Ken Fussichen's History Of The Day For
December 17th

Home Click on * for the link to the relevant chronology. New Date
283*St Gaius begins his reign as Catholic Pope.Ref: 5
1526*Pope Clemens VII publishes degree Cum ad zero forms Inquisition.Ref: 5
1526*Ferdinand of Austria chosen as King of Bohemia.Ref: 5
1538*Pope Paul III excommunicates England's King Henry VIII.Ref: 69
1710*(Salem Witch Trials) 578 pounds and 12 shillings was paid to Elizabeth Proctor in restitution for her husband's death.Ref: 21
1728*Congregation Shearith Israel of New York purchases a lot on Mill Street in lower Manhattan, to build New York's first synagogue.Ref: 5
1790*Aztec Calendar or Solar Stone uncovered by workmen repairing Central Plaza in Mexico City.Ref: 5
1791*A traffic regulation in NY City established the first street to go in one direction only, or “One Way,” as the signs said.Ref: 4
1792*Opening of first legislative assembly of Lower Canada in Québec City.Ref: 5
1798*First impeachment trial against a US senator (William Blount, Tennessee) begins.Ref: 5
1819*Simon Bolivar becomes president of the Republic of Columbia.Ref: 62
1819*Congress of Angostura establishes Colombia's independence from Spain.Ref: 5
1819*A charter of the Mason grand lodge is granted to Xenia OH. (XDG, p 14A, 4/29/2003)Ref: 83
1821*As a result of a visit of the Marquis de Lafayette and his subsequent outrage at a gentlemen Revolutionary comrade's imprisonment in a debtor's prison, Kentucky outlaws debtor's prisons. Many, including Simon Kenton, are freed.Ref: 60
1852*The first Hawaiian cavalry is organized.Ref: 5
1860*Anaheim Township created in Los Angeles County.Ref: 5
1862*General US Grant issues order #11, expelling Jews from Tennessee.Ref: 5
1875*Violent bread riots in Montreal.Ref: 5
1885*France declares Madagascar a protectorate.Ref: 5
1895*Anti-Saloon League of America formed, Washington DC.Ref: 5
1900*New Ellis Island Immigration station completed costing $1.5 million.Ref: 5
1907*Ugyen Wangchuck became first hereditary king of Bhutan.Ref: 5
1914*Great Britain declares Egypt a protectorate.Ref: 5
1914*Jews are expelled from Tel Aviv by Turkish authorities.Ref: 5
1917*Confiscation of the property of the Russian Orthodox Church and abolition of religious instruction in schools was announced by the Bolshevik government.Ref: 5
1919*Austria parliament approves 8-hour day.Ref: 5
1920*Japan receives League of Nations mandate over Pacific islands.Ref: 5
1920*British Empire receives League of Nations mandate to Nauru.Ref: 5
1920*South Africa receives League of Nations mandate over SW Africa.Ref: 5
1920*The first orphanage founded by the Church of God opened in Cleveland, Tennessee. Its establishment was the result of the vision and efforts of Church of God pioneer, A.J. Tomlinson.Ref: 5
1922*Last British troops leave Ireland Freestate.Ref: 5
1923*Greek king George II overthrown by army/republic.Ref: 5
1924*First US diesel electric locomotive enters service, Bronx NY.Ref: 5
1925 Russia & Turkey sign non-aggresion pact.Ref: 5
1925*Colonel William "Billy" Mitchell is convicted at his court-martial of insubordination.Ref: 5
1926 German Marx government falls due to cooperation with red army.Ref: 5
1926 Lithuanian military state under General Augustine Woldemaras.Ref: 5
1927*U.S. Secretary of State Kellogg suggests a worldwide pact renouncing war.Ref: 2
1933 Spain's 2nd Government of Lerroux forms.Ref: 5
1938 Italy declares the 1935 pact with France invalid, because ratifications had not been exchanged. France denies the argument.Ref: 2
1938*Utrecht Central Station destroyed by fire.Ref: 5
1942*After 17 days of work, Fermi's group completes CP-1. It contains 36.6 metric tons of uranium oxide, 5.6 metric tons of uranium metal, and 350 metric tons of graphite. Construction is halted sooner than planned when Fermi projects that a critical configuration has been reached.Ref: 91
1943*Transport 63 departs with French Jews to Nazi-Germany.Ref: 5
1944*The D pile goes critical with sufficient reactivity to overcome fission product poisoning effects. Large scale plutonium production begins.Ref: 91
1944*M-Ocean View streetcar resumes service & is extended to Market St.Ref: 5
1945*Canadian Prime Minister Mackenzie King passes three orders-in-council providing for the deportation of five classes of Japanese Canadians. 
