Ken Fussichen's History Of The Day For
August 25th

Home Click on * for the link to the relevant chronology. New Date
325*The Council of Niceae, the first ecumenical debate held by the early Christian church, concludes with the establishment of the doctrine of the Holy Trinity and settled the rules for computing the day for Easter. (Encyclopedia of Religion, Vol 4, p. 125, ISBN 0-02-909730-4) 
1560*Protestantism is formally adopted at the First General Assembly of the Church of Scotland. Scottish Parliament had earlier voted to accept a Calvinist confession of faith, declaring that the pope no longer had jurisdiction over Scotland.Ref: 5
1689*1500 Iroquois Indians kill all 200 inhabitants of Montreal.Ref: 62
1718*About 800 of French colonists arrived in Louisiana, with some of them settling in present-day New Orleans (named in honour of the Duke of Orlean in France).Ref: 70
1765*In protest over the stamp tax, American colonists sack and burn the home of Massachusetts governor Thomas Hutchinson.Ref: 2
1817*Joseph Mohr, 25, began serving as pastor of the St. Nicholas Church in Oberndorf, Austria. (It was Christmas Eve, 1818, when Mohr and church organist Franz Gruber, together, produced the enduring Christmas carol, "Stille Nacht"/"Silent Night.").Ref: 5
1819*Allan Pinkerton, founder of the Pinkerton National Detective Agency, is born in Glasgow Scotland. Ref 
1825*Uruguay declares independence from Brazil (National Day).Ref: 5
1829*President Jackson offers to buy Texas from Mexico, but the Mexican government refuses. 
1830 Belgium revolts against Netherlands.Ref: 5
1846*Donner Party: Luke Halloran dies of consumption and is buried in the Tooele Valley, near present-day Grantsville, Utah.Ref: 27
1862*(Dakota Conflict) About 2,000 New Ulm refugees (mostly women, children, and wounded men) load into 153 wagons or set off on foot for Mankato, thirty miles away.Ref: 87
1864*Combination rail & ferry service available from SF to Alameda.Ref: 5
1902*The first Arabic daily newspaper in the U.S., Al-Hoda, begins publication in New York City.Ref: 4
1910*Walden W. Shaw and John D. Hertz formed the Walden W. Shaw Livery Company, which later became the Yellow Cab Company. 
1912*First time an aircraft recovers from a spin.Ref: 5
1916*The National Park Service was established within the Department of the Interior.Ref: 70
1925*A. Phillip Randolph organizes the Sleeping Car Porters' Union in Harlem NY.Ref: 2
1932*Amelia Earhart completes transcontinental flight.Ref: 5
1939*Britain and Poland sign a Mutual Assistance Treaty.Ref: 36
1940*Lithuania is incorporated into the U.S.S.R. 
1945*Jewish immigrants are permitted to leave Mauritius for Palestine.Ref: 5
1947*Marion Carl in D-558-I sets world aircraft speech record, 1,047 kph.Ref: 5
1950*President Harry S. Truman ordered the Army to seize control of the nation's railroads to avert a strike.Ref: 70
1952*Puerto Rico becomes a Commonwealth under U.S. jurisdiction. 
1958*Pensions to former U.S. Presidents go into effect. 
1967 Paraguay accepts its constitution.Ref: 5
1968*(Chicago 7) Police club persons attending a music festival in Lincoln Park who refuse to leave at curfew. Rennie Davis and Tom Hayden meet to lead march to the Conrad Hilton, the main Convention hotel. At 9 p.m., police confront and attack some demonstrators. Jerry Rubin allegedly urges demonstrators to attack police. At 10:30 p.m., two police officers observe Tom Hayden letting the air out of tires of their police car.Ref: 87
1983*US & USSR sign $10 billion grain pact.Ref: 5
1987*Dow Jones industrial stock avg reaches record 2722.42.Ref: 5
1988*The skies of Northern and Central Colorado get an orange haze from smoke of the giant Yellowstone National Park forest fires that have burned over 300,000 acres.Ref: 62
1990*The United Nations gives the world's navies the right to use force to stop vessels trading with Iraq. (XDG, p 4A, 8/25/2000)Ref: 83
1991 The Russian Communist party issued a declaration of full independence for Belarus, the Soviet state that had declared its independence on July 27, 1991. Russia, Belarus and Ukraine formed the Commonwealth of Independent States to coordinate economic activities, defence and foreign relations.Ref: 4
1993*The US applies limited sanctions against China and Pakistan after concluding that China had sold missile technology to the Pakistanis. (XDG, p 4A, 8/25/2003)Ref: 83
1996 Chinese-American human rights activist Harry Wu, safely back on US soil after two months in Chinese detention, said the spying case against him was "all lies," and vowed to seek compensation from China.Ref: 6
1997*The tobacco industry agreed to an $11.3 billion settlement with the state of Florida.Ref: 70
1999*Richard Holbrooke is sworn in as the new U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations. 
