Ken Fussichen's History Of The Day For
December 8th

Home Click on * for the link to the relevant chronology. New Date
1326*Daitokuji temple, Rinzai line, established in Kyoto by Daito Kokushi.Ref: 5
1854*Pope Pius IX defined the dogma of the Immaculate Conception in his apostolic letter, "Ineffabilis Deus." It asserted that by a singular privilege and grace granted by God, Mary was freed from original sin "in the first instant of conception."Ref: 5
1860*The population of Xenia OH is 4658. (XDG, 3/2/1984)Ref: 83
1860*The sixth jail is built in Xenia OH by John Scott. (XDG, 3/2/1984)Ref: 83
1862*First postage stamp issued in Hong Kong.Ref: 10
1864*Pope Pius IX publishes encyclical Quanta cura ("Syllabus errorum").Ref: 5
1869*20th Roman Catholic ecumenical council, Vatican I, opens in Rome.Ref: 5
1874*Jesse James gang takes train at Muncie KS.Ref: 5
1876*Suriname begins compulsory education for 7-12 years.Ref: 5
1886*American Federation of Labor (AFL) is formed by 26 craft unions in Columbus OH; Samuel Gompers elected AFL president.Ref: 5
1902*(US Supreme Court Justice) Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr becomes an Associate Justice on the Supreme Court.Ref: 5
1907 Christmas seals were sold for the first time, to raise funds to fight tuberculosis. Today, Christmas seal income is used primarily in the fight against birth defects.Ref: 5
1909 Bird banding society found.Ref: 5
1913*Construction starts on Palace of Fine Arts in San Francisco.Ref: 5
1920*President Woodrow Wilson declines to send a representative to the League of Nations in Geneva.Ref: 2
1921 Eamon de Valera publicly repudiates Anglo-Irish Treaty.Ref: 5
1923*German-US friendship treaty signed.Ref: 5
1923*Labour/Liberals win British parliament.Ref: 5
1923*Salary & price freeze in Germany.Ref: 5
1929*The Royal Gorge Bridge, the highest bridge above water, was first opened. It was 1053 feet above the Arkansas River in Colorado.Ref: 62
1932*Japan tells the League of Nations that it has no control over her designs in China.Ref: 2
1936*NAACP files suit to equalize the salaries of black & white teachers.Ref: 5
1936*Anastasio Somoza elected President of Nicaragua.Ref: 5
1938*Highest temperature for December in US recorded in La Mesa CA.Ref: 5
1938*LP Beria follows Nikolai Jezjov as head of Russian secret police.Ref: 5
1941 Destruction Camp Chelmo opens.Ref: 5
1946*Army rocket plane XS-1 makes first powered flight.Ref: 5
1948*The United Nations approves the recognition of South Korea.Ref: 2
1948 Jordan annexs Arabic Palestine.Ref: 5
1949 The Chinese Nationalist government moved from the Chinese mainland to Formosa as the Communists pressed their attacks.Ref: 5
1952*Isaak Ben-Zwi elected President of Israel.Ref: 5
1953 Los Angeles became the third largest city in the U.S. The City of Angels slid past Philadelphia for the distinction in a special census. Today L.A. is the second largest city in the U.S. and the 16th most populated city in the world.Ref: 4
1955*Turkish government of Menderes forms.Ref: 5
1959*Dom Mintoff demands independence for Malta.Ref: 5
1961*Antwerp Belgium diocese forms.Ref: 5
1962*Striking workers of the International Typographical Union closed nine NY City newspapers. The strike lasted 114 days, ending on April 1, 1963. A total of 5,700,000 readers were affected by the shutdown. It made people turn on radio and TV, of course.Ref: 4
1962*The Rev. John Melville Burgess was consecrated as suffragan Bishop of Massachusetts -- the first African American bishop of the Protestant Episcopal Church to serve a predominantly white diocese.Ref: 5
1962*Funeral for Queen Wilhelmina of Holland (New Kerk, Delft).Ref: 5
1965*First Ph.D. awarded by Computer Science Department (University of Pennsylvania).Ref: 51
1965*Pope Paul VI signs 2nd Vatican council.Ref: 5
1965*Nikolai Podgorny succeeds Mikojan as President of USSR.Ref: 5
1966*US & USSR sign treaty to prohibit nuclear weapons in outer space.Ref: 5
1969*Police surprise attack on Black-Panthers in Los Angeles.Ref: 5
1974 Greek monarchy rejected by referendum.Ref: 5
1974 Irish Republican Socialist Party forms.Ref: 5
1976*UN General Assembly re-elects Kurt Waldheim Secretary-General.Ref: 5
1976*US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site.Ref: 5
1977*Portugal's premier Soares resigns.Ref: 5
1981*France performs nuclear test.Ref: 5
1981*In one of its major rulings regarding the issue of the separation of Church and State, the U.S. Supreme Court upheld the constitutionality of student organizations holding religious services at public colleges and universities.Ref: 5
1982*Demanding an end to nuclear weapons, Norman Mayer, held the Washington Monument hostage. After 10 hrs, police kill him he had no explosives.Ref: 5
1983*Richard Baker, Zen teacher, steps down from abbotship of San Francisco Zen Center.Ref: 5
1984 Europe & 64 developing countries sign Lomé III treaty.Ref: 5
1986*House Democrats selected Jim Wright to be the chamber's 48th speaker, succeeding Thomas P. "Tip" O'Neill.Ref: 70
1987*President Reagan and Soviet leader Mikhail S. Gorbachev signed a treaty calling for destruction of intermediate-range nuclear missiles.Ref: 5
1989*Great Britain performs nuclear test.Ref: 5