1947*WEWS TV channel 5 in Cleveland OH (ABC) begins broadcasting.Ref: 5
1947*NY struck by a blizzard, resulting with 27" of snow.Ref: 5
1948*The Smithsonian Institution accepts the Wright brothers' plane, the Kitty Hawk.Ref: 2
1949*Burma recognizes People's Republic of China.Ref: 5
1951*Dutch Communist Party members forbidden to be civil servants.Ref: 5
1952 Yugoslavia breaks relations with the Vatican.Ref: 2
1954*The 1st fully automated railroad freight yard (Gary IN) begins operation.Ref: 5
1961 India seizes Goa & 2 other Portuguese colonies.Ref: 5
1962 Current constitution of Monaco promulgated.Ref: 5
1963 West & East Berlin sign accord about travel rules.Ref: 5
1963*Tsjoi Doo Sun forms government in South Korea.Ref: 5
1965*Ending an election campaign marked by bitterness and violence, Ferdinand Marcos is declared president of the Philippines.Ref: 2
1965*British government proclaims end of oil-embargo against Rhodesia.Ref: 5
1965*Dutch government shuts Limburgs coal mine.Ref: 5
1969*The U.S. Air Force officially closes its Project "Blue Book" by concluding there was no evidence of extraterrestrial spaceships behind thousands of UFO sightings.Ref: 70
1970*USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakhstan/Semipalitinsk USSR.Ref: 5
1970*US performs nuclear test at NV Test Site.Ref: 5
1970*Gdansk, Poland shipworkers strike.Ref: 5
1971 Cease-fire between India & Pakistan in Kashmir.Ref: 5
1972 New line of control agreed to in Kashmir between India & Pakistan.Ref: 5
1973*Arab terrorists shoot passengers on Boeing 737 to Kuwait.Ref: 5
1975*A federal jury in Sacramento, California, sentences Lynette Alice Fromme, also known as "Squeaky" Fromme, to life in prison for her attempted shooting of President Gerald R. Ford.Ref: 3
1975*(US Supreme Court Justice) The Senate confirms the appointment of John Paul Stevens as an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court.Ref: 5
1977*France performs nuclear test at Muruora Island.Ref: 5
1978 Referendum approves new constitution of Rwanda.Ref: 5
1978*OPEC raises oil prices 18%.Ref: 5
1980 Mauritania provisional constitution published.Ref: 5
1980*Great Britain performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site.Ref: 5
1981*Members of the Red Brigades kidnap Brig. Gen. James L. Dozier, the highest-ranking U.S. Army official in southern Europe, from his home in Verona, Italy. (Dozier was rescued 42 days later.)Ref: 2
1984*New Jersey Devils first penalty shot-Rocky Trottier scores against Edmonton.Ref: 5
1984*New Jersey Devils first shutout, Glenn Resch makes 42 saves beat Minnesota, 2-0.Ref: 5
1986*US Congress forms "Irangate" committee.Ref: 5
1986*Eugene Hasenfus, the American convicted by Nicaragua for his part in running guns to the Contras, was pardoned and released.Ref: 70
1987*Czechoslovak party leader Gustav Husák resigns.Ref: 5
1988*USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakhstan/Semipalitinsk USSR.Ref: 5
1988*USS Tennessee, the first sub to carry Trident 2 missiles, is commissioned.Ref: 5
1989*Brazil elects conservative Fernando Collor de Mello president.Ref: 5
1991*Patrick Manning becomes premier of Trinidad & Tobago.Ref: 5
1991*In an about-face, the White House used the word "recession" to characterize the state of the economy, although spokesman Marlin Fitzwater said the administration did not believe there was a recession in a technical sense. Russian President Boris Yeltsin and Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev agreed to dissolve the Soviet Union by the new year.Ref: 64
1992*President George H.W. Bush, Canadian Prime Minister Brian Mulroney and Mexican President Carlos Salinas de Gortari signed the North American Free Trade Agreement in separate ceremonies.Ref: 70
1993*Bangladesh moslems call for murder of feminist Taslima Nasrin.Ref: 5
1993*The so-called "suicide doctor" Jack Kevorkian was released from jail after promising not to help anyone end their lives, for the time being. (XDG, p 4A, 12/17/2003)Ref: 83
1994*KLM's last DC-10 goes out of service.Ref: 5
1995*CPRF under Gennady Zyuganov dominates Duma electionsRef: 89
1996*Peruvian guerrillas took hundreds of people hostage at the Japanese embassy in Lima; all but 72 of the hostages were later released by the rebels; the siege ended April 22, 1997, with a commando raid that resulted in the deaths of all the rebels, two commandos and one hostage.Ref: 70
1996*Kofi Atta Annan was named seventh secretary-general of the United Nations by acclamation during ceremony in the General Assembly Hall, attended by representatives of the world organization’s 185 members.Ref: 4
1997 New Jersey becomes first state of the union to permit gay couples to adopt children.Ref: 10
1998*House Speaker-designate Bob Livingston shocked fellow Republicans by admitting he had extramarital affairs.Ref: 70
2000*President Bush named Stanford professor Condoleezza Rice his national security adviser and TX Supreme Court Justice Alberto Gonzales to the White House counsel's job.Ref: 64
2002*Insurance and finance company Conseco Incorporated filed for Chapter Eleven protection in the third-largest bankruptcy in U.S. history.Ref: 70
2003*US District Judge Paul Friedman rules that John Hinckley, 48, the man who shot President Reagan in an assassination attempt, is permitted unsupervised trips to visit his parents. (USA Today, p 1, 12/18/2003)Ref: 13
2003*George Ryan (ex-Gov-IL-R), who gained national prominence when he declared a moratorium on Illinois' death penalty, is indicted on federal racketeering, fraud and conspiracy charges. (USA Today, p 3A, 12/18/2003)Ref: 13
2003*A $1.2M replica of the original 1903 Wright Flyer fails to gain sufficient speed for flight on the 100th anniversary of the Wright Brothers first flight. (USA Today, p 15A, 12/18/2003)Ref: 13
1804*Lewis & Clark: Clark notes a temperature of 45º below zero – "colder," John Ordway adds, "than I ever knew it be in the States." A week later, on Christmas Eve, Fort Mandan was considered complete and the expedition had moved in for the winter.Ref: 65
1895*George Brownell patents a machine to make paper twine (Massachusetts).Ref: 5
1900*The French offer a 1st prize of 100,000 francs offered for communications with extraterrestrials. Martians excluded-considered too easy.Ref: 5
1903*At 10:35AM, for 12 seconds, 1st sustained motorized aircraft flight is made by the Wright Brothers, near Kitty Hawk, North Carolina.Ref: 5
1935*The first flight of the DC-3 (Gooney-bird)Ref: 62
1946*US V-2 rocket reaches 183 km, White Sands Proving Grounds NM.Ref: 5
1957*The United States successfully test-fired the "Atlas" intercontinental ballistic missile for the first time.Ref: 5
1965*David Levy begins his search for comets.Ref: 5
1986*Mrs Davina Thompson makes medical history by having the first heart, lung & liver transplant (Papworth Hospital in Cambridge, England).Ref: 5
1992*General Suwa finds tooth of 4.4 million year old Australopithecus ramidus.Ref: 5
1399 Tamerlane's Mongols destroy army of Mahmud Tughluk, Sultan of Delhi, at Panipat.Ref: 2
1572 Spanish army begins fires in Haarlem Netherlands.Ref: 5
1587 Earl Leicesters army leaves Netherlands.Ref: 5
1638 French/Swedish troops occupy Breisach on the Rhine.Ref: 5
1718*England declares war on Spain.Ref: 5
1745*Bonnie Prince Charles army retreats to Scotland.Ref: 5
1774*The armed crown ship, the Canceaux, arrives in Portsmith, NH harbor at the request of New Hampshire's Governor Wentworth. Ref 
1777*France recognizes independence of the English colonies in America.Ref: 5
1777*George Washington's army returns to Valley Forge PA for the winter.Ref: 5
1778*British forces commanded by Detroit's Lieutenant Governor Henry Hamilton recapture Vincennes. George Rogers Clark's troops are too few to hold it. 
