Ken Fussichen's History Of The Day For
September 10th

Home Click on * for the link to the relevant chronology. New Date
422*St Celestine I begins his reign as Catholic Pope.Ref: 5
1224*The Franciscans (founded in 1209 by St. Francis of Assisi) first arrive in England. They were originally called "Grey Friars" because of their gray habits. (The habit worn by modern Franciscans is brown.)Ref: 5
1533*Henry VIII's daughter Elizabeth is baptized at Greenwich. 
1608*John Smith is elected president of the Jamestown, Virginia colony council.Ref: 5
1623*Lumber and furs are the first cargo to leave New Plymouth in North America for England.Ref: 2
1718*The Collegiate School at New Haven, CT, changes its name to Yale. (Congregationalists, unhappy with an increasing religious liberalism at Harvard, had founded Yale, the third oldest college in America, in 1701.)Ref: 5
1794*Blount College -- the first American nondenominational institution of higher learning -- was established in Knoxville. (It later became the University of TN.).Ref: 5
1806*(day unspecified) Aaron Burr his daughter Theodosia, Theodosia's child, and Colonel Dupiester reach Pittsburgh, and began a trip down the Ohio River. Burr and Dupiester occassionally leave the boat to guage sentiment for their enterprise in the surrounding countryside. On one of these visits, in Washington County, Pennsylvania, Burr discloses plans that shock the patiotism of his host, Colonel Morgan. Morgan communicates his concerns to President Jefferson.Ref: 87
1823*Simon Bolivar is named president of Peru.Ref: 5
1839*(day unspecified) Lewis Tappan forms Friend of Amistad Africans Committee; Judge Thompson presides in Circuit Court hearing on Amistad criminal case; case dismissed by Judge Thompson for jurisdictional reasons; civil case left for District Court resolution.Ref: 87
1840*(day unspecified) Judge Thompson of the Circuit Court upholds District Court decision; government appeals to U.S. Supreme Court.Ref: 87
1846*Donner Party: The party follows Hastings’ tracks from Pilot (now Donner) Spring into Nevada and around the Ruby Mountains.Ref: 28
1879*(White River Massacre) Indian agent Nathan Meeker wrote to the governor of Colorado that a group of Ute Indians had shot one of their fellow Indians who was plowing a field (and thus seen as cooperating with the white man) and had assaulted the Indian agent himself. Meeker beseeched the governor to send troops for protection.Ref: 70
1882*First international conference to promote anti-semitism meets in Dresden Germany (Congress for Safeguarding of Non-Jewish Interests).Ref: 5
1897*George Smith’s swerving was enough to alarm British police and make him the first person arrested for drunken driving.Ref: 10
1899*2nd quake in 7 days hits Yakutat Bay Alaska.Ref: 5
1909*(Triangle) (day unspecified) Local 25 of the ILGWU declares a strike against the Triangle Shirtwaist Company. By November, the strike spreads to other shirtwaist manufacturers. The strike ends after thirteen weeks that saw over 700 striking workers arrested.Ref: 87
1910*Great Idaho Fire destroys 3 million acres of timberRef: 5
1913*Lincoln Highway opens as 1st paved coast-to-coast highwayRef: 5
1913*Cleveland Call & Post established.Ref: 5
1913*George W Buckner, named minister to Liberia.Ref: 5
1919*New York City welcomes home General John J. Pershing and 25,000 soldiers who'd served in the US First Division during World War I. (XDG, p 4A, 9/10/2000)Ref: 83
1921*The Ayus Autobahn, the world’s first controlled-access highway and part of Germany’s Bundesautobahn system, opened near Berlin. 