1991*Presidents of Belarus, Russia, Ukraine sign treaty to abolish USSR and form CISRef: 89
1991*Russia, Byelorussia & Ukraine form Commonwealth of Independent States.Ref: 5
1993*President Clinton signed into US law the North American Free Trade Agreement.Ref: 70
1993*Dow-Jones hits record 3734.53.Ref: 5
1994*(OJ Simpson) Alternate jury selected.Ref: 87
1997*The World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) announces the release of Extensible Markup Language (XML) version 1.0 (Sloan and Oldfield 1998).Ref: 75
1997*A $25 billion deal: Swiss Bank and Union Bank of Switzerland announced a plan to form a single bank with assets of well over half a trillion dollars. The combined group would be called the United Bank of Switzerland and would become the world’s biggest money manager.Ref: 4
1997*The FBI announced its new National DNA Index System (NDIS). NDIS allows forensic science laboratories to link serial violent crimes to each other and to known sex offenders through the electronic exchange of DNA profiles. This same day, the FBI Laboratory announced its success in extracting a DNA profile using mitochondrial DNA (mDNA). mDNA analysis allows extraction of DNA from minute quantities of physical evidence like a strand of human hair.Ref: 14
1998*The Supreme Court rules that police cannot search people and their cars after merely ticketing them for routine traffic violations. (XDG, p 4A, 12/08/2003)Ref: 83
1998*San Francisco and several suburbs suffer a power blackout for up to seven hours. (XDG, p 4A, 12/08/2003)Ref: 83
1998*Struggling to stave off impeachment, President Clinton's defenders forcefully plead his case before the House Judiciary Committee. (XDG, p 4A, 12/08/2003)Ref: 83
2000*The Florida Supreme Court ordered an immediate hand count of about 45,000 disputed presidential ballots.Ref: 70
2002*Iraq's massive dossier detailing its chemical, biological and nuclear programs arrive in New York. The UN Security Council agrees to give copies to its five permanent members, the US, Britain, France, China and Russia. (XDG, p 4A, 12/08/2003)Ref: 83
2003*Bill Janklow (Rep-R-SD) is found guilty of manslaughter for a collision with a motorcycle that killed a motorcyclist. Janklow, a non-repentant speeder, resigned from the House effective January 20, 2004, the day of sentencing. Jail time is a possibility. (USA Today, p 3A, 12/09/2003)Ref: 13
2003*Yin Li, a 17-year old senior at Stuyvesant HS, NY woms the overall individual prize of $100,000 at the Siemens Westinghouse Competition in Math, Science and Technology (for high school students) in Washington DC. Li's project was a study of proteins that contributes to our understanding of how the brain works and an analytical model of the West Nile virus transmission. (USA Today, p 9D, 12/09/2003)Ref: 13
1777*Captain Cook leaves Society Islands.Ref: 5
1931*Coaxial cable patented by inventors Lloyd Espenschied and Herman Affel of NY and NJ.Ref: 5
1956*First test firing of the Vanguard satellite program, TV-0.Ref: 5
1974*Soyuz 16 returns to Earth.Ref: 5
1983*9th Space Shuttle Mission-Columbia 6-lands at Edwards AFB.Ref: 5
1990*Galileo Earth-1 Flyby.Ref: 5
1992*NASA takes first photo of four mile long speeding asteroid ‘Toutatis' only 2.2 million miles from Earth.Ref: 10
1992*Galileo's nearest approach to Jupiter (303 km).Ref: 5
1710*Battle at Brihuega: English General Stanhope captured.Ref: 5
1776*George Washington's retreating army crossed the Delaware River from New Jersey to Pennsylvania during the American Revolution.Ref: 70
1861*The CSS Sumter captures the whaler Eben Dodge in the Atlantic. The American Civil War is now affecting the Northern whaling industry.Ref: 2
1863*Union General William Averell's cavalry destroys railroads in the southwestern part of West Virginia.Ref: 2
1863*President Abraham Lincoln announced his plan for the Reconstruction of the South.Ref: 70
1880*5,000 armed Boers gather in Paardekraal South-Africa.Ref: 5
1895 Battle at Amba Alagi: Ethiopian emperor Menelik II drives Italian General Baratieri's out.Ref: 5
1899*Natal: British fall/burst out belegerd Ladysmith.Ref: 5
1914*The German cruisers Scharnhorst, Gneisenau, Nurnberg, and Liepzig are sunk by a British force in the Battle of the Falkland Islands.Ref: 2
1941*The House and Senate vote in favor of war against Japan with votes of 388-1 and 82-0, respectively. (USA Today, p 5A, 10/08/2002)Ref: 13
1941*San Francisco has 1st blackout, at 6:15PMRef: 5
1941*Britain declares war on Japan.Ref: 35
1941*Japanese General Tomoyuki Yamashita begins his attack against the British army at Singapore.Ref: 2
1941*London: Dutch government declares Japan the war.Ref: 5
1941*Russian 16th army recaptures Krijukovo.Ref: 5
1942*The Canadian germ warfare group formally proposes producing anthrax for Britain. The proposal estimates that a new facility at Grosse Ile, Quebec, should be able to make enough for 1500 30-pound bombs per week. 
1943*U.S. carrier-based planes sink two cruisers and down 72 planes in the Marshall Islands.Ref: 2
1943* (afternoon) Canadian artillery begin a barrage of the Moro Valley in Italy, in preparation for infantry of the 1st Division to assault it in the morning. 
