Ken Fussichen's History Of The Day For
August 28th

Home Click on * for the link to the relevant chronology. New Date
476*Romulus Augustulus becomes last Roman emperor; forced to abdicate by Barbarians.Ref: 10
1413*St. Andrew's University, in Scotland, was chartered by a papal decree from Gregory XII.Ref: 5
1568*Spaniards found St. Augustine in what is now Florida;oldest European settlement in America.Ref: 10
1645*In Poland, King Vladislav IV convened the Conference of Thorn. Through it he sought to bring reunion among the 26 Catholic, 28 Lutheran and 24 Calvinist theologians in attendance. Discussions continued through November, but no satisfying theological fusion was achieved.Ref: 5
1655*New Amsterdam & Peter Stuyvesant bars Jews from military service.Ref: 5
1845*Washington, D.C.: Scientific American starts publication. 
1846*Donner Party: The emigrants cut grass for the dry drive across the Great Salt Lake Desert.Ref: 28
1862*Belle Boyd released from Old Capital Prison in Washington, DC.Ref: 5
1867*The U.S. annexes the Midway Islands.Ref: 5
1884 First known photograph of a tornado is made near Howard SD.Ref: 5
1891*Alfred Love is elected president of the Universal Peace Union in the U.S. 
1894*2% income tax in U.S. comes into force with Wilson Gorman tariff.Ref: 10
1907*Nineteen-year-old Jim Casey borrowed $100 from his friend, Claude Ryan, and started a local delivery service called the American Messenger Company. In 1913 they merged with Mac McCabe forming Merchants Parcel Delivery. The company was the first to provide consolidated delivery, placing packages with similar street destinations on one delivery truck. The company’s growing fleet of trucks was then managed by Charlie Soderstrom. Charlie selected the dark brown color because of its professional appearance. By the 1920s, the company had grown large enough to expand to Oakland and Los Angeles, CA. Soon after it became the United Parcel Service.Ref: 4
1917*Ten suffragists were arrested as they picketed the White House.Ref: 70
1921*2nd Pan-African Congress meets (London, Brussels & Paris).Ref: 5
1945 Chinese communist leader Mao Tse-Tung arrives in Chunking to confer with Nationalist leader Chiang Kai-Shek in a futile effort to avert civil war.Ref: 2
1947*Legendary bullfighter Manolete was mortally wounded by a bull during a fight in Linares, Spain; he died the following day.Ref: 70
1949*Riot prevents Paul Robeson from singing near Peekskill NY.Ref: 5
1953*Campus Crusade for Christ was incorporated in Los Angeles by founder Bill Bright. Today, CCC is an evangelical organization training Christian leaders in over 90 countries around the world.Ref: 5
1957*Sen Thurmond begins 24-hr filibuster against civil rights bill.Ref: 5
1962*Dr Geza DeKaplany tortures wife with acid.Ref: 5
1963*Civil rights leader Martin Luther King, Jr. delivered his “I Have a Dream” speech in the shadows of the Lincoln Memorial in Washington, DC. Some 250,000 people witnessed one of the most stirring speeches of the century.Ref: 4
1963 Evergreen Point Floating Bridge connecting Seattle & Bellevue opens.Ref: 5
1964*Race riot in Philadelphia.Ref: 5
1968*Police and anti-war demonstrators clashed in the streets of Chicago as the Democratic national convention nominated Hubert H. Humphrey for president.Ref: 70
1968*(Chicago 7) Hoffman is arrested while having breakfast for having the word "Fuck" on his forehead. David Dellinger, Bobby Seale, Rennie Davis, and Tom Hayden address 10,000 to 15,000 demonstrators at the bandshell in Grant Park, opposite the Hilton. Democrats nominate Hubert Humphrey as their candidate for President. David Dellinger announces that he will lead a march to the Amphitheatre. The march is stopped by police. Demonstators are attacked by police with tear gas and clubs at Balbo and Michigan and other locations in the area.Ref: 87
1981*John W. Hinckley Jr. pleads innocent to charges of attempting to kill President Reagan; he was later acquitted by reason of insanity. (XDG, p 4A, 8/28/2000)Ref: 83
1981*National Centers for Disease Control announces high incidence of Pneumocystis & Kaposi's sarcoma in gay men.Ref: 5
1981*The NY Daily News published its final afternoon edition. The paper had been in a yearlong battle with The NY Post.Ref: 4
1983 Israeli PM Menachem Begin announces resignation.Ref: 5
1986*US Navy officer Jerry A Whitworth sentenced to 365 years for spying.Ref: 5
1989*Former televangelist Jim Bakker's fraud and conspiracy trial opened in Charlotte, N.C.; Bakker was convicted of all counts the next October. 
