Ken Fussichen's History Of The Day For
October 19th

Home Click on * for the link to the relevant chronology. New Date
-125*-BC- Origin of Era of Tyre.Ref: 5
615*Pope St. Deusdedit is consecrated as Pope.Ref: 5
1692*(Salem Witch Trials) Increase Mather visits the Salem jail and finds that several confessors wish to renounce their earlier testimonies.Ref: 21
1744*English revivalist George Whitefield, 29, arrived in Maine at the start of his second visit to America. Whitefield struggled to adapt the beliefs of Calvinism to the Arminian teachings of proto-Methodists John and Charles Wesley.Ref: 5
1765*The Stamp Act Congress, meeting in New York, draws up a declaration of rights and liberties.Ref: 5
1774*The Treaty of Camp Charlotte, in which Cornstalk recognizes Virginia's claims to the upper Ohio River valley, is signed, ending Dunmore's War. 
1790*400 troops attack 150 Indians northwest of Ohio-First battle fought by U.S. troops.Ref: 10
1818*US & Chicasaw Indians sign a treaty.Ref: 5
1819*The Cleveland Herald and Gazette publishes its first issue. 
1846*Donner Party: Charles Stanton returns from Sutter's Fort with 7 mules loaded with provisions and 2 Indian guides, Luis and Salvatore. The Party rests for 5 days.Ref: 27
1848*John "The Pathfinder" Fremont moves out from near Westport, Missouri, on his fourth Western expedition--a failed attempt to open a trail across the Rocky Mountains along the 38th parallel.Ref: 2
1849*Elizabeth Blackwell becomes 1st woman in US to receive medical degree.Ref: 5
1853*The first flour mill in Hawaii begins operations.Ref: 5
1870*First (4) blacks elected to House of Reps.Ref: 5
1872*472 pound lump of reef gold, the Holtermann Nugget, is discovered in New South Wales, Australia.Ref: 10
1904*American Tobacco Company incorporated.Ref: 10
1912 Tripoli (Libya) passes from Turkish to Italian control.Ref: 5
1914*U.S. government-owned vehicles were first used to pick up mail in Washington, DC.Ref: 4
1917*The first doughnut is fried by Salvation Army volunteer women for American troops in France during World War I. It took a lot of demonstrating to sell the U.S. Army on motorized transport, but the ultimate incentive came when the American Expeditionary Force entered World War I.Ref: 2
1919*First Distinguished Service Medal awarded to a woman.Ref: 5
1935*Al Capone is convicted of income tax evasion.Ref: 3
1936 HR Ekins of "NY World-Telegram" beats 2 other reporters in a race around the world on commercial flights, by 18 days.Ref: 5
1942*Vannevar Bush approves Oppenheimer's appointment in meeting with Oppenheimer and Groves.Ref: 91
1949*The People's Republic of China is formally proclaimed.Ref: 2
1951*President Truman signed an act formally ending the state of war with Germany.Ref: 70
1953*First jet transcontinental nonstop scheduled service.Ref: 5
1954*Egypt and Britain conclude a pact on the Suez Canal, ending 72 years of British military occupation. Britain agrees to withdraw its 80,000-man force within 20 months, and Egypt agrees to maintain freedom of canal navigation.Ref: 2
1960 Canada and the United States agree to undertake a joint Columbia River project to provide hydroelectric power and flood control.Ref: 2
1960*Martin Luther King and 52 others arrested at ‘whites only' restaurant in Atlanta.Ref: 5
1960*France grants Mauritania independence.Ref: 5
1960*The United States imposed an embargo on exports to Cuba covering all commodities except medical supplies and certain food products.Ref: 70
1968*Golden Gate Bridge charges tolls only for southbound carsRef: 5
1970*One World Trade Center was ready for its first tenants this day, though the upper stories were not completed until 1972. Construction had begun in 1966 and the opening of the twin towers went on from 1970 to 1973. The actual ribbon cutting was held on April 4, 1973. At 1,368 and 1,362 feet and 110 stories each, the twin towers were the world’s tallest, and largest, buildings until the Sears Tower (Chicago) surpassed them both in 1974.Ref: 4
1970 John Frazier kills Ohta's declares WW 3 has begun.Ref: 5
1973*The ENIAC patent is overturned. A federal judge overturned patents filed by John Mauchly and Presper Eckert on the electronic digital computer. The judge indeed ruled that John Atanasoff, not Mauchly and Eckert, had invented the electronic computer.Ref: 3