1944*The United States conducts the longest most effective air raid of the Pacific island of Iwo Jima.Ref: 2
1962 Failed coup in Brunei.Ref: 5
1967*In the biggest battle yet in the Mekong Delta, 365 Vietcong are killed.Ref: 2
1968*South Vietnam's Vice President Nguyen Cao Ky arrives in Paris for peace talks.Ref: 2
1987 Occupied Palestinians start "intefadeh" (uprising) against Israel.Ref: 5
1992*Americans saw live television coverage of U.S. troops landing on the beaches of Somalia as Operation Restore Hope began.Ref: 70
1908*Four 80 acre tracts are purchased for $72,000 to build the Indianapolis Motor Speedway.Ref: 48
1914*Afraid of losing his unsigned second baseman to the upstart Federal League, Connie Mack sells Eddie Collins to the White Sox for the hefty sum of $50,000. The A's have already lost Eddie Plank and Chief Bender to the new league.Ref: 1
1940*The Chicago Bears shut out the Washington Redskins b-i-g t-i-m-e. The final score: Chicago 73, Washington 0.Ref: 4
1941*Yesterday's bombing of Pearl Harbor and America's sudden involvement in the war, changes the owners' plan at the American League meeting of shifting the Browns from St. Louis to Los Angeles.Ref: 1
1941*The Chicago Cubs donate their recently purchased lighting materials to the War Department in wake of Pearl Harbor bombing.Ref: 86
1942*8th Heisman Trophy Award: Frank Sinkwich, Georgia (HB).Ref: 5
1948*14th Heisman Trophy Award: Doak Walker, SMU (HB).Ref: 5
1951*American League alters its restrictions on night games, adopting National League's suspended game rule & lifting its ban on lights for Sunday games.Ref: 5
1953*19th Heisman Trophy Award: John Lattner, Notre Dame (HB).Ref: 5
1955*21st Heisman Trophy Award: Howard Cassady, Ohio State (HB).Ref: 5
1955*Brooklyn catcher Roy Campanella wins his 3rd MVP Award.Ref: 5
1956*The Olympic games, which had opened Nov 22, closed this day at Melbourne, Australia. ‘The Friendly Games’, as this Olympiics came to be known, was Australia’s first attempt at hosting the Olympics and left “an enduring legacy not only for Melbourne and Australia but for the Olympic movement itself.”Ref: 4
1960*The American League expansion team. the Los Angeles Angels sign a 4 year lease to use Dodger Stadium.Ref: 5
1961*The Mets purchase outfielder Richie Ashburn from the Cubs.Ref: 1
1961*Larry Costello scores 32 consecutive points without a miss (NBA record).Ref: 5
1961*Wilt Chamberlain scores the 2nd highest total in the NBA 78.Ref: 5
1962*Former major leaguers Frank Crosetti and John Schulte bring suit to prevent any increase in pension benefits which fails to include players from different eras.Ref: 1
1963*Mickey Wright/Dave Ragan Jr win LPGA Haig & Haig Scotch Mixed Golf.Ref: 5
1966*A terrible Yankee trade, Roger Maris for the Cardinal's Charlie Smith.Ref: 5
1967*NHL California Seals change name to Oakland Seals.Ref: 5
1973*39th Heisman Trophy Award: John Cappelletti, Penn State (RB).Ref: 5
1974*Sandra Post wins LPGA Colgate Far East Golf Open.Ref: 5
1977*43rd Heisman Trophy Award: Earl Campbell, Texas (RB).Ref: 5
1980*The first major trade ever made at the annual winter meeting takes place in Dallas when Padres' reliever Rollie Fingers and Cardinals' catcher Terry Kennedy are the key players involved in an eleven-player swap.Ref: 1
1982*Clark Gilles fails in 7th Islander penalty shot.Ref: 5
1984*Indiana Hoosier’s basketball coach, Bobby Knight, gets career win #400 as Indiana beat Kentucky’s Wildcats, 81-68.Ref: 4
1984*73rd Australian Men Tennis: Mats Wilander beats K Curren (67 64 76 62).Ref: 5
1985*Ken O'Brien's 96 yard TD pass (New York Jet record) to Wesley Walker.Ref: 5
1985*60th Australian Women's Tennis: M Navratilova beats C Evert (62 46 62).Ref: 5
1985*Laurie Rinker/Larry Rinker win LPGA J C Penney Golf Classic.Ref: 5
1987*Toronto Blue Jay Damaso George Bell George Bell is named the ML Player of the Year by The Sporting News.Ref: 86
1987*Flyers' Ron Hextall becomes first goalie to actually score a goal.Ref: 5
1987*Jack Sikma (Milwaukee) begins NBA free throw streak of 51 games.Ref: 5
1988*Knick's set NBA record of 11 3-pointers & sink Bucks, 113-109.Ref: 5
1990*Indians agree to a lease new ballpark in Gateway (Jacobs Field).Ref: 5
1991*Kris Tschetter/Billy Andrade win LPGA J C Penney Golf Classic.Ref: 5
1992*Barry Bonds signs the richest contract in major league history. Bobby's son will make $43-million over the next six years with the Giants.Ref: 1
1992*Heart specialist, Dr. Bobby Brown, a former Yankee infielder, is elected by the owners to be the president of the American League.Ref: 1
1992*The Florida Marlins announce the signing of their first two free agents. Infielder Dave Magadan agrees for two years and veteran knuckleball pitcher Charlie Hough for one.Ref: 86
1994*Darryl Strawberry indicted on tax evasion charges.Ref: 5
1996*Donna Andrews & Mike Hulbert win LPGA J C Penney Golf Classic.Ref: 5
1997*Richard L. Monfort becomes vice chairman of the Colorado Rockies, joining his brother, Charles, who has held the same position since 1992.Ref: 86
1999*Colorado agrees to terms with free-agent OF Tom Goodwin on a three-year deal.Ref: 86