1990*Iraq declares Kuwait its 19th provinceRef: 5
1991 Iraqi President Saddam Hussein, saying he sympathized with his foreign captives, pledged to free detained women and children.Ref: 6
1996*Chase Manhattan and Chemical Banking announced a $10 billion deal to create the biggest bank in the nation. A mortar shell tore through a crowded market in Sarajevo, Bosnia-Herzegovina, killing 38 people and triggering NATO airstrikes against the Bosnian Serbs. CA Governor Pete Wilson formally entered the GOP presidential race.Ref: 6
1996*Democrats nominated President Clinton for a second term at their national convention in Chicago.Ref: 70
1996*The 15-year marriage of Britain's Prince Charles and Princess Diana ended with the issuing of a divorce decree.Ref: 70
1998*President Clinton, speaking in Oak Bluffs, Mass., said he'd become such an expert in asking forgiveness in recent days that it was now "burned in my bones." 
2000*Nestle of Switzerland agrees to contribute $14.6 million to atone for profits made from Nazi slaves.Ref: 10
2001*Gateway, the nation's No. 4 manufacturer of personal computers, said it was laying off 4,700 employees 25 percent of its global work force - because of an increasingly bleak market.Ref: 70
2002*Two former WorldCom executives (CFO Scott Sullivan, age 40 and Accounting Director Buford Yates, age 46) are indicted for falsely conspiring to inflate profits by $5B. (USA Today, p 1A, 8/29/2002)Ref: 13
2003*Johns Hopkins Hospital is slated to lose accreditation in internal-medicine citing violations of rules about how long residents may work, according to the Wall Street Journal. (WSJ, p D15, 8/28/2003)Ref: 33
1609*Delaware Bay explored by Henry Hudson for the Netherlands.Ref: 5
1789*Saturnian moon Enceladus discovered by William Herschel.Ref: 62
1830*"Tom Thumb", the first locomotive built in America, loses a race from Baltimore to Ellicotts Mill, to a team of horses in a race due to a loosened belt, but convinces B&O owners to use steam locomotives rather than horses. The race covered 14 miles in 1 hour 15 minutes.Ref: 7
1974*Soyuz 15 returns to EarthRef: 5
1978*The helium balloon "Double Eagle II" sets sail from Presque Ilse, ME en route to Miserey, France. The balloon is captained by Larry Newman and crewed by Ben Abruzzo and Maxie Anderson. (Ref: Sports Illustrated, p. 16, 2/18/2002) 
1998*Kevin Warwick, Professor of Cybernetics at the University of Reading in the U.K., became the first human to host a microchip. The approximately 23mm-by-3mm glass capsule containing several microprocessors stayed in Warwick's left arm for nine days. It was used to test implant's interaction with computer controlled doors and lights in a futuristic 'intelligent office building' (Witt 1999).Ref: 75
2000*Three crewmen aboard the "Mir" space station returned safely to Earth after bidding farewell to the 13-year-old Russian orbiter. (The Russian government had planned to abandon Mir this year because of a shortage of funds, but has since extended its mission.)Ref: 6
1862*Mistakenly believing the Confederate Army to be in retreat, Union General John Pope attacks, beginning the Battle of Groveten. Both sides sustain heavy casualties.Ref: 2
1862*Second Manassas. Fighting lasts three days. 75,000 Federals under Gen. John Pope are defeated by 55,000 Confederates under Gen. Stonewall Jackson and Gen. James Longstreet.The president then relieves Pope. 
1914*Three German cruisers are sunk by ships of the Royal Navy in the Battle of Heligoland Bight, the first major naval battle of World War I. On Christmas Day 1914, an audacious British air attack on a Zeppelin base in northern Germany caught the Germans with their defenses down.Ref: 2
1914*Austria declares war on Belgium.Ref: 38
1915*Italians reach Cima Cista, north-east of Trent.Ref: 38
1916*Italy declares war on Germany. Germany at war with Roumania.Ref: 70
1917*Pope Benedict's peace plea rejected by President Wilson.Ref: 38
1941*The German U-boat U-570 is captured by the British and renamed Graph.Ref: 2
1944*In Paris, France, de Gaulle orders the Free French I and all other Resistance organizations to disband. 