1778*The British take Hamilton (OH?).Ref: 60
1788*Russian army of Grigorij Potemkin occupies Ochárov.Ref: 5
1861*The Stonewall Brigade begins to dismantle Dam No. 5 of the C&O Canal.Ref: 2
1864*Battle of Franklin TN.Ref: 5
1893*Russia ratifies Duple Alliance with France.Ref: 5
1899*Frederick "Freddy" Roberts son of British field marshal, dies in battle.Ref: 5
1914*Austrian troops beat Russians in Limanova Poland.Ref: 5
1917*Coalition government of Sir Robert Borden is returned and considered confirmed in Canada.Ref: 38
1939* Canada's Prime Minister signs on to the British Commonwealth Air Training Plan, providing facilities for airmen in the Commonwealth to train. Price of the plan is $1.281 billion. 
1939*In the Battle of River Plate near Montevideo, Uruguay, the British trap the German pocket battleship Graf Spee. German Captain Langsdorf sinks his ship believing that resistance is hopeless.Ref: 2
1940*British troops occupies Sollum.Ref: 5
1941*German troops led by Rommel begin retreating in North Africa.Ref: 5
1941*German submarine U-31 sunk.Ref: 5
1941*The Japanese again demand the surrender of Hong Kong. It is refused. 
1941*Dutch & Australian troops land on Portuguese-Timor.Ref: 5
1942*British Foreign Secretary Eden tells the British House of Commons the Nazis are "now carrying into effect Hitler's oft repeated intention to exterminate the Jewish people of Europe." U.S. declares those crimes will be avenged.Ref: 35
1942*Allies in London sentence German war criminals.Ref: 5
1943*U.S. forces invade Japanese-held New Britain Island in New Guinea. U.S. forces invade Japanese-held New Britain Island in New Guinea.Ref: 2
1944*Waffen SS murder 81 U.S. POWs at Malmedy.Ref: 36
1944*U.S. Major General Henry C. Pratt issues Public Proclamation No. 21, declaring that, effective January 2, 1945, Japanese-American "evacuees" from the West Coast could return to their homes.Ref: 3
1944*US destroyers sink in storm off Philippines, 790 killed.Ref: 5
1944*The U.S. Army Air Force begins preparations for dropping the Atomic Bomb by establishing the 509th Composite Group to operate the B-29s that will deliver the bomb. 
1944*The German Army renews the attack on the Belgian town of Losheimergraben against the defending Americans during the Battle of the Bulge.Ref: 2
1950*The French government appoints Marshal de Lattre de Tassigny to command their troops in Vietnam.Ref: 2
1961 India seizes Goa & 2 other Portuguese colonies.Ref: 5
2002 Congo's government, rebels and opposition parties signed a peace agreement to end four years of civil war.Ref: 70
1891*The American Association disbands. The Baltimore Orioles, St. Louis Browns, Louisville Colonels and Washington Senators become part of the 12-team National League.Ref: 1
1920*American League votes to allow pitchers who used the spitball in 1920 to continue using it as long as they are in the league (The National League will do the same 17 holdover spitballers in all).Ref: 5
1924*The Yankees trade three pitchers to the Browns to get back Urban Shocker, a pitcher traded to St. Louis in 1918. Shocker had been a 20-game winner for four consecutive seasons.Ref: 1
1928*John McGraw backs National League president John Heydler's designated hitter idea.Ref: 5
1932*Cardinals trade Jim Bottomley to Reds for Estel Crabtree & Ownie Carroll.Ref: 5
1933*NFL starts keeping official statistics as Bears beat Giants 23-21 in championship game.Ref: 5
1944*Green Bay Packers win NFL championship.Ref: 5
1952*Archie Moore outpoints Joey Maxim in a light-heavyweight boxing match.Ref: 97
1964*The Yankees fire long time television and radio voice Mel Allen; this well known broadcaster popularized the 'going, going, gone' HR call and often said 'how about that?' to describe happenings on the ballfield.Ref: 1
1975*Bill Veeck, who became the owner of the team yesterday, fires manager Chuck Tanner and selects old friend Paul Richards to manage the White Sox.Ref: 1
1975*First time NY Islanders shut-out NY Rangers, 3-0-Billy Smith's 5th.Ref: 5
1977*San Diego Padre Rollie Fingers is named N.L. Fireman of the Year, and teammate Bob Owchinko is honored as Rookie Pitcher of the Year.Ref: 86
1979*Driver Stan Barrett became the first person in the world to travel faster than sound on land. He drove the Budweiser Rocket car at a top speed of 739.666 in a one-way run at Rogers Dry Lake, California. The ultrasonic speed set an unofficial record, but an official record requires trips in both directions, whose speeds are averaged.Ref: 3
1984*John McEnroe and Peter Fleming lost a doubles tennis match in the Davis Cup competition for the first time in 14 matches. Anders Jarryd and Stefan Edberg lead the Swedish team to the title. It marked the worst defeat for the United States team since 1973.Ref: 4
1988*NY Islanders break 12 game losing streak, beat Devils 5-2.Ref: 5
1988*77th Davis Cup: Germany beats Sweden in Gothenburg (4-1).Ref: 5
1988*Bryan Murray becomes the 17th NHL coach to win 300 games (Washington Capitals).Ref: 5
1989*Patti Rizzo/Mike Hill win LPGA Mazda Golf Championship.Ref: 5
1989*78th Davis Cup: Germany beats Sweden in Stuttgart (3-2).Ref: 5
1989*An era ends as the Toronto Blue Jays trade Ernie Whitt to the Atlanta Braves. He was the club's final link with the 1976 Expansion Draft.Ref: 86
1991*NBA's most lopsided game Cleveland beats Miami 148-80.Ref: 5
1992*The Twins sign free-agent DH/outfielder Dave Winfield. Last season for the World Champion Blue Jays, the St. Paul native hit .290 and had 108 RBIs and 26 HRs.Ref: 1
1993 Kevin Scott skates world record 1000 meter (1:12.54).Ref: 5
1993*Rickey Henderson returns to the A's signing a two-year $8.6 million dollar contract.Ref: 1
1993*Tennis star Boris Becker (26) weds Barbara Feltus (27).Ref: 5
1993*Fox television outbid CBS fot the National Football Conference TV package. (XDG, p 4A, 12/17/2003)Ref: 83
1995*The Cleveland Browns play their final game. Owner Art Modell moves his team to Baltimore. 