1660 The first Shakespearian actress to appear on an English stage (she is believed to be a Ms. Norris) makes her debut as Desdemona.Ref: 2
1794*First issue of the Herald of Rutland VT published.Ref: 5
1813*Ludwig von Beethoven's 7th Symphony in A, premieres.Ref: 5
1846*Hector Berlioz's "La Damnation de Faust" premieres in Paris.Ref: 5
1849*Giuseppe Verdi's opera "Luisa Miller" premieres in Naples.Ref: 5
1852 Gustav Freytag's "Die Journalisten" premieres in Breslau.Ref: 5
1857 First production of Dion Boucicaults "Poor of New York".Ref: 5
1875 Aleksandr Ostrovsky's "Volki i Ovsty" premieres in St Petersburg.Ref: 5
1896*Fiction: Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Missing 3 Quarter" (BG).Ref: 5
1914*"Watch Your Step," the first musical revue to feature a score composed entirely by Irving Berlin, opened in NY.Ref: 5
1915*Jean Sibelius' 5th Symphony in E, premieres.Ref: 5
1930*Broadway Theater opens at 1681 Broadway New York NY.Ref: 5
1930*Cole Porter's musical "NYCers" premieres in New York NY.Ref: 5
1934 Friedrich Wolf's "Professor Mamlock" premieres in Zürich.Ref: 5
1941*Ray Eberle and The Modernaires teamed with the Glenn Miller Orchestra to record Moonlight Cocktail on Bluebird Records. By April 1942, the song was a solid hit.Ref: 4
1943*John Van Druten's "Voice of the Turtle" starts a 1,557 performance run in N.Y.Ref: 5
1948*"Marinka" closes at Winter Garden Theater NYC after 168 performances.Ref: 5
1949*One of America’s classic Broadway plays, and later, a major motion picture, debuted. Gentlemen Prefer Blondes began its long run at the Ziegfeld Theatre in NY City. Carol Channing starred in the musical and charmed audiences with the show’s songs such as her trademark signature, Diamonds Are a Girl’s Best Friend. Of course, we remember Marilyn Monroe starring and singing in the cinema version; and Carol adding Hello, Dolly to her trademark.Ref: 4
1951*"Tree Grows in Brooklyn" closes at Alvin Theater NYC after 267 performances.Ref: 5
1952*First TV acknowledgement of pregnancy (I Love Lucy).Ref: 5
1954*Maxwell Anderson's "Bad Seed" premieres in New York NY.Ref: 5
1956*Guy Mitchell's "Singing the Blues" single goes #1 for 10 weeks.Ref: 5
1961*Surfin’, The Beach Boys first record, was released on Candix Records.Ref: 4
1962*"I Can Get It For You Wholesale" closes at Shubert NYC after 300 performances.Ref: 5
1963*Frank Sinatra, Jr. was kidnapped in Lake Tahoe, NV. He was set free four days later. It was discovered that Sinatra, Jr. cooperated with his abductors in their plot. Dad was not proud, nor pleased. Frank, Jr. went on to conduct the big band for Frank, Sr. and all was well. A ring-a-ding-ding.Ref: 4
1963*Florence Henderson and Jose Ferrer co-starred in The Girl Who Came to Supper on Broadway. The production, however, only lasted for 112 shows.Ref: 4
1965*Humphrey Bogart’s wife, Lauren Bacall, opened in Cactus Flower on Broadway. The show also starred Barry Nelson. The production was awarded Best Play honors and ran for 1,234 performances.Ref: 4
1967*Beatles "Magical Mystery Tour" album is released in UK.Ref: 5
1973*"Seesaw" closes at Uris Theater NYC after 296 performances.Ref: 5
1975*"Raisin" closes at 46th St Theater NYC after 847 performances.Ref: 5
1980*"Bravo" network premieres on cable TV.Ref: 5
1982*The Federal Communications Commission approved the move of WOR-TV, Channel 9 in NY City to lovely Secaucus, New Jersey. The move, complete with new call letters WWOR, gave the Garden State its first VHF television station ... and a Super Station at that!Ref: 4
1982*"Herman Van Veen: All of Him" opens at Ambassador NYC for 6 performances.Ref: 5
1984*Ringo Starr appears on Saturday Night Live.Ref: 5
1986*Santa Claus was really TV’s Ed McMahon (at least at the White House). Johnny Carson’s straight man arrived in D.C. for a Christmas bash. He and First Lady Nancy Reagan exchanged kisses and, according to Ed, “She gave me a kiss, and I gave her a Hershey.” Always the pitchman, that McMahon guy. At least it wasn’t Alpo ... or Budweiser.Ref: 4
1991*"Homecoming" closes at Criterion Theater NYC after 49 performances.Ref: 5
1991*"Nick & Nora" opens at Marquis Theater NYC for 9 performances.Ref: 5
1992*NBC announces that "Cheers" will go off the air in May 1993.Ref: 5
1993*4th Billboard Music Awards.Ref: 5
1994*"What's Wrong With this Picture?" opens at Circle in Square NYC for 12 performances.Ref: 5
1995*The Grateful Dead announced it was breaking up after 30 years of making music. The news came four months after the death of lead guitarist Jerry Garcia.Ref: 70
1996*"God Said, Ha!" closes at Lyceum Theater NYC after 22 performances.Ref: 5
1997*8th Billboard Music Awards: LeAnn Rimes & Spice Girls win.Ref: 5
2003*Musician Ozzy Osbourne, 55, is hospitalized with a fractured collarbone, eight fractured ribs and a neck vertabrae when a 600-ATV he was driving rolls on top of him. A full recovery is expected. (USA Today, p 3D, 12/24/2003)Ref: 13
-65*-BC- Quintus "Horance" Horatius Flaccus, Roman poet and satirist best known for his three books Odes, is born in Venosa, Italy.Ref: 2
1508*Gemma Frisius [Jemme Reinersz] Frisian geographer/astronomer, is born.Ref: 5
