Ken Fussichen's History Of The Day For
December 7th

Home Click on * for the link to the relevant chronology. New Date
185*Emperor Lo-Yang, China sees supernova (MSH15-52?).Ref: 5
283*St Eutychian ends his reign as Catholic Pope.Ref: 5
374*Early Church Father, Ambrose, 34, was consecrated Bishop of Milan, Italy. His influential works on theology and ethics made Ambrose (along with Jerome, Augustine, and Gregory the Great) one of the "four doctors" of the Western (Latin) Church.Ref: 5
430*At the Synod of Rome, Cyril of Alexandria, 54, formally condemned the doctrine of the Antiochene monk Nestorius, who had claimed that there were two separate Persons in the Incarnate Christ (one Divine, the other Human).Ref: 5
983*Otto III takes the throne after his father's death in Italy. A power struggle between magnates ensues.Ref: 2
1354 Margaretha van Bavarian's son earl Willem V signs peace treaty.Ref: 5
1592*Galileo gives his first lecture at the University of Padua in the Venetian Republic. 
1646*Princess Louise Henriette (19) marries monarch Frederik Henry.Ref: 5
1661*Under pressure from the British Parliament, the American Colony of Massachusetts suspended its Corporal Punishment Act of 1656, which had imposed harsh penalties on Quakers and other religious Nonconformists.Ref: 5
1741*Elisabeth Petrovna becomes tsarina of Russia.Ref: 5
1783*William Pitt Jr (24) becomes British premier.Ref: 5
1787*(new state) Delaware, the First State, was first to ratify the proposed U.S. Constitution and was the first state admitted to the Union (on this day). Also known as the Diamond State, Delaware is the smallest Southern state and the second smallest of all 50 states. “So what,” you say. “We want to know what the Delaware state bird is!” Ye of little faith. That was coming next. The Delaware state bird is the blue hen chicken. And, in case you wanted to know even more, the capital of Delaware is Dover and the peach blossom is the state flower.Ref: 4
1796*Electors chose John Adams to be the second president of the United States.Ref: 70
1806*Four boats and about 30 men from Pennsylvania arrive at Blennerhassett Island.Ref: 87
1808*James Madison is elected president, George Clinton Vice-President, in succession of Thomas Jefferson.Ref: 2
1835*German railway Neurenberg-Fürth opens.Ref: 5
1836*Martin Van Buren was elected the eighth president of the United States.Ref: 70
1847*Mary Ann Hollingshead, 22, becomes the first burial in Woodland Cemetary, Xenia OH.Ref: 56
1863*Outlaw George Ives, an alleged member of an outlaw gang known as the "Innocents," robs and then kills Nick Thiebalt in the Ruby Valley of what would become Montana.Ref: 2
1875*Natives Sons of the West organized.Ref: 5
1885*49th Congress (1885-87) convenes.Ref: 5
1891*52nd Congress (1st to appropriate $1 billion) holds first session.Ref: 5
1911 Pigtails are abolished and calendar reformed by edict in ChinaRef: 62
1916*David Lloyd George replaces resigning H H Asquith as British PM.Ref: 5
1918 Spartacists call for a German revolution.Ref: 2
1920 USPD-KPD parties merge into Vereinigte Communist Party of Germany.Ref: 5
1924 German election (Social Democrats win/Nazis & Communists lose).Ref: 5
1931*The last Ford Model A is produced.Ref: 3
1931*A report indicates that Nazis would ensure "Nordic dominance" by sterilizing certain races.Ref: 2
1932 First gyro-stabilized vessel to cross the Atlantic arrives in New York.Ref: 5
1937*Dutch Minister Romme proclaims married women are forbidden to work.Ref: 5
1944*Convention on International Civil Aviation drawn up in Chicago.Ref: 5
1944*General Radescu forms Romanian government.Ref: 5
1946*The president of the United Mine Workers, John L. Lewis, orders all striking miners back to work.Ref: 2
1949*The A.F.L. and the C.I.O. organize a non-Communist international trade union.Ref: 2
1949*Chiang Kai-shek flees to Taiwan.Ref: 5
1953*Israel's PM Ben-Gureon retires .Ref: 5
1954*Japanese government of Joshida resigns.Ref: 5
1955*Clement Attlee resigns as chairman of England's Labour Party.Ref: 5
1958*Rómulo Bétancourt elected President of Venezuela.Ref: 5
1960*Ivory Coast claims independence from France.Ref: 5
1962*Great Britain performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site.Ref: 5
1965*Pope Paul VI & Orthodox Patriarch Athenagoras I simultaneously lift mutual excommunications that led to split of the 2 churches in 1054.Ref: 5
1968 The great grandson of a person who borrowed a volume on diseases from the University of Cincinnati Medical Library 145 years earlier (!) was assessed the largest library fine ever -- $22,646! The fine was waived.Ref: 4
1970 Poland and West Germany sign a pact renouncing the use of force to settle disputes, recognizing the Oder-Neisse River as Poland's western frontier, and acknowledging the transfer to Poland of 40,000 square miles of former German territory.Ref: 2