1973*President Richard Nixon rejects an Appeals Court demand to turn over the Watergate tapes.Ref: 2
1982*John DeLorean is caught on film during an FBI sting operation trying to broker a $24 million cocaine deal. DeLorean is arrested on charges of drug trafficking and money laundering.Ref: 3
1985*The estate of Sam Sheppard files a wrongful imprisonment lawsuit seeking a declaration of innocence. (Ref:Dayton Daily News, 01/30/00, p 6A) 
1986*USSR expells 5 US diplomats.Ref: 5
1987*Black Monday on Wall Street. "Stocks Plunge 508 Amid Panicky Selling; Percentage Decline Greater Than in 1929...”, per the Wall Street Journal. The Dow Jones industrial average (DJIA) closed down 22.6%. The drop was blamed on computerized program trading and various factors in the economy.Ref: 4
1988*S Afr anti-apartheid leader Sisulu wins $100,000 Human Rights prize.Ref: 5
1988*Americans Leon Lederman, Melvin Schwartz and Jack Steinberger were awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics “for their neutrino beam method and the discoveries made using this.”Ref: 4
1988*Hartmut Michel, Robert Huber and Johann Deisenhofer of West Germany were jointly awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry “for the determination of the three-dimensional structure of a photosynthetic reaction centre.”Ref: 4
1989*The Senate rejected a proposed constitutional amendment barring desecration of the American flag.Ref: 6
1998*Microsoft and prosecutors for the U.S. Department of Justice and twenty states met in federal court. It was the beginning of the antitrust case against the Microsoft Corporation.Ref: 4
1998*In Miami, the first class-action lawsuit brought by smokers against the tobacco industry went to trial. (Jurors later found the nation's largest cigarette makers and industry groups had produced a defective and deadly product.) (Ref 6)Ref: 3
2001*A 7.5 earthquake hits the Banda Sea.Ref: 85
2001*It was announced that a New Jersey postal worker and a New York Post employee had tested positive for skin anthrax.Ref: 70
2002*(DC Sniper) 8:00PM A Washington DC serial sniper shoots, but does not kill his 12th victim, a 37 year-old man outside a Ponderosa, 85 miles south of Washingto DC, in Ashland, VA. (USA Today, p 5A, 10/25/2002)Ref: 13
2002*In York, Pa., former mayor Charlie Robertson was acquitted and two other men were convicted in the shotgun slaying of a young black woman during race riots in 1969.Ref: 70
2003*(I-270 Sniper) Truck driver William Briggs, 56, turned north onto westbound I-270 off of US 23 at about 11:30pm and had driven about a mile when the driver's side window exploded. (XDG, p 2A, 12/03/2003)Ref: 83
2003*A solar flare causes radio blackouts. A sunspot the size of Jupiter now faces the earth and may disrupt cell phones and radio signals. (USA Today, p 8D, 10/23/2003)Ref: 13
1807 Discovery of sodium announced by Sir Humphrey Davy.Ref: 10
1859*Wilhelm Tempel discovers diffuse nebula around Pleid star Merope.Ref: 5
1900*At the Berlin Physical Society meeting German theoretical physicist Max Planck presents his quantum theory, which revolutionizes scientists' understanding of atomic and subatomic processes.Ref: 25
1901*Santos-Dumont proves airship maneuverable by circling Eiffel Tower.Ref: 5
1967*Mariner 5 makes fly-by of Venus.Ref: 5
1977*The supersonic Concorde made its first landing in New York City.Ref: 70
1980*BSD UNIX 4.0 releasedRef: 62
1982*Columbia moves to Orbiter Processing Facility.Ref: 5
1983*Columbia moves to Orbiter Processing Facility.Ref: 5
2001*Two Army Rangers were killed in a helicopter crash in Pakistan in the first combat-related American deaths of the military campaign in Afghanistan.Ref: 70
439 The Vandals, led by King Gaiseric, take Carthage in North Africa.Ref: 2
1448 The Ottoman Sultan Murat II defeats Hungarian General Janos Hunyadi at Kosovo, Serbia.Ref: 2
1466 The peace of Torun ends the war between the Teutonic knights and their own disaffected subjects in Prussia.Ref: 2
1739*England declares war on Spain over borderlines in Florida. The War is known as the War of Jenkins' Ear because the Spanish coast guards cut off the ear of British Captain Robert Jenkins (4/09/1731).Ref: 2
1777*American General Horatio Gates (ca. 1728-1806) forces British General Burgoyne to surrender at Saratoga, New York, a decisive battle and clear victory. 
