Ken Fussichen's History Of The Day For
October 14th

Home Click on * for the link to the relevant chronology. New Date
1586*Mary Queen of Scots goes on trial for conspiracy against Elizabeth.Ref: 5
1651*Laws are passed in Massachusetts forbidding the poor to adopt excessive styles of dress.Ref: 2
1656*The first punitive legislation in Massachusetts against Quakers was enacted. (The marriage of church-and-state in Puritanism made them regard the ritual-free Quakers as spiritually apostate and politically subversive).Ref: 5
1735*Methodist pioneer John Wesley first set sail to America, to minister to the Indians under Georgia Gov. Oglethorpe. On this same date, Wesley began keeping his famous, 55-year-long journal, whose last entry was dated Oct 24, 1790.Ref: 5
1768*In Hard Labor, South Carolina, Cherokees and colonial officials sign a boundary treaty. 
1773*Britain's East India Company tea ships' cargo is burned at Annapolis, MD.Ref: 2
1774*First Continental Congress is 1st to declare colonial rights (Phila).Ref: 5
1843*British arrest Irish nationalist Daniel O'Connell for conspiracy.Ref: 5
1862*(Dakota Conflict) At President Lincoln's cabinet meeting, the ongoing Dakota trials are discussed. Lincoln and several cabinet members are disturbed by General Pope's report on the trials and planned executions, and move to prevent precipitous action.Ref: 87
1867*15th & last Tokugawa Shogun resigns in Japan.Ref: 5
1869*A Chinese hawker named Ah Fook stops at Ellen Kelly's house, mother of Australian bushranger and folk hero Edward "Ned" Kelly, and asks for a drink of water. He could have easily got it from the creek, but it was said that he was a police informer and was trying to find out whether Ellen Kelly illegal sold liquor. Ned's sister Anne offered Ah Fook a pannikin of water from the creek, the hawker tasted it, spat it out, and began waving his arms wildly. Shortly, Ah Fook angrily turned on Ned, waving a bamboo stick. The boy took it from him, belted him on the shins, and chased him down the road. Kelly was 14 years old. Ref 
1912*Former U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt is shot and wounded in assassination attempt in Milwaukee. He was saved by the papers in his breast pocket and, though wounded, insisted on finishing his speech.Ref: 2
1918*Thomas Masaryk becomes president of Czechoslovakia.Ref: 10
1918*Adolf Hitler is gassed and temporarily blinded during World War I.Ref: 34
1920*Part of Petsamo province ceded by Soviet Union to Finland.Ref: 5
1933*John Dillinger robs the Auburn, Indiana, police station arsenal with Pierpont and Walter Dietrich.Ref: 42
1933*The Geneva disarmament conference breaks up as Germany proclaims withdrawal from the disarmament initiative, as well as from the League of Nations, effective October 23. This begins German policy of independent action in foreign affairs. Germany quits the League of Nations.Ref: 35
1942*Mass killing of Jews from Mizocz Ghetto in the Ukraine.Ref: 35
1943*By order of the Federal Trade Commission, NBC sells its "Blue" network to Edward J. Noble who names it the American Broadcasting System. A year later the name is changes to ABC. 