1944*German forces in Toulon and Marseilles, France, surrender to the Allies.Ref: 2
1965*The Viet Cong are routed in the Mekong Delta by US forces, with more than 50 killed. Defoliation was meant to save lives by denying the enemy cover. But for some the 'cure' was worse than the problem.Ref: 2
1884*New York Gotham pitcher Mickey Welch strikes out the first nine Cleveland Blues hitters to face him establishing a major league record.Ref: 1
1922*The Walker Cup, the oldest international team golf match in America, was held for the first time at Southampton, NY.Ref: 4
1926*Emil Lessen pitches and wins two complete games against the Red Sox, 6-1 and 5-1. The Indian pitcher does not strike out any batters in his doubleheader sweep.Ref: 1
1932*Due to the anticipation of an eclipse, the Red Sox complete a game several days earlier than scheduled with the Indians and beat the Tribe in 11 innings, 4-3. Three days later, Fenway goes dark for twenty minutes during the solar event.Ref: 1
1941*The Football Writers Association of America was organized.Ref: 4
1942*Gunther Hagg (Sweden) sets world record for 3,000m (8:01.2).Ref: 5
1945*Baseball commissioner Branch Rickey and future baseball great Jackie Robinson met. They discussed the difficulties Robinson, a black athlete, would face in major league baseball. Robinson received $600 a month and a $3,500 signing bonus to play for Montreal of the International League. He would quickly move up and enjoy a brilliant career with the Brooklyn Dodgers.Ref: 4
1951*Pirates end the Giants' 16-game winning streak defeating New York, 2-0. Due to the consecutive victories, the Giants were able to narrow the Dodgers lead from 13.5 to six games.Ref: 1
1955*The sudden-death overtime rule was used for the first time in a pre-season game between the Rams and Giants at Portland, OR. The Rams won 23-17 three minutes into overtime. RefRef: 5
1956*Ernie Banks of the Chicago Cubs, plays the first of 717 consecutive games. ("The 1999 ESPN Sports Almanac") 
1960*White Sox Ted Kluzewski's 3-run HR is disallowed as ump called time.Ref: 5
1970*Phillies Larry Bowa steals home for 2nd time in 1970.Ref: 5
1971*Phillie pitcher Rick Wise hits two home runs, including a grand slam, en route to his 7-3 defeat of the Giants. Five weeks earlier, Wise also hit two round-trippers against Reds and no-hit the team on the same day, 4-0.Ref: 1
1972*Mark Spitz captured the first of his seven gold medals at the Summer Olympics in Munich, Germany. Spitz completed the 200-meter butterfly in 2 minutes, 7/10ths of a second. His performance set a new world record.Ref: 4
1976*NY Cosmos beat Seattle Sounders 2-1 for NASL cup.Ref: 5
1977*Steve Garvey hits three doubles and two home runs (including a grand slam) in five at-bats as the Dodgers rout the Cardinals, 11-0.Ref: 1
1977*NY Yankee Ron Guidry faces just 28 men & beats TX Rangers 1-0.Ref: 5
1977*NY Cosmos defeat Seattle Sounders, 2-1, at Civic Stadium in Portland Ore, winning their 2nd North American Soccer League championship.Ref: 5
1977*In a game the Orioles win, 6-1, Ange hurler Nolan Ryan strikes out 11 batters to reach the 300 strikeout season mark for the fifth time in his career.Ref: 1
1978*Donald Vesco rode 21'-long Kawasaki motorcycle at 318.598 mph.Ref: 5
1981*For the third time in 10 days, a world record in the mile run was set. Sebastian Coe, who broke Steve Ovett’s record on August 19 and lost it to Ovett on August 26, broke it again -- by a full second -- in Brussels, Belgium. Coe’s new record time was 3:47.33.Ref: 5
1983 Joseph Kreckman sets record of 2,215 clay pigeons shot in an hourRef: 5