1781*Cornwallis and 7000 men surrender at Yorktown ending the American Revolution. Cornwallis sent Brig. Gen. Charles O'Hara to surrender his sword. At Washington's behest, Maj. Gen. Benjamin Lincoln accepted it.Ref: 2
1812*Napoleon Bonaparte begins his retreat from Moscow.Ref: 2
1864*Confederate General Jubal A. Early attacked Union forces at Cedar Creek, Virginia; the Union troops were able to rally and defeat the Confederates.Ref: 5
1864*Approx 25 Confederates make surprise attack on St Albans, VT.Ref: 5
1888 Moshav Gederah is attacked by the Arabs.Ref: 5
1914*The German cruiser Emden captures her thirteenth Allied merchant ship in 24 days.Ref: 2
1915*Italy and Russia at war with Bulgaria.Ref: 38
1935*The League of Nations imposes economic sanctions against Fascist Italy for its invasion of Ethiopia, but failed to take any further steps to dissuade Italy in Ethiopia.Ref: 3
1942*The Japanese submarine I-36 launches a floatplane for a reconnaissance flight over Pearl Harbor. The pilot and crew report on the ships in the harbor, after which the aircraft is lost at sea.Ref: 2
1944*The Navy announced that black women would be allowed into Women Accepted for Volunteer Emergency Service (the WAVES)Ref: 70
1944*US forces land in Philipines.Ref: 5
1950*The North Korean capital of Pyongyang is captured by U.N. troops.Ref: 2
1969*Vice President Spiro Agnew referred to anti-Vietnam War protesters "an effete corps of impudent snobs."Ref: 70
1987*In retaliation for Iranian attacks on ships in the Persian Gulf, the U. S. navy disables three of Iran's offshore oil platforms.Ref: 2
2001*(Afghan Conflict) Two US Army Rangers die when their Blackhawk helicopter crashes in Pakistan. (USA Today, p 7A, 1/21/2002)Ref: 13
1856*James Kelly & Jack Smith fight bareknuckle for 6 hours 15 minutes in Melbourne.Ref: 5
1873*Yale, Princeton, Columbia and Rutgers universities draft the first code of football rules.Ref: 2
1919*(Black Sox) Reds beat White Sox, 5 games to 3 in 16th World Series. This series is known as the black sox scandal as 7 White Sox throw the series.Ref: 5
1933*Berlin Olympic Committee vote to introduce basketball in 1936.Ref: 5
1941*First woman jockey in North America, Anna Lee Wiley rides in Mexico.Ref: 5
1943*Yankee 2nd baseman Joe Gordon announces retirement (hates NY).Ref: 5
1949*Yanks trade Joe Gordon to Cleveland for Allie Reynolds.Ref: 5
1950*Construction begins on the Milwaukee County Stadium.Ref: 1
1957*Maurice "Rocket" Richard, Mont, became first NHLer to score 500 goals.Ref: 5
1964*Harry 'the Hat' Walker is named as manager of the Pirates.Ref: 1
1964*Reds' Fred Hutchinson resigns as manager after compiling an 60-49 record.Ref: 1
1967*Igor Ter-Ovanesyan of USSR, sets then long jump record at 27' 4 3/4".Ref: 5
1969*Oakland Darryle Lamonica passes for 6 touchdowns vs Buffalo (50-21).Ref: 5
1972*Using four straight singles (three by pinch-hitters), the A's score twice in the ninth to win Game 4 of the World Series defeating the Reds, 3-2Ref: 1
1974*Detroit Pistons beat Trailblazers in Portland (next win 6-1-90).Ref: 5
1978*Anatoly Karpov of the USSR defeats defector Viktor Korchnoi for world chess championship.Ref: 10
1980 Steve McPeak rides 101'9" unicycle.Ref: 5