1943*Massive escape from Sobibor as Jews and Soviet POWs break out, with 300 making it safely into nearby woods. Of those 300, fifty will survive. Exterminations then cease at Sobibor, after over 250,000 deaths. All traces of the death camp are then removed and trees are planted.Ref: 35
1949*14 US Communist Party leaders convicted of sedition.Ref: 5
1950*Rev Sun Young Moon liberated from Hung Nam prison.Ref: 5
1953*Ike promises to fire as Red any federal worker taking 5th amendment.Ref: 5
1955 Province of West Pakistan established.Ref: 10
1957*British Computer Society foundedRef: 62
1958*Malagasy Republic becomes autonomous republic in French Community.Ref: 5
1960*Democratic presidential candidate John F. Kennedy suggested formation of a Peace Corps during a talk at the University of Michigan.Ref: 70
1962*Houston Oiler George Blanda throws for 6 TD passes vs NY Titans 56-17.Ref: 5
1964*The youngest person to receive a Nobel Peace Prize received the $54,000 award this day. Martin Luther King, Jr. donated the dollars to support civil rights in the U.S.Ref: 4
1969*Race riots in Springfield Mass.Ref: 5
1970*Cleve Cavaliers lose to Buffalo Braves in their first game 107-92.Ref: 5
1974*United Nations recognizes Palestine Liberation Organization.Ref: 10
1975*President Ford escaped injury when his limousine was hit broadside by a car in Hartford, ConnRef: 5
1980*Republican presidential nominee Ronald Reagan promised that, if elected, he would name a woman to the US Supreme Court. (He later nominated Judge Sandra Day O'Connor of Arizona.)Ref: 5
1982*6,000 Unification church couples wed in Korea by Rev Sun Young Moon.Ref: 5
1983*The National Council of Churches issued "The Inclusive Language Lectionary -- " Scripture readings translated to omit or blur gender references. God was thus called "Father and Mother" or "the One"; and "man" was replaced by "humanity" or "humankind." The translation proved shortlived.Ref: 5
1986*Holocaust survivor and human rights advocate Elie Wiesel was named winner of the Nobel Peace Prize.Ref: 70
1987*A media frenzy occurred when hundreds of rescuers came to the aid of little 18-month-old Jessica McClure. At 9:30 a.m. on this day, Jessica fell 22 feet into an abandoned well in her backyard in Midland, Texas. She was brought out of the well 58 hours later and was rushed to the hospital, where she underwent minor surgery. Gifts, especially stuffed animals, pouring into the hospital from well-wishers, most of whom had never met Jessica or her family.Ref: 4
1988*Boxer Mike Tyson countersues actress Robin Givens for divorce and annulment.Ref: 98
1991*Burmese opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi was named winner of the Nobel Peace Prize for her struggle to achieve democracy in her homeland.Ref: 70
1994*Palestine Liberation Organization chairman Yasser Arafat, Israeli Foreign Minister Shimon Peres, and Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin shared the Nobel Peace Prize “for their efforts to diminish the part played by nuclear arms in international politics and in the longer run to eliminate such arms.”Ref: 4
1998*Federal authorities charged Eric Robert Rudolph, one of FBI's 10 most-wanted fugitives, with the bombing at the 1996 Summer Olympics in Atlanta.Ref: 70
2001*Senate Majority Leader Tom Daschle's office was quarantined after an anthrax-tainted letter was opened.Ref: 70
2001*President George W. Bush rejected an offer by the Taliban to discuss turning over Osama bin Laden if the United States ended the bombing in Afghanistan.Ref: 70
2003*The Wall Street Journal reports that America On-Line is planning to launch a discount dial-up service called Netscape. (WSJ, p B1, 10/14/2003)Ref: 33
1834*Henry Blair of Glenross MD becomes the first black to obtain a US patent, for a corn planter.Ref: 5
1884*Transparent paper-strip photographic film is patented by George Eastman.Ref: 2
1922*First automated telephones-Pennsylvania exchange in NYC.Ref: 5
1947*Chuck Yeager breaks sound barrier in a Bell X-1 U.S. Army rocket plane at Edwards AFB.Ref: 2
1960*Mars 1960B - USSR Mars Probe fails to reach Earth Orbit.Ref: 40
1965*Joe Engle in X-15 reaches 80 km.Ref: 5
1968*The first live telecast from a manned US spacecraft was transmitted from "Apollo Seven."Ref: 70
1968 Gruener & Watson (US) set scuba depth record (133 m) in Bahamas.Ref: 5
1976*Soyuz 23 carries 2 to Salyut 6, but returns without docking.Ref: 5
1066*Normans under William the Conqueror defeat the English under Harold II at the Battle of Hastings.Ref: 70
1705*The English Navy captures Barcelona in Spain.Ref: 2
1781*British redoubts 9 and 10 at Yorktwon fall to assaults by the Comte de Deux Ponts and Colonel Alexander Hamilton. 
1806*Victory of French under Napoleon over Prussians in Battle of Jena and Auerstadt.Ref: 2
1914*Canadian Expeditionary Force of 32,000 men lands at Plymouth.Ref: 38
1915*Bulgaria at war with Serbia.Ref: 38
1942*A U-boat torpedoes and sinks Newfoundland passenger ferry SS Caribou, between Sydney, Nova Scotia, and Port aux Basques, Newfoundland. 136 die. 
1943*In Italy, the 1st Canadian Corps takes Campobasso. 
