Ken Fussichen's History Of The Day For
December 11th

Home Click on * for the link to the relevant chronology. New Date
384*St Damasus I ends his reign as Catholic Pope.Ref: 5
1419 Heretic Nicolaas Serrurier exiled from Florence.Ref: 5
1477 Duchess Maria van Bourgondie ends Great Privilegie.Ref: 5
1518*Swiss Reformer Ulrich Zwingli, 34, was elected People's Preacher at the Old Minster Church in Zurich, where he continued as pastor for the remaining 13 years of his life.Ref: 5
1640*English Puritans introduced the "Root and Branch" petition to the Long Parliament in London. It demanded the English episcopacy, "with all its dependencies, roots and branches, be abolished." (The imagery comes from Malachi 4:1.).Ref: 5
1688*James II abdicates the throne and is then arrested because of William of Orange landing in England.Ref: 2
1719*The first recorded sighting of the Aurora Borealis took place in New England.Ref: 5
1792*France's King Louis XVI went before the Convention to face charges of treason. (He was convicted, and executed the following month.)Ref: 70
1816*(new state) The Hoosier state, IN, entered the United States of America as the 19th state. The nickname, meaning rustic, is not a good decription of Indpls, the major metropolis that is its capital. However, much of the state is still farmland, and the little state flower, the peony, grows in many Hoosier front yards. The cardinal, the state bird, is also the state bird of each of the states (except Michigan) that border IN: IL, Kentucky and Ohio.Ref: 4
1848*Louis Napoleon elected President of the Republic of France.Ref: 10
1872*America's first black governor took office as Pinckney Benton Stewart Pinchback became acting governor of Louisiana.Ref: 70
1888*French Panama Canal company fails.Ref: 5
1905*British government of Campbell-Bannerman forms.Ref: 5
1905*120º F (49º C), Rivadavia, Argentina (South American record).Ref: 5
1906*US President Roosevelt attacks abuses in the Congo.Ref: 5
1914*Stockton Street Tunnel (San Francisco) completed.Ref: 5
1916*David Lloyd George forms British war government.Ref: 5
1917 German-occupied Lithuania proclaims independence from Russia.Ref: 5
1919*The kind citizens of Enterprise, AL dedicated the first known monument to an insect! The town turned out to honor the boll weevil; the evil weevil that destroyed cotton plants. However, by forcing folks to diversify their crops, the farmers wound up tripling their income. Thus, the tribute to those bugs.Ref: 4
1925*Pope Pius XI publishes encyclical Quas Primas.Ref: 5
1927*Nearly 400 world leaders sign a letter to President Calvin Coolidge asking the United States to join the World Court.Ref: 2
1928*Police in Buenos Aires thwart an attempt on the life of President-elect Herbert Hoover.Ref: 70
1930*As the economic crisis grows, the Bank of the United States closes its doors.Ref: 2
1931*British Statute of Westminster gives complete legislative independence to Canada, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, Ireland, Newfoundland.Ref: 5
1931*Japan leaves the Golden Standard.Ref: 5
1932*San Francisco's coldest day (27ºF) snow falls.Ref: 5
1933*The CWA approves a $58,000 project to relocate the Shawnee Creek (near Xenia Ohio). (XDG, 12/12/1933)Ref: 83
1936*Britain's King Edward VIII abdicated the throne in order to marry American divorcee Wallis Warfield Simpson.Ref: 70
1937*Italy withdraws from the League of Nations.Ref: 70
1939*New anti Jewish measurements in Poland, proclaimed.Ref: 5
1944 Surprise attack on House of Keeping Axe, 29 prisoners freed.Ref: 5
1945*Het Parool publishes first Captain Rob-strip.Ref: 5
1946*John D. Rockefeller, Jr. offered up a six-block area of land in New York City for use as world headquarters of the United Nations. The offer was accepted the following day.Ref: 4
1946*Spain suspended from UN.Ref: 5
1946*The United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund (UNICEF) was established.Ref: 70
1954*USS Forrestal christened in Newport News VA.Ref: 5
1956 Anti-Russian demonstrates in Stettin & Wroclaw Poland.Ref: 5
1958*4th (last) Dutch government of Drees falls.Ref: 5
1958*Upper Volta (now Bourkina Fasso) gains autonomy from France.Ref: 5
1961*Adolf Eichmann is found guilty of war crimes, in Israel.Ref: 5
1967 People's front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP) established.Ref: 5
1969 Libya adopts constitution.Ref: 5
1973 West German chancellor Willy Brandt normalizes trade with Czechoslovakia.Ref: 5
1975*First class postage rises from 10¢ to 13¢.Ref: 5
1975*The Central American Mission changed its name to CAM Intentional, after expanding its missionary efforts into Latin America. (This evangelical mission group was founded in 1890 by C.I. Scofield, editor of the Scofield Bible.)Ref: 5
1978 Massive demonstrations take place in Tehran against the shah.Ref: 2
1978*6 masked men bound 10 employees at Lufthansa cargo area at NY Kennedy Airport & made off with $5.8 million in cash & jewelry.Ref: 5
1979*Great Britain grants independence to Zimbabwe (Rhodesia).Ref: 5
1980*President Carter signed into a law legislation creating a $1.6 billion environmental "superfund" to pay for cleaning up chemical spills and toxic waste dumps.Ref: 6
1981*The U.N. Security Council chose Javier Perez de Cuellar of Peru to be the fifth secretary-general of the world body.Ref: 70
1981*Argentine President/General Roberto Viola flees.Ref: 5
1983*First visit to Lutheran church by a pope (John Paul II in Rome).Ref: 5
1985*The most expensive non-oil acquisition in U.S. history took place. General Electric Company agreed to buy RCA Corporation for $6.3 billion. The conglomerate would bring in about $39 billion in revenues. The deal also included NBC radio and TV.Ref: 4
1985*Dow Jones closes above 1,500 for first time (1,511.70).Ref: 5
1985*The Gramm-Rudman bill to eliminate the federal deficit by 1991 was passed by Congress. President Reagan signed it the following day. The bill called on the president to impose automatic spending reductions if Congress did not meet each year's deficit ceiling. 
