (Method for Violin & Viola), is born.Ref: 5
1905*Constant Lambert London England, composer (King Pest), is born.Ref: 5
1908*Arthur Adamov Kislovodsk Russia, dramatist (Paolo Paoli), is born.Ref: 5
1911*Elizabeth Robinson US, 100m dash (Olympic-gold-1928), is born.Ref: 5
1911*Birger Ruud Norway, 90m ski jumper (Olympic-gold-1932, 36), is born.Ref: 5
1912*Gene (Eugene Curran) Kelly, dancer and actor who starred in "An American in Paris" and "Singing in the Rain" is born in Pittsburgh.Ref: 68
1913*Bob Crosby, Spokane Wa, Bing's brother, orch leader (Bob Crosby Show), is born.Ref: 68
1917*Tex (Sol) Williams singer: Smoke, Smoke, Smoke [That Cigarette], Shame on You, The Rose of the Alamo, Bluebird on Your Windowsill, Bottom of a Mountain; is born.Ref: 4
1922*George (Clyde) Kell Baseball Hall of Famer: Philadelphia Athletics, Detroit Tigers [all-star: 1947, 1948, 1949, 1950, 1951], Boston Red Sox, Chicago White Sox [all-star: 1954], Baltimore Orioles [all-star: 1956, 1957], is born.Ref: 4
1922*Jean Darling (LeVake) actress: March of the Wooden Soldiers, Little Rascals-Book 17, is born.Ref: 4
1923*Wolfgang Sawallisch Munich Ger, conductor (Vienna Symph 1960-70), is born.Ref: 5
1929*Vera Miles (Vera June Ralston) actress: The Wrong Man, Psycho, The FBI Story, Autumn Leaves, Into the Night, The Man Who Shot Liberty Valance, Sergeant Ryker, Jigsaw, Our Family Business, is born near Boise City OK. (also TWA, 1998)Ref: 4
1929*Peter Thompson golf champion: British Open [1954, 1955, 1956, 1958, 1965]]Ref: 4
1930*Michel Rocard Courbevoie France, Prime Minister of France, is born.Ref: 5
1931*H.O. Smith, molecular biologist credited with helping 'open the door' on genetic engineering, is born.Ref: 2
1932*Mark Russell (Ruslander) comedian: Real People, The Starland Vocal Band Show, is born in Buffalo NY.Ref: 4
1933*Pete Wilson (Sen-R-Calif), is born.Ref: 5
1934*Sonny (Christian) Jurgensen, professional football player and sports announcer, is born.Ref: 2
1934*Johnny (John Anthony) Romano ‘Honey’: baseball: catcher: Chicago White Sox [World Series: 1959], Cleveland Indians [all-star: 1961, 1962], SL Cardinals, is born.Ref: 4
1934*Barbara Eden Tucson Az, actress (I Dream of Jeannie, Amazing Dobermans), is born.Ref: 5
1936*Rudy Lewis singer: group: Drifters: Up on the Roof, On Broadway, is born.Ref: 4
1940*Richard Sanders Harrisburg Pa, actor (Les-WKRP, Spencer, Berrengers), is born.Ref: 68
1940*Tony Bill, San Diego CA, (Sam-What Really Happened to the Class of '65), is born.Ref: 5
1942*Patricia McBride ballerina: New York City Ballet, is born. For many years she was Mikhail Baryshnikov’s only partner.Ref: 4
1942*Nancy Richey Gunther San Ant TX, tennis player (US Doubles 1965, 66), is born.Ref: 5
1943*Bobby Diamond LA Calif, actor (Duncan Gillis-Dobie Gillis), is born.Ref: 5
1944*Antonia Novello US Surgeon General, is born.Ref: 5
1945*Tom Boerwinkle basketball: Chicago Bulls, is born.Ref: 4
1946*Keith Moon singer, drummer: group: The Who: is born in Wembly England.Ref: 68
1947*Rex Allen Jr Chicago, country singer (Nashville on the Road), is born.Ref: 5
1948*Ron (Ronald Mark) Blomberg ‘Boomer’: baseball: NY Yankees [baseball's first designated hitter: 1-for-3 with an RBI and a run scored against the Red Sox at Fenway Park: Apr 6, 1973], Chicago White Sox, is born.Ref: 4
1949*Rick Springfield Australia, (General Hospital, Jessie's Girl), is born.Ref: 5
1949*Shelley Long Fort Wayne Indiana, actress (Diane-Cheers, Money Pit), is born.Ref: 5
1951*Lisa Najeeb Halaby (Queen Noor) widow of Jordan’s King Hussein; is born.Ref: 4
1951*Jimi Jamison singer: group: Survivor: I Can’t Hold Back, Burning Heart, is born.Ref: 4
1951*Mark Hudson, Portland Ore, comedians (Bonkers, Hudson Brothers Show), is born.Ref: 5
1953*Bobby Gubby rocker (Bucks Fizz-My Camera Never Lies), is born.Ref: 5
1956*Gerry Cooney heavyweight boxer, is born.Ref: 5
1962*Shaun Ryder singer: group: Happy Mondays, is born.Ref: 4