1944*The Allies liberate Athens.Ref: 36
1950*Chinese Communist Forces begin to infiltrate the North Korean Army.Ref: 2
1983*US Marine peacekeeper Sgt Allen Soifert killed by sniper in Beirut.Ref: 5
1862*Baseballer James Creighton ruptures bladder hitting HR, dies 10/18.Ref: 5
1899*Xenia (OH) plays its first football game, losing to Antioch 31 - 0. (Ref: a typewritten document in the Greene County Room of the GC Public Library). 
1905*NY Giants beats Phila A's, 4 games to 1 in 2nd World Series, Giant's Christy Mathewson's 3rd straight world series shutout.Ref: 5
1906*The White Sox, known as baseball's 'hitless wonders' complete their unbelievable World Series upset of the their powerful crosstown rivals beating the Cubs, 8-3 at South Side Park; the Cubs had won a record 116 regular season games.Ref: 1
1908*The Chicago Cubs become the first team to win back-to-back World Series when they defeat Detroit, four games to one.Ref: 86
1916*Long Jim Barnes of Philly is first to win PGA (Professional Golfers Assn) tournament.Ref: 10
1929*Philadelphia A's set world series record of 10 runs in an inning (World Series #26).Ref: 5
1929*Phila A's beat Chicago Cubs, 4 games to 1 in 26th World Series.Ref: 5
1945*Chicago Cardinals end a record 29-game losing streak, beat Bears.Ref: 5
1951*Det Lion Jack Christiansen returns 2 punts for touchdowns vs LA Rams.Ref: 5
1959*Treasurer Austin Gunsel was named NFL president in the office of the commissioner. Ref 
1965*Dodger ace Sandy Koufax, working on just two days rest, pitched a three-hit shutout of the Minnesota Twins. Koufax struck out ten Twins on his way to the 2-0 win. And the Dodgers were World Series champs for the second time in three years.Ref: 4
1968*The San Diego Padres select 30 players in the expansion draft, with Ollie Brown as the first choice.Ref: 86
1968*J.R. Hines of US runs 100 m in world record 9.95 sec.Ref: 5
1969*Thanks to great catches in the fourth and seventh inning by center fielder Tommy Agee, the Mets take a 2-1 Series edge over the Orioles in their first ever World Series home game.Ref: 1
1973*Scottish racecar driver Jackie Stewart announced his retirement from auto racing. He also announced his newfound ability to be a race commentator for ABC-TV.Ref: 4
1976*Yankees win their 30th pennant dramatically on Chris Chambliss' bottom of ninth-inning solo homer defeating the Royals, 7-6 in Game Five and deciding contest of the ALCS.Ref: 1
1978*Despite Denis Potvin hat trick in 3:21 Islanders lose 7-10, making Islander record when scoring a hat trick-22-2-1.Ref: 5
1979*NHL's greatest scorer Wayne Gretsky scores his 1st NHL goal.Ref: 5
1979*Flyers start 35 game unbeaten streak beating Toronto 4-3.Ref: 5
1982*NY Islanders greatest shutout margin (9-0) vs Pittsburgh Penguins; Islanders assessed 108 penalty minutes Penguins 125 (233 total).Ref: 5
1984*George ‘Sparky’ Anderson’s Detroit Tigers walloped the Padres 8-4 in the Motor City and Anderson became the first baseball manager to win 100 games and a World Series in both leagues. Not since 1927 had a team won the World Series after leading its division since the first day of the season. The Tigers beat the Padres 4 games to 1.Ref: 4
1985*Ozzie Smith provides one of the most memorable moments in Cardinals history by hitting a dramatic homer to win Game 5 of the NLCS. The round-tripper was the first lefthanded home run of the Wizard's career (3009 at-bats) .Ref: 1
1985*On Mon Night football, Jets retire Joe Namath's #12, beat Miami 23-7.Ref: 5
1986*The International Olympic Commitee decides to stagger the Winter & Summer Olympic schedule.Ref: 5
1986 Tim Kides of West NY, NJ performs 25,000 leg raises in 11:57:15.Ref: 5
1988*NJ Devils raise their first pennant (Patrick Div Playoff Champs).Ref: 5
1989*Texas A&I, Johnny Bailey sets NCAA season rush record at 6,085 yards.Ref: 5
1990*SF 49er Joe Montana passes for 6 touchdowns vs Atlanta (45-35)Ref: 5