1532*Mary (Stuart), Queen of Scots, is born.Ref: 68
1626*Christina, queen of Sweden who negotiated the Peace of Westphalia, ending the Thirty Years' War, abdicated after becoming Catholic, is born.Ref: 2
1704*Anton de Haen medical expert (Ratio Medendi), is born.Ref: 5
1708*Francis I Holy Roman emperor (1745-1765), is born.Ref: 5
1715*John Althuysen Frisian vicar/poet (Frisianche rymlery), is born.Ref: 5
1728*Johann G von Zimmermann Swiss author, is born.Ref: 5
1730*John Ingen Housz Dutch/English personal physician of Maria Theresia, is born.Ref: 5
1731*Frantisek Xaver Dusek composer, is born.Ref: 5
1737*Robert Kimmerling composer, is born.Ref: 5
1741*Maximilian JLP Gardel French dancer/choreographer (Menuet Reine), is born.Ref: 5
1744*Pierre Joseph Candielle composer, is born.Ref: 5
1765*Eli Whitney, inventor of the cotton gin and uniformity method of musket manufacturing: beginning of mass production, is born.Ref: 4
1789*John Fawcett composer, is born.Ref: 5
1790*Richard Carlile, English journalist, is born.Ref: 70
1795*Jacques François Gallay composer, is born.Ref: 5
1811*Louis Alexander Balthasar Schindelmeisser composer, is born.Ref: 5
1822*Luther Prentice Bradley Brigadier-General (Union volunteers), died in 1910, is born.Ref: 5
1826 Friedrich Siemens German industrialist, is born.Ref: 5
1828*Clinton Bowen Fisk Brevet Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1890, is born.Ref: 5
1828*Robert Bullock Brigadier-General (Confederate Army), died in 1905, is born.Ref: 5
1832*Björnstjerne Björnson Norway, novelist (Pa Guds Veje, Nobel-1903), is born.Ref: 5
1861*William Durant, cofounder of Chevrolet, founder of General Motors, is born.Ref: 4
1861*Aristide Maillol France, painter/sculptor (Seated Woman), is born.Ref: 5
1861*Georges Méliès Paris France, magician; first to film a fictional story, is born.Ref: 5
1862*Georges Feydeau, French playwright (La Dame de Chez Maxim's), is born.Ref: 68
1864*Camille Claudel, French sculptor, is born.Ref: 70
1865*Jean Sibelius Tavastehus Finland, composer (Valse Triste, Finlandia), is born.Ref: 5
1865*Jacques Hadamard French mathematician (Taylor series), is born.Ref: 5
1872*J C Powys writer, is born.Ref: 5
1877*Paul Emile Ladmirault composer, is born.Ref: 5
1879*Paul Klee Swiss/German painter/tutor (Bauhaus), is born.Ref: 5
1881*Padraic Colum Irish poet/novelist/poet (Collected Poems), is born.Ref: 5
1882*Manuel María Ponce Fresnillo México, composer (Estrellita), is born.Ref: 5
1886*Diego Rivera artist: politically controversial murals in Ministry of Education Building, National Palace and other government buildings in Mexico City; died Nov 25, 1957Ref: 4
1887*Vicente Emilio Sojo Guatire Venezuela, composer, is born.Ref: 5
1888*Vesey D'Davoren character actor, is born.Ref: 5
1888*Fiske Kimball US architect/art historian, is born.Ref: 5
1888*Paul Cavanagh Chislehurst England, actor (Tarzan & his Mate), is born.Ref: 5
1889*W Hervey Allen US writer/poet (Anthony Adverse), is born.Ref: 5
1890*Bohuslav Jan Martinu Policka Czechoslovakia, composer (Hry o Marti), is born.Ref: 5
1894*Elzie Segar, cartoonist, creator of Popeye, is born.Ref: 4
1894*James (Grover) Thurber Columbus OH, humorist (Men, Women & Dogs), is born.Ref: 5
1897*Leslie Heward composer, is born.Ref: 5
1897*Josephine Bell, English physician and novelist, is born.Ref: 70
1899*John Qualen Vancouver British Columbia, actor (Grapes of Wrath, The Searchers), is born.Ref: 5
1899*James "Pigmeat" Jarrett pianist, is born.Ref: 5
1899*Sarah Williamson US missionary in Liberia, is born.Ref: 5
1903*Adele Simpson (Smithline) fashion designer: “She gave the postwar U.S. its own couture identity.”; is born.Ref: 4
1903*Cleo Brown pianist, is born.Ref: 5
1903*Irene Eisinger singer, is born.Ref: 5
1903*Kathleen (Kitty) Rosalind Muggeridge author, is born.Ref: 5
1903*Zoltan Szekely composer, is born.Ref: 5
1904 George Stevens is born.Ref: 10
1904*Wilmer L Allison Jr tennis champion (US Open-1935), is born.Ref: 5
1905*Frank Faylen St Louis MO, actor (Herbert Gillis-Dobie Gillis), is born.Ref: 5
1905*Charles Cushing composer, is born.Ref: 5
1905*Ernst Hermann Meyer composer, is born.Ref: 5
1905 Julius Silverman politician, is born.Ref: 5
1906*Richard Llewellyn Wales, novelist (How Green Was My Valley), is born.Ref: 5
1907*Frank Faylen St Louis MO, actor (Dobie Gillis), is born.Ref: 5
1907*Tony Aubin composer, is born.Ref: 5
1908*John Volpe (Governor-MA)/US Secretary of Treasury (1969-73), is born.Ref: 5
1911*Lee J Cobb New York NY, actor (Virginian, 12 Angry Men, On the Waterfront), is born.Ref: 5
1912*Jura Soyfer writer, is born.Ref: 5
1913*Delmore Schwartz US, poet/short story writer/critic (Shenandoah), is born.Ref: 5
1913*Paul Félix Flemish architect (Sun Song), is born.Ref: 5
1915*Denis Harding soldier, is born.Ref: 5
1915*George Scheuer writer/journalist, is born.Ref: 5
1916 Dorothy Mae Ballard labor union representative, is born.Ref: 5
1917*Rufo I Wever Aruban pianist/composer (Ca'i Organ), is born.Ref: 5
1918*Gérard Souzay Angers France, baritone (Le Nozze di Figaro), is born.Ref: 5
1919*Hans-Dieter Hosalla composer, is born.Ref: 5