2000*The FBI, reversing itself after six years, admitted that its agents might have fired some potentially flammable tear gas canisters on the final day of the 1993 standoff with the Branch Davidians near Waco, TX, but said it continued to believe law enforcement agents did not start the fire which engulfed the cult's compound.Ref: 6
1609*Galileo demonstrates his 1st telescope to Venetian lawmakers.Ref: 5
1768*Captain James Cook sets sail on first voyage of discovery.Ref: 10
1831*The ‘bed spring' patented by Josiah French of Ware, Mass.Ref: 10
1837*Henry William Crawford patents process for producing galvanised iron.Ref: 10
1840*Joseph Gibbons of Albion, Michigan patents the seeding machine.Ref: 4
1919*The 1st scheduled passenger service by airplane from Paris to London is established.Ref: 5
1920*The first airplane to fly from New York to Alaska arrives in Nome.Ref: 4
1928*Admiral Byrd's Antarctic Expedition leaves New York City on way to South Pole.Ref: 10
1929*Graf Zeppelin passes over San Francisco, headed for Los Angeles after trans-Pacific voyage from TokyoRef: 5
1966*Orbiter-1 transmits first photo of Earth as seen from Moon.Ref: 10
1980*XENIX operating system announced by Microsoft, a portable operating system for 16-bit microprocessors.Ref: 80
1981*The U.S. spacecraft Voyager 2 came within 63,000 miles of Saturn's cloud cover, sending back pictures and data about the ringed planet. During the passage its scanning platform jams. Study of the problem during the trip to Uranus provides a near perfect encounter there.Ref: 70
1985*STS 51-I scrubbed at T -9m because of an onboard computer problem.Ref: 5
1988*Challenger Center opens its classroom doors in Houston.Ref: 5
1988*NASA launches space vehicle S-214.Ref: 5
1989*Voyager 2 encounters Neptune, was thrown out of the solar plane and proceeds into deep space. With luck it will transmit useful data until 2015Ref: 62
1989*Voyager 2 makes its closest approach to Neptune (0400 GMT). NASA scientists receive stuning photographs of Neptune and its moons from Voyager 2.Ref: 2
1991*Linus Torvalds, a student at University of Helsinki, reveals he is working on Linux Operating System.Ref: 10
1999*Microsoft and Compaq discontinue all Windows NT/2000 development for the Alpha processor.Ref: 80
357 Julian Caesar defeats the Alamanni at Strousbourg in Gaul.Ref: 2
1346*(or 26th) Edward III of England defeats Philip VI's army at the Battle of Crecy in France.Ref: 2
1580 Battle of Alcantara, Spain defeats Portugal.Ref: 5
1758 The Prussian army defeats the invading Russians at the Battle of Zorndorf.Ref: 2
1814*British forces destroyed the U.S. Library of Congress -- and the 3,000 books contained therein.Ref: 4
1862*Secretary of War authorizes Gen Rufus Saxton to arm 5,000 slaves.Ref: 5
1862*Union and Confederate troops skirmish at Waterloo Bridge, Virginia, during the Second Bull Run Campaign.Ref: 2
1864*Confederate General A.P. Hill pushes back Union General Winfield Scott Hancock from Reams Station where his army has spent several days destroying railroad tracks.Ref: 2
1914*Japan declares war on Austria, WW1.Ref: 10
1915*Brest-Litovsk, Russian fortress, captured by Austro-Germans.Ref: 38
1921*The United States, which never ratified the Versailles Treaty ending World War I, finally signs a peace treaty with Germany and Austria. (Xenia Daily Gazette, p 4A, 8/25/2000) 
1940*The first British air raid on Berlin is launched in retaliation of German air raids on London. 