1992*Canada gets its first pennant as the Blue Jays clinch the AL crown with a 9-2 victory over the A's in the Game 6 of the ALCS.Ref: 1
1992*In Game 7 of the NLCS, Francisco Cabrera ninth inning, two-out pinch hit single tallies two runs giving the Braves a stunning comeback victory, 3-2 over the Pirates. The backup catcher had only three hits during the regular season.Ref: 1
1994*Gord Ash is named Vice-President and General Manager of the Toronto Blue Jays effective October 31.Ref: 86
1994*Johnny Oates, manager of the Baltimore Orioles since 1991, is named as the 14th full-time manager in Texas Rangers history.Ref: 86
1997*The Florida Marlins wins their first pennant by defeating the Braves four games to two in the NLCS.Ref: 86
2000*Winning his second straight award and third of his career, the 'Big Unit' Randy Johnson ( 19-7, 2.64) of the Arizona Diamondbacks overwhelming wins the NL Cy Young Award.Ref: 1
2002*Light hitting second baseman Adam Kennedy becomes the fifth player to hit three homers in a postseason game helping the Angels to secure their first World Series berth in the team's 42-year history. Using a ten-run seventh inning, Anaheim beats the Twins 13-5 to win the ALCS in five games.Ref: 1
2002*Ending the regular season with a record of 90-46-1, Japan's Seibu Lions posts the Pacific League's highest win total in 46 years. Alex Cabrera fails to hit a in home run in the team's last five games and has to settle with tying the single season home run record with 55 along with Sadaharu Oh (1964) and Tuffy Rhodes (2001).Ref: 1
2003*Cubs' fan Steve Bartman deflects a foul ball from Cubs' left fielder Moises Alou in game 6 of the NLCS, resulting in Alou not being able to make a play. Subsequently, the Florida Marlins score 8 runs and win game 6 and game 7. (USA Today, p 2C, 10/16/2003)Ref: 13
1926*"Winnie the Pooh" first published.Ref: 10
1928*James Fowlkes and Cora Dennison tied the knot as the first (experimental) televised wedding took place in Des Plains, IL -- in a radio studio.Ref: 4
1930*Singer Ethel Merman stuns the audience when she holds a high C for sixteen bars while singing "I Got Rhythm" during her Broadway debut in Gershwin's Girl Crazy. Girl Crazy went on for 272 performances.Ref: 2
1934 "Lux Radio Theatre" premieres on the NBC Blue radio network.Ref: 5
1938*One of the great songs of the big band era was recorded by Bob Crosby (Bing’s brother) and The Bob Cats. Big Noise from Winnetka on Decca Records featured Bob Haggart and Ray Bauduc. Haggart whistled and played bass, while Bauduc played the skins.Ref: 4
1939*Broadcast Music, Inc. (BMI) was organized on this day -- to compete with ASCAP (American Society of Composers and Publishers). The two music licensing organizations’ goal is to ensure that composers, artists and publishers are properly paid for the use of their works.Ref: 4
1948*Jerry Siegal (one of the creators of Superman) marries Jolan Kovacs, a model professionally known as Joanne Carter, one week after his divorce from his first wife, Bella, is granted. (Daniels, Les, "Superman", 1998, ISBN 0-8118-2162-5) 
1954 Talk about screen credits! With a cast of 25,000, the C.B. DeMille epic, The Ten Commandments, starring Charlton Heston, began filming in Egypt. Incidentally, Heston’s name was mentioned waaaaaay at the top in big letters. After the film became a smash, DeMille issued Commandment Eleven: Thou shalt not use 25,000 extras ever again in the making of a major motion picture.Ref: 4
1961*The Broadway production How to Succeed in Business without Really Trying opened on Broadway.Ref: 4
1971*It was John and Yoko Day on The Dick Cavett Show on ABC. The couple promoted Lennon’s new LP (Imagine) and film (Imagine) and Yoko’s book, two films and a fine arts show.Ref: 4
1977*Linda Ronstadt sings the national anthem at the 74th World Series.Ref: 5
1978*First TV movie from a TV series-"Rescue from Gilligan's Island".Ref: 5