1970 Taizan Maezumi Roshi, head of Los Angeles Zen Center, receives dharma.Ref: 5
1972*Imelda Marcos, wife of Philippine President Ferdinand E. Marcos, was stabbed and seriously wounded by an assailant who was then shot dead by her bodyguards. (XDG, p 4A, 12/07/2002)Ref: 83
1973*In Atlanta, the Presbyterian Church in America formally instituted its missionary organization, PCA Mission to the World. It was an outgrowth of the newly established denomination.Ref: 5
1975 Archbishop Makarios returns Cyprus.Ref: 5
1976*UN Security Council endorses Kurt Waldheim, Secretary-General for 2nd 5 year term.Ref: 5
1981*The Reagan Administration predicts a record deficit in 1982 of $109 billion.Ref: 2
1981 Spain becomes a member of the NATO.Ref: 5
1983*France performs nuclear test at Muruora Island.Ref: 5
1986*President Jean-Claude Duvalier flees Haïti.Ref: 5
1987*Soviet leader Mikhail S. Gorbachev sets foot on American soil for the first time, arriving for a Washington summit with President Reagan.Ref: 5
1988*Gorbachev announces 10% unilateral Soviet troop reductions at UN.Ref: 5
1988*Mikhail Gorbachev cheered by Wall Street crowds upon arrival in NYC.Ref: 5
1988 Yasser Arafat recognizes existence of Israel.Ref: 5
1990*Iraqi parliament endorses Saddam's decision to free hostages.Ref: 5
1993 South African transitional executive council set up.Ref: 5
1993*Henri Konan Bédié names himself President of Ivory coast.Ref: 5
1998*Attorney General Janet Reno declined to seek an independent counsel investigation of President Clinton over 1996 campaign financing.Ref: 70
1999*Veghel, Netherlands. One teacher and three students wounded by a 17-year-old student.Ref: 88
2001 Taliban forces abandoned their last bastion in Afghanistan, fleeing the southern city of Kandahar.Ref: 70
2002*Iraq handed over its long-awaited arms declaration to the United Nations, denying it had weapons of mass destruction.Ref: 70
1872*HMS Challenger sets sail on 3½-year world oceanographic cruise.Ref: 5
1909*Leo Baekeland, Yonkers NY, patents first thermosetting plastic (Bakelite).Ref: 5
1912 Bust of Queen Nefertete found in El-Amarna, Egypt.Ref: 5
1926*The household refrigerator, operating on gas, is patented by the Baltzer Carl von Platen and Georg Munters, Electrolux Servel Corporation of Sweden.Ref: 4
1934*Wiley Post discovers the jet stream.Ref: 5
1938*W9XZY broadcasts facsimile of the St Louis Post-Dispatch by radio.Ref: 5
1945*Microwave oven patented.Ref: 5
1961*NASA announces a plan to extend the existing manned space flight program by development of a two-man spacecraft. The Gemini Program was conceived after it became evident to NASA officials that an intermediate step was required between Project Mercury and the Apollo Program. 
1962*Atlas, considered the world's most powerful computer, is inaugerated in England. Its advances include virtual memory and pipelined operations. Ref 
1968*Orbiting Astronomical Observatory 2 launched into Earth orbit.Ref: 5
1972*The crew of Apollo 17, the last manned mission to the Moon, lifts off at Cape Canaveral, Florida.Ref: 2
1985*Atlantis returns to Kennedy Space Center via Kelly AFB.Ref: 5
1992*Galileo spacecraft passes North Pole of Moon (Peary Crater).Ref: 5
1995*The U.S. spacecraft Galileo arrived at Jupiter, and fired its main engine for 49 minutes to attain a successful orbit around Jupiter. The same day, Galileo's atmospheric probe plunged into Jupiter’s atmosphere, and relayed information on the structure and composition of the solar system’s largest planet.Ref: 4
1996*Space Shuttle STS 80 (Columbia 21), lands.Ref: 5
1861*USS Santiago de Cuba, under Commander Daniel B. Ridgely, halts the British schooner Eugenia Smith and captures J.W. Zacharie, a New Orleans merchant and Confederate purchasing agent.Ref: 2
1862*Confederate forces surprise an equal number of Union troops at the Battle of Prairie Grove, Arkansas.Ref: 2
1862*Battle of Hartsville TN.Ref: 5
1864*Skirmish at Ebenezer Creek/Cypress Swamp, Georgia.Ref: 5
1895 Battle at Amba Alagi: Abyssinians beat Italian armies.Ref: 5
1915*David Lloyd George becomes Prime Minister of Britain. 
1917*The House and Senate vote in favor of war against Austria-Hungary with votes of 365-1 and 74-0, respectively. (USA Today, p 5A, 10/08/2002)Ref: 13
1940*North Africa: British counter offensive under General O'Connor.Ref: 5
1941*RCN corvette Windflower collides with Dutch freighter Zypenberg off the Grand Banks of Newfoundland, and sinks, killing 23. 
1941*Japan attacks the United States Pacific Fleet in Pearl Harbor in the Hawaiian Islands. The Japanese also attack the Philippines, Wake Island, Guam, Malaya, Thailand, Shanghai and Midway. Headquarters of US naval base in Hawaii sends message to Washington: AIR RAID PEARL HARBOR - THIS IS NO DRILL. (XDG, 12/7/2000)Ref: 83
1941*The garrison at Hong Kong is ordered to war stations. 