2000*City and club officials announce plans for the financing and construction of a new, downtown Miami retractable roof ballpark for the Marlins. The state-of-the-art $385 million stadium, which will be a 40,000-seat facility with 60 luxury suites, includes a 40-year lease and an agreement to rename the team the Miami Marlins.Ref: 1
2001*The Cleveland Indians short search to replace 12-time All-Star second baseman Roberto Alomar ended, as the Indians inked Ricky Gutierrez to a three-year contract with a club options for a fourth year. Matt Lawton, who was part of the Roberto Alomar deal on December 11, signed a four-year contract with the Indians.Ref: 86
2002*After bringing the Giants to the brink of a world championship, Russ Ortiz (14-10, 3.78) is traded by the Giant to the Braves for sophomore southpaw Damian Moss (12-6, 4.11) and minor league prospect Manuel Mateo. The 27-year old righthander left Game 6 with 5-0 margin, but the Giants bullpen was unable to hold the lead and lost the series to the Diamondbacks in seven games.Ref: 1
2003*Ohio State University found itself innocent after a self-investigation of allegations of academic misconduct involving suspended tailback Maurice Clarett and other atheletes. The committee was formed after reports in July 2003 that Clarett passed a class in 2002 by taking two oral exams. (USA Today, p 1C, 12/18/2003)Ref: 13
1843*Charles Dickens' "A Christmas Carol" was first published. The "social conversion" of Ebenezer Scrooge on Christmas Eve may be seen as a literary symbol (based on the events of the first Christmas night) of the human potential released through spiritual conversion.Ref: 5
1865*Franz Schubert's "Unvolendete Symphony" premieres.Ref: 5
1887 Georges Feydeaus' "Tailleur Pour Dames" premieres in Paris.Ref: 5
1892*Tsjaikovski's ballet "Casse-noisette" premieres in St Petersburg.Ref: 5
1902 Frank Wedekind's "Der Erdgeist" premieres in Berlin.Ref: 5
1926*KYA-AM in San Francisco CA begins radio transmissions.Ref: 5
1926*Benny Goodman played a clarinet solo. This was not unusual for Benny except that it was his first time playing solo within a group recording session. Goodman was featured with Ben Pollack and His Californians on He’s the Last Word.Ref: 2
1933 Show business publication Daily Variety first published in Hollywood.Ref: 10
1936 Ventriloquist Edgar Bergen kidded around with his pal, Charlie McCarthy (who was a bit wooden, we remember...), for the first time on radio. The two debuted on The Rudy Vallee Show on NBC. Soon, Bergen became one of radio’s hottest properties, and was called Vallee’s greatest talent discovery.Ref: 2
1949*"Regina" closes at 46th St Theater NYC after 86 performances.Ref: 5
1953*Following an earlier decision that favored CBS-TV, the wise minds at the Federal Communications Commission changed opinions and decided to approve RCA’s color television specifications. Guess who benefited most? That’s right, NBC, parent company (then) of RCA. NBC stations soon took the lead in displaying programs "...presented in living color."Ref: 4
1953*Dmitri Shostakovich's 10th Symphony, premieres in Leningrad.Ref: 5
1955*Carl Perkins wrote Blue Suede Shoes. Less than 48 hours later, he recorded it at the Sun Studios in Memphis. The tune became one of the first records to be popular simultaneously on rock, country and rhythm & blues charts.Ref: 4
1957*"The Nat King Cole Show" was canceled after a year for lack of a sponsorRef: 62
1959 On the Beach premiered this day at the Astor Theatre in NY City -- and in 17 other cities. It was the first motion picture to debut simultaneously in major cities around the world.Ref: 4
1960*"La Plume de Ma Tante" closes at Royale Theater NYC after 835 performances.Ref: 5
1960*"Take Me Along" closes at Shubert Theater NYC after 448 performances.Ref: 5
1960 Pablo Casals' oratorio "El Pesebrio" premieres.Ref: 5
1962*Beatles first British TV appearance (People & Places).Ref: 5
1965 Largest newspaper-Sunday NY Times at 946 pages (50¢).Ref: 5
1965*Astrodome opens, first event is Judy Garland & Supremes concert.Ref: 5
1969*An estimated 50 million TV viewers watched singer Tiny Tim marry his fiancee, Miss Vicky, on NBC's "Tonight Show."Ref: 5
1969*Chicago Transit Authority became a gold record for the group of the same name (they later changed their name to Chicago). When the album was released by Columbia Records, it marked the first time an artist’s debut LP was a double record.Ref: 2
1970*The Beach Boys played to royalty at Royal Albert Hall in London. Princess Margaret was in attendance and shook the royal jewelry to such classics as Good Vibrations, I Get Around and Help Me, Rhonda.Ref: 2
1971 "Diamonds are Forever" premieres in US.Ref: 5
1971 Radio Bangladesh begins transmitting.Ref: 5
1976*WTCG-TV, Atlanta, Georgia, owned by Ted Turner, changed call letters to WTBS, and was uplinked via satellite, to become the first commercial TV station to cover the entire U.S. WTBS started on four cable systems, available in 24,000 homes.Ref: 4
1977*Elvis Costello, making a rare TV appearance, agreed to perform on NBC’s Saturday Night Live when Sid Vicious and the Sex Pistols failed to show up for the gig.Ref: 4
1983*"Peg" closes at Lunt-Fontanne Theater NYC after 5 performances.Ref: 5
