Ken Fussichen's History Of The Day For
September 1st

Home Click on * for the link to the relevant chronology. New Date
-312 -BC- Origin of Greek Era-Start of Indiction of Constantinople.Ref: 5
-69 Traditional date of the destruction of Jerusalem.Ref: 5
1189*Richard I accedes throne of England.Ref: 10
1267 Ramban (Nachmanides) arrives in Jerusalem to establish Jew community.Ref: 5
1271*Tedaldo Visconti is elected Pope (Blessed) Gregory X.Ref: 69
1348*(approximately) The Black Plague arrives in England. 
1422*Henry VI becomes youngest King of England (9 months old) succeeding his father Henry V.Ref: 10
1532*Anne Boleyn is made Marquess of Pembroke. 
1614*Vincent Fettmich expells Jews from Frankfurt-on-Main, Germany.Ref: 5
1646*The Cambridge Synod of Congregational Churches convened in Mass. It formulated the 'Cambridge Platform,' outlining the proper polity (religious government) to be followed by the New England Congregational churches.Ref: 5
1676*Nathaniel Bacon leads an uprising against English Governor William Berkeley at Jamestown, Virginia, resulting in the settlement being burned to the ground. Bacon's Rebellion came in response to the governor's repeated refusal to defend the colonists against the Indians.Ref: 2
1739*35 Jews sentenced to life in prison in Lisbon Portugal.Ref: 5
1772*Mission San Luis Obispo de Tolosa forms in California.Ref: 5
1774*General Gage seizes the stock of gunpowder at Charlestown, Massachusetts. 
1799*The Bank of Manhattan Company opens in New York City (forerunner to Chase Manhattan).Ref: 5
1803*In Boston, the Massachusetts Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge (SPCK) was instituted. It was the first tract society established in North America.Ref: 5
1807*The jury finds Aaron Burr "not proved to be guilty under this indictment by any evidence submitted to us" by a jury in Mississippi for complicity in a plot to establish a Southern empire in Louisiana and Mexico.Ref: 87
1821*William Becknell leads a group of traders from Independence, Mo., toward Santa Fe on what would become the Santa Fe Trail.Ref: 2
1836*The first traffic accident occurs in Greene County OH when Roderick Austin, driving the Xenia-Springfield stagecoach, slides into Clifton Gorge after a wheel goes over the edge.Ref: 56
1836*Reconstruction begins on Synagogue of Rabbi Judah Hasid in Jerusalem.Ref: 5
1836*A wagon train of Presbyterian missionaries, led to Oregon by pioneer missionary Dr. Marcus Whitman, reached the site of modern Walla Walla, WA. Whitman's wife Narcissa became the first white woman to cross the North American continent. Whitman's party was one of the first to use the Oregon Trail.Ref: 5
1836*Protestant missionary Dr. Marcus Whitman leads a party to Oregon. His wife, Narcissa, is one of the first white women to travel the Oregon Trail. The Oregon Trail emigrants who chose to follow Stephen Meek thought his shortcut would save weeks of hard travel. Instead, it brought them even greater misery.Ref: 2
1849*California Constitutional Convention held in Monterey.Ref: 5
1853*First triangular postage stamps issued in Cape of Good Hope.Ref: 10
1859*The Pullman sleeping car was placed into service. The car was built by company namesake George Pullman and he was assisted by Ben Field.Ref: 4
1863*RR & ferry connection between SF & Oakland inaugurated.Ref: 5
1874*Sydney General Post Office opens in Australia.Ref: 5
1878*The first female telephone operator, Emma Nutt in Boston, starts work for the Telephone Dispatch Company of Boston.Ref: 5
1879*Peace treaty signed with the Zulus by BritainRef: 62
1882*The first Labor Day is observed in New York City by the Carpenters and Joiners Union.Ref: 2
1894*By an act of Congress, Labor Day is declared a national holiday.Ref: 2
1894*First use of postcards with adhesive stamps in Britain.Ref: 10
1897*The first section of Boston's new subway system opens. (XDG, p 3A, 9/1/2000)Ref: 83
1904*Deaf, dumb and blind Helen Keller graduates with honors from Radcliffe College.Ref: 2
1905*Alberta and Saskatchewan entered the Confederation as the eighth and ninth provinces of Canada.Ref: 5
1906*Alberta adopts Mountain Standard Time.Ref: 5
1906 Papua placed under Australian administration.Ref: 5
1913*The Xenia (Ohio) Library becomes the Greene County Library. (XDG, 9/29/1978)Ref: 83
1914*St Petersburg, Russia changes name to Petrograd.Ref: 5
1916*Keating-Owen Act (child labor banned from interstate commerce).Ref: 5
1918*US troops land in Vladivostok, Siberia. They will stay until 1920.Ref: 5
1919*Pierre-Georges Latecoere airline inaugurates airmail service between Toulouse and Casablanca. A letter from Paris to Casablanca now travels by train and air in 3 days, as opposed to 7-11 days by train and ship. 