1924*Leopold & Loeb found guilty of murder.Ref: 5
1925*(Sweet) Police announce that the eleven occupants of the Sweet home will be charged with first-degree murder.Ref: 87
1930*Charles E Mitchell, named minister to Liberia.Ref: 5
1933*(day unspecified) Gangster "Machine Gun" Kelly reputedly coined the nickname "G-Men" for FBI Agents while being interrogated by DOI agents. The legend that Kelly shouted "Don't Shoot G-men, Don't Shoot," while he was being arrested is doubtful. The heroic "G-Man," short for Government Man, quickly became synonymous with FBI Special Agents in the public's imagination.Ref: 14
1934*(day unspecified) Ida Noddack publishes a paper in "Zeitshrift fur Angewandte Chemie" arguing that the anomalous radioactivities produced by neutron bombardment of uranium may be due to the atom splitting into smaller pieces.Ref: 91
1941*(day unspecified) Fermi muses to Teller ("out of the blue") whether a fission explosion could ignite a fusion reaction in deuterium. After some study Teller concludes that it is impossible.Ref: 91
1943*(Scottsboro Boys) (day unspecified) Charlie Weems is paroled.Ref: 87
1944*(day unspecified) Air Force Lt. Col. Paul Tibbets begins organizing the 509th Composite Group, which will deliver atomic bombs in combat, at Wendover Field, Utah.Ref: 91
1944*(day unspecified) At this point K-25 is half built, but no usable diffusion barriers have been produced.Ref: 91
1944*(day unspecified) The Y-12 plant is operating at only 0.05% efficiency. The total production of highly enriched uranium to date is a few grams.Ref: 91
1944*(day unspecified) Now, less than one year before the eventual use of atomic weapons, the prospects for developing atomic weapons in time to assist the war effort look grim despite enormous expenditures. The only workable bomb design at hand, the gun-type weapon, requires U-235 which has no practical production methods available. Plutonium production has not yet begun, but the production techniques appear to have a high probability of success. However plausible approaches to building a plutonium bomb do not exist.Ref: 91
1944*(day unspecified) A workable theory of explosive lenses does not exist (and is not solved before the end of the war), so trial and error techniques must be used for development. Unfortunately, observing implosions is extremely difficult and simply obtaining diagnostic data is a major barrier to success.Ref: 91
1944*(day unspecified) Manufacturing test lenses is a serious problem. The explosives are difficult materials to work with and made delicate castings, mold making was a slowly developing art, and the lenses required very good quality control.Ref: 91
1944*(date given as Fall) Robert Christy suggests the "Christy gadget", the use of a solid core that is raised to supercriticality solely by compressing the metal to twice normal density. This conservative implosion design avoids instability and spalling problems, but the period of maximum compression is brief and requires a "modulated initiator" (a neutron generator that emits a burst at a precise moment).Ref: 91
1944*(Scottsboro Boys) (day unspecified) Norris and Wright leave Montgomery in violation of their paroles.Ref: 87
1945*Vidkun Quisling is sentenced to death in Norway for collaborating with the Nazis.Ref: 70
1946*(Scottsboro Boys) (day unspecified) Norris, paroled again, leaves Alabama.Ref: 87
1948*American-born Mildred Gillars, the Nazi wartime radio broadcaster known as "Axis Sally," was indicted in Washington, D.C. for treason.Ref: 70
1951*(Scottsboro Boys) (day unspecified) Patterson is convicted of manslaughter and sentenced to 6 to 15 years. He dies of cancer less than a year later.Ref: 87
1953*Swanson sells its first "TV Dinner"Ref: 5
1956*Louisville Ky public schools integrate.Ref: 5
1961*Jomo Kenyatta returns to Kenya from exile, during which he had been elected president of the Kenya National African Union.Ref: 2
1963*President John F. Kennedy federalizes Alabama's National Guard to prevent Governor George C. Wallace from using guardsmen to stop public-school desegregation. 20 black students enter Alabama's public schools.Ref: 2
1967*Gibraltar votes 12,138 to 44 to remain British.Ref: 5
1974*Guinea-Bissau gains independence from Portugal.Ref: 5
1975*(My Lai) Calley paroled, after serving only three and a half years.Ref: 87