1986 South Africa censors press.Ref: 5
1991*A jury in West Palm Beach, Fla., acquitted William Kennedy Smith of sexual assault and battery, rejecting the allegations of Patricia Bowman. European Community leaders meeting in the Dutch city of Maastricht hammered out a compromise for a loose federation of their countries.Ref: 5
1991*Eurpoean Community leaders meeting in Maastricht, Holland hammer out an agreement for a loose federation of their countries. (XDG, p 4A, 12/11/2001)Ref: 83
1992*Nor'easter storm hits NY, doing $650 million+ worth of damage.Ref: 5
1993*Eduardo Frei elected President of Chile.Ref: 5
1996 A China-organized committee of 400 Hong Kong notables elected shipping tycoon Tung Chee-hwa to be the first post-colonial leader of Hong Kong.Ref: 64
1997 Negotiators from around the world (more than 150 countries) agreed on a package of measures that for the first time would legally obligate industrial countries to cut emissions of waste industrial (greenhouse) gases that scientists say are warming the Earth's atmosphere.Ref: 4
1997*Sinn Fein leader Gerry Adams became the first political ally of the IRA to meet a British leader in 76 years as he conferred with Prime Minister Tony Blair in London.Ref: 70
1997*Federal judge orders Microsoft not to bundle IE4 in Windows.Ref: 5
1997*Henry Cisneros, President Clinton's first housing secretary, was indicted on charges of conspiracy, obstructing justice and making false statements about payments to his former mistress.Ref: 70
1998*Majority Republicans on the House Judiciary Committee pushed through three articles of impeachment against President Clinton, over Democratic objections.Ref: 70
2000*The U.S. Supreme Court heard arguments from lawyers representing George W. Bush and Al Gore concerning the Florida presidential vote recount.Ref: 70
2001*Federal prosecutors charged Zacarias Moussaoui, a French citizen of Moroccan descent, with conspiring to murder thousands in the Sept. 11 suicide hijackings.Ref: 70
2002*The US lets an intercepted shipment of North Korean missles proceed to the Persian Gulf country of Yeman a day after the vessel was detained. (XDG, p 4A, 12/11/2003)Ref: 83
2003*US Attorney General John Ashcroft announces that criminal charges have been filed against a federal licensed firearms dealer in Xenia OH (James Dillard, owner of The Hole In The Wall Gun Shop) in a "straw-buying scheme" that had Wilburforce University students purchasing more than 200 firearms and selling them to a New Jersey gang called the Double Bloods. The business has been closed since February 2003. (XDG, p 1, 12/12/2003)Ref: 83
1769*Venetian blinds patented in England by Edward Beran.Ref: 10
1844*Dr. Horace Wells of Hartford, CT had a tooth extracted. Ouch! But wait. He became the first to receive an anesthetic for this dental procedure. Ah, muth bether, Dothtuh.Ref: 4
1901*Marconi sends first transatlantic radio signal, Cornwall to Newfoundland.Ref: 5
1945*A Boeing B-29 Superfortress shatters all records by crossing the United States in five hours and 27 minutes.Ref: 2
1967*The French prototype Concorde 001 was rolled out in Toulouse, France (the British 002 prototype was not quite finished in Bristol). The joint British-French venture and the world’s first supersonic airliner, took two more years of testing and fine-tuning the powerful engines before it made its maiden flight., is born.Ref: 4
1972*Challenger, the lunar lander for Apollo 17, touches down on the moon's surface, the last time that men visit the moon. Astronauts Cernan & Harrison become 11th & 12th on the Moon.Ref: 2
1981*Spacelab I arrives at Kennedy Space Center.Ref: 5
1990*US 69th manned space mission STS 35 (Columbia 11) returns from space.Ref: 5
1998*The Mars Climate Orbiter blasts off on a nine-month journey to Mars. The probe will disappear in September 1999 because scientists failed to convert English measures to metric values. (XDG, p 4A, 12/11/2003)Ref: 83
2001*The world's eighth largest computer (a $34M Compag ES-45) was set up at the Aeronautical Systems Center at Wright-Patterson AFB according to a page 1 article of the Xenia Daily Gazette.Ref: 83
1572 Spanish troops begin siege of Haarlem.Ref: 5
1618 Russia & Poland signs Peace treaty of Dailino.Ref: 5
1710*Battle of Villa Viciosa (France beat Habsburgers).Ref: 5
1718 Battle at Frederikshall Norway.Ref: 5
1816 Citizens of Geneva thwarted Savoyard invaders.Ref: 5
1861*A raging fire sweeps the business district of Charleston, South Carolina, adding to an already depressed economic state.Ref: 2
1862*Union General Ambrose Burnside occupies Fredricksburg and prepares to attack the Confederates under Robert E. Lee.Ref: 2
1863*Union gunboats Restless, Bloomer and Caroline enter St. Andrew's Bay, Fla., and begin bombardment of both Confederate quarters and saltworks.Ref: 2
1899*2nd defeat of "Black Week" Battle of Magersfontein - Boer leader Cronjé vs General Methuen.Ref: 5
1903 British forces under MacDonald & Young march into Tibet.Ref: 5
1933 Reports say Paraguay has captured 11,000 Bolivians in the war over Chaco.Ref: 2
1940*Russian General Zhukov warns of German assault.Ref: 5
1941*The House and Senate vote in favor of war against Germany with votes of 393-0 and 88-0, respectively. (USA Today, p 5A, 10/08/2002)Ref: 13
1941*The House and Senate vote in favor of war against Italy with votes of 399-0 and 90-0, respectively. (USA Today, p 5A, 10/08/2002)Ref: 13
1941*The "D" Company of the Winnipeg Grenadiers engages the Japanese in the Hong Kong New Territories, the first Canadians to fight in the war. 
1941*Japanese invade Burma. 