1920 State of Lebanon created by the French.Ref: 10
1922*NYC law requires all "pool" rooms to change name to "billards"Ref: 5
1923*(date given as September, 1923) The Xenia [Ohio] City Commission authorizes the purchase of a Model T Ford for the police, to be used in testing telephone alarm boxes. (XDG, p 9A, 8/05/2003)Ref: 83
1927*(Sweet) (month, day unspecified) Leon Breiner's widow sues Sweet for $150,000, claiming he wrongfully caused the death of her husband. The suit is eventually dismissed.Ref: 87
1928*(Sweet) (month, day unspecified) Ossian Sweet, after failing to find a buyer for his house, moves back into his home on Garland.Ref: 87
1928 Albania becomes a kingdom, with Zogu I as king.Ref: 5
1932*NY City Mayor James J. "Gentleman Jimmy" Walker resigns following charges of graft and corruption in his administration.Ref: 5
1934*(Rosenberg) (month, day unspecified) Julius Rosenberg enters City College of New York; is involved in radical politics.Ref: 87
1939*Jews in Germany are forbidden to be outdoors after 8 p.m. in winter and 9 p.m. in summer.Ref: 35
1941*Mass evacuation of Volga GermansRef: 89
1941*German Jews ordered to wear yellow stars.Ref: 35
1944*(Sweet) (month, day unspecified) Sweet sells his Garland Avenue home.Ref: 87
1945*(Rosenberg) (day unspecified) Greenglass meets with Rosenberg while on forlough in New YorkRef: 87
1946*(Rosenberg) (month, day unspecified) The Venona Code is broken.Ref: 87
1947*(Rosenberg) (month, day unspecified) Rosenberg's machine shop business fails.Ref: 87
1948*UN's World Health Organization forms.Ref: 5
1948 Communist form North China People's Republic.Ref: 5
1950 West Berlin granted a constitution.Ref: 5
1950*The first Porsche is built. 
1951*The United States, Australia and New Zealand signed a mutual defense pact, the ANZUS treaty.Ref: 4
1952*Sutro Baths (San Francisco) by Cliff House, closes. Opened 3/14/1896Ref: 5
1956 Indian state of Tripura becomes a territory.Ref: 5
1961*USSR ends a moratorium on above-ground nuclear testing in central Asia when they detonate a nuclear explosion.Ref: 5
1962*The United Nations announces Earth population has hit 3 billion.Ref: 5
1969 In the Libyan revolution, Col Moammar Gadhafi deposes King Idris.Ref: 70
1969*(Manson) Under a bush near his home, a ten-year-old boy finds the gun used in the Tate murders. The boy's father turns the gun over to the LAPD. The LAPD fails to do a proper investigation.Ref: 87
1970*Dr. Hugh Scott of Washington, D.C. becomes the first African-American superintendent of schools in a major U.S. city.Ref: 2
1971*Qatar declares independence from Britain.Ref: 5
1975*NYC transit fare rises from 35¢ to 50¢.Ref: 5
1976*Wayne L Hays, (Rep-D-Oh), resigns (scandal with Elizabeth Ray).Ref: 5
1977*(date given as September, 1977) Classes begin in the new Xenia (Ohio) High School. The previous high school building was destroyed by a tornado in April 1974. (XDG, 3/2/1984)Ref: 83
1982*Max speedometer reading mandated at 85 MPH.Ref: 5
1982 Palestinian Liberation Organization leaves Lebanon.Ref: 5
1985 73 years after sinking, wreckage of the "Titanic"found 95 miles off coast of Newfoundland by a US-French expedition.Ref: 5
1985*The HQ of Friends of Israel Gospel Ministry moved to its present location in Bellmawr, NJ. Founded in 1938 by Victor Buksbazen, F.I.G.M. works through evangelism and Bible distribution.Ref: 5
1989*Toyota Launches Lexus. 
1989*The Feds require air bags. 
1989*Princess Anne & Mark Phillips announce their seperationRef: 5
1991*President Bush announced that he and Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev would meet in Helsinki, Finland, for a "free-flowing" one-day summit on the Persian Gulf crisis and other issues.Ref: 6
1993*Louis J. Freeh was sworn in as FBI Director. As an Assistant US Attorney in the Southern District of New York, he was instrumental in the Pizza Connection prosecutions.Ref: 14
1993*The Pentagon unveils a five-year defense plan to further shrink the US military in favor of a lean, high-tech force. (XDG, p 4A, 9/01/2003)Ref: 83
1994*Chicago police find the body of 11-year-old Robert "Yummy" Sandifer, a suspect in a gang-related killing who apparently became a victim of gang violence. 