1979*Four Puerto Rican nationalists imprisoned for a 1954 attack on the US House of Representatives and a 1950 attempt on the life of President Truman were granted clemency by President Carter. (XDG, p 4A, 9/10/2000)Ref: 83
1987*Pope John Paul II arrives in Miami where he is welcomed by President and Mrs. Reagan as he begins his 10-day tour of the US. (XDG, p 4A, 9/10/2000)Ref: 83
1988*The Towler Road railroad tracks in Xenia OH are taken up.Ref: 56
1989 Hungary stopped enforcing East German visa restrictions and opened its borders, beginning a flood of emigration that led to the fall of the Berlin Wall two months later.Ref: 70
1990*George Bush & Mikhail Gorbachev meet in Helsinki.Ref: 5
1991 Iran agreed to resume full diplomatic ties with onetime enemy Iraq.Ref: 6
1993*Hillary Rodham Clinton lashed out at what she called "standpat, negative, nay-saying" openents of health care reform in an address to state legislators at George Washington University. (XDG, p 4A, 9/10/2003)Ref: 83
1998*Victor Chernomyrdin steps aside as Duma rejects nomination twiceRef: 89
1998*Northwest Airlines and its striking pilots announce an agreement to end a nearly 2-week old walkout. (XDG, p 4A, 9/10/2003)Ref: 83
1998*President Clinton met with members of his Cabinet to apologize and ask forgiveness in the wake of the Monica Lewinsky scandal.Ref: 70
2000*A federal judge ordered an end to busing and other means of achieving racial balance in Charlotte-Mecklenburg, the North Carolina school system that pioneered urban busing in the United States after a landmark Supreme Court ruling three decades earlier.Ref: 6
2000*The US government began freeing 14 Puerto Rican nationalists granted clemency by President Clinton.Ref: 6
2002*Florida's first big test of its new elections system turned into a nightmare as polling stations opened late and problems cropped up with new touchscreen voting machines.Ref: 70
2002*Switzerland became the 190th member of the United Nations.Ref: 70
2003*(Mutual Funds) Bank of American begins dismissing employees tied to the illegal mutual fund trading probe. (WSJ, p C1, 10/29/2003)Ref: 33
2003*Enrollment in Xenia Community Schools increases by nine students over last year, the first increase in enrollment since the 1974 tornado struck Xenia. (XDG, p 1, 9/10/2003)Ref: 83
1588*Thomas Cavendish returns to England, becoming the third man to circumnavigate the globe.Ref: 2
1846*Elias Howe of Spencer, MA patents the lock stitch sewing machine.Ref: 2
1869*Baptist minister invents the rickshaw in Yokohama, Japan.Ref: 5
1967*Surveyor 5 makes soft landing on Moon. 
1984*Discovery returns to Kennedy Space Center via Altus AFB, Okla.Ref: 5
1986*Bryan O'Connor named chairman of Space Flight Safety PanelRef: 5
1547*The Duke of Somerset leads the English to a resounding victory over the Scots at Pinkie Cleugh. 10,000 Scots are killed.Ref: 2
1776*George Washington asks for a spy volunteer, Nathan Hale volunteers.Ref: 5
1781*Admiral de Barras's fleet from Rhode Island reaches the Chesapeake. 
1798 British Hondurus beats Spain in battle of St George.Ref: 5
1813*American Captain Oliver Hazard Perry led his home-built 10-vessel fleet to victory against a six-vessel British squadron commanded by Captain Robert H. Barclay in the Battle of Lake Erie.Ref: 2
1855 Sevastopol, under siege for nearly a year, capitulates to the Allies during the Crimean War.Ref: 2
1861*Confederates at Carnifex Ferry, Virginia, fall back after being attacked by Union troops. The action is instrumental in helping preserve western Virginia for the Union.Ref: 2
1914*The six-day Battle of the Marne ends, halting the German advance into France.Ref: 2
1923*In response to a dispute with Yugoslavia, Mussolini mobilizes Italian troops on Serb front.Ref: 2
1939*King George VI announces that Canada has declared war on Germany.Ref: 5
1941*A proposal to send two Canadian battalions to Hong Kong reaches British prime minister Churchill's desk for approval. He accepts the recommendation. 
1941*Canadian Atlantic Convoy SC-42, with 64 ships, slowly makes its way toward Iceland. Escort ships are RCN destroyer Skeena, and corvettes Orillia, Alberni, and Kenogami. RCN corvettes Chambly and Moose Jaw join the convoy to help against a U-boat attack of at least 11 German submarines. Chambly and Moose Jaw sink submarine U-501. Over a period of several days, 16 merchant ships are sunk. 
1942*President Franklin D. Roosevelt mandates gasoline rationing in the U.S. as part of the country’s wartime efforts. 