1941*Australian bombers land on Timor/Ambon.Ref: 5
1941*Futshida's air fleet passes coastline of Oahu.Ref: 5
1941*German siege of Tobruk after 8 months ends.Ref: 5
1941*Nacht & Nebel Erlass, resistance fighter sent to concentration camps.Ref: 5
1942*The U.S. Navy launches the USS New Jersey, the largest battleship ever built.Ref: 2
1943*Cairo: President Roosevelt travels back to the US from the Tehran Conference.Ref: 5
1975 Indonesian army occupies East Timor.Ref: 5
1982 Suriname army under Desi Bouterse fires on radio station building.Ref: 5
1987 Palestinian uprising against Israel in West Bank.Ref: 5
1876*New York Mutuals & Philadelphia A's expelled from National League for not completing schedule.Ref: 5
1907*Eugene Corri becomes first referee in a boxing ring.Ref: 5
1911*National Hockey Association forms with New Westminister, Vancouver & Victoria.Ref: 5
1925 Swimmer Johnny Weissmuller set a world record in the 150-yard freestyle with a time of 1 minute, 25 and 2/5 seconds -- in Pittsburgh, PA. Johnny went on to fame swinging from vines as ‘King of the Jungle’, Tarzan, in movies.Ref: 4
1929*Leo Diegel wins PGA golf tournament.Ref: 5
1930*13th PGA Championship: Tommy Armour at Fresh Meadows CC Flushing.Ref: 5
1935*Byron Haines, a halfback for the University of Washington, scored all the points as the Huskies defeated Southern California, 6-2. He scored all the points for his team -- and the other team as well. He was responsible for Washington’s touchdown and he was pushed over the goal line giving USC a safety.Ref: 4
1935*CFL Grey Cup: Winnipeg Blue Bombers beat Ham Tigers, 18-12 at Hamilton.Ref: 5
1937*Red Sox acquire the contract of 19-year-old Ted Williams.Ref: 5
1937*Russian chess player Aljechin recaptures world title from Max Euwe.Ref: 5
1939*At the urging of Senator owner Clark Griffith, the other American League owners enact a rule prohibiting the league's pennant winner from buying, selling or trading players during the following season. The winter meeting decision appears to have the desired effect as the Yankees finish in third place.Ref: 1
1939*Lou Gehrig is elected to the Hall of Fame; the five-year waiting rule is waived after the 'Iron Horse' is diagnosed with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS).Ref: 1
1940*28th CFL Grey Cup (Game 2): Toronto Balmy Beach defeats Ottawa, 12-5.Ref: 5
1949*15th Heisman Trophy Award: Leon Hart, Notre Dame (E).Ref: 5
1957*Tony Kubek of the Yankees selected as American League Rookie of the Year.Ref: 5
1963*Instant replay was used for the first time during the Army-Navy game by CBS-TV.Ref: 4
1963*Joey Giardello outpoints Dick Tiger in Atlantic City, NJ for the middleweight boxing title.Ref: 97
1966*Pitcher Dick Ellsworth is traded by the Cubs for Phillies' hurler Ray Culp and cash.Ref: 1
1970*Mohammed Ali KO's Oscar Bonavena in the 15th round in Madison Square Garden NY.Ref: 96
1973*The Giants sell future Hall of Fame pitcher Juan Marichal to the Red Sox. The high leg-kicking right-handed Dominican will post a 5-1 record for BostonRef: 1
1973*The Royals trade outfielder Lou Piniella and pitcher Ken Wright to the Yankees for veteran pitcher Lindy McDaniel.Ref: 1
1973*Orioles sell pitcher Eddie Watt to the Phillies.Ref: 5
1973*Phillies sell infielder-outfielder Cesar Tovar to the Texas Rangers.Ref: 5
1975*10th Islander shut-out opponent-Glenn Resch 3-0 vs Sabres.Ref: 5
1975*Pat Bradley wins Colgate-Far East Ladies Tournament Golf Tournament.Ref: 5
1977*Islander Billy Smith's 10th shut-out opponent-Black Hawks 4-0.Ref: 5
1978*Islander's Mike Bossy's first career hat trick.Ref: 5
1985*51st Heisman Trophy Award: Bo Jackson, Auburn (RB).Ref: 5
1986*Basketball coach Pat Riley got coaching victory number 300. The L.A. Lakers downed the Golden State Warriors, 132-100. It had taken Pat only 416 games to reach that milestone.Ref: 4
1986*Juli Inkster/Tom Purtzer win LPGA J C Penney Golf Classic.Ref: 5
1988*41-year-old pitcher Nolan Ryan signs with the Texas Rangers as a free agent.Ref: 86
1988*New York Islanders fire Simpson, Arbour new coach.Ref: 5
1991 A J Kitt, US, wins World Skiing Cup.Ref: 5
1992*The Florida Marlins participate for the first time in the Rule V draft and select RHP Stanley Spencer, LHP Mike Myers and OF Scott Pose. They lose C Jim McNamara.Ref: 86
1995*On the day he is traded from the Mariners to the Yankees along with relief pitcher Jeff Nelson and a minor leaguer for pitcher Sterling Hitchcock and infielder Russell Davis, first baseman Tino Martinez's wife gives birth and he signs a $20.25 million dollar contract.Ref: 1