1990*Ryne Sandberg homers to become the first second baseman to hit 30 HRs in consecutive seasons as the Cubs beat the Astros, 5-2.Ref: 1
1992*In a 22-2 rout, the Blue Jays pitching staff yields 31 hits, which 22 are singles, to help the Brewers set an American League record.Ref: 1
1997*The Tampa Bay Devil Rays become only the second major league club to sign a working agreement with a Japanese League team, signing a two-year contract with the Seibu Lions with a four-year option extending through 2002.Ref: 86
2000*The players' association has exercised its option to extend the collective bargaining agreement ensuring labor peace through October 31, 2001. The expected move comes as no surprise as the players appear to be happy with the November 1996 deal, but the owners have expressed concerns the present CBA has widened the talent gap between the high and low-revenue markets due to escalating salaries.Ref: 1
2001*Alex Rodriguez becomes the ninth player, and the second shortstop, in major league history to hit 40 home runs in four consecutive seasons. The first shortstop to reach the plateau was Hall of Famer Ernie Banks, who accomplished the feat from 1957-60 for the Cubs.Ref: 1
1811 Poet Percy Bysshe Shelley eloped with Harriet Westbrook.Ref: 4
1850*Weimar, Germany: Wagner's Lohengrin performed (Wagner still in hiding in Switzerland after German revolution fails)Ref: 4
1922*The first commercial to be broadcast on radio was heard on WEAF in New York City. Announcer H.M. Blackwell spoke about Hawthorne Court, a group of apartment buildings in Queens, New York. (Xenia Daily Gazette, p 4A, 8/28/2000) 
1931*You Rascal You was recorded by Henry Allen, with the Luis Russell Band, for the Victor label.Ref: 4
1938*The first degree given to a ventriloquist's dummy is awarded to Charlie McCarthy--Edgar Bergen's wooden partner. The honorary degree, "Master of Innuendo and Snappy Comeback," is presented on radio by Ralph Dennis, the dean of the School of Speech at Northwestern University.Ref: 2
1954*That's All Right b/w Blue Moon of Kentucky became Elvis Presley’s first hit single on local charts in Memphis, TN. Memphis DJ Dewey Phillips had debuted the single on his Red Hot and Blue show on WHBQ radio -- and the rest is history.Ref: 4
1962*Tony Sheridan & the Beat Brothers record "Ya Ya (Parts 1 + 2)".Ref: 5
1964*The Beatles appeared on the cover of LIFE magazine.Ref: 4
1984*The Jacksons’ Victory Tour broke the record for concert ticket sales. The group surpassed the 1.1 million mark in only two months.Ref: 4
1993*Billy Joel’s album River of Dreams hit #1 in the U.S. It was his first album to debut at #1 and stayed at top for three weeks. The album tracks were sequenced in the order they were written: No Man’s Land, The Great Wall of China, Blonde Over Blue, A Minor Variation, Shades of Grey, All About Soul, Lullabye (Goodnight My Angel), The River of Dreams, Two Thousand Years, Famous Last Words.Ref: 4
1592*George Villiers duke of Buckingham, royal minister to James I, is born.Ref: 5
1749*Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, playwright and novelist, best known for Faust, is born in Frankfurt.Ref: 2
1774*Elizabeth Ann Seton, founder of the Sisters of St. Joseph and the first US-born saint, is born.Ref: 68
1828*Leo Tolstoy, Russian novelist (War and Peace, Anna Karenina), is born near Tula.Ref: 2
1831*1st lady: wife of 19th U.S. President Rutherford B. Hayes, Lucy Ware Webb Hayes, is born.Ref: 68
1833*Sir Edward Burne-Jones, England, Pre-Raphaelite painter/designer, is born.Ref: 5