1966*Laura Richmond Fort Dix NJ, playmate (Sep, 1988), is born.Ref: 5
1967*Nancy Jane Cox Campbellsville Kentucky, Miss Kentucky-America-1991, is born.Ref: 5
1970*River (Jude) Phoenix, Madras Ore, actor (Little Nikta, Stand By Me), is born.Ref: 5
1305*Scottish patriot William Wallace is hanged, drawn, beheaded, and quartered in London.Ref: 2
1572*In France, late this night, Catholic conspirators began massacring thousands of Huguenots (French Protestants), under orders of Catherine de Medici, advisor to her son, Charles IX, King of France.Ref: 5
1723*Increase Mather, American minister, author and educator, dies at age 84.Ref: 70
1806*Charles-Augustin de Coulomb, French physicist, dies at age 70.Ref: 70
1819*Oliver Hazard Perry, naval hero, (“We have met the enemy, and they are ours.”), dies on 34th birthday.Ref: 15
1849*Edward Hicks, American primitive painter, dies at age 69.Ref: 70
1882*Death of Charles W. Fry, 45, English Salvation Army worker. It was Fry who penned the words to the lyric hymn, "I Have Found a Friend in Jesus" (a.k.a. "Lily of the Valley").Ref: 5
1917*Race riot in Houston TX (2 blacks & 11 whites killed)Ref: 5
1926*Rudolf Valentino (Rodolfo Pietro Filiberto Raffaello Guglielmi di Valentina) actor, dies in New York at age 31 from peritonitis, causing world-wide hysteria and a number of suicides.Ref: 68
1927*Immigrant laborers Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti are executed for the murders of two men during a 1920 a robbery they did not commit. Fifty years later, in 1977, Massachusetts Governor Michael Dukakis establishes a memorial in the victims' honor.Ref: 2
1933*Adolf Loos, Austrian architect, dies at age 62.Ref: 70
1934*Homer Van Meter (of the Dillinger Gang) is shot and killed by St. Paul police. Buried at Lindenwood Cemetery, Fort Wayne, Indiana.Ref: 42
1939*Sidney (Coe) Howard playwright: screen play: Gone with the Wind; dies.Ref: 4
1952*Death of Frederick George Kenyon, 89, British archaeologist and language scholar. Kenyon devoted his life to discovering biblical parallels in ancient Greek papyri, convincing critics that science does not disprove the Bible.Ref: 5
1960*Oscar (Greeley Clendenning) Hammerstein II, lyricist, songwriter w/Richard Rodgers: OK!, Carousel, South Pacific, The King and I, Flower Drum Song, Sound of Music; dies at age 65 in Doylestown PA.Ref: 68
1962*Hoot Gibson silent screen cowboy actor, dies at 70.Ref: 5
1966*Francis X Bushman Norfolk VA, silent film actor (Ben Hur, Spy's Defeat), dies at age 83.Ref: 70
1975*Hank Patterson actor (Fred Ziffel-Green Acres), dies at 87.Ref: 5
1977*Sebastian Cabot actor: Family Affair, Family Jewels, Johnny Tremain & the Sons of Liberty, The Time Machine, Twice-Told Tales, Omar Khayyam, Romeo and Juliet, Westward-Ho, the Wagons; dies.Ref: 4
1986*Otto (Ludwig) Preminger director: In Harm’s Way, Advise and Consent, Exodus, Anatomy of a Murder, Saint Joan, Bonjour Tristesse, The Man with the Golden Arm, The Moon is Blue, Forever Amber, Laura; dies.Ref: 4
1989*R.D. (Ronald David) Laing psychiatrist, author; dies.Ref: 4
1989*Yusuf Hawkins, a black teen-ager, was shot dead after he and his friends were confronted by white youths in a Brooklyn neighborhood.Ref: 70
1990*David Rose Grammy Award-winning [22] composer: The Stripper; scores: Little House on the Prairie, Bonanza, Sea Hunt, Highway Patrol; David Rose and His Orchestra: The Red Skelton Show, The Tony Martin Show; dies.Ref: 4
1995*Adele Simpson (Smithline) fashion designer: “She gave the postwar U.S. its own couture identity.”; dies.Ref: 4
1995*Alfred Eisenstaedt, the German-born photographer whose pioneering images for Life magazine helped define American photojournalism, dies.Ref: 68
1996*"Life" magazine photographer Alfred Eisenstaedt died on Martha's Vineyard at age 96.Ref: 6

Last Update: October 27th, 2005
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