1997*Henri Paul, the driver of the Mercedes in which Princess Diana was fatally injured, had a blood-alcohol level above the legal limit. The Paris prosecutor’s office said, “The analysis of his blood showed a concentration of alcohol at an illicit level.”Ref: 4
1998*During a Kremlin summit overshadowed by Russian economic and political upheaval, President Clinton offers Boris Yeltsin a prescription of tough reforms to lift the country from its crisis. (XDG, p 4A, 9/01/2003)Ref: 83
2000*President Clinton deferred a decision on whether to develop a missile defense system to his successor.Ref: 70
2003*Sinclair Community College selects Dr Steven L Johnson, as its fifth president. (XDG, p 1, 5/19/2003)Ref: 83
2003*The Muscular Dystrophy Telethon raises $60.5M. (XDG, p 3A, 9/22/2003)Ref: 83
1810*The first plow with interchangeable parts was patented by John J. Wood.Ref: 4
1858*1st transatlantic cable fails after less than 1 month.Ref: 5
1859*RC Carrington & R Hodgson make 1st observation of solar flare.Ref: 5
1865*Joseph Lister performs first antiseptic surgery.Ref: 5
1887*Emile Berliner filed for a patent for his invention of the lateral-cut, flat-disk gramophone. We know it better as the record player. Emile got the patent, but Thomas Edison got the notoriety for making it work and making music with his invention.Ref: 4
1911*M Fourny sets world aircraft distance record of 720 km.Ref: 5
1939*The Physical Review publishes the first paper to deal with "black holes".Ref: 5
1953*A B-47 refuels another B-47, the first jet-to-jet aerial refueling. 
1953*The Dupont Co. starts producing Teflon.Ref: 10
1954*Production begins on the first KC-135 Stratotanker. 
1976*NASA launches space vehicle S-197.Ref: 5
1977*The 1st TRS-80 Model I computer is sold.Ref: 5
1979*Pioneer 11 makes 1st fly-by of Saturn, within 21,000 km from Saturn's cloud tops, discovers new moon, rings. Ref 
891*Northmen are defeated near Louvaine, France.Ref: 5
1644*Montrose defeats the Covenanters at Tippermuir in Scotland.Ref: 62
1862*Severe action at Chantilly, Virginia.Ref: 5
1864*Confederate forces under General John Bell Hood evacuate Atlanta in anticipation of the arrival of Union General William T. Sherman's troops. The Federal officer who sent his men naked against the enemy was Colonel James P. Brownlow of the first (Union) Tennessee Cavalry.Ref: 2
1870*The Prussian army crushes the French at Sedan, the last battle of the Franco-Prussian War.Ref: 2
1870*Napoleon III captured at Sedan.Ref: 5
1876 The Ottomans inflict a decisive defeat on the Serbs at Aleksinac.Ref: 2
1902 The Austro-Hungarian army is called into the city of Agram to restore the peace as Serbs and Croats clash.Ref: 2
1916*Bulgaria declares war on Rumania as the First World War expands.Ref: 2
1917*General Pershing establishes his general headquarters at Chaumont. 
1939*World War II begins as Nazi Germany invades Poland. German battleship Schleswig-Holstein opens fire on Danzig, as German soldiers move into Polish territory; German Reinhard Heydrich dresses concentration camp inmates in Polish uniforms, drives them to the German - Polish frontier, shoots them, then presents the bodies as evidence of a Polish attack; the Canadian government puts armed forces on active service; Norway's King Haakon VI proclaims the neutrality of his country; Switzerland mobilizes its army; Portuguese Prime Minister Ant¢nio de Oliveira Salazar declares the neutrality of his country; London, England, begins black-out conditions for the duration of the war; Canadian Prime Minister Mackenzie King holds a seance session, on which he reports spirits told him Adolf Hitler had been shot dead by a Pole.Ref: 35
1942*A federal judge in Sacramento, Calif., upholds the wartime detention of Japanese-Americans and Japanese nationals. (XDG, p 3A, 9/1/2000)Ref: 83
1944*(through the 4th) Verdun, Dieppe, Artois, Rouen, Abbeville, Antwerp and Brussels are liberated by the Allies.Ref: 36
1661*Charles II and brother James, Duke of York, stage first yachting race; Greenwich to Gravesend.Ref: 5
1890*On Labor Day at Washington Park, Brooklyn wins three games against Pittsburgh in the first tripleheader ever played; the Bridegrooms beat the visting Alleghenys, 10-9, 3-2 and 8-4.Ref: 5