1919*Moyssey Samuilovich Vaynberg composer, is born.Ref: 5
1920*Emmanuel McDonald Bailey Trinidad, 100 meter runner (Olympics-bronze-1952), is born.Ref: 5
1920*Ron Gulliford educationalist, is born.Ref: 5
1921*Johnny Otis California, R&B talent scout (Cold Shot, Cuttin' Up), is born.Ref: 5
1921*Terence Morgan London England, actor (Adventures of Sir Francis Drake), is born.Ref: 5
1921*Terence Weil cellist/teacher, is born.Ref: 5
1922*John B (Jack) McKay US test pilot (X-15), is born.Ref: 5
1922*Lucian Freud Berlin German, artist (Boy With a Rat), is born.Ref: 5
1922*Jean Ritchie rocker, is born.Ref: 5
1925*Hank (Henry Curtis) Thompson baseball: SL Browns, NY Giants [World Series: 1951, 1954]; is born.Ref: 4
1925*James E "Jimmy" Smith US jazz/organist (Walk on the Wild Side), is born.Ref: 5
1925*Sammy Jr. Davis, the American performer famous for his singing, dancing and comedy routines, is born in New York, New York.Ref: 70
1927*Vladimir Aleksandrovich Shatalov USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz 4, 8, 10), is born.Ref: 5
1929*Goffredo Parise writer, is born.Ref: 5
1930*Maximilian Schell, Academy Award-winning actor: Judgment at Nuremberg [1961]; Little Odessa, Abraham, Stalin, The Freshman, Peter the Great, The Chosen, Julia, The Man in the Glass Booth, The Odessa File, Heidi, The Young Lions, Wiseguy, is born in Vienna Austria.Ref: 68
1930*Alain Weber composer, is born.Ref: 5
1930*John Morressy US, sci-fi author (Starbrat, Greymantle, Kingsbane), is born.Ref: 5
1931*Rudolf Komorous composer, is born.Ref: 5
1933*Actor, comedian Flip (Clerow) Wilson is born.Ref: 4
1933*John Green basketball: Michigan State, is born in Jersey City NJ.Ref: 4
1936*David Carradine actor; son of actor John Carradine, brother of actors Keith and Robert Carradine, is born in Hollywood CA.Ref: 68
1937*James MacArthur actor: Hawaii Five-O: Dano of “Book ’em, Dano”, Hang ’Em High, Spencer’s Mountain, The Interns, The Swiss Family Robinson; son of actress Helen Hayes, is born in Los Angeles CA.Ref: 4
1937*Jan van Houwelingen Dutch UnderSecretary of Defense (CDA), is born.Ref: 5
1939*Gordon ‘Red’ Berenson hockey: U. of Michigan; NHL: Montreal Canadiens, NY Rangers, SL Blues [shares NHL record for goals [4] made in one period [11/7/68], Detroit Red Wings; coach, is born.Ref: 4
1939*Jerry Butler singer: For Your Precious Love, He Will Break Your Heart, Find Another Girl, I’m Telling You, Moon River, Never Give You Up, Hey Western Union Man, LP: Only the Strong Survive; group: The Impressions, is born.Ref: 4
1939*James Galway Belfast Ireland, flutist (18k gold flute, Royal Philharmonic), is born.Ref: 5
1939 Lynn Wilson contractor/multi-millionaire, is born.Ref: 5
1940*Graham Knight rocker, is born.Ref: 5
1940*Jenny Linden English actress (Hedda, Dr Who & the Daleks), is born.Ref: 5
1941 Albert J Evenhuis Dutch UnderSecretary of Economic (VVD), is born.Ref: 5
1942*Bobby Elliott musician: drums: group: The Hollies: Searchin’, Stay, Just One Look, Here I Go Again, We’re Through, Yes I Will, I’m Alive, Look Through Any Window, I Can’t Let Go, Bus Stop, He Ain’t Heavy, He’s My Brother, The Air That I Breathe, is born.Ref: 4
1942*Mario Savio activist, is born.Ref: 5
1943*Jim (James Douglas) Morrison ‘The Lizard King’: singer: group: The Doors: Light My Fire, Love Her Madly, Riders on the Storm, When the Music’s Over, People are Strange, Love Me Two Times, Touch Me; is born in Melbourne FL.Ref: 4
1943*Mary Woronov Brooklyn Heights NY, actress (Eating Raoul, Terror Vision), is born.Ref: 5
1943*Michael Unger English editor-in-chief (Evening News, Manchester), is born.Ref: 5
1946*Mary Woronov actress: Eating Raoul, Rock ’n’ Roll High School, is born.Ref: 4
1946*John Rubinstein Tony Award-winning actor: Children of a Lesser God [1980]; Crazy Like a Fox, Family, RoboCop the Series: The Future of Law Enforcement; composer: score: The Candidate, is born in Los Angeles CA.Ref: 4
1946*Graham Knight rocker (Marmalade), is born.Ref: 5
1949*Mary Gordon US, author, is born.Ref: 5
1949*Ray Shulman rocker, is born.Ref: 5
1950*Tim (Timothy John) Foli baseball: shortstop: NY Mets, Montreal Expos, SF Giants, Pittsburgh Pirates [World Series: 1979], California Angels, NY Yankees, is born.Ref: 4
1950*Dan Hartman Harrisburg PA, singer (Sometimes When We Touch), is born.Ref: 5
1950*Rick Baker Binghamton NY, special effects makeup artist (Exorcist), is born.Ref: 5
1952*Greg Collins football: Notre Dame, San Francisco 49ers LB, is born.Ref: 4
1952*Richie Morales drummer (Spyro Gyra-Morning Dance), is born.Ref: 5
1952*Sam Kinison screaming comedian/actor (Back to School, Charlie Hoover), is born.Ref: 5
1953*Kim Basinger actress: Ready to Wear, Wayne’s World 2, The Real McCoy, The Getaway, Final Analysis, Cool World, The Marrying Man, Batman, My Stepmother is an Alien, Blind Date, 9 1/2 Weeks, The Natural, Hard Country; former town owner: Braselton, GA; married to actor Alec Baldwin, is born in Athens GA.Ref: 5
1953*Roy Firestone sportscaster (Life's Most Embarrassing Moments), is born.Ref: 5
1956*Warren Cuccurullo rock guitarist (Missing Persons), is born.Ref: 5
1957*Phil Collen English rocker (Def Leppard-Hysteria, Rock of Ages), is born.Ref: 4