1941*Hitler declares war on the United States. Roosevelt then declares war on Germany saying, "Never before has there been a greater challenge to life, liberty and civilization." The U.S.A. then enters the war in Europe and will concentrate nearly 90 percent of its military resources to defeat Hitler.Ref: 35
1941*Japanese occupy Guam.Ref: 5
1941*Dutch government in London declares war on Italy.Ref: 5
1941*Japanese attack Wake Island (only failed WWII-landing).Ref: 5
1941*Axis Sally makes her first broadcast. Ref 
1941*Italy declares war on the US.Ref: 5
1942*Australian/Dutch guerrilla troops evacuated to Timor near Australia.Ref: 5
1943*U.S. Secretary of State Cordell Hull demands that Hungary, Rumania and Bulgaria withdraw from the war.Ref: 2
1955 Israel raids Syrian positions on the Sea of Galilee.Ref: 2
1961*A U.S. aircraft carrier carrying Army helicopters arrived in Saigon the first direct American military support for South Vietnam's battle against Communist guerrillas.Ref: 5
1984 Mauretania military coup under Colonel Maawiya Ould Sid'ahmed Taya.Ref: 5
1994*Thousands of Russian troops backed by armored columns and jets rolled into breakaway republic of Chechnya in a bid to restore Moscow's control over the region.Ref: 70
1866 First yacht race across the Atlantic Ocean.Ref: 5
1909*Canadian Football exhibition game played in Van Cortlandt Park in Bronx, Hamilton Tigers beat Ottawa Rough Riders, 11-6 before 15,000.Ref: 5
1928*National League President John Heydler proposes designated hitter for pitchers.Ref: 5
1934*Ford C Frick becomes president of baseball's National League.Ref: 5
1934*First Toronto Maple Leaf penalty shot, Conacher unsuccessful vs Rangers.Ref: 5
1934*National League votes to permit night baseball (up to 7 games per home team).Ref: 1
1934*1935 All-Star Game is assigned to Cleveland.Ref: 5
1937*25th CFL Grey Cup: Toronto Argonauts defeats Winnipeg Blue Bombers, 30-7.Ref: 5
1938*New York Giants win NFL championship.Ref: 5
1941*The Giants trade hurler Bill Lohrman, catcher James O'Dea, first baseman Johnny McCarthy and $50,000 to the Cardinals to obtain first baseman Johnny Mize.Ref: 1
1947*Pacific Coast League application for major league status rejected.Ref: 5
1949*Chicago Bear Johnny Lujack passes for 6 touchdowns vs Chicago Cardinals (52-29).Ref: 5
1949*Cleveland Browns beat San Francisco '49ers 21-7 in final AAFC championship game.Ref: 5
1950*In a close vote (9-7), the owners vote not to renew A. B. 'Happy' Chandler's contract for another term as commissioner.Ref: 1
1951*Joe DiMaggio officially retires from baseball. The Yankee Clipper ends his thirteen year career with a life time .325 BA and 361 HRs.Ref: 1
1952*Fred Haney is named as the Pirate manager for the upcoming season.Ref: 1
1956*A major league player association is formed, and Indian Bob Feller is named as the president.Ref: 1
1959*The Yankees trade Hank Bauer, Marv Throneberry, Don Larsen and Norm Siebern to the KS City A's for outfielder Roger Maris and two other players.Ref: 1
1960*Cleveland's Bernie Parrish sets club record for longest interception return with a 92 yard run.Ref: 5
1966*Al Nelson sets NFL record returning missed field goal, 100 yards.Ref: 5
1968*The Angels trade two catchers, Ed Kirkpatrick and Dennis Paepke, to the Kansas City A's for right-handed knuckleballer Hoyt Wilhelm.Ref: 1
1968*US Soccer Football Association refuses to let NASL disband.Ref: 5
1972*Jet's Don Maynard becomes all time pro reception leader (632).Ref: 5
1973*Ron Santo was traded to the Chicago White Sox from crosstown rivals, the Chicago Cubs. Santo became the first major-league baseball player to invoke the rule which permits 10-year veterans of a club to refuse to be traded. He turned down a trade to the CA Angels.Ref: 4
1973*NA Soccer League awards Los Angeles, San Francisco, Seattle & Vancouver franchises.Ref: 5
1973*Houston Astro Caesar Cedino jailed in death of 19 year old woman.Ref: 5
1975*In a busy day of trading, the Yankees acquire pitchers Dock Ellis and Ken Brett, and second baseman Willie Randolph from the Pirates for hurler Doc Medich. In a separate deal with the Angels, the club trades Bobby Bonds for outfielder Mickey Rivers and pitcher Ed Figueroa.Ref: 1
1981*It was Muhammad Ali’s 61st -- and last -- fight. He lost to future champ Trevor Berbick in a 10 round decision in Nassau, Bahamas.Ref: 4
1981*Washington Capitals biggest margin of victory (9) beating Toronto 11-2.Ref: 5
1983*Jan Stephens/Fred Couples win LPGA J C Penney Golf Classic.Ref: 5
1983*72nd Australian Men's Tennis: Mats Wilander beats Ivan Lendl (61 64 64).Ref: 5
1985*NHL Record 62 points scored, Edmonton (36) beats Chicago (17) 12-9 & ties record of 21 goals.Ref: 5
1985*With the season still in progress, the Chicago Bears declared their intention to appear in and win the Super Bowl. Members of the team, known as Chicago Bears Shufflin’ Crew, released their Superbowl Shuffle. The Bears went on to defeat the New England Patriots in the Super Bowl, 46-10.
“You better start makin’ Your Superbowl plans.
But don’t get ready or go to any trouble,
Unless you practice The Superbowl Shuffle.”