1906*Pitcher Jack Coombs of the American League’s Philadelphia Athletics went 24 innings. For the record, the A’s defeated the Boston Red Sox.Ref: 4
1912*In a game which purposely matches the superstars, Red Sox hurler Smokey Joe Wood bests Senators' legend Walter Johnson at Fenway Park, 1-0. It is Wood's 16th consecutive victory in a season in which he will win 34.Ref: 1
1918*Due to World War I, the major league regular season is originally scheduled to end today, but the owners decide to play through Labor Day (September 2). Browns want the Indians fined and believe the team should forfeit two games for refusing to play on the extended dates (September 1 & 2).Ref: 1
1923*US beats Australia in tennis, for their 4th straight Davis Cup.Ref: 5
1945*Phillie outfielder Vince DiMaggio ties a major league record hitting his fourth grand slam of the season.Ref: 1
1946*Batty Berg wins the US Open.Ref: 5
1947*NY Giants 183-185 HR of year breaks Yankee mark of 182 in 1936.Ref: 5
1958*Cardinal moundsman Vinegar Bend Mizell beats the Reds,1-0 despite setting a National League record of walking nine batters without giving up a run.Ref: 1
1961*Cuno Barragan of the Chicago Cubs hits a home run in his first major league at bat.Ref: 12
1963*In a 7-3 victory over the Phillies, Cardinal hurler Curt Simmons is the last pitcher to steal home.Ref: 1
1964*Masanori Murakami becomes the first Japanese-born player to appear in the U.S. major leagues. In his debut, the Osuki native throws a scoreless inning against the Mets.Ref: 1
1967*After 20 scoreless innings, which matches the major league mark for a scoreless tie, Dick Groat draws a bases loaded walk giving the Giants 1-0 victory over the Reds.Ref: 1
1971*At Parc Jarry in Montreal, the Pirates become the first major league team to start an all-black team; the lineup included infielders Al Oliver (1b), Rennie Stennet (2b), Jackie Hernandez (ss) Dave Cash (3b) and outfielders Willie Stargell (lf), Gene Clines (cf), Roberto Clemente (rf) with Dock Ellis (p) and Manny Sanguillen (c) making up the battery.Ref: 1
1972*American Bobby Fischer won the international chess crown in Reykjavik, Iceland, defeating Boris Spassky of the Soviet Union.Ref: 70
1973*Horse-racing jockey Braulio Baeza won two races at Belmont Park, NY. Baeza then boarded an airplane and flew to Liberty Bell race track in Philadelphia to ride Determined King to victory in the Kindergarten Stakes.Ref: 4
1973*George Foreman KOs Jose Roman in the first to retain heavyweight title.Ref: 5
1974*Reggie Sanders of the Detroit Tigers hits a home run in his first major league at bat.Ref: 12
1975*The last Monday Night Baseball game was broadcast on NBC-TV. Montreal’s Expos defeated the Philadelphia Phillies 6-5. ABC-TV picked up the games in 1976.Ref: 4
1975*When he whiffs Pirate Manny Sanguillen in the seventh inning of the Mets 3-0 victory, Tom Seaver becomes the first pitcher to strike out at least 200 batters in eight consecutive seasons. The victory is also 'Tom Terrific's' 20th of the season making it the fourth time in his career he has reached that plateau.Ref: 1
1976*NJ Meadowlands racetrack opens.Ref: 5
1978 Jacqueline Smith of Great Britain scores 10 straight dead center strikes on a 4" disk in World Parachute Championships in Yugoslavia.Ref: 5
1979*Angel infielder Carney Lansford hits three consecutive home runs as California downs the Indians, 7-4.Ref: 1
1981 Fiona Brothers sets women's propeller boat speed record (116.279 MPH).Ref: 5
1982*After a two-year absence from the major leagues (following a near-fatal stroke in June of 1980), pitcher J.R. Richard was called back to the Houston Astros.Ref: 4
1989*Baseball's new commissioner, Fay Vincent, says he has no intention of changing the terms of Pete Rose's lifetime suspension from baseball. (XDG, p 12, 1/06/2004)Ref: 83
1992*Chess champ Bobby Fischer came out of his 20-year retirement to hold a press conference in Yugoslavi a. He spit on an order from the US Treasury Department warning him of his pending violation of U.N. sanctions if he played chess in Yugoslavia. Fischer announced that he would, indeed, play his one-time rival, Boris Spassky, in a $5-million chess match in Sveti Stefan, Yugoslavia -- despite the sanctions. The match began on Sep 30 and ran thru Nov 11 (Fischer won).Ref: 4