1941*British and Soviet forces enter Iran, opening up a route to supply the Soviet Union.Ref: 2
1943*German warships attack and sink two Swedish trawlers in Danish waters. 
1943*U.S. forces overran New Georgia in the Solomon Islands during World War II.Ref: 70
1944*Allied troops led by French General Jacques Leclerc liberate Paris. General de Gaulle arrives in Paris.Ref: 36
1944*Romania declares war on Germany. (XDG, p 4A, 8/25/2000)Ref: 83
1944*The Red Ball Express, an American supply outfit for Patton's 3rd Army, is initiated. 
1944*In Italy, the 1st Canadian Division crosses the Metauro River.Ref: 9
1804*Alice Meynell becomes the 1st woman jockey (England).Ref: 5
1875 Captain Matthew Webb becomes the first person to swim the English Channel, travelling from Dover to Calais in 22 hoursRef: 70
1886 The 1st international polo meet occurs. The US faces England.Ref: 5
1888*Henry Slocum wins US Lawn Tennis Assn singles title.Ref: 5
1904*Jim Jefferies KOs Jack Munroe & retains boxing heavyweight title.Ref: 5
1908*Allen Winter wins US first $50,000 trotting race.Ref: 5
1920*Ethelda Bleibtrey becomes the first woman to win an event for the United States in Olympic competition. She wins the 100-meter freestyle swimming competition at Antwerp, Belgium.Ref: 4
1921*Yankee pitcher Harry Harper hits 3 batters in an inning tying record.Ref: 5
1922*In spite of a fourth inning lead of 25-6, the Cubs need to hold on defeating the Phillies, 26-23; Philadelphia leaves the bases loaded in the ninth.Ref: 86
1924*Wash Senator Walter Johnson 2nd no-hitter beats Browns, 2-0 in 7 inn.Ref: 5
1925*Helen Willis wins her 3rd straight US Lawn Tennis Open.Ref: 5
1934*Tigers' righty Schoolboy Rowe wins his 16th consecutive game defeating the Senators, 4-2, to tie the American League record.Ref: 1
1936*3 Braves hit twice in an inning getting 2 hits each.Ref: 5
1940 Arno Rudolphi and Ann Hayward were married -- while suspended in parachutes at the World’s Fair in NY City. The minister, best man, maid of honor and four musicians were also in parachutes!Ref: 4
1946*Ben Hogan wins his first major golf title. He captured the PGA (Professional Golfers’ Association) championship at Portland, OR.Ref: 4
1950*Sugar Ray Robinson KOs Jose Basora to win middleweight boxing title.Ref: 5
1952*Tiger Virgil Trucks (5-14) throws the second of his two hitters this season blanking the Yankees,1-0. Phil Rizzuto's third inning at-bat is quickly scored as an error but is changed to a hit only to be reverse again in the sixth inning making the no hitter a bit controversial.Ref: 1
1956*Prior to the Old Timer's Game at Yankee Stadium, shortstop Phil Rizzuto is asked to consult with general manager George Weiss and manager Casey Stengel concerning a player move necessitated by reacquiring Enos Slaughter from the A's. After making several suggestions about who should be cut from the squad, the veteran infielder is told by Weiss he is the player about to be let go.Ref: 1
1960*The AFL begins placing players names on back of their jerseys .Ref: 5
1960*The 17th summer Olympics open in Rome.Ref: 5
1967*Twins' Dean Chance throws his second no-hitter of the month defeating the Indians 2-1. On August 5th he threw five perfect innings in an abbreviated game against the Red Sox.Ref: 1
1968*Outfielder Rocky Colavito of the New York Yankees pitches 2-2/3 innings of 1-hit, shutout relief to help out in a pitching jam. He earned the win by beating Detroit 6-5 and hit a home run.Ref: 4
1969*Det Lions beat Boston Patriots 22-9 in Montreal (NFL expo).Ref: 5
1974*LA Aztecs defeat Miami Toros to win NASL cup.Ref: 5
1976*The Toronto Blue Jays announce Dunedin, Florida as the new spring training site.Ref: 86