1981*The day that will simply be remembered as "Blue Monday" by Expos' fans comes when Dodgers' outfielder Rick Monday crushes the Expos' hopes of a trip to the World Series with a game-winning, ninth-inning home run off Steve Rogers in the fifth and deciding game of the NL Championship Series at Olympic Stadium.Ref: 86
1987*The Yankees name Billy Martin as manager for the fifth time. This time the fiery skipper will stay at the team's helm until June 23,1988.Ref: 1
1990 Jim Ochowicz, manager of the Seven-Eleven cycling team announced that the team will be sponsored by MotorolaRef: 62
1992*The Florida Marlins sign a two-year agreement with the Edmonton Trappers of the Pacific Coast League (Triple-A).Ref: 86
1998*The Nevada Athletic Commission voted 4-1 to restore Mike Tyson's boxing license, with the lone holdout of commissioner James Nave.Ref: 98
1999*The Colorado Rockies hire Mark Wiley, the Royals' pitching coach, as senior director of player personnel.Ref: 86
2000*Dusty Baker, who led the Giants to a National League West flag with baseball's best record (97-65), reaches agreement with the Giants on a two-year contract extension. The pact makes, the two-time NL Manager of the Year the second highest-paid skipper in the majors.Ref: 1
2002*In Game 1, Tsuyoshi Shinjo becomes the Japanese-born player to appear in the World Series. The Giant designated hitter goes 1-for-3 in the 4-3 victory over the Angels.Ref: 1
1845*Wagner's opera "Tanhauser" first performed in Dresden Opera House.Ref: 5
1937 “The freedom of the press is a flaming sword. Use it justly, hold it high, guard it well.” The radio classic, Big Town, made its debut on CBS radio. Star reporters at the Illustrated Press, Steve Wilson and Lorelei Kilbourne, were played by Edward G. Robinson and Claire Trevor. Tell the Story was the theme song. Sponsors included Ironized Yeast tablets and Lifebuoy soap.Ref: 4
1937*Woman’s Day, was first published. It was a magazine designed expressly for the A&P store chain.Ref: 4
1938*The Bob Crosby Orchestra recorded I’m Free for Decca. Billy Butterfield was featured on trumpet. A few years later, the song would be retitled, What’s New.Ref: 4
1943 Theater Guild presentation of "Othello" opens at Shubert.Ref: 5
1944*Marlon Brando appears in the Broadway hit, "I Remember Mama" in his stage debut.Ref: 4
1953*Julius LaRosa, popular singer of the time, is unceremoniously fired on the air by Arthur Godfrey. “Julie lacks humility,” Godfrey told the stunned audience, while putting his arm around LaRosa. He said, “So, Julie, to teach you a lesson, you’re fired!”Ref: 4
1959*Twelve-year-old Patty Duke makes her first Broadway appearance -- in "The Miracle Worker". The play would last for 700 performances and become a classic motion picture, launching Patty to fame and fortune.Ref: 4
1959*Florence Henderson joins the Today Show.Ref: 5
1963*Beatles record "I Want to Hold Your Hand".Ref: 5
1963*Buck Owens started a 16-week run at top of the U.S. Country chart with Love’s Gonna Live Here. It eventually became the biggest of all the Buck Owens hits.Ref: 4
1973*Ringo releases "Photograph".Ref: 5
1974*The late-night TV market welcomed Lloyd Dobins, Garrick Utley and Linda Ellerbee to the aptly named, Weekend news program, which debuted on NBC this day.Ref: 4
1982*Fiction: Jock Ewing dies in an aircrash on TV show "Dallas".Ref: 5
