Ken Fussichen's History Of The Day For
December 21st

Home Click on * for the link to the relevant chronology. New Date
68*Vespian, a gruff-spoken general of humble origins, enters Rome and is adopted as emperor by the Senate.Ref: 2
1163*Hurricane hits villages in Holland/Friesland, causing floods.Ref: 5
1561*Archbishop Granvelle installed.Ref: 5
1582*Flanders adopts Gregorian calendar, tomorrow is Jan 1 1583.Ref: 5
1620*(12/11 Old Style) 103 Pilgrims aboard the "Mayflower" go ashore for the first time at present-day Plymouth, Massachusetts. (TWA, 1958)Ref: 95
1620*(12/11 Old Style) Leaders of the Mayflower expedition frame the "Mayflower Compact," designed to bolster unity among the settlers.Plymouth Rock. (TWA, 1986)Ref: 95
1624*First Swedish colony in America granted but no takers until 1638.Ref: 10
1650 Johan de Witt installed as Dutch pension advisor of Dordrecht.Ref: 5
1688 Pro-James II-earl of Devonshire occupies Nottingham.Ref: 5
1762*James Cook marries Elizabeth Batts.Ref: 5
1784*John Jay becomes 1st US secretary of state (foreign affairs).Ref: 5
1788*Hue Tay Son becomes emperor Quang Trung of Vietnam.Ref: 5
1790*Samuel Slater opens the first successful cotton mill in the United States in Pawtucket RI.Ref: 2
1829*First stone arch railroad bridge in US dedicated, Baltimore.Ref: 5
1835*Oglethorpe University was chartered in Milledgeville, Georgia under Presbyterian auspices. In 1913 the campus was moved to Atlanta.Ref: 5
1843*Irish Catholic religious Frances Ward, 33, first arrived in the U.S. in Pittsburgh, where she afterward helped establish successive convents of the Sisters of Mercy, both in Chicago and in Loretto,Ref: 5
1862*The U.S. Congress authorizes the Medal of Honor to be awarded to Navy personnel who have distinguished themselves by their gallantry in action.Ref: 2
1866*U.S. Army Captain William J. Fetterman once boasted, "Give me 80 men and I'll march through the whole Sioux nation!" On December 21, 1866, when Lakota warriors under the overall leadership of Chief Red Cloud gathered around Fort Phil Kearny (in what is now Wyoming), Fetterman got command of his 80 men. Disobeying the orders of his commander, Colonel Henry B Carrington, not to proceed beyond the Lodge Trail Ridge, Fetterman pursued a band of retreating Indians--and rode right into a waiting trap, allegedly laid by the Oglala warrior Crazy Horse. Fetterman, his executive officer and 78 troopers are wiped out.Ref: 2
1890 Pim Mulier first & only trip to "Alvesteddetocht".Ref: 5
1907 Dutch government of De Master falls due to war budget.Ref: 5
1909*McKinley and Washington schools of Berkeley, CA became the first authorized junior-high schools in the U.S. (grades 7,8 and 9). The schools were actually identified as introductory high schools.Ref: 4
1909*University of Copenhagen rejects Cook's claim that he was first to North Pole.Ref: 5
1910*Over 2.5 million plague victims are reported in the An-Hul province of China.Ref: 2
1911*Illinois Supreme Court is first to rule that fingerprints are admissible as evidence.Ref: 10
1912 Denmark, Norway & Sweden declare neutrality in Comende war.Ref: 5
1915*25.83 cm (10.17") of rainfall, Glenora OR (state record).Ref: 5
1919*J Edgar Hoover deports anarchists/feminist Emma Goldman to Russia.Ref: 5
1921*Supreme Court rules labor injunctions & picketing unconstitutional.Ref: 5
1923*Nepal changes from British protectorate to independent nation.Ref: 5
1928*President Calvin Coolidge signs the Boulder Dam bill.Ref: 2
1929*First US group hospital insurance plan instituted, Dallas TX.Ref: 5
1933*Newfoundland reverts to being a crown colony.Ref: 5
1937*(or 22nd) The Lincoln Tunnel was officially opened to traffic, allowing motorists to drive between New Jersey and Manhattan beneath the Hudson River. (Ref. 3)Ref: 3
1938*Otto Hahn submits paper to "Naturwissenschaften" showing conclusive evidence of the production of radioactive barium from neutron irradiated uranium, i.e. evidence of fission.Ref: 91
1941*German submarine U-567 sinks.Ref: 5
1942*Six week Nevada divorces upheld by the Supreme Court.Ref: 5
1948*O'Neil Place in the Bronx erroneously renamed O'Neill Place.Ref: 5
1948*State of Eire (formerly Irish Free State) declares its independence.Ref: 5
1949*Dutch first Chamber accepts soveregnty of Indonesia.Ref: 5