Ref: 4
1986*A Bartlett Giamatti becomes president of baseball's National League.Ref: 5
1987*The A's obtain Jesse Orosco from the Mets and then trades the southpaw reliever along with shortstop Alfredo Griffin and right-hander Jay Howell to the Dodgers for pitchers Matt Young, Bob Welch and Jack Savage. New York gets Savage as well as right-hand hurlers Wally Whitehurst and Kevin Tapini from Oakland to complete the three-team, eight player deal.Ref: 1
1989*Mark Davis signs record $3.25 million per year KS City Royals contract.Ref: 5
1991*The Florida Marlins sign a one-year agreement with the Erie (PA) Sailors of the New York-Penn League for 1992. The Short Season team will begin play in June of 1992 with a 78-game schedule. Fredi Gonzalez is named to manage the club.Ref: 86
1993*59th Heisman Trophy Award: Charlie Ward, Florida State (QB).Ref: 5
1994*Kelly Robbins & Tammie Green win LPGA Diner's Club Golf Matches.Ref: 5
1995*Thomas O Hicks buys NHL Dallas Stars for $84 million.Ref: 5
2000*Alex Rodriguez signs the richest contract in sports history, a ten-year deal with the Rangers worth $252 million. The quarter billion dollars doubles the previous high of $126 million paid by the NBA's Timberwolves to Kevin Garnett in a six-year agreement signed in October, 1997.Ref: 1
2000*The Astros and Tigers complete a six-player trade with outfielder Roger Cedeno, catcher Mitch Meluskey and right-hander Chris Holt going to Detroit and catcher Brad Ausmus, relievers Doug Brocail and Nelson Cruz headed for Houston.Ref: 1
2001*The New York Mets acquired 12-time All-Star second baseman Roberto Alomar from the Cleveland Indians in an eight-player deal that sent outfielder Matt Lawton, top prospect Alex Escobar and right-handed reliever Jerrod Riggan to the Indians.Ref: 86
1665 "Messiah" Sjabtai Tswi festival in Smyrna.Ref: 5
1730 Voltaire's "Brutus" premieres in Paris.Ref: 5
1812 First newspaper on Curaçao (Curaçao Gazette & Commercial Advertiser).Ref: 5
1882 A production of Gilbert and Sullivan's Iolanthe at Boston's Bijou Theatre becomes the first performance in a theatre lit by incandescent electric lights.Ref: 2
1882 Victorien Sardous "Fedora", with Sarah Bernhardt, premieres in Paris.Ref: 70
1908 Frederick Delius' "In a Summer Garden" premieres.Ref: 5
1909 Colored moving pictures demonstrated at Madison Square Garden, NY NY.Ref: 5
1918*First concert of the Cleveland Orchestra. 
1926 Josephine Baker performs in Amsterdam.Ref: 5
1939 Betty Grable and her famous legs were featured on the cover of LIFE magazine. Legend has it that she didn’t care much for the picture, but it became an international symbol of ‘back home’ for those at war.Ref: 4
1939*Marlene Dietrich recorded Falling In Love Again -- on the Decca label.Ref: 4
1944 The Chesterfield Supper Club debuted on NBC radio. Perry Como, Jo Stafford and many other stars of the day shared the spotlight on the 15-minute show that aired five nights a week. The show was sponsored by Chesterfield cigarettes.Ref: 4
1946*Hank Williams begins to record on Sterling label.Ref: 5
1947*Bob Hilliard/Carl Sigman's musical "Angel in the Wings" premieres at Coronet Theater NYC for 308 performances.Ref: 5
1950*Hindemiths Concerto for clarinet, premieres.Ref: 5
1952*An audience of 70,000 people watched from 31 theatres as Richard Tucker starred in Carmen. The event was the first pay-TV production of an opera. Ticket prices ranged from $1.20 to $7.20.Ref: 4
1957*Jerry Lee Lewis weds Myra.Ref: 5
1958*Archibald MacLeish's "JB" premieres in New York NY.Ref: 5
1960*Coleman/Leigh's musical "Wildcat" with Lucille Ball premieres in New York NY.Ref: 5
1961*Elvis Presley's "Blue Hawaii" album goes to #1 & stays #1 for 20 weeks.Ref: 5
1961*"Please, Mr. Postman" by Marvelettes, released.Ref: 5
1964*Frank Sinatra, Jr., is returned home to his parents after being kidnapped for the ransom amount of $240,000.Ref: 2
1965*"Anya" closes at Ziegfeld Theater NYC after 16 performances.Ref: 5
1965*"Yearling" closes at Alvin Theater NYC after 3 performances.Ref: 5
1967*Beatles' Apple Music signs its first group-Grapefruit.Ref: 5
1973*Karen and Richard Carpenter received a gold record for their single, Top of the World.Ref: 4
1976*Al Stewart debuted on the Billboard Hot 100 with Year of the Cat. It peaked at #8, but not until March 1977.Ref: 4
1982*Toni Basil reached the #1 one position on the pop music charts for the first time, with her single, Mickey. The chorus: “Hey Mickey, you’re so fine, you’re so fine, you blow my mind, hey Mickey, hey Mickey.” Romantic, huh?Ref: 4
1983*Noises Off, a London play, opened at the Atkinson Theatre in New York City. The three-act play was described by critics as “an outrageous slapstick comedy of utter chaos.”Ref: 4