1985*Take on Me, by a-ha, reached number one on the pop music charts. MTV was playing a-ha’s nifty Take on Me video regularly, too.Ref: 4
1988*Britain bans broadcast interviews with IRA members.Ref: 5
1988*Senate passes bill curbing ads during children`s TV shows.Ref: 5
1988*Roxette releases "Roxette Look Sharp!" album.Ref: 5
1562*Birth of George Abbot, archbishop of Canterbury. A recognized leader of the English Calvinists, Abbot also demonstrated Puritan sympathies, and took a leading part in translating the 1611 King James Version of the Bible.Ref: 5
1605*Sir Thomas Browne British writer (Garden of Cyrus), is born.Ref: 5
1720*Birth of John Woolman, American Quaker reformer. His "Journal," written from 1756-72, greatly influenced 19th century abolitionists.Ref: 5
1748*Martha Jefferson (Wayles), wife of 3rd U.S. President Thomas Jefferson, is born.Ref: 4
1784*Leigh Hunt, English journalist, essayist, poet and political radical, is born.Ref: 2
1784*John McLoughlin Hudson's Bay Co pioneer in Oregon Country, is born.Ref: 5
1817*Tom Taylor, British playwright whose play "Our American Cousin" was being performed at Ford's Theater when President Abraham Lincoln was assassinated by John Wilkes Booth, is born.Ref: 2
1833*Adam Lindsay Gordon, Australian poet, is born.Ref: 2
1850*Annie Peck mountain climber; is born.Ref: 4
1856*Edmund Beecher Wilson, American biologist, is born.Ref: 70
1858*Alice Josephine McLellan Birney, child welfare worker whose ideas evolved into the PTA, is born.Ref: 2
1862*Auguste Lumiere made first movie (Workers Leaving LumiŠre Factory), is born.Ref: 5
1863*John Huston Finley Ill, editor (NY Times (1937-38)), is born.Ref: 5
1868*Bertha Landes first woman elected mayor of a major US city (Seattle), is born.Ref: 5
1876*Baseball pitcher and legend Mordecai (3 finger) Brown, is born.Ref: 5
1882*Vincas Kreve-Mickievicius Lithuania, poet/philologist/playwright, is born.Ref: 5
1885*Charles E. Merrill, the American investment banker who helped create the largest brokerage firm in the United States, is born.Ref: 70
1889*Uncle Art Satherly entertainer, is born.Ref: 5
1895*Lewis Mumford, American writer, urban planner and social critic (The City in History), is born.Ref: 17
1899*Miguel Asturias Guatemala, poet/novelist/diplomat (Nobel 1967), is born.Ref: 5
1901*Arleigh A Burke US, admiral (WW II), is born.Ref: 5
1909*Robert Beatty actor: Where Eagles Dare, Postmark for Danger, Captain Horatio Hornblower, Against the Wind; is born.Ref: 4
1910*Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar India, physicist (Nobel 1983), is born.Ref: 5
1911*George Cates NYC, orch leader (Lawrence Welk Show), is born.Ref: 5
1913*Jean Urruty France, Jai-Alai champion, is born.Ref: 5
1916*David Lewis Pitts Pa, actor (Edward Quartermaine-General Hospital), is born.Ref: 5
1916*Emil Gilels Odessa Russia, pianist (Brussels Competition-1938), is born.Ref: 5
1920*LaWanda Page Cleve Ohio, actress (Aunt Esther-Sanford & Sons), is born.Ref: 5
1921*Gunnar Nordahl Sweden, soccer players (Olympic-gold-1948), is born.Ref: 5
1921*Birth of Bill Bright, American youth evangelist. Bill and his wife Vonette founded Campus Crusade for Christ in 1951, incorporating this evangelical Christian student organization in CA in 1953.Ref: 5
1921*Bern Bennett staff announcer: CBS Radio, is born.Ref: 4