1840*Birth of Ira D. Sankey, Dwight Moody's song evangelist. During their revival crusades (from 1870), Sankey penned many hymn tunes; among the most enduring today are HIDING IN THEE ("O Safe to the Rock That is Higher Than I") and SANKEY ("Faith is the Victory").Ref: 5
1877*Charles Stewart Rolls, English motorist and aviator; a founder of Rolls-Royce Ltd, is born.Ref: 70
1878*George Hoyt Whipple US, astrophysicist (Nobel-1934), is born.Ref: 5
1882*Belle Benchley, the first female zoo director in the world, who directed the Zoological Gardens of San Diego, is born.Ref: 2
1884*Peter Fraser, New Zealand labor leader and prime minister (1940-9), is born.Ref: 70
1889*Charles Boyer, France, actor (Algiers, Fanny, Barefoot in the Park)Ref: 5
1896*Liam O'Flaherty, Irish novelist and short-story writer, is born.Ref: 2
1897*Charlie (Charles John) Grimm ‘Jolly Cholly’: baseball: Philadelphia Athletics, SL Cardinals, Pittsburgh Pirates, Chicago Cubs [World Series: 1929, 1932]; is born.Ref: 4
1897*80 Charles Boyer 8/28/1897 8/26/1978 French-born stage and motion-picture actorRef: 70
1899*Charles Boyer France, actor (Algiers, Fanny, Barefoot in the Park), is born.Ref: 4
1899*Charles Boyer actor: Around the World in 80 Days, Barefoot in the Park, Casino Royale, The Mad Woman of Chaillot, AlgiersRef: 4
1899*James Wong Howe, American Chinese-born cinematographer, is born.Ref: 70
1901*Paul Henry Lang Budapest, critic/musicologist (NY Herald Tribune), is born.Ref: 5
1903*Bruno Bettelheim, Austrian psychologist, educator of autistic and emotionally disturbed children, is born.Ref: 2
1905*Sam Levene actor (Demon, Gung Ho), is born.Ref: 5
1906*Sir John Betjeman poet laureate of England (Mt Zion), is born.Ref: 5
1908*Roger Tory Peterson NY, ornithologist/writer (How to Know Birds), is born.Ref: 5
1913*Cornelius Johnson Olympic Gold medalist: high jump [1936]; is born.Ref: 4
1913*Richard Tucker [Reuben Ticker],Brooklyn NY, Tenor (NY Met Opera), is born.Ref: 5
1913*82 Robertson Davies 8/28/1913 12/2/1995 Canadian novelist and playwrightRef: 70
1914*Glenn Osser Munising Mich, orch leader (Paul Whiteman Goodyear Revue), is born.Ref: 5
1916*C Wright Mills sociologist, writer (The Power Elite), is born.Ref: 5
1919*Ben Agajanian football: SD Chargers, Oakland Raiders, Green Bay Packers, NY Giants, Philadelphia Eagles; kicking coach specialist: Dallas Cowboys, is born.Ref: 4
1919*Ernest Martin [Markowitz], producer (Feuer & Martin-Chorus Line), is born.Ref: 5
1921*Actress Nancy Kulp (Ms. Hathaway of the "Beverly Hillbillies") is born in Harrisburg PA.Ref: 68
1924*Janet Frame NZ, novelist (Intensive Care, Owls Do Cry), is born.Ref: 5
1924*Peggy Ryan Long Beach Calif, actress (Jenny-Hawaii Five-0), is born.Ref: 5
1925*Actor, dancer Donald (David Dixon) O’Connor is born. (TWA, 1997)Ref: 95
1925*Billy (William Wayne) Grammer singer: Gotta Travel On, Bonaparte’s RetreatRef: 4
1925*Marvin Davis Newark NJ, CEO (Davis Oil Company), is born.Ref: 5
1929*Roxie Roker, Miami Fla, actress (Helen-Jeffersons), is born.Ref: 5
1930*Ben (Biagio Anthony) Gazzara NYC, actor (Run for Your Life, QB VII), is born.Ref: 5
1931*John Shirley-Quirk Liverpool England, baritone (Death in Venice), is born.Ref: 5
1932*Andy Bathgate Hockey Hall of Famer: NHL: New York Rangers: Hart Memorial Trophy winner: [1959]; Toronto Maple Leafs, Pittsburgh Penguins, Detroit Redwings, is born.Ref: 4
1933*Elizabeth Seal Tony Award-winning actress: Irma La Douce; films: Radio Cab Murder, Cone of Silence, Vampire Circus, is born.Ref: 4