1995*NBA settles strike of referees, referees to return on December 12.Ref: 5
1997*Amy Fruhwirth & Clarence Rose win LPGA J C Penney ClassicRef: 5
2001*In a rare deal between the cross-town rivals, the Yankees trade outfielder/DH David Justice Justice (.241, 18, 51) to the Mets for third baseman Robin Ventura ( .237, 21, 61) . The teams have exchanged players only six times in forty years with the last time being in 1992 when the Mets dealt Frank Tanana for Kenny Greer, a minor league pitcher.Ref: 1
1783 Theatre Royal opens in Covent Garden, London.Ref: 5
1842*The NY Philharmonic Society gave its first public concert by performing works of Beethoven. The conductor that historical day was Ureli Corelli Hill. The NY Philharmonic is the oldest symphony orchestra in the United States and one of the oldest in the world.Ref: 4
1889 "The Gondoliers"by Gilbert and Sullivan opens to rave reviews at the Savoy Theatre in London.Ref: 5
1911*Leslie J Stuart's musical "Betsy" premieres in New York NY.Ref: 5
1913 New York Times publishes the first 12 page advertising supplement for Gimbel's Department Store.Ref: 10
1925*Biltmore Theater opens at 261 W 47th St NYC.Ref: 5
1925*Noel Coward's "Easy Virtue" premieres in New York NY.Ref: 5
1938*Philip Barry's "Here Come the Clowns" premieres in New York NY.Ref: 5
1939*William Walton's violinist concert premieres in Cleveland.Ref: 5
1942*"One Year after Pearl Harbor" parade from the Ferry Building to Civic Center. 70,000 marched to commemorate Pearl Harbor, Manila, Bataan, Corregidor, Midway, Wake, and other battles of the Pacific. Parade opened a ten-day observance of the American war effort, with special activities planned for each day. Sponsored by the San Francisco Win-The-War Committee.Ref: 37
1948 NBC presented the Horace Heidt Youth Opportunity Program for the first time. The talent show earned Dick Contino, an accordionist, the $5,000 prize as the program’s first national winner.Ref: 4
1952 My Little Margie, starring Gale Storm and Charles Farrell, makes its debut on CBS radio.Ref: 4
1955 Robert Sarnoff was elected president of NBC. Sarnoff was promoted to put NBC on the road to economic self-sufficiency, replacing the rather flamboyant (and big spending) president/CEO Pat Weaver.Ref: 4
1956*Helen O'Connell joins the Today Show panel.Ref: 5
1959*"Saratoga" opens at Winter Garden Theater NYC for 80 performances.Ref: 5
1964*George Harrison changes his company's name from Mornyork to Harrisongs.Ref: 5
1967*"How Now, Dow Jones" opens at Lunt Fontanne Theater NYC for 220 performances.Ref: 5
1967*Otis Rescue records "Sittin' on the Dock of the Bay".Ref: 5
1971*Wings release their first album "Wild Life".Ref: 5
1971*"Wild & Wonderful" opens/closes at Lyceum Theater NYC.Ref: 5
1973*Wings release "Band on the Run".Ref: 5
1984*Michael Jackson was in Chicago to testify that the song, The Girl is Mine, was exclusively his and he didn’t swipe the song, Please Love Me Now. It was a copyright infringement case worth five million dollars. He won.Ref: 4
1989*C Coleman & D Zippel's musical "City of Angels" premieres in New York NY.Ref: 5
1990*Ted Turner & Jane Fonda announce their engagement.Ref: 5
1993*Robert Goulet undergoes prostate cancer surgery.Ref: 5
1994*5th Billboard Music Awards.Ref: 5
1994*Radio personality Howard Stern talks a man out of attempting suicide.Ref: 5
1999*(Napster) The Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA) sues Napster alleging copyright infringements, accusing it of being a having for music piracy. (WSJ, p B1, 9/09/2003)Ref: 33
967 Abu Sa'id ibn Aboa al-Chair Persian mystic, is born.Ref: 5
1542*Mary Stuart, Queen of Scots (1560-1587), is born.Ref: 5
1557*Girolamo Trombeti composer, is born.Ref: 5
1598*Giovanni Bernini Italy, baroque sculptor (St Teresa in Ecstasy), is born.Ref: 5
1604*Ambrosius Reiner composer, is born.Ref: 5
1637*Barnardo Pasquini composer, is born.Ref: 5
1648*Giovanni Maria Capelli composer, is born.Ref: 5
1731 Abraham-Hyacinthe Anquetil du Perron French interpreter, is born.Ref: 5
1751 Jurrian F de Frederici Governor-General (Suriname), is born.Ref: 5
1754*Jack Jouett American patriot, is born.Ref: 5
1761*Madame [Marie Grosholtz] Tussaud museum curator and creator of wax figures: Madame Tussaud’s Wax Museum in 1834; is born.Ref: 4
1772*Joseph Franz Maximilian Lobkowitz composer, is born.Ref: 5