1992*At Detroit, Minnesota Twins' Rick Aguilera notches his 109th save to become the Twins' all-time saves leader.Ref: 86
1996*The Cincinnati Reds unveil displays saluting their first two retired uniform numbers: Manager Fred Hutchinson (#1) and catcher Johnny Bench (#5).Ref: 86
1998*Mark McGwire of the St. Louis Cardinals hit his 56th and 57th home runs, breaking the National League one-season record set by Hack Wilson in 1930.Ref: 1
1999*Due to the union's failure to force an early start to negotiations for a new labor contract with mass resignations, twenty-two of baseball's regular 68 umpires find themselves unemployed. In a deal, mediated by J. Curtis Joyner, a U.S. District Judge, the union agrees the 22 will no longer provide services for major league baseball.Ref: 1
2000*Rogers Communications Inc. purchases 80% of the Toronto Blue Jays Baseball Club with Labatt's maintaining 20% interest, while CIBC relinquishes it's 10% share. Paul Godrey is named President and CEO of the Toronto Blue Jays.Ref: 86
2000*In an unusual play, the Orioles turns a triple play as shortstop Melvin Mora purposely lets a short fly drop in left field with runners at first and second. The runner at second (Travis Fryman) is tagged out and the runner at first (Wil Cordero) is forced at second and the batter (Sandy Alomar) thinking the infield-fly rule would be enforced does not go to first and is called automatically out for going back to dugout.Ref: 1
2000*Darin Erstad breaks the Angels' club record for total hits in a season (202) set in 1970 by Alex Johnson by getting three hits in a 9-8 loss to the White Sox giving him 204 so far this season.Ref: 1
2001*Cub slugger Sammy Sosa hits the longest home run in Turner Field history as his 53rd of the season travels 471 feet to straight away center. The historic homer comes in the first inning off four-time Cy Young Award winner Greg Maddux.Ref: 1
2002*Thanks to Miguel Tejada's three-run ninth inning walkoff home run , the A's beat the Twins, 7-5 extending their winning streak to 18. The dramatic victory marks the longest streak in franchise history established by the Philadelphia A's with 17 consecutive victories 1931 .Ref: 1
1773*Phillis Wheatley, a slave from Boston, publishes a collection of poetry, Poems on Various Subjects, Religious and Moral, in London.Ref: 2
1922 The first daily news program on radio was The Radio Digest, on WBAY radio. The program, hosted by George F. Thompson, the program’s editor, originated from New York City.Ref: 4
1933 H.G. Wells "The Shape of Things to Come" is published.Ref: 10
1949*Martin Kane, Private Eye debuted on NBC-TV. William Gargan starred on the Thursday night program. Gargan’s Martin Kane was a smooth, wisecracking operator who worked closely with the cops. His headquarters were at Happy McMann’s tobacco shop. As time passed, the format changed and so did the lead. Kane no longer worked closely with the fuzz and three other actors played the famous detective, Lloyd Nolan (1951-52), Lee Tracy (1952-53) and Mark Stevens (1953-54). Martin Kane, Private Eye ended on June 17, 1954.Ref: 4
1954*The first prizefight to originate from a TV studio was seen by viewers in Philadelphia. A scheduled 15-round welterweight fight that was supposed to be televised from Connie Mack Stadium in the City of Brotherly Love had been postponed. Two six-round bouts were substituted at the TV studio at the last minute.Ref: 4
1970*The final episode of "I Dream of Jeannie" airs on NBC-TV. 
1972*The O’Jays received a gold record for Back Stabbers. It was the first hit for the group from Canton, OH. The O’Jays would place nine more hits on the pop and R&B charts. Five of them were gold record winners: Love Train, I Love Music, Use ta Be My Girl, For the Love of Money and Put Your Hands Together.Ref: 4
1975*"Gunsmoke"goes off the air after 19 years 11 3/4 months of continuous broadcast.Ref: 5
1977*Singer Debbie Harry (of Blondie) signed a recording deal with Chrysalis Records. Chrysalis bought the group’s private stock label for $500,000. With the high visibility of the former Playboy Bunny, it was difficult to think of Blondie as a band, and not just Debbie Harry.Ref: 4