1984*"Doug Henning & His World..." opens at Lunt-Fontanne NYC for 60 performances.Ref: 5
1987*Charlie Chaplin's bowler hat and cane auctioned at Christies for £82,500.Ref: 10
1989*"City of Angels" opens at Virginia Theater NYC for 878 performances.Ref: 5
1990*(Trump) Ivana Trump was divorced from real estate mogul Donald Trump after 12 years of marriage.Ref: 70
1992*WNEW AM radio on 1130 in NYC ends transmitting after 58 years.Ref: 5
1993*Snoop Doggy Dogg’s Doggy Style was number one on U.S. album charts. The rest of the top five: 2-Vs., Pearl Jam; 3-Music Box, Mariah Carey; 4-The Spaghetti Incident?, Guns N' Roses; 5-The Beavis & Butt-Head Experience, Various artists.Ref: 4
1997*"Sunshine Boys" opens at Lyceum Theater NYC.Ref: 5
1475*Leo X [Giovanni de' Medici] Italy, Pope (1513-21), is born.Ref: 5
1566*Manuel Cardoso composer, is born.Ref: 5
1676*Johann Georg Weichenberger composer, is born.Ref: 5
1712*Francesco Algarotti Italian earl/encyclopedic (Viaggio in Russia), is born.Ref: 5
1757*Charles Wesley composer, is born.Ref: 5
1758*Carl Friedrich Zelter composer, is born.Ref: 5
1781*Sir David Brewster Scotland, physicist/inventor (kaleidoscope), is born.Ref: 5
1783*Max von Schenkendorf German poet, is born.Ref: 5
1790*Simon Kenton's son John is born.Ref: 58
1792*Birth of Joseph Mohr, the Austrian Roman Catholic vicar who, along with the Oberndorf Church organist Franz Gruber, on Christmas Eve of 1818, authored the enduring Christmas hymn, "Stille Nacht" ("Silent Night").Ref: 5
1793*Pietro Coppola composer, is born.Ref: 5
1797*Hiram Paulding rear-admiral (Union Navy), died in 1878, is born.Ref: 5
1801*Grabbe writer, is born.Ref: 5
1803*Hector Berlioz, French composer and conductor (Symphonie Fantastique, La Damnation de Faust), is born.Ref: 2
1810*Alfred de Musset Paris France, writer (Un Caprice, Bettine), is born.Ref: 5
1823*Yury Nikolayevich Golitsin composer, is born.Ref: 5
1835*Adolf Stoecker German anti semite/PM, is born.Ref: 5
1836 Jan Boissevain Dutch politician/ship owner, is born.Ref: 5
1838 Emil Rathenau German industrialist (AEG), is born.Ref: 5
1838*Whitney Eugene Thayer composer, is born.Ref: 5
1840*Kemal Bey Turkey, poet/author (Fatherland-1872), is born.Ref: 5
1843*Robert Koch German bacteriologist (TB, cholera, Nobel 1905), is born.Ref: 5
1849*Ellen Key Swedendish theory/author/feminist (Courageous Woman), is born.Ref: 5
1855*Julian Edwards composer, is born.Ref: 5
1856 Georgi V Plechanov Russian revolutionary theorist, is born.Ref: 5
1863*Annie Jump Cannon astronomer: discovered five stars; National Academy of Science Draper Medal-winner; is born.Ref: 4
1868*Ernst Henrik Ellberg composer, is born.Ref: 5
1874*Paul Wegener German actor/director (Student of Prag), is born.Ref: 5
1876*Mieczyslaw Karlowicz composer, is born.Ref: 5
1882*Max Born Germany, physicist (quantum mechanics, Nobel 1954), is born.Ref: 5
1882*Fiorello LaGuardia ‘Little Flower’: politician: NYC mayor [1933-45]; LaGuardia Airport in NY bears his name; is born.Ref: 4
1889*Paul Kornfeld writer, is born.Ref: 5
1892*Leo Ornstein Kremenchug Russia, composer (Bio in Sonata Form), is born.Ref: 5
1894*Eddie Dowling Woonsocket RI, composer (Anywhere USA), is born.Ref: 5
1896*Georgi K Zjukov Russian minister of Defense (WWII), is born.Ref: 5
1898*Nils J E Ferlin Swedendish poet (Barfotabarn), is born.Ref: 5
1899*Vera von der Heydt psychoanalyst, is born.Ref: 5
1904*Marjorie (Henderson) Buell, cartoonist of Little Lulu, is born.Ref: 4
1904 Joe Coral bookmaker, is born.Ref: 5
1905*Erskine (Hamilton) Childers, Irish statesman and fourth president (1973-74), is born.Ref: 70
1905*Gilbert Roland (Luis Antonio Damaso de Alonso) actor: Barbarosa, Islands in the Stream, Cheyenne Autumn, Treasures of Pancho Villa, Thunder Bay, Captain Kidd, The Cisco Kid series; is born.Ref: 4
1905*Eugen Fink German philosopher, is born.Ref: 5
1905*Koos van de Griend composer, is born.Ref: 5
1906*Birago Diop Senegalees writer/ambassador (Leurres et Lueurs), is born.Ref: 5
1907*Norbert Rosseau composer, is born.Ref: 5
1908*Elliott Cook Carter Jr New York NY, composer (Tom & Lily), is born.Ref: 5
1911*Nagib Machfus Egyptian writer (Nobel 1988), is born.Ref: 5
1911*Vincent Henry Kemp poet, is born.Ref: 5
1912*Carlo Ponti producer, director: Marriage, Italian StyleRef: 4
1913*Jean Marais Cherbourgh France, actor (Eternal Return, Beauty & the Beast, The Storm Within, Donkey Skin, Orpheus, Stealing Beauty 1996), is born.Ref: 5
1913*Carlo Ponti Milan Italy, married to Sophia Loren/director (2 Women), is born.Ref: 5
1915*Anna van Beers [Graeve] actress (A Woman like Eve), is born.Ref: 5
1916*(Damaso) Perez Prado musician: piano, organ: Patricia, Cherry Pink and Apple Blossom White, Mambo No. 5, Mambo No. 8, is born.Ref: 4