1986*Wayne Danke Schoen Newton won a $19.2 million judgment against NBC News, which had aired reports linking Newton to mob figures. The reports were proven to be false.Ref: 2
1991*Soap opera "One Life To Live" airs its 6,000th episode.Ref: 5
1992*"Christmas Carol" opens at Broadhurst Theater NYC for 22 performances.Ref: 5
1993*Northern Exposure star Barry Corbin falls off his horse.Ref: 5
1994*Ini Kamoze’s Here Comes the Hotstepper was the #1. It was the biggest single in the U.S. for two weeks: “Hit it. Nah, na na na nah, na na na nah, Na na nah, na na nah, na na na nah...”Ref: 2
1995*"School after Scandal" closes at Lyceum Theater NYC after 23 performancesRef: 5
1493*Philippus Paracelsus, Alchemist and physician, opposed humoral theory, stressed observation, is born.Ref: 5
1554*Ernst of Bayern prince/bishop of Liege/archbishop of Cologne, is born.Ref: 5
1616*Sir Roger L'Estrange, English journalist and pamphleteer, is born.Ref: 70
1619*Ruprecht prince of Palts/admiral/chemist/engraver/mathematician, is born.Ref: 5
1638*Johann Ulrich Sultzberger composer, is born.Ref: 5
1706*Gabrielle Chƒtelet [La belle Emilie] French writer (Voltaire), is born.Ref: 5
1734*(Declaration of Independence) William Floyd, US soldier, signer of the Declaration of Independence, is born in Brookhaven, NY.Ref: 5
1749*Domenico Cimarosa Italian composer (Il Matrimonio Segreto), is born.Ref: 5
1770*Johann Friedrich Schubert composer, is born.Ref: 5
1778*Sir Humphrey Davy, English chemist who discovered the anesthetic effect of laughing gas, is born.Ref: 2
1797*Joseph Henry, US scientist: discovered the principle of self-induction; constructed first model of an electric telegraph with audible signal; president [1868-1878] and charter member of National Academy of Sciences; died May 14, 1878Ref: 4
1800*Gergely Czuczor Hung/Czechoslovakian poet/translator (Great Hung dictionary), is born.Ref: 5
1801*Johan king of Saxon (1854-73) (translated Divina Commedia), is born.Ref: 5
1807*John Greenleaf Whittier poet: Barbara Frietchie, Maud Miller, Snowbound; Quaker: devoted to the abolitionist cause in U.S.; died Sep 7, 1892Ref: 2
1819*Samuel Jones Major General (Confederate Army), died in 1887, is born.Ref: 5
1820*Frederick Tracy Dent Brigadier-General (Union volunteers), died in 1892, is born.Ref: 5
1821*Frederick West Lander Brigadier-General (Union volunteers), died in 1862, is born.Ref: 5
1824*Thomas Starr King New York NY, Unitarian clergyman (Christianity & Humanity), is born.Ref: 5
1824*John Kerr System physicist (electro-visually Kerr-effect), is born.Ref: 5
1824*Manning Ferguson Force Brevet Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1899, is born.Ref: 5
1830*Jules de Goncourt France, novelist (Germinie), is born.Ref: 5
1833*James Thadeus Holtzclaw Brigadier-General (Confederate Army), died in 1893, is born.Ref: 5
1835*Alexander E Agassiz US, businessman/biologist/geology, is born.Ref: 5
1838*Berthold Tours composer, is born.Ref: 5
1840*Christian Frederik Emil Horneman composer, is born.Ref: 5
1842*Marius Sophus Lie Norwegian mathematician (continous groups), is born.Ref: 5
1848*Frederick Grant Gleason composer, is born.Ref: 5
1853*Sir Herbert Beerbohm Tree England, actor/theater manager (Trilby), is born.Ref: 5
1859*Willem C Gronings Curarao publisher (People's Friend), is born.Ref: 5
1861*Fritz Volbach German musicologist/conductor/composer, is born.Ref: 5
1863*Ion Vidu composer, is born.Ref: 5
1864*John Felix August Korling composer, is born.Ref: 5
1869*Nikolay Ivanovich Kazanli composer, is born.Ref: 5
1873*Ford Madox Ford, England, novelist/editor (The Inheritors), is born.Ref: 5
1874*William Lyon Mackenzie King (L), 10th Canadian PM (1921-30, 1935-48), is born.Ref: 5
1876*Julio Afrenio Peixoto Brazilian writer (O esfinge), is born.Ref: 5
1881*Johannes CB "Jan" Sluyters Dutch painter, is born.Ref: 5
1889*Vaslav F Nijinski Ukraine/US ballet dancer (l'après-midi d'une faune), is born.Ref: 5
1891*Robertson Hare London England, actor (Our Girl Friday, Banana Ridge), is born.Ref: 5
1892*Edwin Cohn, American biochemist, is born.Ref: 70
1893*Erwin Piscator German stage director (Der Stellvertreter), is born.Ref: 5
1894*Arthur Fiedler, the American conductor who conducted the Boston Pops Orchestra, is born in Boston MA.Ref: 70
1894*Willem Schermerhorn Netherlands premier (1945-46), is born.Ref: 5
1894*Hans [Henry] Kramers Dutch theoretical physicist (quantum mechanics), is born.Ref: 5
1894*Hans Henny Jahnn writer, is born.Ref: 5
1895*David Butler San Francisco CA, director (April in Paris, Calamity Jane), is born.Ref: 5
1900*Lucijan Marija Skerjanc Yugoslavia, composer/conductor, is born.Ref: 5
1902*Simon Drach writer, is born.Ref: 5
1903*Erskine P Caldwell author (Tobacco Road, God's Little Acre), is born.Ref: 5
1904*Paul Cadmus New York NY, etcher/painter (Sailors & Floozies), is born.Ref: 5
1904*Dmitri B Kabalevsky St Petersburg Russia, composer (In the Fire), is born.Ref: 5
1905*Joseph Heifitz film director, is born.Ref: 5
1906*Fernando Lopez-Garcia composer, is born.Ref: 5
1908*Willard Frank Libby, American chemist, discoverer of carbon dating (Nobel 1960) is born in Grand Valley, Colorado.Ref: 2
1908*William Brocklesby Wordsworth composer, is born.Ref: 5