1979*A Los Angeles Court orders Clayton Moore to stop wearing Lone Ranger mask.Ref: 5
1979*Debbie Boone & Gabriel Ferrer wed in LA.Ref: 5
1986*Paul McCartney releases "Press to Play" album.Ref: 5
1986 Jerry Lewis raises a record $34 million for Muscular Dystrophy during his annual telethon for Jerry’s kids over the Labor Day weekend.Ref: 4
1996*A ribbon-cutting ceremony was held for the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in Cleveland, Ohio. (XDG, p 4A, 9/01/2003)Ref: 83
1997 The Jerry Lewis MDA Telethon raised $50,475,055 -- a record -- to support Muscular Dystrophy Association research and services.Ref: 4
2001*Roger Fox receives a letter from television's "Believe It Or Not" indicating a desire to do a segment on Fox's "casket-car", a street-legal homemade car made out of a casket. The segment will feature Fox driving his casket-car through downtown Fairborn, OH, a neighboring community of Xenia. (XDG, p 1A, 10/06/2001)Ref: 83
1608*Giacomo Torelli, Italian stage designer and engineer, is born.Ref: 70
1789*Lady Marguerite Blessington, English socialite and author who wrote a biography of Lord Byron, is born.Ref: 2
1791*Lydia Sigourney US, religious author (How to Be Happy), is born.Ref: 5
1795*James Gordon Bennet, editor of the New York Sun, the first tabloid-sized daily newspaper, is born.Ref: 2
1849*Elizabeth Harrison US, educator (Natl Congress of Parents & Teachers), is born.Ref: 5
1854*Engelbert Humperdinc, opera composer: Hansel and Gretel; (name borrowed by pop singer Arnold Dorsey) is born.Ref: 4
1864 Sir Roger David Casement Ireland, martyr (IRA), is born.Ref: 5
1866*James "Gentleman Jim" Corbett, heavyweight champion boxer (1892-97) is born.Ref: 68
1875*Edgar Rice Burroughs, novelist who created Tarzan, the Ape Man, is born.Ref: 2
1877*Francis Aston, English Nobel Prize-winning physicist (1922), is born.Ref: 70
1898*Marilyn Miller, American musical comedy actress, is born.Ref: 70
1900*Don Wilson announcer, actor: The Jack Benny Show; is born.Ref: 68
1900*Richard Arlen actor (Alice in Wonderland), is born.Ref: 5
1902*Carlo Gambino, Italian-born American organized crime leader, is born.Ref: 70
1904*Johnny Mack Brown actor: Apache Uprising, Ghost Rider, The Masked Rider, Oregon Trail, Rustlers of Red Dog, Texas Kid; is born.Ref: 4
1904*Ray Flaherty AFL/NFL/AAFC coach (NY Giants), is born.Ref: 5
1907*Walter (Philip) Reuther, labor union leader: president of United Automobile Workers [UAW] and Congress of Industrial Organizations [CIO] is born.Ref: 4
1910*Jack Hawkins London England, actor (Ben-Four Just Men), is born.Ref: 5
1910*Dame Peggy van Praagh, English-born ballet dancer; founder of the Australian Ballet, is born.Ref: 70
1916*Arleen Whelan actress: Never Wave at a WAC, Ramrod; is born.Ref: 4
1920*Richard Farnsworth actor: The Fire Next Time, The Two Jakes, The Natural, Misery, Anne of Green Gables, Lassie, The Grey Fox, Legend of the Lone Ranger, Havana, The Boys of TwilightRef: 4
1922*Yvonne De Carlo (Peggy Yvonne Middleton), actress: The Munsters, Salome, Where She Danced, The Ten Commandments, McLintock, is born in Vancouver BC. (also TWA, 1998)Ref: 4
1922*Melvin R Laird (Rep-R-Mich), US Secretary of Defense (1969-73) is born. (XDG, p 3A, 9/1/2000)Ref: 83
1922*Vittorio Gassman actor: Sharkey’s Machine, The Scent of a Woman, Abraham, Bitter Rice, War and Peace, The Family; is born.Ref: 4
1923*Heavyweight boxing champion Rocky Marciano (Rocco Marchegiano, "The Brockton Blockbuster") is born in Brockton MA.Ref: 97
1928*George Maharis (Maharias) actor: Route 66, Rich Man, Poor Man Book 1, The Most Deadly Game, The Crash of Flight 401, Return to Fantasy Island, Murder on Flight 502, Land Raiders, Exodus, is born.Ref: 4
1931*Boxcar Willie (Lecil Martin) ‘The Singing Hobo’: songwriter, singer: Not the Man I Used to Be; is born.Ref: 4
1933*Texas Governor Ann Richards is born. (XDG, p 3A, 9/1/2000)Ref: 83