1858*John Holden hits the 1st recorded HR (Bkln vs NY).Ref: 5
1895*Joe Harrington of the Boston Braves hits a home run in his first major league at bat.Ref: 12
1919*Indian's Ray Caldwell no-hits Yankees 3-0.Ref: 5
1922*Largest Polo Grounds crowd Meusel, Ruth & Gehrig consecutive HRs.Ref: 5
1927*France wins its first Davis Cup.Ref: 5
1937*2nd American Football League plays first game (LA 21, Pittsburgh 0) Cleveland (Los Angeles) Rams plays their 1st NFL game, lose 28-0.Ref: 5
1939*In the first game of a doubleheader, Indian Ray Caldwell no-hits the Yankees, 3-0.Ref: 1
1950*For the second consecutive year, the Red Sox sweep the home season series with the A's. The winning streak at Fenway now extends to 22 wins without a loss against Philadelphia.Ref: 1
1950*In an 8-1 victory over the Washington Senators, Yankee clipper Joe DiMaggio becomes the first major leaguer to hit three HRs at Griffith Stadium.Ref: 1
1951 Florence Chadwick of San Diego, CA, became the first American woman to swim the English Channel from both coasts.Ref: 4
1960*Running barefoot, Ethiopian Abebe Bikila wins Rome Olympic marathon.Ref: 5
1960*NY Yankee Mickey Mantle hits 643' HR over right field roof in Detroit.Ref: 5
1961*Mickey Mantle becomes the 7th player to hit HR # 400.Ref: 4
1962*Rod Laver wins the Grand Slam of tennis.Ref: 5
1963*Phillies beat Houston Colt .45s, 16-0.Ref: 5
1965*Phillies 10,000th game to a decision since 1900, Phils beat Cards.Ref: 5
1966*Mohammed Ali KOs Karl Mildenberger in the 12th round in Frankfort, Germany to retain the Heavyweight Boxing title.Ref: 96
1967*In the first game of a doubleheader, White Sox Joe Horlen no-hits the Tigers, 6-0.Ref: 1
1969*The Mets sweep the Montreal Expos , 3-2 in 12 innings and 7-1 and move into first place for the first time in their history.Ref: 1
1972*Emerson Fittipaldi is youngest person to win an auto race World Championship.Ref: 5
1972*Gayle Sayers of the Chicago Bears retires from pro football.Ref: 4
1972*US Men's olympic basketball teams 1st loss, 51-50 to USSR (disputed).Ref: 5
1972*Muhammad Ali defeated Ken Norton in a heavyweight boxing match and avenged a loss to Norton the previous March.Ref: 4
1973*Muhammad Ali defeats Ken Norton in a 12-round decision in Inglewood CA.Ref: 96
1973*NY Jets trade pro football's leading receiver Don Maynard to St Louis.Ref: 5
1974 Teuvo Louhivouri sets cycling distance record of 515.8 mi in 24 hrs.Ref: 5
1974*Cardinal outfielder Lou Brock ties and breaks Maury Willis single season stolen base record with his 104th and 105th swipes against the Phillies.Ref: 1
1977*Roy Howell leads the way with 13 total bases (two home runs, two doubles and a single) and nine RBIs as the Blue Jays rout the Yankees, 19-3.Ref: 1
1978 Arlyne Rhode sets female footbow distance record (1,113 yds & 30") Ref 
1978*4th game of the Boston Massacre; Yanks beat Red Sox 7-4. This ties them for first place. Yanks out hit 'em 67-21; score 42-9.Ref: 5
1980*Bill Gullickson of the Montreal Expos fanned 18 batters, setting a major-league record for a rookie pitcher in a single game. The Expos beat the Chicago Cubs 4-2.Ref: 4
1982*Pete Rose played in his 3,077th baseball game, breaking Hank Aarons’s record for the most games played in the National League.Ref: 4
1984 Sean O'Keefe (11) is youngest to cycle across US (24 days).Ref: 5
1984*Garry Kasparov meets Anatoly Karpov in a world championship match in Moscow. After five months and 48 games, the score was now 5-3 to Karpov, the president of FIDE, Florencio Campomanes, flew to Moscow, announcing a postponement of the next game, held meetings with Russian organizers, then declared the match to be terminated without result.Ref:78
1986*Sprinter Evelyn Ashford was defeated for the first time in eight years. Ashford lost to Valerie Brisco-Hooks in the 200-meter run held in Rome, Italy.Ref: 4