1952*Broadway Tunnel opens in San Francisco.Ref: 5
1954*Dr. Sam Sheppard is convicted of murder of his wife, Marilyn, and sentenced to life in prison.Ref: 5
1957 Indonesia proclaims end to state of war.Ref: 5
1958*Charles De Gaulle wins 7 year term as first President of 5th Republic of France.Ref: 5
1959*10th largest snowfall in NYC history (13.7").Ref: 5
1959*Citizens of Deerfield IL block building of interracial housing.Ref: 5
1959*Shah of Persia marries Farah Diba.Ref: 5
1961*JFK & British PM MacMillan meet in Bermuda.Ref: 5
1962*US & Cuba accord, releases Bay of Pigs captives.Ref: 5
1962 Angolin leaves Comecon.Ref: 5
1964*Great Britain's House of Commons votes to ban the death penalty.Ref: 2
1965*Four pacifists are indicted in New York for burning draft cards.Ref: 2
1969*American draft evaders gather for a holiday dinner in Montreal, Canada.Ref: 2
1971*The UN Security Council chose Kurt Waldheim to succeed U Thant as Secretary-General.Ref: 5
1972*After sixty-nine days, the remaining fourteen of sixteen survivors of an October plane crash are rescued from a remote location high in the Andes Mountains of South America. Tthe initial survivors managed to stay alive in the inhospitable conditions of the Andes Mountains, creating a makeshift shelter out of the wreckage of the plane, and cannibalizing the dead passengers to keep from starving to death.Ref: 3
1972*Soviet Union signs a separate peace with East Germany.Ref: 5
1973 Israel, Egypt, Syria, Jordan, US & USSR meet in Geneva.Ref: 5
1973*(My Lai) Military Court of Appeals upholds Calley's conviction.Ref: 87
1975 Madagascar adopts constitution.Ref: 5
1976 The Liberian-registered tanker "Argo Merchant" ran aground near Nantucket Island, spilling millions of gallons of oil into the North Atlantic.Ref: 6
1976*Patricia R Harris named Secretary of HUD.Ref: 5
1976*UN General Assembly passes a resolution declaring 1979-Year of Child.Ref: 5
1976*US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site.Ref: 5
1978*Police in Des Plaines, Ill., arrested John W. Gacy Jr. and began unearthing the remains of 33 men and boys that Gacy was later convicted of murdering.Ref: 70
1979*The U.S. Congress approved $1.5 billion in loans to the financially threatened Chrysler Corporation in an effort to save the battered automotive giant. President Jimmy Carter signed the bill on January 7, 1980. Under the stewardship of Lee Iacocca, Chysler rebounded quickly. By the late 1980s the auto maker was posting record profits.Ref: 3
1979*USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakhstan/Semipalitinsk USSR.Ref: 5
1979 Zimbabwe adopts constitution.Ref: 5
1985 ARCO Anchorage runs aground near Port Angeles WA.Ref: 5
1986 500,000 Chinese students gather in Shanghai's People's Square calling for democratic reforms, including freedom of the press.Ref: 2
1987*3 white NY teens convicted of manslaughter in death of a black man.Ref: 5
1988*Drexel agrees guilt to security felonies, pays a $650 million fine.Ref: 5
1989 Romania's dictator Nicolae Ceausescu's final speech (he is executed 12/25).Ref: 5
1989*Vice-President Quayle sends out 30,000 Xmas cards with word beacon spelled beakon.Ref: 5
1991 Eleven of the 12 former Soviet republics proclaimed the birth of the Commonwealth of Independent States.Ref: 6
1991 95 share in Madrid Spain $1.3 billion lottery (#47996).Ref: 5
1991 El Sayid Nosair acquitted of killing Meir Kahane.Ref: 5
1991*Soviet Union formally dissolves 11 of 12 republics sign treaty forming Commonwealth of Independent States.Ref: 5
1994*Bomb goes off on #4 train on Fulton Street NYC.Ref: 5
1995*The city of Bethlehem passed from Israeli to Palestinian control.Ref: 70
1996*After two years of denials, House Speaker Newt Gingrich admitted violating House ethics rules.Ref: 70
1998*Israel appeared headed for early elections after Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu failed to restore unity to a government badly shaken up over his decision to suspend the Wye River land-for-security accord brokered by the United States in October 1998. The embattled Netanyahu was heckled by members left and right of the political spectrum when he rose to address Israel’s 120-member parliament, the Knesset. (Netanyahu was indeed defeated in 1999 by Ehud Barak.)Ref: 4