1784*Allan Cunningham, Scottish poet, is born.Ref: 70
1801*Johann Nepomuk Nestroy Austrian actor (Judith und Holofernes), is born.Ref: 5
1808*Hugh McCulloch US Secretary of Treasury, is born.Ref: 5
1810*Theodor Schwann German co-originator of cell theory, is born.Ref: 5
1823*Leopold Kronecker German mathematician (Tensor of Kronecker), is born.Ref: 5
1830*Luigi Cremona Italian mathematician/minister of Education, is born.Ref: 5
1835*Dom Joseph Pothier French monk/musicologist, is born.Ref: 5
1839*Redvers H Buller English general/large landowner: Natal, is born.Ref: 5
1840*Hermann Goetz composer, is born.Ref: 5
1842*Otto Ammon German anthropologist/sociologist (schedelmetingen), is born.Ref: 5
1847*James Deacon White Canton NY, ball player jumped teams in 1876 (Chi), is born.Ref: 5
1847*Solomon Schechter US Talmudic scholar/Jewish leader, is born.Ref: 5
1857*Nicola van Westerhout composer, is born.Ref: 5
1860*Sir Joseph Cook, Australian prime minister (1913-14), is born.Ref: 70
1862*Paul Adam French writer (La Bataille d'Uhde), is born.Ref: 5
1863*Pietro Mascagni Italian composer/fascist (Cavalleria Rusticana), is born. (Cross, Milton, "Encyclopedia of the Great Composers and Their Music", Doubleday & Co, 1953) 
1863*John Ebenezer West composer, is born.Ref: 5
1863*Svetolik Rankovic Serbian writer (Forest King), is born.Ref: 5
1863*R.W. Sears, American merchant and founder of Sears, Roebuck retail company, is born.Ref: 70
1872*Johan Huizinga Dutch culture historian (Homo Ludens), is born.Ref: 5
1873*Willa (Sibert) Cather Pulitzer Prize-Winning author: One of Ours [1923]; O Pioneers!, My Antonia, Death Comes for the Archbishop, Alexander’s Bridge; is born.Ref: 4
1876*Ludwig Schiedermair German musicologist (Beethoven-Archiv), is born.Ref: 5
1878*Akiko Yosano Japan, poet (Tangled Hair), is born.Ref: 5
1879*(Charles) Rudolf Friml, Czechoslovakian/US composer (Bohemian suite), is born.Ref: 4
1887*Ernst Toch Vienna Austria, composer (Melodie Lehre), is born.Ref: 5
1888*Ernst Toch, composer and pianist, is born.Ref: 2
1888 Heywood Braun is born.Ref: 10
1888*Joyce Cary Anglo-Irish (male) writer (House of Children), is born.Ref: 5
1888*Matthew Heywood Campbell Broun first president of American Newspaper Guild, is born.Ref: 5
1888*Hamilton Fish US congress leader/isolationist, is born.Ref: 5
1889*Heathcote Dicken Statham composer, is born.Ref: 5
1889*Honoré-Gabriel Marcel French philosopher/playwright, is born.Ref: 5
1891*Fay Bainter Los Angeles CA, actress (Jezebel, Our Town, State Fair), is born.Ref: 5
1892 Fay Bainter is born.Ref: 10
1892*Nora Nicholson Leamington England, actress (Blue Lagoon, Crow Hollow), is born.Ref: 5
1894*Stuart Davis US painter, is born.Ref: 5
1895*Sir Milton Margay, the first prime minister of Sierra Leone, is born.Ref: 2
1895*Jack Pennick Portland OR, actor (Lady From Louisiana), is born.Ref: 5
1896*Stuart Davis, painter, is born.Ref: 2
1896*Juan Maria Thomas Sabater composerRef: 5
1901*A F [Tony] Pugsley British rear-admiral (Walcheren attack (1944)), is born.Ref: 5
1905*Gerard Kuiper Dutch/US astronomer (discovered moons of Uranus, Neptune), is born.Ref: 5
1906*George Richard James saxophonist, is born.Ref: 5
1908*Jacques Gans Dutch author/journalist, is born.Ref: 5
1908*John H Doeg tennis champion (US Open-1930), is born.Ref: 5
1909*Jacob Kainen artist/curator, is born.Ref: 5
1910*Rod Cameron (Nathan Roderick Cox) actor: Midnight Auto Supply, Psychic Killer, Evel Knieve, The Last Movie, Northwest Mounted Police, Wake Island, State Trooper, City Detective; is born in Calgary Alberta.Ref: 4
1910*Edmundo Ros English orchestra leader, is born.Ref: 5
1910*Richard Franko Goldman composer, is born.Ref: 5
1911*Louis Prima musician: trumpet, bandleader: Louis Prima and His New Orleans Gang; is born.Ref: 4
1912*Louis Prima New Orleans LA, singer (That Old Black Magic), is born.Ref: 5
1912*Rod Cameron Calgary Alberta, actor (Kansas, Evel Knievel, Oh Susanna, Stampede), is born.Ref: 5
1912*Daniel Jones composer, is born.Ref: 5
1915*Eli Wallach actor: Emmy Award-winning actor: The Poppy is Also a Flower [1966-67]; Our Family Honor, Too Much, Legacy of Lies, Mistress, The Two Jakes, The Godfather, Part 3, Tough Guys, Christopher Columbus, Sam’s Son, The Deep, Cinderella Liberty, MacKenna’s Gold, The Good, the Bad and the Ugly, The Tiger Makes Out, The Magnificent Seven, How the West was Won, is born in Brooklyn NY.Ref: 4