1988*Steffi Graf of West Germany achieved tennis' first Grand Slam since Margaret Court in 1970 by winning the U.S. Open women's final.Ref: 70
1989*Boris Becker beats Yvan Lendl for the US Open championship.Ref: 5
1990*Mariner Matt Young becomes 21st AL'er to strike out 4 in 1 inning.Ref: 5
1990*First time in NY Yankee history they are completely swept in a season series, Oakland A's beat them 12 games to 0.Ref: 5
1990*19 year old Pete Sampras beats Andre Agassi to win the US Open.Ref: 5
1990*First time since 1966 that all 8 grand slam tennis champs are different.Ref: 5
1997*In a 7-6 loss to the Giants, Cardinal Mark McGwire becomes only the second player in major league history to hit 50 HRs in consecutive seasons; Babe Ruth accomplished the feat twice in 1920-21 and 1927-28 seasons.Ref: 1
1998*With a 4th-inning strikeout of the Dodgers' Trenidad Hubbard, his 232nd of the year, San Diego Padre Kevin Brown becomes the Padres' single-season K King. He'd go on to fan 257, 2nd-most in the N.L.Ref: 86
2000*On his 37th birthday, Diamondback southpaw Randy Johnson becomes the 12th pitcher to strikeout 3,000 batters. Marlin third baseman Mike Lowell is the ŒBig Unit¹s¹ historic victim whiffing on four pitches ending the fourth inning. The lefty¹s first strike out of the game is his 300th of the season tying him with Nolan Ryan for accomplishing the feat three consecutive years.Ref: 1
2002*Alex Rodriguez breaks the home run record for shortstops he established last season. The Ranger infielder slugs his major league leading 52nd and 53rd home runs of the season helping Texas to defeat the Mariners, 3-2.Ref: 1
1847*The first theater opens in Hawaii.Ref: 5
1849*Actor Edwin Booth, brother of presidential assassin John Wilkes Booth, makes first professional theatre appearance in Richard III at Boston Museum.Ref: 10
1935 “I’m Popeye the sailor man...” toot! toot! Popeye was heard for the first time on NBC radio. The show was based on the Elzie Crisler Segar comic strip, which featured Popeye, Olive Oyl, Brutas, Wimpy and Sweepea. Now, eat your spinach in celebration!Ref: 4
1942*Russian-American goodwill concert featuring Maria Kurenko, known as the "Russian Nightingale" at the Opera House.Ref: 37
1950*Eddie Cantor moved from radio to TV, as he hosted the Colgate Comedy Hour on NBC.Ref: 4
1955*"Gunsmoke" debuts on CBS-TV.Ref: 5
1955*Bert Parks began a 25-year career as host of the Miss America Pageant on NBC. The show became a TV tradition as Parks sang to the newly-crowned beauty queen, “There She is ... Miss America”. The song was composed by Bernie Wayne and was sung for the first time on this day. Sharon Kay Ritchie was the first Miss America to be honored with the song. When she married singer Don Cherry (Band of Gold), There She Is was part of the wedding ceremony.Ref: 4
1964*Rod Stewart recorded his first tune, titled Good Morning Little Schoolgirl, for Decca. It was not one of his more successful recordings.Ref: 4
1966*Beatles' "Revolver," album goes #1 & stays #1 for 6 weeks.Ref: 5
1968*Hanna Barbera's "Space Ghost" and "Dino-Boy" premiered.Ref: 73
1977*After years on the comic pages, "Mickey Finn" was put to paper for the final time. Cartoonist M.S. Weis bowed out in unique style -- by discontinuing the strip in mid-story.Ref: 4
1981 Pablo Picasso's painting Guernica is returned to Spain and installed in Madrid's Prado Museum. Picasso stated in his will that the painting was not to return to Spain until the Fascists lost power and democracy was restored.Ref: 2
1982*Decca releases Beatle audition "The Complete Silver Beatles" album.Ref: 5
1984 The Federal Communications Commission changed the rules. The FCC allowed broadcasters to own 12 AM and 12 FM radio stations. The previous limit was 7 of each.Ref: 4
1990 Hard Rock Cafe opens in Las Vegas NVRef: 5