1976*Yanks beat Twins 5-4 in 19 innings.Ref: 5
1979*California Angels trounce Toronto Blue Jays, 24-2.Ref: 5
1981 Jeff Schwartz, sets solo record for trampoline bouncing (266:09).Ref: 5
1983*Triple A baseball's Louisville breaks 1 million fan mark.Ref: 5
1985*Met Dwight Gooden becomes the youngest (20 years, 9 months. & 9 days) pitcher to win 20 games in a season. Bob Feller was a month older when he accomplished the feat in 1939.Ref: 1
1986*At Tiger Stadium, A's rookie Mark McGwire hits his first major league home run off of Walt Terrell.Ref: 1
1990*Li Hui Rong of China sets the triple jump women's record (47'8«").Ref: 5
1991*Carl Lewis runs 100m in 9.86 seconds.Ref: 5
1996*Tiger Woods won his third US Amateur Championship in a row. Steve Scott, a 19-year-old from the University of Florida, led from the third hole all the way to the next-to-the-last hole of the 36-hole final and lost on the second playoff hole. Woods is the only golfer to win three US Amateurs in succession.Ref: 4
1996*A monument in honor of Mickey Mantle is unveiled in Yankee Stadium's Monument Park.Ref: 86
2001*The Tampa Bay Devil Rays sign first-round draft pick Dewon Brazelton to a four-year, $4.8 million major league contract.Ref: 86
2001*Bengie Molina sets a team record by stroking nine consecutive hits. The Angel catcher is the first Anaheim player to have consecutive four-hit games since Tim Salmon accomplished the feat in 1994.Ref: 1
1835*NY Sun publishes Moon hoax story about John Herschel.Ref: 5
1879*NY’s Madison Square Garden displayed a real floating ship in a gigantic water tank as Gilbert & Sullivan’s operetta, H.M.S. Pinafore, was performed.Ref: 4
1941*Skinnay Ennis and his orchestra recorded the tune Don’t Let Julia Fool Ya.Ref: 4
1949 NBC radio debuted Father Knows Best. The Thursday night program aired for five years. Robert Young played the role of Jim Anderson, the ever-patient father. The rest of the family included wife Margaret, son Bud and lovely daughters Betty (the eldest) and Kathy. The family lived on Maple Street in Springfield. Remember Bud’s favorite phrase (he only said it about six dozen times per show)? “Holy Cow!” Father Knows Best made the transition to TV in 1954, with Robert Young as the only cast member to continue with the show.Ref: 4
1963*Paul McCartney is fined œ31 & 1 yr suspended license for speeding.Ref: 5
1964*The Beatles received a gold record for their hit single "A Hard Day’s Night". This was their 3rd of 18.Ref: 4
1970*British singer and pianist Elton John made his US concert debut at the Troubadour in West Hollywood. Some of his opening night numbers: Your Song, Country Comfort, Take Me to the Pilot, Honky Tonk Women and Bad Side of The Moon.Ref: 4
1981*Mark Chapman, John Lennon's murderer, is sentenced to 20 years.Ref: 5
1982*The group, Fleetwood Mac, receives a gold record for the album Mirage.Ref: 4
1984 The Cabbage Patch Kids and Trivial Pursuit were replaced by the latest fad toys: robotic action figures that fought galactic battles. They were called Transformers.Ref: 4
1984*Ghostbusters, by Ray Parker, Jr., started week #3 at the top of the pop music charts. The hit song was from the movie of the same name starring Bill Murray, Dan Aykroyd, Rick Moranis and Harold Ramis.Ref: 4
1994*Singer Billy Joel and supermodel Christie Brinkley are divorced after 8½ years of marriage.Ref: 5
1530*Ivan IV (the Terrible), first tsar of Russia (1533-84), is born.Ref: 5
1724*George Stubbs England, animal painter (House Frightened by Lion), is born.Ref: 5
1786 King Ludwig Bavaria is born.Ref: 10
1836*Bret Harte US, author (Outcasts of Poker Flat), is born.Ref: 5