2000*Fears about a harsh economic slowdown and continuing weakness in corporate earnings sent U.S. stocks sliding, with the Dow Jones industrials giving up more than 260 points, dropping to 10,318.93. The Nasdaq hit its low for the year, falling 178.93 (or 7 percent) to 2,332.78. “Investors are seeing a confirmation from the Fed that the economy is very weak and that earnings are going to be pretty poor and that assistance from the Fed is not going to be right away,” said A.C. Moore, chief investment strategist for Dunvegan Associates in Santa Barbara, CA. (The Fed [Federal Reserve System Board] did respond in 2001, dropping interest rates eleven times, pushing rates to the lowest level since 1961.)Ref: 4
2000*President-elect George W. Bush resigned as governor of Texas; Lt. Gov. Rick Perry was sworn in to replace him.Ref: 70
2002*President George W. Bush received a smallpox vaccination, fulfilling a promise he'd made when he ordered inoculations for about a-half million U.S. troops.Ref: 70
1898*Scientists Pierre and Marie Curie discovered the radioactive element radium.Ref: 5
1933*Dried human blood serum first prepared, University of PA.Ref: 5
1966*Luna 13 - USSR Lunar Soft Lander lands on the lunar surface in Oceanus Procellarum.Ref: 40
1968*Apollo 8, the first manned mission to the moon, is successfully launched from Cape Canaveral, Florida, with astronauts Frank Borman, James Lovell, Jr., and William Anders aboard.Ref: 3
1984*USSR launches Vega 2 for fly-by of Halley's Comet.Ref: 5
1987*Soyuz TM-4 carries 3 cosmonauts (Musa Manarov, Anatoly Levchenko & Vladimir Titov) to space station Mir.Ref: 5
1988*Vladimir Titov, Anatoly Levchenko & Musa Manarov return to earth (a year) with Chretien.Ref: 5
1708*French forces seize control of the eastern shore of Newfoundland after winning a victory at St. John's.Ref: 2
1864*Sherman reaches Savannah in Georgia leaving behind a 300 mile long path of destruction 60 miles wide all the way from Atlanta. Sherman then telegraphs Lincoln, offering him Savannah as a Christmas present.Ref: 5
1939*Hitler names Adolf Eichmann leader of "Referat IV B".Ref: 5
1943*The battle for Ortona, Italy, begins, the first big street-fighting battle of the war. 
1944*German troops surround the 101st Airborne Division at the Bastogne in Belgium.Ref: 2
1963 The Turk minority riots in Cyprus to protest anti-Turkish revisions in the constitution.Ref: 2
1989*US invades Panama and ousts General Noriega.Ref: 5
1849 The first ice-skating club in America was formed -- in Philadelphia, PA.Ref: 4
1891*18 students play 1st basketball game (Springfield College).Ref: 5
1918*Red Sox trade Dutch Leonard, Ernie Shore & Duffy Lewis to Yankees for Ray Caldwell & Slim Love, Frank Gilhooey, Al Walters & $15,000.Ref: 5
1926*Soccer team DOS Struggle forms.Ref: 5
1932*Giants sign former outfielder Billy Southworth as a coach.Ref: 5
1941*Chicago Bears win the NFL championship, Ray McLean makes last NFL drop kick for an extra point.Ref: 5
1944*Horse racing was banned in the United States until after World War II.Ref: 4
1944*Cardinals' Marty Marion wins National League MVP.Ref: 5
1951*Joe DiMaggio announces his retirement.Ref: 5
1959*Tom Landry accepts coaching job with Dallas Cowboys (stays until 1988).Ref: 5
1960*P.K. Wrigley announces that Cubs will not have a manager, opting instead for "College of Coaches."Ref: 86
1969*Vince Lombardi (Redskins) coaches his last football game, losing.Ref: 5
1973*Joseph Danzansky announced that he was unable to meet the financial conditions that would allow the San Diego Padres baseball franchise to move to Washington, DC. Strange thing, because major league baseball owners had already approved the move based on Danzansky’s financial condition. He didn’t stay around very long. McDonald’s founder Ray Kroc bought the struggling team and vowed to keep it in San Diego. He even refunded the cost of admission to everyone in Jack Murphy Stadium one night, apologizing for how bad the team played.Ref: 4
1975*First NY Jet to gain 1,000 yards rushing (John Riggins).Ref: 5
1975*Buffalo Sabres set NHL record of 40 points beating Capitals 14-2 scoring 5 goals vs Washington Capitals in 4:57.Ref: 5
1975*64th Davis Cup: Sweden beats Czechoslovakia in Stockholm (3-2).Ref: 5
1976*20th Islander shut-out opponent-Billy Smith 3-0 vs Bruins.Ref: 5
1979*Gary Unger plays in record 914th consecutive NHL game.Ref: 5