1958*Billy Hufsey actor (Christopher-Fame, Days of our Life), is born.Ref: 5
1958*Wayne Dickert Chattanooga TN, slalom double canoe (Olympics-11th-96), is born.Ref: 5
1959*Paul Rutherford vocalist (Frankie Goes to Hollywood-Relax), is born.Ref: 5
1959*Mark Dickson Tampa FL, tennis star, is born.Ref: 5
1959*Marty Raybon Sanford FL, singer (Shenandoah-Sunday in the South), is born.Ref: 5
1962*Berry van Aerle Dutch soccer star (PSV), is born.Ref: 5
1962*Stephen John Elkington Inverell Australia, PGA golfer (1990 Kmart), is born.Ref: 5
1964*James Martinez Santa Fe NM, rower (Olympics-1996), is born.Ref: 5
1964*Teri Hatcher Sunnyvale CA, actress (Lois Lane-Lois & Clark), is born.Ref: 5
1965*Greg Truitt NFL safety/linebacker (Cincinnati Bengals), is born.Ref: 5
1965*Teresa Weatherspoon WNBA guard (New York Liberty), is born.Ref: 5
1965*Troy Sadowski NFL tight end (Cincinnati Bengals), is born.Ref: 5
1966*Matthew Laborteaux Los Angeles CA, actor (Albert-Little House on Prairie), is born.Ref: 5
1966*Douglas Allan Martin Bluffton OH, PGA golfer (1995 Buick-2nd), is born.Ref: 5
1966*Joe Staysniak NFL guard (Indpls Colts), is born.Ref: 5
1966*Siñead O'Connor Dublin Ireland, singer (Nothing Compares 2 U), is born in Dublin, Ireland.Ref: 95
1967*Marina Augusta Baker Windsor England, playmate (March 1987), is born.Ref: 5
1967*Jeff George NFL quarterback (Atlanta Falcons, Oakland Raiders), is born.Ref: 5
1967*Ron George linebacker (Minnesota Vikings), is born.Ref: 5
1967*Tony Mayberry NFL center (Tampa Bay Buccaneers), is born.Ref: 5
1968*Bill Johnson defensive tackle (St Louis Rams), is born.Ref: 5
1968*Mike Mussina Williamsport PA, pitcher (Baltimore Orioles), is born.Ref: 5
1969*Lisa Marie Munzert New Castle DE, Miss Delaware-America (1991), is born.Ref: 5
1969*Antoon Kuil soccer player (Veendam, SC Heerenveen), is born.Ref: 5
1969*Bobby Phillips WLAF running back (Minnesota Vikings, Frankfurt Galaxy), is born.Ref: 5
1969*Darrin Shannon Barrie, NHL left wing (Winnipeg Jets), is born.Ref: 5
1969*Victor Green NFL cornerback/safety (New York Jets), is born.Ref: 5
1971*Garvin Alston Mount Vernon NY, pitcher (Colorado Rockies), is born.Ref: 5
1971*James Stewart NFL running back (Minnesota Vikings), is born.Ref: 5
1973*Mitch Jacoby tight end (St Louis Rams), is born.Ref: 5
1973*Monty Montgomery defensiveback (Indpls Colts), is born.Ref: 5
1974*Paul Staight Victoria Australia, badminton player (Olympics-96), is born.Ref: 5
1978*Kate Robinson Peoria IL, dance skater (& Peter Breen)Ref: 5
1990*Martin Ritt director: Norma Rae, The Front, Sounder, Hud; dies at age 70Ref: 5
644*Omar I 2nd kalief of Islam, murdered.Ref: 5
899*Arnulf of Carinthia last emperor of Austria-France, dies.Ref: 5
1292*John Peckham English archbishop of Canterbury, dies at 62.Ref: 5
1587*Mary Queen of Scots (1560-1587), executed at age 44.Ref: 5
1596*Luis de Carabajal first Jewish author in America, executed in México.Ref: 5
1643*John Pym English House of Commons member, dies at about 59.Ref: 5
1652*Adriaan W "Joris" van Geel Flemish missionary, murdered at 35.Ref: 5
1681*Gerard Terborch the Younger, Dutch painter/etcher, dies.Ref: 5
1694 Scaramouche dies.Ref: 62
1709*Thomas Corneille French dramatist, dies at 74.Ref: 5
1722*Elisabeth C "Liselotte" van Palts German/French duchess, dies at 70.Ref: 5
1751 Jozef LD von Königsegg minister of Austrian Netherlands, dies at 78.Ref: 5
1785*Antonio Maria Mazzoni composer, dies at 68.Ref: 5
1792*Henry Laurens, American President of Continental Congress (1777-78), dies at age 68; becomes first person in U.S. to be cremated.Ref: 5
1793*Jeanne Becu du Barry, French mistress of Louis XV, dies at age 50.Ref: 70
1830*H Benjamin Constant French politician/writer, dies at 63.Ref: 5
1831*James Hoban, the architect who designed the White House, dies.Ref: 5
1859 Thomas de Quincy dies.Ref: 10
1863*Jesuit Church of La Compana in Santiago Chile catches fire, 2,500 die in panic.Ref: 5
1864*George Boole, the inventor of Boolean algebra, dies of pneumonia.Ref: 68
1881*Vienna's Ring Theater destroyed by fire, kills between 640-850.Ref: 5
1894*Willem JF Nuyens Dutch physician/Roman Catholic historian, dies at 71.Ref: 5
1896*Earnest Angel German statistician (Law of Angel), dies at 75.Ref: 5
1900*Henry Russell composer, dies at 87.Ref: 5
1903*Herbert Spencer, English sociologist and philosopher, dies at age 83.Ref: 70
1907*On death of Oscar II, Gustavus V ascends throne of Sweden.Ref: 5
1923*Dom Joseph Pothier French Benedictine/musicologist, dies at 88.Ref: 5
1924*Franz X Scharwenka German pianist/composer (Mataswintha), dies at 74.Ref: 5
1926*Jan Six Dutch art historian/collector, dies.Ref: 5
1927*Golda Meir [Meyerson] Kiev Ukraine, 4th Israeli PM (1969-74), is born.Ref: 5
1934*Bernhard Seklas composer, dies at 62.Ref: 5
1939*Ernest Schelling composer, dies at 63.Ref: 5
1941*In occupied Poland, near Lodz, Chelmno extermination camp becomes operational. Jews taken there are placed in mobile gas vans and driven to a burial place while carbon monoxide from the engine exhaust is fed into the sealed rear compartment, killing them. The first gassing victims include 5,000 Gypsies who had been deported from the Reich to Lodz.Ref: 35