1909*Ferdinand H Aus der Foenten German war criminal (Breda 4), is born.Ref: 5
1910*Sy (Melvin James) Oliver trumpeter, singer, arranger, bandleader, composer: Easy Does It, Swing High, Well, Git It, Opus No. 1; is born.Ref: 2
1911*William Roerick actor (Henry Chamberlain-Guiding Light), is born.Ref: 5
1915*Joan (Joanne) Woodbury actress: The Time Travelers, Northwest Trail, Song of the Gringo, Bulldog Courage; is born.Ref: 2
1916*Antoine G T "Toon" Hermans Dutch entertainer/poet (Kolderliedjes), is born.Ref: 5
1917*Louis Salvador Palange composer, is born.Ref: 5
1920*Armin Mueller-Stahl Tilsit East Prussia, actor (Kafka, Music Box), is born.Ref: 5
1922*Eric Brand diplomat, is born.Ref: 5
1922*Hubert H A Beckers Curacao opera singer, is born.Ref: 5
1922 Eric Brand diplomat, is born.Ref: 5
1925*Rijk de Gooyer Dutch actor (Black Rider, Rififi in Amsterdam), is born.Ref: 5
1926*Jeremy Brooks writer, is born.Ref: 5
1926*Patrice Wymore Miltonville KS, actress (The Big Tree), is born.Ref: 5
1927*Richard Long Chicago IL, actor (Professor-Nanny & the Professor), is born.Ref: 5
1928*Marilyn Beck newspaper columnist, is born.Ref: 5
1928*Julia Meade (Kunza) entertainer: Club Embassy; TV hostess: Spotlight Playhouse, Gas Company PlayhouseRef: 2
1929*William Safire political columnist (New York Times)/speech writer (Nixon), is born.Ref: 5
1930*Robert [C J Edward] Guccione magazine publisher (Penthouse, Omni), is born.Ref: 5
1930*Julia Meade actress/TV hostess (Spotlight Playhouse), is born.Ref: 5
1930*Makoto Moroi composer, is born.Ref: 5
1931*Yvonne Keuls [Bamberg] Dutch writer (Jan Rap & Co), is born.Ref: 5
1933*Paul Snoek [Edm Schietekat] Belgian poet, is born.Ref: 5
1934*Birth of Kurt Kaiser, contemporary American Christian songwriter and composer.Ref: 5
1935*Cal Ripken Sr baseball manager (Baltimore Orioles), is born.Ref: 5
1936*Roland Sheldon pitcher (NY Yankees), is born.Ref: 5
1936*Frank Martinus Arion [F Efraim M] Antilles, writer (Double Play), is born.Ref: 5
1936*Tommy Steele London, singer/actor (« a Sixpence, Finian's Rainbow), is born.Ref: 5
1937*Art Neville New Orleans LA, vocalist (Neville Brothers), is born.Ref: 5
1937*Nat Stuckey country singer: Got Leaving on Her Mind, Days of Sand and Shovels, She Wakes Me Every Morning with a Kiss, Young Love [w/Connie Smith]; songwriter: Sweet Thang, Oh Woman, Waitin’ in Your Welfare Line, is born.Ref: 2
1938*Peter Snell Olympic Gold Medalist: 800-meter run [1960, 1964] and 1500-meter run [1964], is born.Ref: 4
1938*Leo (Leonardo Lazaro Alfonso) ‘Chico’ Cardenas baseball: Cincinnati Reds [World Series: 1961/all-star: 1964, 1965, 1966, 1968], Minnesota Twins [all-star: 1971], CA Angels, Cleveland Indians, TX Rangers, is born.Ref: 4
1939*Eddie Kendricks singer: group: The Temptations: My Girl, I Can’t Get Next To You; solo: Keep on Truckin’, Boogie Down, Shoeshine Boy; is born.Ref: 4
1939*James Booker New Orleans, R & B musician (Gonzo), is born.Ref: 5
1939*Novella Nelson Brooklyn NY, actress (Nellie Cole-Chiefs), is born.Ref: 5
1942*Paul Butterfield Chicago IL, blues musician (Better Days), is born.Ref: 5
1942*Bernard Hill Manchester, actor (Bellman & True, New World, Bounty), is born.Ref: 5
1943*William Brooks composer, is born.Ref: 5
1943*Dave Dee (Harmon) musician: tambourine, singer: group: Dave Dee, Dozy, Beaky, Mick and Tich: You Make It Move, Hold Tight, Hideaway, Bend It, Save Me, Touch Me Touch Me, Okay, Zabadak, Legend of Xanadu, Last Night in Soho, Wreck of the Antoinette; solo: My Woman’s Man; record promoter, is born.Ref: 2
1944*Ference Bene Hungary, record 12 soccer goals (Olympics-gold-1964), is born.Ref: 5
1944*Jack L[aurence] Chalker US, sci-fi author (Charon: A Dragon at the Gate, Saga of Well World), is born.Ref: 5
1944*Bernard Hill actor: Mountains of the Moon, Shirley Valentine, Bellman and True, Drowning by Numbers, No Surrender, The Bounty, Gandhi, is born.Ref: 2
1945*Christopher Cazenove actor: Aces: Iron Eagle 3, Three Men and a Little Lady, Windmills of the Gods, Mata Hari, Children of the Full Moon, Eye of the Needle, Zulu Dawn, Royal Flash, A Fine Romance, Dynasty, is born in England.Ref: 2
1945*Ernie Hudson actor: Tornado!, The Substitute, Congo, Wild Palms, The Hand That Rocks the Cradle, Ghostbusters series, Joy of Sex, The $5.20 an Hour Dream, Broken Badges, is born in Benton Harbor MI.Ref: 2
1946*Eugene Levy Emmy Award-winning writer: The Energy Ball/Sweeps Week, SCTV Network [1982-83]; actor: Second City TV, is born in Hamilton Canada.Ref: 2
1946*Russ Washington football; San Diego Chargers, is born.Ref: 2
1947*Simon Bates English DJ, is born.Ref: 5
1947*Marilyn Hassett Los Angeles CA, actress (Bell Jar, Other Side of Mountain), is born.Ref: 5
1947*Wes Studi actor (Last of the Mohicans), is born.Ref: 5
1948*Jim Bonfanti rocker (Raspberries-Go All the Way), is born.Ref: 5
1948*Jim Alexander rocker, is born.Ref: 5
1949*Paul Rodgers England, rocker (Bad Company-Feel Like Makin Love, The Firm), is born.Ref: 5
1950*Carlton Barrett Jamaicans reggae drummer (Bob Marley & Wailers), is born.Ref: 5
1950*Joe Rizzo football: Denver Broncos linebacker: Super Bowl XII, is born.Ref: 2
1951*Tatyana Kazankina USSR, middle distance runner (Olympics-gold-1976), is born.Ref: 5
1951*Wanda Hutchison rocker, is born.Ref: 5