1933*Conway Twitty (Harold Lloyd Jenkins) songwriter: Walk Me to the Door; singer: It’s Only Make Believe, Danny Boy, Lonely Boy Blue, What Am I Living For, Next In Line, Hello Darlin’, 15 Years Ago, You’ve Never been this Far Before, Don’t Cry Joni; CMA Male Vocalist of the Year [1975], Grammy Award-winner [w/Loretta Lynn]: After the Fire is Gone [1971]; owns ooking agency, music publishing company, Twitty Burgers, Twitty City theme park; is born.Ref: 4
1933 George Maharis is born.Ref: 10
1935*Guy Rodgers basketball: Milwaukee Bucks, Cincinnati Royals, Chicago Bulls, Philadelphia Warriors; is born.Ref: 4
1935*Seiji Ozawa, Hoten Manchuria, conductor (Boston Symphony Orchestra), is born.Ref: 5
1936*Lily TomlinRef: 10
1937*Ron O’Neal actor: Original Gangstas, Up Against the Wall, Trained to Kill, Super Fly, Red Dawn, No Place to Be Somebody, The Equalizer, Bring ’Em Back Alive, is born in Utica NY.Ref: 4
1937*Al Geiberger golf: holds PGA Tour Record for lowest score in 18 holes [59], played in 1977 during the second round of the Danny Thomas Memphis Classic at the Colonial Country Club, is born.Ref: 4
1938*George Maharis Astoria NY, actor (Buz-Route 66, Most Deadly Game), is born.Ref: 5
1939*Lily (Mary Jean) Tomlin Emmy Award-winning comedy-writer: Lily [1973-74], Lily Tomlin [1975-76], The Paul Simon Special [12/8/77], is born in Detroit MI.Ref: 4
1939*Rico (Ricardo Adolfo Jacobo) Carty baseball: Milwaukee Braves, Atlanta Braves [all-star: 1970], Chicago Cubs, Texas Rangers, Oakland Athletics, Cleveland Indians, Toronto Blue Jays, is born.Ref: 4
1939*Heinrich Messner Austria, downhill skier (Olympic-bronze-1972), is born.Ref: 5
1939*Seiji Ozawa, conductor, is born.Ref: 2
1940*Dave White (Tricker) singer, songwriter: group: Danny & The Juniors: At the Hop, Rock and Roll is Here to Stay, is born.Ref: 4
1943*Don Stroud actor: Dillinger and Capone, Prime Target, Twisted Justice, Amityville Horror, The Buddy Holly Story, Sudden Death, Killer Inside Me, Madigan, Coogan’s Bluff, Mickey Spillane’s Mike Hammer, Kate Loves a Mystery, Dragnet, is born.Ref: 4
1944*Leonard Slatkin LA Calif, conductor (Concert Orch, Neth), is born.Ref: 5
1945*-Singer Archie Bell is born.Ref: 6
1946*Barry Gibb musician: rhythm guitar, songwriter, singer: group: The Bee Gees: Stayin’ Alive, Night Fever, How Deep Is Your Love, How Can You Mend a Broken Heart, Tragedy , Lonely Days; What Kind of Fool [w/Barbra Streisand], Emotion [w/Samantha Sang]; score: Saturday Night Fever; 29 hits: 7 gold, 4 platinum, is born.Ref: 4
1946*Greg Errico musician: drums: group: Sly and The Family Stone: Everyday People, [I Want to Take You] Higher, Dance to the Music, Hot Fun in the Summertime, Thank You [Falettinme be Mice Elf Agin], is born.Ref: 4
1946*Dennis Partee football: San Diego Chargers, is born.Ref: 4
1946*Erich Scherer Switzerland, 2 man bobsled (Olympic-gold-1980), is born.Ref: 5
1947*Ed Podolak football: Kansas City Chiefs running back: Super Bowl IV, is born.Ref: 4
1949*Garry (Lee) Maddox baseball: San Francisco Giants, Philadelphia Phillies [World Series: 1980, 1983], is born.Ref: 4
1955*Bruce Foxton musician: guitar: band: 100 Men; group: The Jam: Down in the Tube Station at Midnight, David Watts, Eton Rifles, Little Boy Soldiers, Saturday’s Kids, Going Underground, Town Called Malice, Beat Surrender, Man in the Corner Shop, Set the House Ablaze, Start, The Planner’s Dream Gone Wrong, is born.Ref: 4
1957*Gloria Estefan (Gloria Maria Milagrosa Fajardo) ‘Queen of Latin Pop’, is born.Ref: 4
1961*Scott ‘Bam Bam’ Bigelow pro wrestler/actor: WWF Superstars of Wrestling, Survivor Series, Wrestlemania, Extreme Championship Wrestling, WCW Saturday Night, Ready to Rumble, is born.Ref: 4
1962*Former White House Press Secretary Dee Dee Myers is born.Ref: 6
1159*Adrian IV, the only English pope (1154-59), dies.Ref: 69
1557*Jacques Cartier, French explorer, dies.Ref: 68
1648*Marin Mersenne French mathematician, dies at 59.Ref: 5
1715*Louis XIV ‘The Sun King’ [he chose the sun as his royal emblem]: King of France [1643-1715]; dies at age 76.Ref: 68
1838*Lewis & Clark: William Clark had married Julia "Judith" Hancock, for whom he named a river in Montana; been respected as Indian agent (Native Americans called St. Louis the "Red-Headed Chief's Town"); successful in business; and several times appointed governor of the Missouri Territory (though he lost the first election to be the new state's governor, after being accused of being too "soft" on Indians). On this date he dies, at age 68, at the home of his eldest son, Meriwether Lewis Clark.Ref: 65