1980*Bob Marley's last concert.Ref: 5
1990*Jeff Goldblum & wife Geena Davis file for divorce.Ref: 5
1996*Singer/entertainer Madonna gave birth to her daughter, Lourdes Maria, in Los Angeles, CA. The father is Carlos Leon, her former fitness-trainer.Ref: 4
1542*Akbar the Great, Muslim emporer of Northern India, is born in Umarket, Pakistan.Ref: 68
1618*Sir Peter Lely, English painter, is born.Ref: 70
1633*James II, English king (1665-8), is born.Ref: 68
1644*William Penn, colonist: founder of the colony of Pennsylvania as a haven for Quakers, is born.Ref: 4
1712*George Grenville, English first lord of the Treasury (1763-5), is born.Ref: 70
1734*(Declaration of Independence) Francis Lightfoot Lee, farmer, American revolutionary leader; signer of the Declaration of Independence, is born in Westmoreland County, VA.Ref: 70
1784*Ferdinand VII, Spanish king (1808-33), is born.Ref: 70
1835*Birth of William G. Fischer, American sacred chorister. Three of his compositions later became hymn tunes: FISCHER ("Whiter Than Snow"), HANKEY ("I Love to Tell the Story") and ROCK OF REFUGE ("The Rock That is Higher Than I").Ref: 5
1857*Elwood Haynes auto pioneer, built one of 1st US autos, is born.Ref: 5
1867*Masaoka Shiki Japan, haiku & tanka poet/diarist (Salt Water Ballads), is born.Ref: 5
1869*Joseph Duveen England, art connoisseur (Elgin marbles), is born.Ref: 5
1871*Alexander von Zemlinsky Vienna Austria, composer (Der Schneeman), is born.Ref: 5
1873*Raymond C Ewry, Indiana, polio victim who won 10 Olympic golds, is born.Ref: 5
1876*Birth of Harry A. Ironside, American clergyman. Converted at 14, he preached for the Salvation Army, later for the Plymouth Brethren. From 1930-1948, he pastored at the Moody Memorial Church in Chicago.Ref: 5
1882*Eamon DeValera NY, Pres of Ireland (1937-48, 51-54, 57-59), is born.Ref: 5
1885*Jack Britton (William J Breslin), welterweight boxing champion, is born in Clinton NY.Ref: 97
1888*Katherine Mansfield New Zealand writer (Aloe, Garden Party), is born.Ref: 5
1890*Dwight D. Eisenhower, 34th U.S. President (1953-1961), is born in Denison, TX.Ref: 2
1893*Lillian Gish (de Guiche) actress: Birth of a Nation, is born.Ref: 68
1894*e. e. cummings, poet (Tulips & Chimneys), is born in Cambridge Mass.Ref: 5
1899*Alan Washbond US, 2-man bobsled (Olympic-gold-1932)Ref: 5
1905*Eugene Fodor, Hungarian-born travel writer, is born.Ref: 2
1906*Benita Hume London England, actress (Vicky-The Halls of Ivy), is born.Ref: 5
1906*Hannah Arendt Germany, historian (Origins of Totalitarianism), is born.Ref: 5
1907*Allan Jones singer: The Donkey Serenade; actor: Showboat, Rose Marie, Firefly, One Night in the Tropics, A Night at the Opera, A Day at the Races; father of singer, Jack Jones; is born.Ref: 4
1907*Pert Kelton Great Falls Mont, actress (Cavalcade of Stars), is born.Ref: 5
1910*John Wooden basketball coach (UCLA-10 national championships), is born.Ref: 5
1916*C Everett Koop surgeon general (1981-89), is born.Ref: 5
1917*Originator of Superman, Jerry Siegel is born.Ref: 24
1924*Robert Webber, Santa Ana CA, actor (79 Park Avenue), is born.Ref: 5
1926*Son Thomas, blues guitarist and singer, is born.Ref: 2
1926*Bill (William E.) Justis (Jr.) musician: is born.Ref: 4
1927*Sir Roger (George) Moore actor: The Saint, Maverick, The Persuaders, The Alaskans; James Bond ‘007’: A View to a Kill, For Your Eyes Only, Live and Let Die, The Man with the Golden Gun, Moonraker, The Spy Who Loved Me, Octopussy, is born in London England.Ref: 4
1928*Gary Graffman NYC, pianist (Leventritt Award), is born.Ref: 5
1930 Mobutu Sese Seko is born.Ref: 10
1931*Rafael Puyana BogotaColombia, baroque harpsichordist (NY debut 1957), is born.Ref: 5
1935*La Monte Young Bern Idaho, composer (Compostion in 1990), is born.Ref: 5
1938*John Dean III former White House counsel, Watergate figure is born.Ref: 68
1938*Melba Montgomery singer, is born.Ref: 4