1993*"X-Files" premiers on Fox-TV. (XDG, p 4A, 9/10/2003)Ref: 83
1995*Cyndi Lauper won the Emmy Award for Outstanding Guest Actress in a Comedy Series for her performance as Mary Ann in "Mad About You".Ref: 4
1999*The Broadway musical "Cats" closes after a record 7485 performances. (XDG, p 4A, 10/7/2000)Ref: 83
2000*NBC's "The West Wing" won a record nine Emmy awards, including best drama series.Ref: 70
1487*Julius III, Counter-Reformation pope (1550-55), Italian poet who promoted the Jesuits, is born.Ref: 5
1550*Alonso Perez Medina-Sidonia Spanish naval commander, is born.Ref: 70
1736*(Declaration of Independence) farmer, signer of the Declaration of Independence, Carter Braxton, is born in Newington Plantation, VA.Ref: 68
1753*Sir John Soane England, architect (Soane Museum), is born.Ref: 5
1754*William Bligh, British naval officer who was the victim of two mutinies, the most famous on the HMS Bounty which was taken over by Fletcher Christian, is born.Ref: 2
1819*Birth of Canadian hymnwriter Joseph Scriven. The accidental drowning of his bride-to-be the night before their wedding led to a life of depression; yet he also authored the hymn of comfort, "What a Friend We Have in Jesus."Ref: 5
1835*William Torrey Harris, American public school educator and philosopher, is born.Ref: 70
1836*Joseph Wheeler Maj Gen/Cavalry Commander, Army of TN, is born.Ref: 5
1839*Isaac Kauffman Funk, publisher: the Funk of Funk and Wagnalls dictionary; is born.Ref: 4
1847*John Roy Lynch, first African American to deliver the keynote address at a Republican National Convention, is born.Ref: 2
1872 Ranjitsinhji Vibhaji, India, cricketer/politician, is born.Ref: 5
1885*Carl Van Doren, historian and critic who won a Pulitzer Prize for his biography on Benjamin Franklin, is born.Ref: 2
1887*Giovanni Gronchi president of Italy, is born.Ref: 5
1890*Elsa Schiaparelli, Italian-born French dress designer, is born.Ref: 70
1890*Franz Werfel Austria, author (40 Days of Musa Dagh), is born.Ref: 5
1892*Arthur Holly Compton, American Nobel Prize-winning physicist (1927), is born.Ref: 70
1893*Al "Fuzzy" St John Santa Ana Calif, actor (Lash of the West), is born.Ref: 5
1896*Elsa Schiaparelli is born.Ref: 10
1907*Fay Wray, Alberta Canada, actress-King Kong's main squeeze, is born.Ref: 5
1909*Raymond Scott, Bkln NY, orch leader (Your Hit Parade), is born.Ref: 5
1914*Robert Wise Academy Award-winning director: The Sound of Music [1965], West Side Story [1961]; Two for the Seesaw, The Andromeda Strain, Star Trek: The Motion Picture, is born.Ref: 4
1915*Edmond O'Brien NYC, actor (Sam Benedict, Johnny Midnight), is born.Ref: 68
1924*Ted (Theodore Bernard) Kluszewski ‘Big Klu’: baseball: Cincinnati Reds, Cincinnati Redlegs [all-star: 1953, 1954, 1955, 1956], Pittsburgh Pirates, Chicago White Sox [World Series: 1959], LA Angels; is born.Ref: 4
1926 Beryl Cook, is born.Ref: 10
1927*Yma Sumac (Zoila Emperatriz Chavarri del Castillo) Peruvian singer, of Inca descent, w/4-octave range: LPs: Voice of the Xtabay, Legend of the Sun Virgin, Legend of the Jivaro, is born.Ref: 4
1929*Arnold Palmer, golfer who won four Masters, two British Opens and one US Open, is born.Ref: 2
1933*Yevgeny V Khrunov USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz 5), is born.Ref: 5
1934*Roger Maris Yankee, HR champ (61 in 1961, AL MVP 1960, 1961), is born in Wilmington NC.Ref: 68
1934*Charles Kuralt journalist: CBS News, On the Road with Charles Kuralt, Sunday Morning; is born.Ref: 4
1935*Mary Oliver, Pulitzer Prize-winning poet, is born.Ref: 2
1935*John Palmer Kingsport Tenn, news anchor (NBC Weekend News), is born.Ref: 5
1937*Tommy Overstreet singer: Gwen [Congratulations], Don’t Go City Girl on Me, is born.Ref: 4
1939*Greg Mullavey Buffalo NY, actor (Tom-Mary Hartman, Rituals), is born.Ref: 5