1839*Bret (Francis) Harte writer: The Luck of Roaring Camp, The Outcasts of Poker Flat, How Santa Claus Came to Simpson’s Bar; is born.Ref: 4
1841*Emil Kocher Nobel Prize-winning surgeon [for his pioneering work on thyroid gland: 1909]; is born.Ref: 4
1845*Louis II ("mad king Ludwig"), German king of Bavaria (1864-86), is born.Ref: 70
1850*Charles Richet Nobel Prize-winning physiologist [1913], is born.Ref: 4
1864*Birth of John Henry Jowett, English Congregational clergyman. In 1918, he succeeded G. Campbell Morgan as pastor of the famed Westminster Chapel in London.Ref: 5
1865*Arthur Hinsley, English Roman Catholic cardinal and archbishop of Westminster, is born.Ref: 70
1880*Joshua Lionel Cowen, electric toy train inventor, is born.Ref: 68
1882*Sean O'Kelly, Irish president (1945-59) and leader of the Sinn Fein Party, is born.Ref: 70
1900*Sir Hans Adolf Krebs Nobel Prize-winning biochemist [for his discovery of co-enzyme A and its importance for intermediary metabolism 1953], is born.Ref: 4
1902*Stefan Wolpe Berlin Germany, composer (Zeus & Elidco), is born.Ref: 5
1905*Clara Bow silent movie actress (Wings, Down to the Sea in Ships), is born.Ref: 5
1909*Actress, dancer Ruby (Ethel Hilda) Keeler is born.Ref: 4
1909*Michael Rennie actor (The Robe, Klatuu-Day the Earth Stood Still), is born.Ref: 5
1910*Pierre Musy Switzerland, 4-man bobsled (Olympic-gold-1936), is born.Ref: 5
1912*Erich Honecker Germany, East German political leader, is born.Ref: 5
1913*Walt Kelly cartoonist: Pogo; animator: Fantasia [1940], The Reluctant Dragon [1941]; is born.Ref: 4
1913*Former US arms control director Eugene V. Rostow is born.Ref: 68
1914*Alexei Haieff Blagovestchensk Siberia, composer (Princess Zondilda), is born.Ref: 5
1915*Walter Trampler Munich Germany, violist (Beaux Arts Trio), is born.Ref: 5
1916*Frederick Chapman Robbins Nobel Prize-winning microbiologist [for his work on poliomyelitis viruses: 1954]Ref: 4
1916*(Charles) Van Johnson, Newport RI, actor (Brigadoon) always wore red socks, is born.Ref: 5
1917*Don Defore Cedar Rapids Iowa, actor (George-Hazel, Ozzie & Harriet), is born.Ref: 68
1917*Mel Ferrer Elberon NJ, actor (Longest Day, Eaten Alive, 5th Floor), is born. (TWA, 1984)Ref: 95
1918*Leonard Bernstein conductor: NY Philharmonic Orchestra; composer: West Side Story, On the Town, My Sister Eileen, On the Waterfront , Jeremiah, The Age of Anxiety, Kaddish, Chichester Psalms, Mass, Songfest; is born.Ref: 4
1918*Richard Greene Plymouth England, actor (Adv of Robin Hood), is born.Ref: 5
1919*George Wallace, 4-time D-Governor of Alabama; candidate for U.S. President: paralyzed by gunshot wounds as subject of assassination attempt [1972]; is born.Ref: 4
1921*Brian Moore, Irish novelist (The Lonely Passion of Judith Hearne), is born.Ref: 2
1925*Monty Hall (Halparin) TV host: Let’s Make a Deal, Keep Talking, NBC Comedy Playhouse, is born in Winnipeg Manitoba. (TWA, 1998)Ref: 95
1927*Althea Gibson tennis champion: French Open [1956], Wimbledon [1957, 1958], US Open [1957, 1958], is born.Ref: 4
1930*Sean Connery, actor most famous for his roles as James Bond, is born in Edinburgh, ScotlandRef: 5
1930*Graham Javis Toronto Ontario, actor (Charlie-Mary Hartman), is born.Ref: 5
1930*Page Johnson WV, actress (Passages from Finnegan's Wake), is born.Ref: 5
1933*Wayne Shorter, jazz saxaphonist and composer, is born.Ref: 2
1933*Tom Skerritt, Detroit Mich, actor (Ryan's Four, Alien, Big Bad Mama), is born.Ref: 5
1934*Regis (Francis Xavier) Philbin, TV host: Who Wants to Be a Millionaire?, Live with Regis and Kathie Lee; TV announcer: The Joey Bishop Show; TV field interviewer: Almost Anything Goes, , is born in New York City. (TWA, 1998)Ref: 95