1921*George Nader Pasadena Calif, actor (Robot Monster, Away All Boats), is born.Ref: 5
1922*Jack Anderson newspaper columnist (Wash Post), is born.Ref: 5
1925*Bernard Hepton Bradford England, actor (6 Wives of Henry VIII), is born.Ref: 5
1927*Piere Alechinsky Belgium, artist (Les Hautes herbes), is born.Ref: 5
1928*Buff Cobb Florence Italy, actress (Masquerade Party), is born.Ref: 5
1929*Balbir Singh India, field hockey player (Olympic-gold-1948-56), is born.Ref: 5
1931*John Le Carré, British novelist who wrote "The Spy Who Came in from the Cold", is born.Ref: 2
1932*Robert Reed, Highland Park Ill, actor (Mike-Brady Bunch, Nurse), is born.Ref: 5
1932*Lloyd Haynes South Bend Indiana, actor (Pete Dixon-Room 222), is born.Ref: 5
1933*Wilfried Dietrich German FR, super-heavyweight (Olympic-gold-1960), is born.Ref: 5
1934 -Dave Guard is born.Ref: 10
1936*Tony Lo Bianco Brooklyn NY, actor (Ann Jillian Story, Hizzoner!), is born.Ref: 5
1937*Peter Max (Finkelstein) pop artist: psychedelic best-selling poster; designer: postage stamp: Expo ’74; 1982 World’s Fair official artist, is born.Ref: 4
1937*Sean Garrison NYC, actor (Up Periscope, Splendor in the Grass), is born.Ref: 5
1939*Benita Valente Delano Calif, soprano (Pamina-Die Zauberfl”te), is born.Ref: 5
1940*Jerzy Kulej Poland, light welterweight boxer (Olympic-gold-1964, 68), is born.Ref: 5
1940*Michael Gambon actor: Mary Reilly, Squanto: A Warrior’s Tale, Toys, The Heat of the Day, The Cook, the Thief, His Wife & Her Lover, The Rachel Papers, Turtle Diary, The Singing Detective, is born.Ref: 4
1941*Simon Ward actor: The Monster Club, Supergirl, The Chosen, The Four Musketeers, The Three Musketeers, All Creatures Great and Small, Dracula, If…, is born.Ref: 4
1944 Peter Tosh is born.Ref: 10
1945*Divine (Harris Glenn Milstead) film actor, born Towson, MD. USA, is born.Ref: 5
1945*Jeannie C. Riley (Stephenson) Grammy Award-winning singer: Harper Valley P.T.A., is born.Ref: 4
1945*Patricia Ireland social activist: president of NOW, is born.Ref: 4
1945*John Lithgow Emmy Award-winning actor, is born.Ref: 4
1949*Lynn Dickey football: Green Bay Packers quarterback, is born.Ref: 4
1950*Luke Witte basketball: Ohio State University, USA Men’s Pan American Games [1971]; Cleveland Cavaliers, is born.Ref: 4
1950*Morris Bradshaw football: Oakland Raiders wide receiver: Super Bowl XI, XV, is born.Ref: 4
1955*Lonnie Shelton NBA forward (NY Knick, Seattle Supersonics), is born.Ref: 5
1955*Pat Klous Hutchinson Ks, actress (Marcy-Flying High, Judy-Love Boat), is born.Ref: 5
1956*Nino DeFranco singer: group: The DeFranco Family, is born.Ref: 4
1956*Sue Barker tennis pro (French Open 1976), is born.Ref: 5
1957*Karl Wallinger musician: keyboards, guitar; group: World Party, is born.Ref: 4
1960*Jennifer Holiday singer/actress (Dream Girls), is born.Ref: 5
1960*Woody rocker (Voice of the Beehive-Let it Bee), is born.Ref: 5
1962*Evander Holyfield boxing: World Heavyweight Champion [1990-1992]; Junior Heavyweight Champion [1986, 1988], is born.Ref: 4
1965*Maria Lee Ostapiej La Mess Calif, Miss Calif-America (1991), is born.Ref: 5
1966*Amy Linker Brooklyn NY, actress (Lewis & Clark, Lauren-Square Pegs), is born.Ref: 5
1966*Anna Clark San Francisco Ca, playmate (Apr, 1987), is born.Ref: 5
1966*Sinitta rocker (Omn Sinitta), is born.Ref: 5