1952*Hans Alders Dutch minister of environment (PvdA), is born.Ref: 5
1952*Mickey Jones Washington DC, rock bassist, is born.Ref: 5
1952 Hans Alders Dutch minister of environment (PvdA), is born.Ref: 5
1953*Barry Livingston Los Angeles CA, actor (Ernie-My 3 Sons), is born.Ref: 5
1953*Ikue Ile Mori drummer/composer, is born.Ref: 5
1953*Mark Gane Toronto Ontario, rocker (M+M), is born.Ref: 5
1954*Bill Pullman actor (Sommersby, League of their Own, Independence Day), is born.Ref: 5
1957*Bob Ojeda pitcher (New York Mets), is born.Ref: 5
1958*Mike Mills musician: bass: group: R.E.M.: Radio Free Europe, Talk About the Passion, So Central Rain, Seven Chinese Brothers, [Don’t Go Back to] Rockville, is born.Ref: 2
1959*Albert King actor (BB King & Friends, Blues Alive), is born.Ref: 5
1959*Michelle Mackall Washington DC, LPGA golfer (1995 Friendly's-32nd), is born.Ref: 5
1959*Tammie Green Somerset OH, LPGA golfer (1989 du Maurier Ltd Classic), is born.Ref: 5
1961*Sarah Dallin rocker (Bananarama-Venus), is born.Ref: 5
1961*Venice Kong St Mary Jamaica, playmate (September, 1985), is born.Ref: 5
1962*Giulla Boschi Italian actress (Act of Contrition, Bonus Malus), is born.Ref: 5
1962*Rocco Anthony Mediate Greensburg PA, PGA golfer (1991 Doral-Ryder), is born.Ref: 5
1964*Eric Brown New York NY, actor (Buzz-Mama's Family), is born.Ref: 5
1964*Frank Musil Pardubice Czechoslovakia, NHL defenseman (Ottawa Senators), is born.Ref: 5
1964*Joe Wolf NBA forward/center (Orlando Magic, Denver Nuggets), is born.Ref: 5
1964*Tyrone Braxton NFL safety (Denver Broncos-Superbowl 32), is born.Ref: 5
1965*Craig Berube Calahoo, NHL left wing (Washington Capitals), is born.Ref: 5
1965*Jeff Grayer NBA guard (Charlotte Hornets, Olympics-bronze-1988), is born.Ref: 5
1965*Scott Edward Gump Rockledge FL, PGA golfer (1991 International-2nd), is born.Ref: 5
1966*Hans Visser Dutch soccer player (MVV, FC Utrecht), is born.Ref: 5
1967*Pauline Maurice Welland Ontario, softball outfielder (Olympics-96), is born.Ref: 5
1967*Alan Nolet Toronto Ontario, gymnast (Olympics-96), is born.Ref: 5
1967*Vincent Damphousse Montr‚al, NHL center (Montr‚al Canadiens), is born.Ref: 5
1968*Curtis Pride Washington DC, outfielder (Detroit Tigers), is born.Ref: 5
1968*Jeff[rey] Klepacki Kearny NJ, rower (Olympics-1992, 96), is born.Ref: 5
1969*Dean Wilson Kaneohe HI, golfer (1991 Western Athletic), is born.Ref: 5
1969*Marc Davis Oceanside CA, 3K steeplechase runner (Goodwill-gold-94), is born.Ref: 5
1969*Marty Carter NFL safety (Chicago Bears), is born.Ref: 5
1969*Rob Maas Dutch soccer player (Feyenoord), is born.Ref: 5
1969*Scott Player WLAF punter (Frankfurt Galaxy), is born.Ref: 5
1970*Benedictine [St Bernard]; becomes heaviest known dog (137 kg), is born.Ref: 5
1970*Earl Dotson NFL tackle (Green Bay Packers-Superbowl 31), is born.Ref: 5
1970*Michael Mols soccer player (FC Twente), is born.Ref: 5
1971*Alyson Habetz Crowley LA, female pitcher (Colorado Silver Bullets), is born.Ref: 5
1971*Carl Reeves NFL defensive end (Chicago Bears), is born.Ref: 5
1971*Mark Byers WLAF linebacker (Frankfurt Galaxy), is born.Ref: 5
1971*Nikki McCray Collierville TN, basketball guard (Olympics-gold-96), is born.Ref: 5
1971*Sari Kristiina Fisk ice hockey defenseman (Finland, Olympics-98), is born.Ref: 5
1971*Tony Richardson NFL fullback (Kansas City Chiefs), is born.Ref: 5
1972*Brian Williams NFL linebacker (Green Bay Packers-Superbowl 31), is born.Ref: 5
1972*Dewayne Washington cornerback (Minnesota Vikings), is born.Ref: 5
1972*Don Davis linebacker (New Orleans Saints), is born.Ref: 5
1972*Ivan Pedroso Cuba, long jumper (Olympics-4th-92), is born.Ref: 5
1974*Giovonni Ribisi actor (Cory-My 2 Dads, New Leave it To Beaver), is born.Ref: 5
1975*Milla Jovovich Kiev Ukraine, actress (Return to Blue Lagoon, Chaplin), is born.Ref: 5
1975*Napiera Danielle Groves Miss USA-Washington DC (1997, Miss Congeniality), is born.Ref: 5
1975*Nick Farrell East York Ontario, boxer (Olympics-96), is born.Ref: 5
1979*Jaimee Foxworth actor (Judy Winslow-Family Matters), is born.Ref: 5
1979*Cheri Vivette Alexander Miss District of Columbia Teen USA (1997), is born.Ref: 5
1981*Emma Laaksonen ice hockey defenseman (Finland, Olympics-98)Ref: 5
695*Begga ancestress of the Carolingians/saint, dies.Ref: 5
1187*Gregory VIII [Alberto de Morra] Italian Pope (1187), dies.Ref: 5
1195*Boudouin V count of Hainault/Flanders (Boudouin VIII), dies.Ref: 5
1213*Jean de Matha French saint, dies at 53.Ref: 5
1471*Isabella of Portugal duchess of Burgundy, dies.Ref: 5
1562*Adrian Willaert Flemish singer/bandmaster/composer, dies at about 82.Ref: 5
1648*George Gillespie, Scottish minister/polemical writer, dies at age 35.Ref: 70
1651*Wolfgang Schonsleder composer, dies at 81.Ref: 5
1679*Don Juan ruler of Spain, dies.Ref: 5
1711*Arnold Moonen vicar/literature (Defeated German Spraekkunst), dies.Ref: 5
1737*The most renowned violin maker in history, Antonio Stradivari, died in Cremona, Italy at 93.Ref: 68
1751*Kilian I von Dientzenhofer Czechoslovakian master builder, dies at 62.Ref: 5
1811*John Antes composer, dies at 71.Ref: 5
1811*Louis-Abet Deffroy de Reigny composer, dies at 54.Ref: 5
1829*Bernard Jumentier composer, dies at 80.Ref: 5
1830*Simon Bolivar, president of Columbia, dies at age 47 in Colombia.Ref: 68