1934*Valery F Bykovsky USSR, cosmonaut (Vostok V Soyuz 22 31/39), is born.Ref: 5
1935*David Canary Elwood Ind, actor (Peyton Place, Candy-Bonanza), is born.Ref: 5
1936*Auto racer, Indy 500 winner in 1973 and 1982, Gordon Johncock is born.Ref: 4
1938*Frederick Forsyth, author of thrillers (The Day of the Jackal, The Odessa File), is born.Ref: 2
1940*Jose Van Dam Brussels Belgium, bass-baritone (Fran‡ois d'Assisif), is born.Ref: 5
1942*Walter Williams singer: group: The O’Jays: Love Train, Back Stabbers, is born.Ref: 4
1942*Margaret Murdock US, small bore rifle (Olympic-silver-1976), is born.Ref: 5
1944*Jacques Demers hockey: NHL head coach: St Louis Blues, Detroit Red Wings, Montreal Canadiens, is born.Ref: 4
1944*Anthony Heald actor: Bushwhacked, Kiss of Death, The Client, The Ballad of Little Jo, Whispers in the Dark, Searching for Bobby Fischer, Silence of the Lambs, is born.Ref: 4
1946*Rollie (Roland Glen) Fingers Baseball Hall of Fame pitcher: Oakland Athletics, San Diego Padres, is born.Ref: 4
1946*Charlie Sanders football: Detroit LionsRef: 4
1947*Anne Archer LA Cal, actress (Too Scared to Scream, Fatal Attraction), is born.Ref: 5
1949*Gene Simmons Queens, NY, rocker (KISS-Beth), is born.Ref: 5
1949*Martin Amis, English novelist (Money, Time's Arow).Ref: 2
1949*(Long Island) (date uncertain) John Savage actor: White Squall, Shattered Image, The Hunting, The Godfather, Part 3, Silent Witness, The Onion Fields, Hair, The Deer Hunter, The Killing Kind, Soldier’s Revenge, is born in Old Bethpage NY.Ref: 68
1951*Rob Halford heavy metal rocker (Judas Priest-Got Another Thing), is born.Ref: 5
1954*Elvis Costello [Declan Patrick McManus], rocker (Allison), is born in London England. (TWA, 1998)Ref: 5
1954*Martin Jourard keyboardist/vocalist (Motels-Only the Lonely), is born.Ref: 5
1956*Matt Aitken rocker (Stock Aitken & Waterman-Road Block), is born.Ref: 5
1958*Tim Burton director: Planet of the Apes [2001], Pee-wee’s Big Adventure, Beetlejuice, Batman, Edward Scissorhands, Batman Returns, Ed Wood, Mars Attacks!, Sleepy Hollow, is born.Ref: 4
1961*Singer Billy Ray Cyrus is born. (TWA, 1997)Ref: 95
1962*Mazzi Rawd heavy metal rocker, is born.Ref: 5
1962*Vivian Campbel, heavy metal rocker (White Snake-Here I Go Again), is born.Ref: 5
1964*Blair Underwood actor: L.A. Law, Downtown, Just Cause, Dangerous Relations, Posse, Heat Wave, Rules of Engagement, is born in Tacoma WA.Ref: 4
1964*Morgan Englund actor: The Guiding Light; Cloris Leachman’s son, is born.Ref: 4
1964*Joanne Whalley actress: Trial by Jury, Navy SEALS, To Kill a Priest, The Singing Detective, Dance with a Stranger, What the Butler Saw, is born.Ref: 4
1966*Cornelius Bennett football: Univ. of Alabama, Buffalo Bills, Atlanta Falcons, is born.Ref: 4
1985*Samantha Smith, the schoolgirl whose letter to Yuri V. Andropov resulted in her peace tour of the Soviet Union, was killed with her father in an airplane crash in Maine.Ref: 70
1270*St. Louis of France dies. (Guiley, Rosemary Ellen, "The Encyclopedia of Saints", ©2001, ISBN 0-8160-4133-4) 
1482*Margaret of Anjou, French queen consort of England's King Henry VI, dies at age 52.Ref: 70
1688 Sir Henry Morgan dies.Ref: 10
1776*David Hume, Scottish philosopher, historian, economist and essayist, dies at age 65.Ref: 70
1789*Mary Ball Washington, mother of George, dies.Ref: 5
1807*Jean-Etienne Portalis, French lawyer; helped draft Napoleonic Code, dies at age 61.Ref: 70
1819*James Watt, Scottish steam engine inventor, dies at age 83.Ref: 70
1822*German-born English astronomer. discoverer of Uranus, William Herschel, dies at age 83.Ref: 70