1915*Brackett Hamilton Leigh [Douglass] US, sci-fi author (Ginger Star), is born.Ref: 5
1917*Helen Gurley Brown editor-in-chief (Cosmopolitan), is born.Ref: 5
1918*Jorunn Vidar composer, is born.Ref: 5
1919*Ellen Stewart actress/founder (La Mama Theatre Group), is born.Ref: 5
1921*Arne Dorumsgaard composer, is born.Ref: 5
1923*Ted Knight (Tadeus Wladyslaw Konopka) Emmy Award-winning Actor: The Mary Tyler Moore Show [1972-73, 1975-76]; Too Close for Comfort, The Ted Knight Show; Caddyshack, Countdown, Psycho; is born in Terryville CT.Ref: 4
1924*Mário Soares (Socialist), premier of Portugal (1976-78, 1983- ), is born.Ref: 5
1926*Victor Kiam II business executive: Lever Brothers, Playtex, Remington: chairman: “I liked it [electric shaver] so much, that I bought the company.”; NFL team owner: New England Patriots; is born.Ref: 4
1926*Wolfgang Ludewig composer, is born.Ref: 5
1927*Vlastimir Pericic composer, is born.Ref: 5
1928 Noam Chomsky linguist (founded transformational grammar), is born.Ref: 5
1928*Raymond Henry Charles Warren composer, is born.Ref: 5
1930*Dan Sikes Jr. golf: champ: Bay Hill Invitational: 1968; one of golf leaders who laid groundwork for Senior Tour in 1980, is born.Ref: 4
1930*Richard Felciano composer, is born.Ref: 5
1931*Bobby Osborne musician: mandolin, singer: duo: Osborne Brothers: Rocky Top, Up This Hill and Down, Tennessee Hound Dog, Georgia Pinewoods, is born.Ref: 4
1932*Ellen Burstyn (Edna Rae Gilhooley) Academy Award-winning actress: Alice Doesn’t Live Here Anymore [1974]; The Color of Evening, When a Man Loves a Woman, The Cemetery Club, Same Time Next Year, Harry and Tonto, The Exorcist, The Last Picture Show, The Ellen Burstyn Show, The Doctors, is born in Detroit MI.Ref: 4
1932*Gerard van den Berg Dutch TV host (Like Father, Like Son), is born.Ref: 5
1935*Don (Donald Eugene) Cardwell baseball: pitcher: Philadelphia Phillies, Chicago Cubs, Pittsburgh Pirates, NY Mets [World Series: 1969], Atlanta Braves, is born.Ref: 4
1935*Jean-Claude Casadesus composer, is born.Ref: 5
1936*Martha Layne Collins Baghdad KY, (Governor-D-KY), is born.Ref: 5
1937*Thad Cochran (Senator-R-MS), is born.Ref: 5
1940*Gerry Cheevers Hockey Hall of Famer: Boston Bruins goalie: longest undefeated streak [32 games]; Stanley Cup winner [1970, 1972]; coach: Boston Bruins, is born.Ref: 4
1940*Mike Minor San Francisco CA, actor (Steve-Petticoat Junction, All My Children), is born.Ref: 5
1940*Kumar Shahani writer/director (Kasbam Tarang, Maya Darpan), is born.Ref: 5
1942*Harry Chapin songwriter, singer: Taxi, W-O-L-D, Cat’s in the Cradle; Recipient of Special Congressional Gold Medal: Worldwide Humanitarian for the Hungry, Needy and Homeless; is born.Ref: 4
1942*Alex (Alexander) Johnson baseball, is born.Ref: 4
1942*Harry Chapin New York NY, folk/rock singer/songwriter (Taxi, Cat's in the Craddle), is born.Ref: 5
1942*Jonathan D Kramer composer, is born.Ref: 5
1945*Al Woodall football: QB: Duke Univ, NY Jets, is born.Ref: 4
1948*James Keach actor, brother of actor Stacy KeachRef: 4
1948*Yoko Morishita prima ballerina (Baterina No Habataki), is born.Ref: 5
1948*Gary Morris Fort Worth TX, singer/actor (Les Misèrables, Colbys), is born.Ref: 5
1949*Tom Waits California, rocker/song writer (Blue Valentine), is born.Ref: 68
1951*Henk Temming Dutch vocalist/keyboardist (Good Cause), is born.Ref: 5
1953*Bertin Osborne Italian entertainer, is born.Ref: 5
1954*Mike Nolan singer: group: Bucks FizzRef: 4
1954*Gianfranco Jannuzzo Italian entertainer, is born.Ref: 5
1954*Julie Halston actress (Juror, Drunks, Addams Family Values), is born.Ref: 5
1955*Actress Priscilla Barnes (Three's Company) is born in Fort Dix NJ.Ref: 5
1956*Larry Bird Basketball Hall of Famer: Boston Celtics: Rookie of the Year [1979-80]; NBA MVP [1984, 1985, 1986], AP Male Athlete of the Year [1986], Sports Illustrated Sportsman of the Year [1986], is born.Ref: 4
1956*Ozzie (Osvaldo Jose) Virgil (Jr.) baseball: catcher: Philadelphia Phillies [World Series: 1983/all-star: 1985], Atlanta Braves [all-star: 1987], Toronto Blue Jays, is born.Ref: 4
1958*Edd Hall TV announcer (Jay Leno's Tonight Show), is born.Ref: 5
1961*Mary Beth Evans Pasadena CA, actress (Katherine Ashton-General Hospital), is born.Ref: 5
1962*Grecia Colmenares Italian entertainer, is born.Ref: 5
1963*Barbara Weathers vocalist (Atlantic Star-Touch a 4 Leaf Clover), is born.Ref: 5
1963*Kristi Albers El Paso TX, LPGA golfer (1993 Sprint Classic), is born.Ref: 5