1967*Amy Carter, First Daughter: daughter of 39th U.S. President Jimmy and Roselyn Carter, is born.Ref: 4
1970*Chris Kattan, Saturday Night Live, is born. (USA Weekend, p 2, 10/17-19/2003) 
1187*(or 20th) Pope Urban III dies.Ref: 69
1216*King John of England dies at Newark, reportedly from excessive eating and drinking, and is succeeded by his nine-year-old son Henry.Ref: 2
1298*Rindfleish-140 Jews of Heilbron Germany are murdered.Ref: 5
1609*Death of Jacob Arminius, 49, the Dutch theologian who lent his name to the beliefs (known today at Arminianism) which oppose the major tenets of Protestant Reformed (Calvinist) theology.Ref: 5
1682*Sir Thomas Browne British writer (Garden of Cyrus), dies at age 77.Ref: 4
1745*Jonathan Swift, English satirist who wrote Gulliver's Travels, dies at age 77.Ref: 24
1790*(Declaration of Independence) Lymann Hall, physician, signer of the Declaration of Independence, dies. (TWA, 1997)Ref: 95
1875*Sir Charles Wheatstone, English physicist, dies at age 73.Ref: 70
1889*John Crerar, American railway industrialist, dies at age 62.Ref: 70
1897*George Pullman, industrialist, inventor of the railroad sleeping car, dies at age 66.Ref: 4
1909*Cesare Lombroso professor of psychiatry: founder: criminology: identifying criminals by personality types; dies.Ref: 4
1920*John Reed, American radical journalist, dies at age 32.Ref: 70
1937*Ernest Rutherford, English Nobel Prize-winning physicist (1908) who discovered and named alpha, beta and gamma radiation and was the first to achieve a man-made nuclear reaction, dies at age 66.Ref: 70
1943*Camille Claudel, French sculptor, dies at age 78.Ref: 70
1950*Edna St. Vincent Millay, Pulitzer Prize-winning American poet and dramatist, dies.Ref: 70
1955*John Hodiak actor: The Miniver Story, Conquest of Cochise; dies.Ref: 4
1964*Actor (Doberman on the Phil Silvers Show) Maurice Gosfield dies at age 51.Ref: 5
1973*Walt Kelly cartoonist: Pogo; animator: Fantasia [1940], The Reluctant Dragon [1941]; dies.Ref: 4
1977*The body of West German industrialist Hanns Martin Schleyer, who had been kidnapped by left-wing extremists, was found in Mulhouse, France.Ref: 6
1978*Gig Young (Byron Elsworth Barr), Academy Award-winning actor: They Shoot Horses Don’t They? [1969]; Teacher’s Pet, Young at Heart, Desperate Hours, The Rogues; TV host/narrator: Warner Brothers Presents; kills his bride of 3 weeks & then commits suicide at age 64 in New York City.Ref: 68
1983*Maurice Bishop prime minister of Grenada & others murdered in coupRef: 5
1987*Jacqueline du Pre, British cellist, dies.Ref: 18
1988*Car bomb kills 7 Israelis, wounds 11 near Lebanon border.Ref: 5
1994*Martha Raye (Margaret Teresa Yvonne Reed) comedienne, actress: McMillan and Wife, All Star Revue, The Martha Raye Show, The Concorde, Airport ’79, Rhythm on the Range; winner of the Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Award [1969], Presidential Medal of Freedom [1993]; dies at age 78.Ref: 4
1994*Palestinian suicide bomber kills 22 Israelis, wounds 48 in Tel Aviv bus explosion. Hamas claims responsibility. Ref 
2001*Some 374 people died when their ferry sank off Indonesia while en route to Australia; most of the victims were believed to be asylum-seekers from Afghanistan and Iraq.Ref: 70

Last Update: October 27th, 2005
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