1940*Buck (Junious) Buchanan Pro Football Hall of Famer: Dallas Texans/KS City Chiefs defensive tackle: Super Bowl I, IV; asst. coach: New Orleans Saints, Cleveland Browns; director: KS Special Olympics; is born.Ref: 4
1940*Roy Ayers LA, disco jazz artist (Fever, You Send Me), is born.Ref: 5
1941*Stephen Jay Gould, paleontologist, biologist and writer of popular books about science such as Time's Cycle and The Panda's Thumb, is born.Ref: 2
1942*Danny Hutton singer: group: Three Dog Night: One, Easy to be Hard, Eli’s Coming, Mama Told Me [Not to Come], Joy to the World, Black & White, Shambala, is born.Ref: 4
1945*Jose Feliciano Lares PR, singer/songwriter (Light my Fire), is born in Lares PR.Ref: 5
1945*Richard M Mullane TX, USAF/astro (STS 41-D, STS-27, STS-36), is born.Ref: 5
1945*Tom Ligon New Orleans, actor (Joyride), is born.Ref: 5
1946*James R Hines US, sprinter (Olympic-gold-1968), is born.Ref: 5
1947*Larry Nelson golf champion: U.S. Open [1983], PGA [1981, 1987]Ref: 4
1948*Margaret Trudeau (Sinclair) author: Beyond Reason; Canada’s first Lady wife of Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau [1968-1979], is born in Vancouver BC.Ref: 4
1948*Willie Sojourner basketball: Virginia Squires, New Jersey Nets, is born.Ref: 4
1948*Charlie Waters football: Dallas Cowboys safety: Super Bowl V, VI, X, XII, XIII, is born.Ref: 4
1948*Bob Lanier NBA center (Detroit Pistons, Milwaukee Bucks), is born.Ref: 5
1948*Judy Geeson Arundei Sussex Engld, actress (To Sir With Love, Berserk), is born.Ref: 5
1950*Don Powell musician: drums: group: Slade: Get Down and Get With It, Coz I Love You, Mama Weer All Crazee Now, Cum on Feel the Noize, Skweeze Me, Pleeze Me, Merry Xmas Everybody, We’ll Bring the House Down, My Oh My, Run Run Away, is born.Ref: 4
1950*Joe Perry Boston, rocker (Aerosmith-Walking the Dog), is born.Ref: 5
1953*Amy Irving Palo Alto, Cal, actress (Yentl, Carrie, Crossing Delancy), is born.Ref: 5
1955*Pat Mastelotto musician: drums: group: Mr. Mister, is born.Ref: 4
1956*Johnnie Fingers (Moylett) musician: keyboards, singer: group: The Boomtown Rats: Looking After No. 1, She’s So Modern, Rat Trap, I Don’t Like Mondays, Banana Republic, is born.Ref: 4
1957*Brian Fitzpatrick Upper Darby Pa, actor (Rick Alden-Loving), is born.Ref: 5
1957*Siobhan Fahey rocker (Bananarama-Venus), is born.Ref: 5
1958 Jennifer Tilly is born.Ref: 10
1958*Chris Columbus director: Nine Months, Mrs. Doubtfire, Home Alone series, Only the Lonely, Heartbreak Hotel, Adventures in Babysitting, is born.Ref: 4
1960*Siobhan Fahey singer: group: Bananarama, is born.Ref: 4
1960*Colin Firth actor: Pride and Prejudice, Circle of Friends, Hostages, The Advocate, Valmont, Apartment Zero, The Secret Garden, Another Country, is born.Ref: 4
1960*Miranda Wilson Nebraska, actress (Sandra-Santa Barbara), is born.Ref: 5
1963*Carol Decker rocker (T'Pau-Heart & Soul), is born.Ref: 5
1963*David Titlow rocker (Blue Mercedes-Rich & Famous), is born.Ref: 5
1965*Allison Daughtry actress (Guilding Light), is born.Ref: 5
1968*Big Daddy Kane rap artist, songwriter: Long Live the Kane, is born.Ref: 4
0*Felix Bloch, Swiss-born American physicist (Nobel 1952), dies at age 77.Ref: 70
954 King Louis IV France dies.Ref: 10
1087*William the Conqueror dies at 61 from an earlier fall from his horse. He was too obese to fit in his coffin and in forcing him to fit the monks accidentally ruptured him giving off a terrible smell that drove mourners away.Ref: 62
1349*Jews who survived a massacre in Constance Germany are burned to death.Ref: 5
1382 King Louis the Great of Hungary dies.Ref: 10
1419*John the Fearless is murdered at Montereau, France, by supporters of the dauphine, at age 48.Ref: 2
1669*Maria Henrietta, French wife of King Charles I of England, dies at age 59.Ref: 70
1797*Mary Wollstonecraft Godwin, English writer (Vindication of the Rights of Women) and women's rights advocate, dies at age 38.Ref: 70