1835*Ann Rutledge, erroneously said to be Lincoln's true love, dies in Illinois at 22 of "brain fever".Ref: 93
1852*Simeon North, American firearms manufacturer, dies at age 87.Ref: 70
1867*Michael Faraday, English physicist, inventor of the dynamo, the transformer and the electric motor, dies at age 75.Ref: 70
1900*Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche, German philosopher, dies in Weimar, Germany.Ref: 70
1901*Clara Maass army nurse sacrificied her life at 25 to prove that the mosquito carries yellow fever.Ref: 5
1915*Hurricane kills 275 in Galveston, Texas with $50 million damage.Ref: 5
1921*Peter Cooper Hewitt, American electrical engineer; invented the mercury-vapor lamp, dies at age 60.Ref: 70
1942 Prince George Duke of Kent killedRef: 10
1945*In the northern Chinese province of Anhwei, Baptist missionary and U.S. army intelligence specialist John Birch was killed by Chinese Communists. He is considered by some to be the first American casualty in the struggle against communism. The John Birch Society was named after him in 1958.Ref: 94
1956*Dr. Alfred Kinsey sexual behavior researcher: The Kinsey Report, The Sexual Behavior in the Human Male; dies.Ref: 68
1967*George Lincoln Rockwell head of American Nazi Party, is assassinated.Ref: 68
1967*Paul Muni (Frederich Weisenfreund), Austrian-born American stage and film actor, dies at age 71.Ref: 70
1967*Stanley Bruce, Australian statesman and diplomat; prime minister (1923-29), dies at age 84.Ref: 5
1968*John George actor (Kolb-Adventures of Fu Manchu), dies at 70.Ref: 5
1971*Ted Lewis (Theodore Leopold Friedman) clarinettist, singer, bandleader: Ted Lewis & His Band: Somebody Stole My Gal, Alexander’s Ragtime Band; dies.Ref: 4
1979*Stan (Stanley Newcomb) Kenton, the American bandleader who was an innovator in the progressive jazz style of the 1950's, dies at age 57.Ref: 70
1980*The Broadway musical "42nd Street" opened. (Producer David Merrick stunned both cast and audience during the curtain call by announcing that the show's director, Gower Champion, had died earlier that day.) (XDG, p 4A, 8/25/2003)Ref: 83
1980*Gower Champion, American choreographer, dancer and director, dies at age 59.Ref: 70
1984*Baseballer, radio sportscaster Waite (Charles) Hoyt dies.Ref: 68
1984*Author Truman (Streckfus) Capote (Persons) was found dead in a Los Angeles mansion at age 59.Ref: 70
1986*1500 killed by cloud of toxic gas from volcanic lake in Cameroon, western Africa.Ref: 10
1986*Allen Case actor (Deputy, Legend of Jesse James), dies at 51.Ref: 5
1988*Colleen Moore, American actress, dies at age 88.Ref: 70
1988*Price Daniel (Gov/Sen-D-Texas), dies at 77Ref: 5
1993*Amy Biehl, a Fulbright scholar from Newport Beach CA, was slain by a mob in South Africa. (XDG, p 4A, 8/25/2003)Ref: 83
1995*Evelyn Wood, American educator, dies at age 86.Ref: 70
1998*(US Supreme Court Justice) Lewis F. Powell Jr. associate justice of U.S. Supreme Court [1972-1987]; dies in Richmond, Virginia, at age 90.Ref: 4
2001*R&B singer Aaliyah was killed with eight others in a plane crash in the Bahamas at age 22.Ref: 70
2002*Participating in a minor-league baseball promotion, a 28-year old woman collapsed and dies after running from the outfield fence to the infield in quest of a hidden diamond. She was one of approximately 250 women hoping to find a small box containing the treasure after the game between the Orlando Rays and Jacksonville Suns.Ref: 1
2002*William Warfield, actor, bass-baritone who played Porgy in "Porgy and Bess" dies in Chicago IL at age 82. (TWA, 2003)Ref: 95

Last Update: October 27th, 2005
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