1936*Tony (Andres Antonio) Gonzalez baseball: Cincinnati Reds, Philadelphia Phillies, Atlanta Braves, SD Padres, California Angels, is born.Ref: 4
1938*Peter Jennings Canada, news anchor (ABC TV), is born.Ref: 5
1939*Clem Cattini musician: drums: groups: Tornados: Telstar, Globetrotter; Johnny Kidd & The Pirates: Please Don’t Touch, You’ve Got What It Takes, Shakin’ All Over, Restless, Linda Lu, is born.Ref: 4
1939*Cassie Mackin newswoman (NBC TV), is born.Ref: 5
1940*Richard Sanders actor (Les Nessman-WKRP, Berrengers, Spencer), is born.Ref: 5
1940*William Cohen (Sen-R-Me), is born.Ref: 5
1941*Defense Secretary William S. Cohen is born.Ref: 68
1941*Paul Peter Plishka Old Forge Penn, bass (Bronx Botanical Gardens), is born.Ref: 5
1943*David Soul (Solberg), Chicago, actor (Starsky & Hutch, Here Comes the Bride), is born.Ref: 5
1943*Lou (Louis Victor) Piniella baseball: Baltimore Orioles, Cleveland Indians, KC Royals [all-star: 1972], NY Yankees [World Series: 1976, 1977, 1978, 1981, is born.Ref: 4
1944*Kay Parker actress: X-rated films: is born.Ref: 4
1945*John Demarie football: Cleveland Browns, is born.Ref: 4
1945*Jim Lynch football: Kansas City Chiefs linebacker: Super Bowl IVRef: 4
1946*Mike (Michael Augustine) Torrez baseball: pitcher: SL Cardinals, Montreal Expos, Baltimore Orioles, Oakland Athletics, NY Yankees [World Series: 1977], Boston Red Sox, NY Mets, is born.Ref: 4
1946*Bob Beamon US, long jumper (Olympic-gold-1968), is born.Ref: 5
1947*Alice Playton NYC, actress (Who Killed Mary Whats 'er Name), is born.Ref: 5
1948*Daniel Seraphine musician: drums: group: Chicago: If You Leave Me Now, Hard to Say I’m Sorry, Does Anybody Really Know What Time It Is?, is born.Ref: 4
1949*Hugh Cornwell rocker (The Stranglers-Dreamtime), is born.Ref: 5
1950*Ron (Ronald Ames) "Louisana Lightning" Guidry Yankee pitcher (Cy Young 1978), is born.Ref: 5
1951*Wayne Osmond Ogden Utah, singer (Osmond Brothers, Donnie & Marie), is born.Ref: 5
1951*Joel (Randolph) Youngblood baseball: Cincinnati Reds, NY Mets [all-star: 1981], SL Cardinals, Montreal Expos, SF Giants, is born.Ref: 4
1951*Robert Walker actor: dies.Ref: 4
1952*Rita Dove, Pulitzer Prize-winning poet.Ref: 2
1953*Bob Avellini football: Unive. Of Maryland, Chicago Bears, is born.Ref: 4
1957*Rick Rossovich actor: Sons & Daughters, Macgruder & Loud, ER, Fatally Yours, Tropical Heat, Roxanne, Top Gun, The Terminator, The Lords of Discipline, is born.Ref: 4
1957*Daniel Stern Stamford Ct, actor (City Slickers, Wonder Years), is born.Ref: 5
1958*Scott Hamilton Toledo, figure skating champion (Olympic-gold-1984), is born.Ref: 5
1960*Emma Samms [Samuelson], London, actress (Colby's, General Hospital), is born in London England. (also TWA, 1998)Ref: 5
1960*Leroy Chiao Milwaukee Wisc, astronaut, is born.Ref: 5
1961*Kim Appleby rocker (Mel & Kim-Coming to America), is born.Ref: 5
1963*Reyna Thompson NFL corner back (NY Giants), is born.Ref: 5
1965*James Jagger son of Mick Jagger & Jerry Hall, is born.Ref: 5
1965*Julie Brown MTV VJ (approx), is born.Ref: 5
1966*Country singer Shania Twain (Eilleen Regina Edwards) is born. (TWA, 2002)Ref: 95
1966*Jerry Fehily rocker (Hothouse Flowers-Don't Go), is born.Ref: 5
1968*Scarlet Annette Morgan Pfafftown NC, Miss NC-America-1991, is born.Ref: 5
1969*Mary McCartney daughter of Beatle Paul McCartney, is born.Ref: 5
1969*Jason Priestley Vancouver BC, actor (Brandon-Beverly Hills 90210), is born.Ref: 5
1971*Janet Evans US swimmer (Olympics-1992), is born.Ref: 5
1972*Olympic gold medal swimmer Janet Evans is born.Ref: 6