1918*Alexander Solzhenitsyn, Russian writer and winner of the 1970 Nobel Peace Prize. Famous for The Gulag Archipelago, is born.Ref: 2
1920*Eddy Firestone San Francisco CA, actor (Eddy-Mixed Doubles), is born.Ref: 5
1922*Grace Paley, short story writer, is born.Ref: 2
1922*Peter Birch Bronx, choreographer (Jane Froman's USA Canteen), is born.Ref: 5
1923*Betsy Blair actress (Marty), is born.Ref: 5
1924*Marie Windsor [Emily Marie Bertelson] Utah, actress (Double Deal), is born.Ref: 5
1926*Willie Mae ‘Big Mama’ Thornton blues singer: pre-Elvis version of Hound Dog; is born.Ref: 4
1927*Stein Eriksen Norway, giant slalom (Olympics-gold-1952), is born.Ref: 5
1928*Tomas Gutierrez Alea filmmaker, is born.Ref: 5
1930*Jean-Louis Trintignant actor: Trois Couleurs: Rouge, Is Paris Burning?, And God Created Woman, A Man and a Woman, is born.Ref: 4
1930*Leonard Friedman violinist, is born.Ref: 5
1931*Rita Moreno (Rosita Alverio) dancer, Academy Award-winning actress: West Side Story [1961]; The Wharf Rat, I Like It Like That, Portrait of a Showgirl, The Four Seasons, Anatomy of a Seduction, Carnal Knowledge, Summer and Smoke, The King and I, Singin’ in the Rain; Emmy Award-winning actress: The Muppet Show [1976-77], The Paper Palace, The Rockford Files [1/20/78], is born.Ref: 4
1931*Pierre Pilote Hockey Hall of Famer: NHL: Chicago Black Hawks defenseman: Norris Trophy winner [1964, 1965, 1966], Toronto Maple Leafs, is born.Ref: 4
1931*Richard Devon Glendale CA, actor (Battle of Blood Island), is born.Ref: 5
1932*Aldár Kovácsi Hungary, pentathlete (Olympics-gold-1952), is born.Ref: 5
1932*Wynn Irwin New York NY, actor (Lotsa Luck, Sugar Time), is born.Ref: 5
1932*Anne Heywood [Violet Pretty] Handsworth England, Miss Great Britain (1949)/actress (Midas Run, I Want What I Want, Good Luck Miss Wyckoff), is born.Ref: 5
1933*Earnest P van Altena author/interpreter (Chansons van Earnest), is born.Ref: 5
1934*Ron Carey Newark NJ, actor (Barney Miller, Montefuscos, High Anxiety), is born.Ref: 5
1934*(Arthur) Lee Maye baseball: Milwaukee Braves, Houston Astros, Cleveland Indians, Washington Senators, Chicago White Sox; is born.Ref: 4
1934*Curtis Williams singer: group: The Penguins: Earth Angel, is born.Ref: 4
1935*Tom Brumley musician: steel guitar: group: Buck Owens and the Buckaroos, Stone Canyon Band, is born.Ref: 4
1935*Femke Boersma Dutch actress (Verjaring, Pastorale 1943), is born.Ref: 5
1936*Tom Fuccello Newark NJ, actor (Dave-Dallas), is born.Ref: 5
1936 Hans van den Broek Dutch foreign minister (-1992), is born.Ref: 5
1937*Jim Harrison, novelist and poet (Legends of the Fall), is born.Ref: 2
1937 Adrian J Vlok South African NP-minister of Law & Order (1986- ), is born.Ref: 5
1938*Fred Cox football: Minnesota Vikings: kicked field goals in 31 consecutive games [1968-70] a record, is born.Ref: 4
1939*Tom Hayden 60's activist/Mr Jane Fonda/(Representative-D-CA), is born.Ref: 5
1939*Tom McGuane, novelist and screenwriter (The Sporting Club, Bushwacked Piano).Ref: 2
1940*David Gates musician: guitar, keyboard, singer: solo: Goodbye Girl; group: Bread: Make It With You, If, Baby I’m-A Want You, Diary, Aubrey, is born in Tulsa OK.Ref: 4
1940*Patrick Tovatt Garrett Ridge CO, actor (Cal-As the World Turns), is born.Ref: 5
1941*Larry Stallings football: Georgia Tech, SL Cardinals LB, is born.Ref: 4
1941*Max Baucus (Senator-D-MT), is born.Ref: 5
1941*Rogier van Otterloo Dutch composer/conductor, is born.Ref: 5
1942*Donna Mills actress: Knots Landing, The Good Life, False Arrest, Curse of the Black Widow, Beyond the Bermuda Triangle, Play Misty for Me, is born.Ref: 4
1942*Karen Susman tennis pro (Wimbledon 1962), is born.Ref: 5
1943*Donna Mills Chicago IL, actress (Knots Landing, Incident), is born.Ref: 5
1944*Lynda Day George, actress: Young Warriors, Casino, Ants, The Barbary Coast, The Silent Force, Roots, Rich Man, Poor Man-Book I, Mission: Impossible, is born in San Marcos TX.Ref: 4
1944*Brenda Lee (Tarpley) singer: I’m Sorry, All Alone Am I, I Want to Be Wanted, Sweet Nothin’s, That’s All You Gotta Do, is born in Lithonia GA.Ref: 4
1944*Booker T Jones US organist (Booker T & MGs-Green Onions) [or Nov 12], is born.Ref: 5
1944*David Ashley White composer, is born.Ref: 5
1945*Earlie Thomas football: NY Jets, is born.Ref: 4
1945*Robert Pickett rocker, is born.Ref: 5
1945*Teri Garr Lakewood OH, actress (Mr Mom, Young Frankenstein), is born. (TWA, 1998)Ref: 95
1947*Tom Fuccello Newark NJ, actor (Dave-Dallas), is born.Ref: 5
1948*Elizabeth Baur Los Angeles CA, actress (Fran-Ironside, Teresa-Lancer)Ref: 5
1949*Teri Garr actress: Ready to Wear, Dumb and Dumber, The Tale of the Frog Prince, Mr. Mom, Tootsie, The Black Stallion, Oh, God!, Close Encounters of the Third Kind, Young Frankenstein, Pajama Party, Women of the House, The Sonny and Cher Comedy Hour, Good Advice, The Girl with Something Extra, is born in Lakewood OH.Ref: 4