1939*Ralph Lauren (Lifshitz) fashion designer: Polo clothes, cologne, linens, etc., is born.Ref: 4
1940*Tommy Harper baseball: Cleveland Indians, Seattle Pilots, Milwaukee Brewers [all-star: 1970], Boston Red Sox, California Angels, Oakland Athletics, Baltimore Orioles, is born.Ref: 4
1940*Cliff Richards [Harry Webb], England, rocker (Suddenly), is born.Ref: 5
1940*Pat Finley Asheville NC, actress (Ellen Hartley-Bob Newhart Show), is born.Ref: 5
1941*J.C. (Jesse Carlyle) Snead golf: 22-year PGA Tour pro; Senior PGA Tour [1990]; career winnings total $5,000,000+Ref: 4
1942*Billy Harrison musician: guitar: group: Them, is born.Ref: 4
1943*Lance Rentzel NFL receiver (Minn, LA)/ex-husband of Joey Heatherton, is born.Ref: 5
1943*Noreen Corcoran Quincy Mass, actress (Kelly-Bachelor Father), is born.Ref: 5
1944*Udo Kier Germany, actor (Warhol Dracula, Warhol Frankenstein), is born.Ref: 5
1946*Al (Albert) Oliver baseball: Pittsburgh Pirates [World Series: 1971/all-star: 1972, 1975, 1976, 1980-1983], Texas Rangers, Montreal Expos, Philadelphia Phillies, SF Giants, LA Dodgers, Toronto Blue Jays, is born.Ref: 4
1946*Justin Hayward guitarist, singer: group: The Moody Blues: Go Now!, Nights In White Satin, Tuesday Afternoon, Question, Your Wildest Dreams; solo: Forever Autumn, LP: Songwriter, Moving Mountains, Other Side of Life, Sur la Mer, is born.Ref: 4
1947*Bob Kuechenberg football: Miami Dolphins guard: Super Bowls VI, VII, VIII, XVII, is born.Ref: 4
1947*Charley Joiner Pro Football Hall of Famer [enshrined 1996]: Grambling State WR, Houston Oilers wide receiver, Cincinnati Bengals, San Diego Chargers: player, receivers coach, is born in Many LA.Ref: 4
1948*Marcia Barrett singer: group: Boney M: Daddy Cool, Brown Girl in the Ring, Rivers of Babylon, is born.Ref: 4
1949*Harry Anderson Newport RI, actor (Judge Harry Stone-Night Court), is born. (TWA, 1998)Ref: 95
1950*Sheila Young Ockerwitz US, 500m speed skater (Olympic-gold-1976), is born.Ref: 5
1952*Nikolai Adrianov USSR, gymnast (Olympic-4 gold/2 silver/bronze-1976), is born.Ref: 5
1953*Greg Evigan South Amboy NJ, actor (BJ-BJ & the Bear), is born.Ref: 5
1956*Arleen Sorkin actress: It’s Pat: The Movie, Days of Our Lives, Duet; TV host: America’s Funniest People, is born.Ref: 4
1956*Beth Daniel Charleston SC, LPGA golfer (1980 player of the year), is born.Ref: 5
1958*Thomas Dolby rocker (She Blinded Me With Science), is born.Ref: 5
1959*A.J. Pero Staten Is, drummer (Twisted Sister-Not Gonna Take It), is born.Ref: 5
1961*Melanie Wilson actress (Jennifer-Perfect Strangers), is born.Ref: 5
1961*Mike Tramp Denmark, heavy metal rocker (White Lion-Mane Attraction), is born.Ref: 5
1965*Trevor Goddard actress: JAG, Mortal Kombat, Assault on Devil’s Island, First Encounter, Deep Rising, Dead Man’s Run; is born.Ref: 4
1967*Arleen Sorkin actress (Day of Our Life, America's Funniest Videos), is born.Ref: 5
1970*Jon Seda actor: Twelve Monkeys, Primal Fear, Homicide: Life on the Street, Oz, Thin Air, Rikki the Pig, Double Bang, is born.Ref: 4
1974*Natalie Maines singer: group: Dixie Chicks, is born.Ref: 4
2003*Neve O'Brien, daughter of late-night talk show host Conan O'Brien and wife Liza Powel O'Brien, is born. (USA Today, p 2D, 10/16/2003)Ref: 13
530*Pope Dioscorus dies, leaving Boniface II as the undisputed Pope.Ref: 69
1066*King Harold II killedRef: 10
1669*Pietro Antonio Cesti, Italian composer, dies at age 46.Ref: 70
1790*(Declaration of Independence) William Hooper, lawyer, signer of the Declaration of Independence, dies. (TWA, 1997)Ref: 95
1832*Blackfeet Indians attack American Fur Company trappers near Montana's Jefferson River, killing one.Ref: 2
1885*Josh Billings, American humorist and writer; popular after the Civil War, dies at age 67.Ref: 70
1898*Catherine Ada "Kate" Kelly's body is found in a lagoon at Condobolin Road near Forbes, where she drowned eight days earlier. She is the sister of Australian bushranger and folk hero Edward "Ned" Kelly. 