430*Death of St. Augustine of Hippo, 76, the great early Latin Church Father and one of the outstanding theological figures of the ages.Ref: 5
1645 Hugo Grotius, Dutch jurist and scholar; wrote "On the Law of War and Peace", dies at age 62.Ref: 70
1676*Indian chief King Philip, also known as Metacom, is killed by English soldiers, ending the war between Indians and colonists.Ref: 2
1784 Father Junipero Serra, Spanish missionary, dies at age 70.Ref: 70
1798*(Declaration of Independence) James Wilson, judge, signer of the Declaration of Independence, dies. (TWA, 1997)Ref: 95
1818 Jean Baptiste Pointe du Sable trader, founder of Chicago, dies.Ref: 5
1839*William Smith, English engineer and geologist, dies at age 70.Ref: 70
1859*(James Henry) Leigh Hunt, English essayist, critic, journalist and poet, dies at age 74.Ref: 70
1863*Eilhardt Mitscherlich, German chemist, noted for experiments in chemical geology, dies.Ref: 5
1903*Frederick Law Olmstead, American landscape architect; designed Central Park in New York City, dies at age 81.Ref: 70
1937*Frederick Opper, cartoonist (Willie and His Papa, Maud the Mule, Alphonse & Gaston), dies.Ref: 17
1943 Czar Boris III Bulgaria dies.Ref: 10
1951*Robert Walker actor: Bataan, Madame Curie, Since You Went Away, Thirty Seconds over Tokyo; father of actor Robert Walker, Jr.; dies.Ref: 4
1955*Emmett Till, a black teen-ager from Chicago, was abducted from his uncle's home in Money, MS., by two white men after he supposedly whistled at a white woman. He was found murdered three days later.Ref: 70
1957*Legendary bullfighter Manolete was mortally wounded during a fight in Linares, Spain; he dies the next day at age 30. (XDG, p 4A, 8/28/2000)Ref: 83
1961*Thomas Connolly first baseball umpire elected to hall of fame, dies.Ref: 5
1964*Gracie Allen, Mrs George Burns/comedian (Burns & Allen), dies at 62.Ref: 5
1967*Paul Muni actor, dies at 71.Ref: 5
1968*Nick Castle choreographer (Dinah Shore, Judy Garland), dies at 58.Ref: 5
1972 Prince William of Gloucester killedRef: 10
1973*6.8 quake centered in Oaxaca State in Mexico kills 527.Ref: 5
1978*Bruce Catton, the American writer and historian known for his books about the Civil War, dies.Ref: 70
1978*Robert Shaw actor: Battle of the Bulge, Black Sunday, The Deep, Force 10 from Navarone, From Russia with Love, A Man for All Seasons, Jaws; dies at age 51.Ref: 4
1983*Jan Clayton actress: Lassie, Pantomime Quiz; dies.Ref: 4
1985*Ruth Gordon (Jones) Academy Award-winning actress: Rosemary’s Baby [1968]; dies at age 88 of a stroke in her sleep.Ref: 4
1987*John Huston, the American motion-picture director, dies.Ref: 70
1988*Jean Marchand, Canadian politician, dies at age 69.Ref: 70
1988*Max Shulman novelist, playwright: Strictly for Laughs, The Many Loves of Dobie Gillis, I Was A Teenage Dwarf, The Tender Trap, Rally Round The Flag Boys; dies.Ref: 4
1988*Seventy people were killed when three Italian stunt planes collided during an air show at the U.S. Air Base in Ramstein, West Germany, sending flaming debris into a crowd of spectators.Ref: 70
1989*Joseph W. Alsop Jr. journalist, newspaper columnist; dies at age 78.Ref: 4
1989*A tornado strikes an area southwest of Chicago, Illinois and kills 27 people and injures 300. 
1991*5 die in a NYC subway's 3rd worst accidentRef: 5
1998*Pomona, CA. Two teenage boys are shot to death and a third is wounded as they played basketball at an elementary school hours after classes had ended. A 14-year-old boy is charged; the shooting is blamed on rivalry between two groups of youths. Ref 

Last Update: October 27th, 2005
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