1806*George Stubbs, English painter and draftsman, dies at age 82.Ref: 5
1842*Letitia Tyler Pres Tyler's wife, dies at age 51.Ref: 5
1845*(US Supreme Court Justice) Joseph Story associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court [1811-1845]; dies at age 65.Ref: 4
1851*Thomas Hopkins Gallaudet educator: founded first public school for deaf children [now the American School for the Deaf]; dies at age 63.Ref: 70
1857*Mormons, led by John D Lee, embittered by religious persecution, attack and kill 120 members of a Gentile wagon train, sparing only 17 children under 7, in what was to become known as the Mountain Meadows Massacre. (TWA, 1958)Ref: 95
1861*Colonel John Lowe, a lawyer from Xenia, is the first Ohio officer killed in the Civil War (at Carnifax Ferry, WV).Ref: 56
1897*Nineteen unarmed striking coal miners and mine workers were killed and 36 wounded by a posse organized by the Luzerne County sherif for refusing to disperse near Lattimer, Pennsylvania. The strikers, most of whom were shot in the back, were originally brought in as strike-breakers, but later organized themselves.Ref:77
1931 Salvatore Maranzano is born.Ref: 10
1935*Huey P. Long, Louisiana politician who served as governor and U.S. senator, known as "The Kingfish, dies at age 42 as a result of an assassin's bullet.Ref: 68
1954*12 second shock kills 1,460 in Orleansville Algeria.Ref: 5
1960*Edith Nourse Rogers created Women's Army Auxiliary Corps [1942]; member of U.S. House of Representatives, dies. [reelected 17 times: served from June 25, 1925 until her death].Ref: 4
1961*Leo Carrillo, the actor who portrayed Pancho on the Cisco Kid, dies at 81.Ref: 68
1961*Frederick Pethick-Lawrence, English women's suffrage movement leader, dies at age 89.Ref: 70
1971*Pier Angeli (Anna Pierangeli) actress: Battle of the Bulge, One Step to Hell, The Silver Chalice, S.O.S. Pacific; dies.Ref: 4
1971*Bella Darvi, American actress, dies in Monte Carlo, Monaco.Ref: 68
1975*Sir George Paget Thomson, English Nobel Prize-winning physicist (1937), dies at age 83.Ref: 70
1976*Mordecai Johnson first black president of Howard U, dies at 86.Ref: 5
1976*Two airliners collide over Yugoslavia, kills all 176 aboard.Ref: 5
1976*Dalton Trumbo US, writer/film director (Johnny Got His Gun), dies at age 70.Ref: 70
1977*In France, Hamida Djandoubi, a Tunisian immigrant and a convicted murderer, became the last person executed with the guillotine.Ref: 5
1983*John Vorster, prime minister of white-ruled South Africa from 1966 to 1978, dies in Cape Town at age 67. (XDG, p 4A, 9/10/2000)Ref: 83
1983*Felix Bloch, Swiss-born American physicist dies at age 77.Ref: 70
1984*Jerome Hunsaker, American aeronautical engineer, dies at age 98.Ref: 70
1985*Alexa Kenin actress (Mousie-Coed Fever), dies at 23.Ref: 5
1989*Angelo (Bartlett) Giamatti president: Yale University; commisioner: major-league baseball; dies.Ref: 4
1990*Samuel Kanyon Doe president of Liberia, assassinated.Ref: 5
1995*Darren Robinson (Human Beatbox: rap artist: group: Fat Boys: LPs: Fat Boys, Fat Boys are Back, Big and Beautiful, Krush on You, All Meat No Filler; dies.Ref: 4
1996*A plane carrying members of a skydivers club crashed in Shacklefords, Virginia, killing ten parachutists, the plane's pilot and a man on the ground.Ref: 6
1997*George (Louis) Schaefer director: The Man Upstairs, Children in the Crossfire, Deadly Game, Doctors’ Wives, The Tempest, Victoria Regina; dies.Ref: 4
1999*Alfredo Kraus, opera singer: tenor, dies.Ref: 4
2003*Swedish Foreign Minister Anna Lindh, 46, a leading advocate of the euro, is stabbing while shopping in downtown Stockholm by a man dressing in camouflaged clothing. (WSJ, p A3, 9/12/2003)Ref: 33

Last Update: October 27th, 2005
© 2000-2005   Kenneth Fussichen