1862*Oliver Tilden of the Bronx, killed in the Civil War in Virginia.Ref: 5
1902*Mount Pelee volcano erupts again in Martinique after only four months; 2,000 die. (Ritchie, David, "The Encyclopedia of Earthquakes & Volcanos", © 1994, ISBN 0-8160-2659-9) 
1906*Giuseppe Giacosa, Italian dramatist, dies at age 58.Ref: 4
1912 Samuel Colderidge-Taylor dies.Ref: 10
1914*Martha, the last known passenger pigeon, dies at Cincinnati Zoo.Ref: 5
1923*The Japanese cities of Tokyo and Yokohama were devastated by an 8.3 earthquake that claimed some 150,000 lives. (TWA, 1997)Ref: 95
1937*Baron Pierre de Coubertin, revivor of Olympics, dies at 74.Ref: 68
1940*Lillian D Wald, US, sociologist/organizer (Visiting Nurses), founded Henry St. Settlement in NY, dies at age 73.Ref: 70
1948*Charles A. Beard historian: “perhaps the quintessential economic-school historian”; writer: An Economic Interpretation of the Constitution of the United States, The Basic History of the United States; helped found New School for Social Research in NY City; dies at age 73.Ref: 4
1955*Philip Loeb actor (Jake-The Goldbergs), dies at 61.Ref: 5
1957*Excursion train crashed into a ravine killing 175, injuring 400.Ref: 5
1957 Dennis Brain killedRef: 10
1961*Eero Saarinen, Finnish-born American architect, dies at age 51.Ref: 70
1962*An earthquake struck northwestern Iran near Ghazvin. The magnitude 7.3 quake killed some 12,000 people.Ref: 4
1967*James Dunn actor (Uncle Earl-It's a Great Life), dies at 65.Ref: 5
1969*Drew Pearson newscaster (Drew Pearson), dies at 71.Ref: 5
1969*Junzo Sakakura, Japanese architect, dies at age 65.Ref: 70
1970*Francois Mauriac, Nobel Prize-winning novelist, dies at age 84.Ref: 70
1973*74-year-old Hafnia Hotel burns, killing 35 (Copenhagen, Denmark).Ref: 5
1977*Ethel Waters, Chester Pa, actress (Beulah)/singer (Stormy Weather), is born.Ref: 5
1977*Ethel Waters, American jazz and blues singer and film actress, dies at age 76.Ref: 70
1977*Ethel Waters actress: Beulah, A Member of the Wedding, Cabin in the Sky, Pinky, Mamba’s Daughters, At Home Abroad, Thousands Cheer; singer, actress: Stage Door Canteen, Rhapsody in Black, Blackbirds, Africana; ‘Sweet Mama Stringbean’; died Sep 1, 1977Ref: 4
1977*Ethel Waters actress (Beulah)/singer (Stormy Weather), dies at 76.Ref: 5
1978*A 7.8 earthquake in northeastern Iran kills 15.000. (TWA, 1998)Ref: 95
1981*Albert Speer, German Nazi minister for war production, dies at age 76.Ref: 70
1983*A Soviet interceptor plane destroyed a Korean Air Boeing 747 that had strayed 100 miles off course, flying over Soviet military installations. Flight 007, carrying 240 passengers and 29 crew members, had departed from NY and was en route to Seoul, Korea. All 269 on board perished.Ref: 4
1983*Henry "Scoop" Jackson (Sen-D-Wash), dies at 71.Ref: 5
1984*Howland Chamberlain actor, dies at 73.Ref: 5
1985 Sir James Pitman dies.Ref: 10
1986*Murray Hamilton actor (Rich Man Poor Man), dies at 63.Ref: 5
1987*Pinky (Arthur Carter) Whitney baseball: Philadelphia Phillies [all-star: 1936], Boston Braves, Boston Bees; dies.Ref: 4
1988*Leonor Sullivan (Rep-D-Missouri, 1955-77), dies at 86.Ref: 5
1988*Luis W Alvarez, American physicist (Nobel-1968), dies at age 77.Ref: 70
1989*Baseball Commissioner A. Bartlett Giamatti died of a heart attack at his summer home in Martha's Vineyard, Massachusetts, at age 51. (TWA, 1990)Ref: 95
1992*Chick (Melvin) Harbert golfer: PGA Champion [1954]; dies.Ref: 4
1992*Morris Carnovsky actor: Cyrano de Bergerac, Gun Crazy, Dead Reckoning, Rhapsody in Blue, Our Vines Have Tender Grapes; cofounder of New York’s Group Theater; Shakespearean actor; dies.Ref: 4
1998*Cary Middlecoff golf champion: Masters [1955]; U.S. Open [1949, 1956]; dies.Ref: 4
2000*Ten American tourists and two Tanzanians were killed when their small plane crashed as they were leaving Serengeti National Park.Ref: 6
2001*Sil Austin musician, tenor saxophone: Slow Walk; composer: Ping-Pong; dies.Ref: 4

Last Update: October 27th, 2005
© 2000-2005   Kenneth Fussichen