1950 Christine Onassis [Andreadis] NY NY, Aristotle's daughter, is born.Ref: 5
1951*Robert Cochran Claremont VT, skier (Olympics-1972), is born.Ref: 5
1952*Robert Cochran skier: U.S. slalom champion [1969, 1970], downhill champion [1971, 1973], Alpine combined champion [1971, 1972], giant slalom champion [1971, 1974]; 1972 U.S. Olympic Ski Team, is born.Ref: 4
1952*Susan Seidelman director: Desperately Seeking Susan, She-Devil, Making Mr. Right, Smithereens, is born.Ref: 4
1953*Bess Armstrong actress: The Skateboard Kid, Jaws 3, Nothing in Common, Four Seasons, On Our Own, My So-Called Life, Married People, is born in Baltimore MD.Ref: 4
1953*Ken Wahl actor (Wanderers, Wise Guys), is born.Ref: 5
1953*Peter Isacksen Dover NH, actor (CPO Sharkey, Jessie), is born.Ref: 5
1954*Singer Jermaine Jackson, sister of Michael Jackson, is born in Gary IN.Ref: 4
1954*Bradley Dub Bryant Amarillo TX, PGA golfer (1995 Walt Disney), is born.Ref: 5
1955*Stu Jackson Reading PA, NBA coach (New York Knicks (1989-90), is born.Ref: 5
1958*Nikki Sixx (Frank Ferranno) musician: bass: group: Motley Crue: LPs: Too Fast for Love, Theatre of Pain, is born in San Jose CA.Ref: 4
1958*Regina Marsikova Czechoslovakia, tennis star, is born.Ref: 5
1959*Tina Gayle Frankfurt German Federal Republic, Cowboy cheerleader/actress (Kathy-Chips), is born.Ref: 5
1959*David Iwasaki-Smith Warragul Victoria, Australasia golfer, is born.Ref: 5
1959*Jean-Louis Lamarre La Prairie Que, golfer (Québec PGA-1982, 85), is born.Ref: 5
1960*Danny Mijovic Belgrade Yugo, Canadian Tour golfer (1984 Mexican), is born.Ref: 5
1960*Mary Beth Zimmerman Mount Vernon IL, LPGA golfer (1987 Henredon Classic), is born.Ref: 5
1961*Mike Henneman St Charles MO, pitcher (Texas Rangers), is born.Ref: 5
1962 Curtis Williams is born.Ref: 10
1962*Kim Linehan swimmer (1979 1500 meter World record), is born.Ref: 5
1962*Curtis Williams rocker, is born.Ref: 5
1962*Ejo Elburg Dutch soccer player (Pax, NEC), is born.Ref: 5
1963*Mark Alalmo actor (Avenging Force), is born.Ref: 5
1963*Claudia Kohde-Kilsch German Federal Republic, tennis star, is born.Ref: 5
1963*John Lammers Dutch soccer player (NAC), is born.Ref: 5
1964*Dave Gagner Chatham, NHL center (Toronto Maple Leafs), is born.Ref: 5
1964*Justin Currie Scottish rock vocalist/bassist (Del Amitri), is born.Ref: 5
1964*Thomas Howard Middletown OH, outfielder (Cincinnati Reds), is born.Ref: 5
1965*Laurie Carr Dallas TX, playmate (December 1986), is born.Ref: 5
1965*Jay Bell Eglin AFB FL, infielder (Pittsburgh Pirates), is born.Ref: 5
1966*Gary Dourdan actor: C.S.I, A Different World, Weekend at Bernie’s II, Alien: Resurrection, King of the World, is born.Ref: 4
1966*Terry Sharpe rocker (The Adventures, Starjets-Starjets), is born.Ref: 5
1967*Davidson Matyczuk Thunder Bay Ontario, golfer (Thunder Bay-1986, 87), is born.Ref: 5
1967*Jackie Gallagher-Smith LPGA golfer, is born.Ref: 5
1967*Katy Steding Lake Oswego OR, basketball forward (Olympics-gold-96), is born.Ref: 5
1968*Derek Bell Tampa FL, outfielder (Houston Astros), is born.Ref: 5
1968*Mark Dailey Parma OH, 1.5k runner, is born.Ref: 5
1970*Danan Hughes NFL wide receiver (Kansas City Chiefs), is born.Ref: 5
1970*Doug Nussmeier NFL quarterback (New Orleans Saints), is born.Ref: 5
1970*Errict Rhett NFL running back (Tampa Bay Buccaneers), is born.Ref: 5
1970*Victoria Fuller Santa Barbara CA, playmate (January 1996), is born.Ref: 5
1971*Cedric Ihalauw soccer player (Roda JC), is born.Ref: 5
1971*Willie McGinest NFL outside linebacker (New England Patriots), is born.Ref: 5
1972*Daniel Alfredsson Grums Sweden, NHL right wing (Ottawa Senators), is born.Ref: 5
1972*Francisco Rodriguez Brooklyn NY, pitcher (Minnesota Twins), is born.Ref: 5
1972*Robert Robinson CFL defensive linebacker (Winnipeg Blue Bombers), is born.Ref: 5
1973*Erin Moorad Chicago IL, pairs skater (& Richard Gillam), is born.Ref: 5
1973*Luke Casserly Australian soccer defender (Olyroos, Olympics-96), is born.Ref: 5
1973*Ralph Intranuovo East York, NHL center (Edmonton Oilers), is born.Ref: 5
1974*Kevin Devine cornerback/kick returner (Jacksonville Jaguars), is born.Ref: 5
1976*Shareef AbdurRahim NBA forward (Vancouver Grizzlies), is born.Ref: 5
1980*Rider Strong San Francisco CA, actor (Shawn Hunter-Boy Meets World)Ref: 5
711*Justitianus II emperor of Byzantium, dies at about 42.Ref: 5
1282*Llywelyn ab Gruffydd monarch of North Wales (1246-77), is ambushed and killed by the order of Edward I.Ref: 5
1282*Michael VIII Paleologus, Byzantine emperor (1259-82), dies.Ref: 5
1573*Alardus/Eilard de Waterlant duke of Alva, hanged.Ref: 5
1582 Fernando Alvarez de Toledo marquis of Soria, dies at about 75.Ref: 5
1595*Philip III van Croij prince of Chimay/general, dies at 69.Ref: 5