1911*(US Supreme Court Justice) John Marshall Harlan, American associate justice of the U. S. Supreme Court (1877-1911), dies at age 78.Ref: 4
1942 Dame Marie Tempest dies.Ref: 10
1944*German Field Marshal Rommel, suspected of complicity in the July 20th plot against Hitler, is visited at home by two of Hitler's staff and given the choice of public trial or suicide by poison. He chooses suicide and it is announced that he died of wounds.Ref: 36
1959*Errol l (Leslie Thomson) Flynn, film actor (The Adventures of Robin Hood, Captain Blood), dies at age 50.Ref: 4
1971*Two killed in Memphis racial disturbances.Ref: 5
1976*Dame Edith Evans actress: Scrooge, Look Back in Anger, David Copperfield, The Madwoman of Chaillot; dies at age 88.Ref: 4
1977*Crooner Bing (Harry Lillis) Crosby ‘der Bingle suffered a fatal heart attack while playing golf at a course near Madrid, Spain. Crosby, 73, had just completed a tour of England that had included a sold-out engagement at the London Palladium.Ref: 4
1983*Paul Fix actor (Rifleman), dies at 82 of kidney failure.Ref: 5
1984*Sir Martin Ryle, English physicist and astronomer, dies at age 66.Ref: 70
1986*Kennan (Francis Xavier Aloysius) Wynn, NYC, actor (Dr Strangelove, Absent Minded Professor), dies at age 70.Ref: 4
1988*Vic (Victor John Angelo) Raschi baseball: pitcher: NY Yankees [World Series: 1947, 1949, 1950, 1951, 1952, 1953/all-star: 1948, 1949, 1950, 1952], SL Cardinals, KC Athletics; dies.Ref: 5
1988*Cleveland Amory, American critic, historian and journalist, dies at age 81.Ref: 70
1990*Composer-conductor Leonard Bernstein died in New York at age 72.Ref: 70
1997*Writer Harold Robbins (Francis Kane) dies in Palm Springs, CA., at age 81.Ref: 24
1998*Cleveland Amory writer: The Cat and the Curmudgeon, The Cat Who Came for Christmas, TV Guide columnist; dies.Ref: 4
1998*Frankie Yankovic Grammy Award-winning musician: accordion: Just Because, Blue Skirt Waltz; bandleader: polka band; dies.Ref: 4
1999*Richard B. Shull actor: Splash, Trapped in Paradise, The Big Bus, Tune in Tomorrow, The Marriage of Bette and Boo; dies.Ref: 4
1999*Julius Nyerere, founding father and first president of Tanzania, dies in London England at age 77. (TWA, 2000)Ref: 95
2002*(DC Sniper) 9:15PM A Washington DC serial sniper kills his 11th victim, Linda Franklin, a 43-year old FBI analyst outside a Home Depot in Falls Church, VA. Two others have been shot, but not killed. (USA Today, p 3A, 10/16/2002)Ref: 13
2003*James R Lawson, master carillonneur (a carillon is the world's largest musical instrument that plays bells in size from a few ounces to 200 pounds or more) dies in a nursing home in Cody WY at age 84. (NY Times, p 30, 10/19/2003) 

Last Update: October 27th, 2005
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