1964*Duncan Miller rocker (Blue Mercedes-Rich & Famous), is born.Ref: 5
1964*Mike Nolan rocker (Bucks Fizz-My Camera Never Lies), is born.Ref: 5
1964*Peter Laviolette Norwood MA, US hockey defenseman (Olympics-1994), is born.Ref: 5
1965*Peter Draisaitl Karvina Czechoslovakia, hockey forward (Team Germany 1998), is born.Ref: 5
1966*C Thomas Howell Los Angeles CA, actor (Red Dawn, Tank, Soul Man), is born.Ref: 5
1967*Tino Martinez Tampa FL, first baseman (Seattle Mariner, New York Yankees), is born.Ref: 5
1967*Vaclav Chalupa Czechoslovakia, rower (Henley Royal Regatta 1989), is born.Ref: 5
1968*Cammy Myler Plattsburgh NY, luger (Olympics-1994), is born.Ref: 5
1968*Keith Goganious NFL linebacker (Jacksonville Jaguars), is born.Ref: 5
1968*Melissa Iverson Anoka MN, rower (Olympics-96), is born.Ref: 5
1968*Ricky Ervins NFL running back (San Francisco 49ers), is born.Ref: 5
1968*Tom Myslinski NFL guard (Jacksonville Jaguars, Pittsburgh Steelers), is born.Ref: 5
1969*Sabine Hack West Germany, tennis star, is born.Ref: 5
1970*Ed Robinson WLAF linebacker (Frankfurt Galaxy), is born.Ref: 5
1970*Rob Olson Victoria British Columbia, Canadian Tour golfer (1990 Newlands Open), is born.Ref: 5
1971*Ben Atkins New York NY, fencer-epee (Olympics-96), is born.Ref: 5
1971*Mauricio Hadad Cali Colombia, tennis star (1995 Bermuda), is born.Ref: 5
1972*Bobby Schoonens soccer player (RKC), is born.Ref: 5
1972*Clay Shiver corner (Dallas Cowboys), is born.Ref: 5
1972*Jordi Buritlo Spain, tennis star, is born.Ref: 5
1972*Kevin Dogins corner (Tampa Bay Buccaneers), is born.Ref: 5
1972*Sunny [Tamara Fytch] WWF model, is born.Ref: 5
1973*Mark Hartsell WLAF QB (Scotland Claymores), is born.Ref: 5
1973*Rea Marie Bavilla Miss USA-Alaska (1997), is born.Ref: 5
1973*Terrell Owens wide receiver (San Francisco 49ers), is born.Ref: 5
1974*Alex Radutescu Romania, tennis star, is born.Ref: 5
1974*Annette Salmeen 200 meter butterfly/800 meter freestyle relay (Olympics-96), is born.Ref: 5
1975*Nikola Wapzarow writer, is born.Ref: 5
1977*Fernando Vargas Oxnard CA, welterweight boxer (Olympics-96), is born.Ref: 5
1977*Francesca Lubiani Bologna Italy, tennis star (Futures-Amadora-POR)Ref: 5
1978*Shiri Appleby actress: Roswell, ER, Blood Vows: The Story of a Mafia Wife, I Love You to Death, The Thirteenth Floor, A Time for Dancing, is born.Ref: 4
-43*-BC- Marcus Tullius Cicero, Roman writer, gets his head & right hand chopped off by Mark Antony's soldiers.Ref: 68
983*Otto II the Red German king/emperor (973-83), dies at about 28.Ref: 5
1254*Innocent IV, [Sinibaldo dei Fieschi], Pope (1243-54), dies.Ref: 69
1383 Wenceslaus duke of Brabant, dies.Ref: 5
1680*Sir Peter Lely, English painter, dies at age 62.Ref: 70
1793*Madame du Barry, mistress of French King Louis XV, is guillotined.Ref: 68
1811*Ignaz Spangler composer, dies at 54.Ref: 5
1815*Michel Ney French marshal (Waterloo), murdered at 46.Ref: 5
1817*William Bligh, a British naval officer who was the victim of two mutinies, the most famous on the HMS Bounty which was taken over by Fletcher Christian, dies in London at age 63. transcripted from his gravestone 
1823*Johann Gottlieb Schwencke composer, dies at 79.Ref: 5
1826*John Flaxman English sculptor (tombs at St Paul's Cathedral), dies at 71.Ref: 5
1829*Johann Christoph Kienlen composer, dies at 45.Ref: 5
1834*Ludwig Schuncke composer, dies at 23.Ref: 5
1839*Jan Matyas Nepomuk August Vitasek composer, dies at 69.Ref: 5
1841*Johann Daniel Ferstenberg composer, dies at 83.Ref: 5
1860*Constantine S Aksakov Russian historian/poet, dies at 43.Ref: 5
1862*Sylvester Churchill US Union Brigadier-General, dies.Ref: 5
1867*Rudolf Viole composer, dies at 42.Ref: 5
1868*Jesse James gang robs bank in Gallatin Missouri, kills 1.Ref: 5
1881*Julius FA Bahnsen German philosopher (Tragic as Weltgesetz), dies at 51.Ref: 5
1894*Ferdinand Lesseps, French diplomat, builder of the Suez Canal, dies at age 89.Ref: 70
1898*William Jenner, physician, discovered separate identities of typhus, typhoid fever, dies.Ref: 68
1899*Antoni Katski composer, dies at 82.Ref: 5
1902*Thomas Nast, American political cartoonist, dies at age 62.Ref: 68
1906*Elie Ducommun, Swiss writer, editor and Nobel Peace Prize winner, dies at age 73.Ref: 70
1912*George Darwin theorized Moon was pulled out of Pacific Ocean, dies.Ref: 5
1913*Aaron Montgomery Ward merchant; department store mogul; dies at age 69.Ref: 4
1917*Leon Minkus composer, dies at 91.Ref: 5
1941*Cecil Forsyth composer, dies at 71.Ref: 5