1610*Forges Dimitri #2 czar of Russia, murdered.Ref: 5
1610*Adam Elsheimer German painter/cartoonist/etcher, buried at 32.Ref: 5
1686*Louis II Condé duke of Bourbon, dies at 65.Ref: 5
1704*Sir Roger L'Estrange, English journalist and pamphleteer, dies at age 87.Ref: 70
1718*Charles XII King of Sweden (1697-1718), shot dead.Ref: 5
1748*Ewald G von Kleist German lawyer/inventor of condensator, dies at 55.Ref: 5
1756 Theodor A Freiherr von Neuhoff German adventurer/king, dies.Ref: 5
1796*Johann, Daniel Titius, Prussian astronomer and physicist, dies at age 67.Ref: 70
1817*Max von Schenkendorf German poet, dies at 34.Ref: 5
1831*John George Schetky composer, dies at 55.Ref: 5
1847*Moritz Grave von Strachwitz German poet, dies at 25.Ref: 5
1857*François Henri Joseph Castil-Blaze composer, dies at 73.Ref: 5
1868*Vigilantees hunt down and hang the Reno Brothers.Ref: 52
1880*Oliver Winchester, American gun and ammunition manufacturer; developed the Winchester rifle, dies at age 70.Ref: 70
1891*Johan C J van Schagen Dutch poet/writer (Narrenwijsheid), dies.Ref: 5
1893*11 fishing ships wash up at Wadden Sea, 22 killed.Ref: 5
1899*Andrew "Andy" Wauchope British general-major, dies in battle.Ref: 5
1899*Lord Winchester British marquis/major, dies in battle.Ref: 5
1902 Matthias Hohner German manufacturer (harmonica), dies at 68.Ref: 5
1911*Thomas Ball US sculptor/painter/singer, dies at 92.Ref: 5
1917*13 black soldiers hanged for alleged participation in Houston riot.Ref: 5
1918*Ivan Cankar Slavic author (Hlapec Jernej), dies at 42.Ref: 5
1930*Friedrich von Bernhardi German war theorist/historian, dies at 81.Ref: 5
1933*Emile C Wauters Belgian painter (Van der Goes Klooster), dies at 87.Ref: 5
1938*Christian Lange, Norwegian Nobel Prize-winning peace advocate (1921), dies at age 69.Ref: 70
1939*Charles R. Walgreen, American pharmacist, dies at age 66.Ref: 70
1941*Frank Conrad, the American electrical engineer whose innovations led to the establishment of the first radio station, dies.Ref: 70
1955*Franz Adolf Syberg composer, dies at 51.Ref: 5
1955*Johan C Altorf sculptor (October 3 Monument), dies at 79.Ref: 5
1960 Black Sunday Riot in Algiers, 114 die.Ref: 5
1964*Percy Kilbride actor (Ma & Pa Kettle), dies at 76.Ref: 5
1964*Sam Cooke US, singer (You Send Me, Sad Moon), is shot to death at a motel at age 33.Ref: 5
1967*6.5 earthquake in West India, 170 killed.Ref: 5
1967*Howard Freeman actor (Double Dynamite), dies after illness in New York NY.Ref: 5
1967*Richard Stohr composer, dies at 93.Ref: 5
1967*Victor De Sabata composer, dies at 75.Ref: 5
1968*Nadine Riga dies of cerebral hemorrhage at 59.Ref: 5
1972*Semjon I Kirsanov Ukrainian poet (Zolushka), dies at 66.Ref: 5
1974*Reed Hadley actor (Racket Squad, Public Defender), dies at 63.Ref: 5
1978*Vincent du Vigneaud, American biochemist; won Nobel Prize in 1955, dies at age 77.Ref: 70
1979*Claire Carleton New York NY, actress (Alice-Cimarron City), dies at 66.Ref: 5
1983*Szymon Laks composer, dies at 82.Ref: 5
1984*George Waggner director/writer, dies at 90.Ref: 5
1985*Computer store owner in Sacramento CA killed by package bomb.Ref: 5
1986*Paul Keenan actor (Summer Fantasy), dies at 30.Ref: 5
1989*Lindsay Crosby actor: Big Foot, Out of This World; son of crooner Bing Crosby; dies.Ref: 4
1990*13 die in 83 vehicle accident in Chattanooga TN (I-75), due to fog.Ref: 5
1990 Fernand J Collin Belgian economist/banker, dies at 92.Ref: 5
1991*Robert Q. Lewis comedian, TV quiz show panelist: What’s My Line, To Tell the Truth, Call My Bluff; dies.Ref: 4
1991*Headman Tshabala musician (Ladysmith Black Mambazo), slain at 44.Ref: 5
1991*Artur Lundkvist Swedish writer/professor (Swedish Academy), dies.Ref: 5
1991*Daniel Simon Scott dies of Alzheimer's disease at 71.Ref: 5
1992*Michael Robbins actor (Lunch Hour, On the Buses), dies at 62.Ref: 5
1992*Vilma Banky silent film actress (Eagle, Rebel), dies at about 90.Ref: 5
1993*Ales Gartner Slavic ski trainer of Norway, dies at 45.Ref: 5
1993*Eliva "Elvire" Popesco Romanian/French actress (Le roi), dies at 99.Ref: 5
1994*Yao Yilin Vice PM of China (1979), dies.Ref: 5
1994*Stanislaw Maczek Polish/British general-major (WWII), dies at 102.Ref: 5
1995*Arthur Mullard comedian, dies at 82.Ref: 5
1995*John Heawood actor singer/choreographer (Pleasure Garden), dies at 75.Ref: 5
1995*Robert Shelton (Shapiro) journalist, dies at 69.Ref: 5
1996*Herbert Sally Frankel economist, dies at 93.Ref: 5
1996*Robert Bromston Thesiger Daniell soldier, dies at 95.Ref: 5
1996*W G G Duncan-Smith fighter pilot, dies at 82.Ref: 5
1996*William George Rushton actor (TW3)/author/cartoonist, dies at 59.Ref: 5
1997*Kenneth William Gatland aerospace scientist, dies at 73Ref: 5

Last Update: October 27th, 2005
© 2000-2005   Kenneth Fussichen