1833*Kaspar Hauser German son of grand duke Karel of Bathe, murdered at 21.Ref: 5
1870*Giuseppe Saverio Raffaele Mercadante composer, dies at 75.Ref: 5
1881*Lewis H Morgan US ethnologist (Iroquois-Indians), dies at 62.Ref: 5
1886*At a Christmas party, Sam Belle shoots his old enemy Frank West, but is fatally wounded himself.Ref: 2
1891*Msiri king of Garanganja (Katanga), dies in battle.Ref: 5
1891*Omer Bodson Belgian captain, dies in battle.Ref: 5
1893*Levinus T Keuchenius Dutch Minister of Colonies (1888-90), dies at 71.Ref: 5
1907*Kelvin of Largs [William Thomson] British physicist (Kelvin), dies at 83.Ref: 5
1909*Leopold II king of Belgium dies.Ref: 68
1913*Stefano Gobatti composer, dies at 61.Ref: 5
1926*Alexandr Dmitriyevich Kastal'sky composer, dies at 70.Ref: 5
1927*US sub 'S-4' sinks after collision kills all 34 aboard.Ref: 5
1930*Peter Warlock composer, dies at 36.Ref: 5
1933*Hans Vaihinger German philosopher (Side-Studies), dies at 81.Ref: 5
1937 Gerard Vissering banker/president of Dutch Bank, dies at 72.Ref: 5
1944*Pieter A Roodenburgh student/resistance fighter, dies at 26.Ref: 5
1946 Constance [Clara] Garnett Russian-English translator, dies at 84.Ref: 5
1948*Edgar Istel composer, dies at 68.Ref: 5
1949*David Stanley Smith composer, dies at 72.Ref: 5
1956*Eddie Acuff actor (Guns of Pecos), dies at 48.Ref: 5
1957*Dorothy Leigh Sayers [Atherton Fleming] author (Whose body), dies at 64.Ref: 5
1961*Disgruntled employee set fire to a Niteroi Circus of Rio de Janeiro circus tent in Niteroi Brazil; 323 die.Ref: 5
1961*Marion Perkins sculptor (Man of Sorrow), dies at 53.Ref: 5
1962*Thomas Mitchell US, actor (Outlaw), dies of cancer at 70.Ref: 5
1964*Victor Francis Hess, Austrian-born Nobel Prize-winning physicist (1936), dies at age 81.Ref: 70
1965*Tito [Raffaele A] Schipa Italian tenor/composer (Rondine), dies at 76.Ref: 5
1966*Gustaf Paulson composer, dies at 68.Ref: 5
1967*Harold Holt, Australian premier (1966-67), drowns at 59.Ref: 5
1967*Barry Byrne, American architect, dies at age 83.Ref: 70
1969*Arturo da Costa e Silva President of Brazil (1967-69), dies at 67.Ref: 5
1972*Erwin Dressel composer, dies at 63.Ref: 5
1973*Charles G Abbot US astronomer (Sun Constant), dies at 101.Ref: 5
1973*Patrick Hadley composer, dies at 74.Ref: 5
1975*Noble Sissle jazz musician, dies at 86.Ref: 5
1975*Frank Sully actor (Parachute Nurse, Inside the Law), dies at 67.Ref: 5
1978*Don Ellis Grammy Award-winning jazz musician: trumpet, composer: Theme from the French Connection [1973]; New Nine, 3-3-2-2-2-1-2-2-2, Tears of Joy, Milo’s Theme, Star Children; soloist: NY Philharmonic; dies.Ref: 4
1979*Arthur McDuffie, a black insurance executive, was fatally beaten after a police chase in Miami. Four white police officers were later acquitted.Ref: 70
1982*Leonid B Kogan Russian violist, dies at 58.Ref: 5
1982*Philipp Jarnach composer, dies at 90.Ref: 5
1983*Disco in Madrid catches fire; 83 die.Ref: 5
1983*Bomb attack on Harrod's war house in London, 5 killed, 94 injured.Ref: 5
1985*Otto Gotsche writer, dies.Ref: 5
1986*Ron Kass record company president (MGM), dies at 52 of cancer.Ref: 5
1987*Bernard Cardinal Alfrink archbishop of Ultrecht Netherlands, dies at 87.Ref: 5
1987*Marguerite Yourcenar, Belgian-born American novelist and essayist, dies at age 84.Ref: 70
1989*Albert Wedemeyer, American military leader during World War II, dies at age 92.Ref: 70
1990*Don Draper actor (Pepper Agent 00X), dies of AIDS at 61.Ref: 5
1990*Mieke Verstraete Belgian/Netherlands actress (Pleasant Settled), dies at 79.Ref: 5
1991*John Blatnik (Representative-MN, 1947-75), dies at 80.Ref: 5
1992*(Carver) Dana Andrews actor: State Fair, The Best Years of Our Lives, A Walk in the Sun, Battle of the Bulge, Airport ’75, Prince Jack; dies of pneumonia in Los Alamitos at age 83.Ref: 4
1993*Frederik "Fried" Lewensteyn Dutch lawyer/writer, dies at 71.Ref: 5
1993*Janet Margolin US actress (Annie Hall), dies at 50 of ovarian cancer.Ref: 5
1994*Jan Wiegel director/producer (Uninhabitable Country), dies at 64.Ref: 5
1995*Lila Clark Knapp publisher, dies at 63.Ref: 5
1996*Stanko Todorov PM of Bulgaria (1971-81), diesRef: 5
1996*Six Red Cross workers were slain by gunmen in Chechnya.Ref: 5
1996*Elizabeth Hill teacher of Salvonic languages, dies at 96.Ref: 5
1996*Francesco Siciliani opera administrator, dies at 85.Ref: 5
1996*Irving Caesar songwriter, dies at 101.Ref: 5
1996 Michael Saunders barrister, dies at 22.Ref: 5
1996*Ruby Murray singer, dies at 61.Ref: 5
1997*Reginald Victor Jones scientist, dies at 86Ref: 5
1999*Grover Washington Jr. musician: saxophone: Just the Two of Us [w/Bill Withers]; dies.Ref: 4
1999*Rex Allen ‘The Arizona Cowboy’: entertainer: rodeo star; singer; songwriter: published over 300 songs; dies.Ref: 4
2001*Gordon J Stanley, pioneer in radio-astronomy, dies at age 80 in Monterey, CA. (NY Times, p A17, 1//21/2002) 
2003*Hall of Fame Cleveland Browns quarterback Otto Graham dies at age 82. (XDG, p 4B, 12/18/2003)Ref: 83
2003*Country singer Gary Steward, 59, is found dead in his home in Fort Pierce KY from an apparent self-inflicted gunshot wound. (USA Today, p 1D, 12/18/2003)Ref: 13

Last Update: October 27th, 2005
© 2000-2005   Kenneth Fussichen