1952*French troops shoot on demonstrators at Casablanca, 50 die.Ref: 5
1954*Gladys George actress (Roaring Twenties), dies at 50.Ref: 5
1955*Jacques Handschin Swiss musicologist, dies at 69.Ref: 5
1956*Edgar Leslie Bainton composer, dies at 76.Ref: 5
1957*Reginald Sheffield actor (Second Chance), dies at 55.Ref: 5
1958*Baseball Hall of Famer Tris Speaker dies.Ref: 24
1961*William Beatton Moonie composer, dies at 78.Ref: 5
1963*3 fuel tanks explodes when jetliner is struck by lightning crashing near Elkton MD-Only case of lightning caused crash, 81 die.Ref: 5
1967*Robert H Lawrence USAF/astronaut, dies at 32.Ref: 5
1969*Greek DC-6B crashes in storm at Athens, 93 killed.Ref: 5
1969*Vincenzo Davico composer, dies at 80.Ref: 5
1970*Christopher K Ingold English chemist, dies at 77.Ref: 5
1972*United Airlines airplane crashes at Chicago's Midway Airport killing 45.Ref: 5
1972*George Collins (Representative-IL), dies at 47, in airplane crash.Ref: 5
1974*Hugues Panassié French jazz saxophonist/author, dies at 62.Ref: 5
1978*Golda Meir, served as Israel's PM from 1969-74, dies in Jerusalem at 80.Ref: 5
1980*John Lennon is assassinated at 40 in New York by Mark David Chapman.Ref: 5
1980*Willard Libby Nobel prize-winning atomic scientist [1960]: inventor of Carbon-14, the method for dating ancient plant, animal and mineral remains; dies.Ref: 4
1981*Walter "Shakey" Horton harmonica stylist (Everybody's Fishin'), dies at 64.Ref: 5
1982*Demanding an end to nuclear weapons, Norman Mayer, holds the Washington Monument hostage After 10 hours, police kill him; he has no explosives.Ref: 5
1982*Suriname army leader Bouterse murders 15 opponents.Ref: 5
1982*Marty Robbins (Robertson) Country Music Hall of Famer; Grammy Award Winner: El Paso [1960], My Woman, My Woman, My Wife [1970]; A White Sport Coat, Don’t Worry, Devil Woman; actor: Road to Nashville, Ballad of a Gunfighter, Hell on Wheels, The Drifter; last Grand Ole Oprey singer to perform in Ryman Auditorium, first to perform in new Opryland; dies.Ref: 4
1982*André Kamperveen Suriname minister, murdered.Ref: 5
1982*Bertus de Harder Dutch soccer star (Bordeaux), dies.Ref: 5
1982*Bram Behr Suriname revolutionary, murdered.Ref: 5
1982*Cyrill Daal Suriname worker's union leader, murdered.Ref: 5
1982*Frank Wijngaarde Suriname journalist, murdered.Ref: 5
1982*Gerald Leckie Suriname scholar, murdered.Ref: 5
1982*Harald Riedewald Suriname attorney, murdered.Ref: 5
1982*John Baboeram Suriname lawyer, murdered.Ref: 5
1982*Jozef Slagveer Suriname journalist, murdered.Ref: 5
1982*Kenneth Goncalves Deacon of Surinamese order of advocate, murdered.Ref: 5
1982*Leslie Rahman Suriname journalist, murdered.Ref: 5
1982*Surendre Rambocus Suriname army lieutenant, murdered.Ref: 5
1983*Slim Pickens (Louis Bert Lindley Jr.) actor: Dr. Strangelove or: How I Learned to Stop Worrying and Love the Bomb, The Howling, The Apple Dumpling Gang, In Harm’s Way, One-Eyed Jacks, The Outlaws, Hee Haw; Cowboy Hall of Famer; dies after brain surgery at age 64.Ref: 4
1984*Luther Adler actor (Dr Bernard Altman-The Psychiatrist), dies at 81.Ref: 5
1988*Anne Seymour (Eckert) actress: Sunrise at Campobello, Mirage, All the King’s Men; dies at age 79.Ref: 4
1988*Herbert "Tubo" Rhoad US singer (Persuasions-Good news), dies at 44.Ref: 5
1989*Hans Hartung German/French painter, dies.Ref: 5
1990*Pony Sherrell Metcalf New York, singer, dies of heart attack.Ref: 5
1991*Buck Clayton, US jazz trumpeter/orchestra leader, dies at age 80.Ref: 70
1991*AIDS patient Kimberly Bergalis, who had contracted the disease from her dentist, died in Florida at age 23.Ref: 70
1992*William Shawn, editor of The New Yorker magazine for 35 years (1952-87), dies at age 35.Ref: 70
1993*30 killed at religious rebellion in Algeria.Ref: 5
1993*Storm hits West Europe, 11 killed in England.Ref: 5
1993*André Cerf French actor/producer (Nana), dies at 93.Ref: 5
1993*Carlotta Monti lover of WC Fields, dies at 86.Ref: 5
1994*Fire in cinema in Karamay China, 310 killed.Ref: 5
1994*Antonio Carlos Jobim Brazil composer (Girl From Ipanema), dies at 67.Ref: 5
1994 Israel Aaron Maisels lawyer, dies at 89.Ref: 5
1994*Jesús "Enrique" Líster Spanish/Russian general (Civil War), dies at 87.Ref: 5
1995*In New York, an arsonist kills seven workers and himself in a Harlen clothing store that had been the target of a racially charged lease dispute. (XDG, p 4A, 12/8/2000)Ref: 83
1995 Carl Marsden bodyguard, dies at 36.Ref: 5
1995*Ernest LeRoy Boyer educator, dies at 67.Ref: 5
1995*John Gillett film researcher, dies at 70.Ref: 5
1995*Mikki Doyle journalist, dies at 79.Ref: 5
1996*Howard E. Rollins Jr. actor: In the Heat of the Night, A Soldier’s Story, Ragtime, The Member of the Wedding; dies at age 46.Ref: 4
1996*Marin Sorescu poet/dramatist, dies at 60.Ref: 5
1997*Bob Bell clown (WGN's first Bozo), dies at 75.Ref: 5
1997*Leon Poliakov historian, dies at 87Ref: 5
2000*Gary Bergman hockey: NHL: Detroit Red Wings, Minnesota North Stars, Kansas City Scouts; dies.Ref: 4

Last Update: October 27th, 2005
© 2000-2005   Kenneth Fussichen