1941*Iida Japanese pilot/lieutenant, dies in battle at 28.Ref: 5
1943*John Bouber [Blom] actor/author (Bluejackets), dies at 22.Ref: 5
1946*Fire broke out at the Winecoff Hotel in Atlanta; the blaze killed 119 people, including hotel founder W. Frank Winecoff. (TWA, 1997)Ref: 95
1947*Nicholas Butler, American educator and reformer; won Nobel Prize for Peace in 1931, dies at age 85.Ref: 70
1948*Godfrey Turner composer, dies at 35.Ref: 5
1962*Kirsten Flagstad, Norwegian soprano, dies at age 67.Ref: 70
1967*Cora Baird puppeteer with husband Bill Baird: TV: The Baird Marionettes; dies.Ref: 4
1967*House Peters silent film actor (Kansas Territory), dies at 87.Ref: 5
1969*Eric Portman actor (Naked Edge), dies from heart ailment at 66.Ref: 5
1969*Hugh Williams actor (Human Monster), dies after surgery at 65.Ref: 5
1970*Rube (Reuben Lucius) Goldberg, Pulitzer Prize-winning cartoonist famous for his cartoons of ludicrously complex inventions designed to accomplish the simplest tasks, dies at age 87.Ref: 70
1971*Milton Rosmer director (Murder in the Red Barn), dies at 90.Ref: 5
1972*Adrian J Zoetmulder author (God's Hour), dies at 91.Ref: 5
1975*Thornton Wilder Pulitzer Prize-winning novelist: The Bridge of San Luis Rey [1928] and playwright: Our Town [1938], The Skin of Our Teeth [1943]; dies at age 78.Ref: 68
1975*Hardie Albright actress (Silver Streak, Scarlet Letter), dies at 71.Ref: 5
1977*Peter Carl Goldmark, Hungarian-American engineer; developed the first commercial color television, dies at age 71.Ref: 70
1979*Cecilia Payne-Gaposchkin first woman full professor at Harvard University, dies.Ref: 5
1979*Prince Chahryar Shafik Shah of Iran's nephew, murdered in Paris.Ref: 5
1979*Mari Andriessen sculptor (Docker), Amsterdam, dies at 82.Ref: 5
1979*Nicolas Born writer, dies at 41.Ref: 5
1980*Darby Crash rocker, dies at 22.Ref: 5
1982*Charles Brooks, Jr., convicted of murdering an auto mechanic, becomes the first man executed by lethal injection which takes place at the state penitentiary in Huntsville, Texas.Ref: 68
1983*Edgar Graham member of Northern Ireland Assembly, shot dead by IRA.Ref: 5
1983*2 jets collided at Madrid Airport killing 93.Ref: 5
1984*Jeanne Cagney actress: A Lion is in the Streets, Quicksand; sister of actor James Cagney; dies at age 65.Ref: 5
1985*Robert Graves, England, poet/historical novelist (I, Claudius), dies at age 90.Ref: 68
1985*(US Supreme Court Justice) Associate Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court from 1958 to 1981, Potter Stewart, dies in Hanover, New Hampshire, at age 70.Ref: 4
1987*43 die in Pacific Southwest Airline crash in California (man shot pilots).Ref: 5
1988*At 11:41AM local time an earthquake measuring 6.9 on the Richter scale shook Soviet Armenia killing over 55000 people and leaving half a million homeless. (Ritchie, David, "The Encyclopedia of Earthquakes & Volcanos", (c) 1994, ISBN 0-8160-2659-9) 
1988*Christopher Connelly actor: The Messenger, Mines of Kilimanjaro, Benji, The Martian Chronicles: Part 3; dies.Ref: 4
1988*Andrei P Ershov Russian computer pioneer, dies.Ref: 5
1988*Peter Langan Irish restaurateur (Langans London), dies in fire.Ref: 5
1989*Hans Hartung, German-born French painter dies at age 85.Ref: 70
1990*Dee (Delectus) Clark singer: Just Keep It Up, Raindrops, Ride a Wild Horse; dies.Ref: 5
1990*Joan (Geraldine) Bennett actress: House of Dark Shadows, Father of the Bride, Woman in the Window, The Son of Monte Cristo, The Man in the Iron Mask, Little Women [1933], Too Young to Go Steady; dies at age 80.Ref: 4
1990*Horst Bienek writer, dies at 60.Ref: 5
1992*Maurice Coutinho writer/translator (Silent Struggle), dies at 79.Ref: 5
1992*Ruth Corbett Thom dies after long illness at 78.Ref: 5
1992*Vincent Gardenia actor (Moonstruck, LA Law), dies at 71.Ref: 5
1993*Félix Houphouet-Boigny President of Ivory Coast (1960-93), dies at 88.Ref: 5
1993*Janet Margolin actress (David & Lisa), dies of ovarian cancer at 50.Ref: 5
1993*(Long Island) A Colin Ferguson opens fire on a Long Island Rail Road commuter train near Mineola NY, killing six people and wounding 17.Ref: 70
1994*Elga Andersen German/French model/actress (Global Affair), dies at 58.Ref: 5
1995*Larry Bartlett photographer, dies at 42.Ref: 5
1995*Tom Burns editor, dies at 89.Ref: 5
1996*Eugene Izzi mystery writer, hangs himself at 43.Ref: 5
1996*Jose Donoso writer, dies at 72Ref: 5

Last Update: October 27th, 2005
© 2000-2005   Kenneth Fussichen