1980*Harold Carmichael ends NFL streak of 127 consecutive game receptions.Ref: 5
1981*Cincinnati defeated Bradley 75-73 in seven overtimes! The game became the longest collegiate basketball game in the history of NCAA Division I competition. The marathon game was played in Peoria, IL. If it can play there... it can play anywhere!Ref: 4
1983*The NCAA men’s basketball rules committee rescinded the controversial, last-two-minute, free-throw rule. It had been enforced at the beginning of the 1983 season to eliminate excessive fouling at the end of a game. The idea bombed. There were even more fouls after the rule was enacted.Ref: 4
1983*NBA Indiana Pacers end a 28 game road losing streak.Ref: 5
1984*Islander Kelly Hrudy's first shut-out win-Whalers 1-0.Ref: 5
1985*Alice Miller/Don January win LPGA Mazda Golf Championship.Ref: 5
1986*Atlanta center Jeff Van Note played his 246th and final NFL game as Atlanta downed Detroit, 20-6. At age 40, Van Note was the oldest player in pro football.Ref: 4
1986*75th Davis Cup: Australia beats Sweden in Melbourne (3-2).Ref: 5
1986*Amy Alcott/Bob Charles win LPGA Mazda Golf Championship.Ref: 5
1994*The sale of the San Diego Padres to John Moores and Larry Lucchino is finalized.Ref: 86
1995 Martina Ertl of Germany wins her 3rd giant slalom world cup.Ref: 5
1995*San Francisco Giants announce plans to build a new stadium to open in 2000.Ref: 5
1995*After considering an attractive offer from the Orioles, David Cone re-signs with the Yankees as a free agent. The 'hired hand' inks a three-year deal worth $18 million.Ref: 1
1995*The Orioles sign free-agent second baseman Roberto Alomar to a three-year $18 million contract.Ref: 1
1997*Detroit Lions Barry Sanders is 3rd to run for 2,000 yards in a season.Ref: 5
1997*Detroit Lions linebacker Reggie Brown, knocked unconscious in game.Ref: 5
1997*Lexus Senior Golf Challenge.Ref: 5
1997*Wendy's Three-Tour LPGA Challenge.Ref: 5
1997*Wendy's Three-Tour Senior Golf ChallengesRef: 5
2000*Hoping to pick it up where it all started , 41-year old outfielder Tim Raines agrees to a minor league contract with the Expos, the team he broke in with in 1979. After retiring in Yankee camp during spring training with .295 career batting average, he failed to make this year's U.S. Olympic team.Ref: 1
2002*After declining their club option, the Diamondbacks decide to retain veteran first baseman Mark Grace (.252, 7 , 48 ). The lifetime .305 hitter agrees to a one-year deal which includes a club option for the 2004 season.Ref: 1
1900 Gerhart Hauptmann's "Michael Kramer" premieres in Berlin.Ref: 5
1909*Clyde Fitch's "City" premieres in NY NY.Ref: 5
1913 The first crossword puzzle (with 32 clues) is published by Arthur Wynne, in the NY World.Ref: 5
1914 Marie Dressler, Charlie Chaplin, Mabel Normand and Mack Swain appeared in the first six-reel, feature-length comedy. The film was directed by Mack Sennett and was lovingly titled, Tillie’s Punctured Romance.Ref: 4
1920*Jerome Kern/BG DeSylva's musical "Sally" premieres in NY NY.Ref: 5
1925 Eisenstein's movie Potemkin premieres in Moscow.Ref: 5
1930 Times of London publishes its first crossword puzzle six years after the Sunday Express.Ref: 10
1932 Fred Astaire & Ginger Rogers, first joint movie (Flying Down to Rio).Ref: 5
1933*20th Century Fox signs Shirley Temple, 5, to a studio contract.Ref: 5
1937*Walt Disney presented the first full-length, animated feature. It debuted on this day at the Carthay Circle Theatre in Hollywood, CA. The cost to produce Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs was $1.5 million. Disney got his total investment back in the first year of the film’s showing. Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs is 83 minutes in length and is the work of 750 artists. Nearly one million drawings were made, of which 250,000 were used in the final print of the classic film.Ref: 4
1941*David Diamond's first Symphony, premieres.Ref: 5
1945*Gould/Comden/Green's "Billion Dollar Baby" premieres at Alvin Theater NYC for 219 performances.Ref: 5
1946*"If the Shoe Fits" closes at Century Theater NYC after 20 performances.Ref: 5
1946 Frank Capra's "It's a Wonderful Life" premieres.Ref: 5
1946 Morton Gould's "Minstrel Show" premieres in Indpls.Ref: 5
1950*Cole Porter's musical "Out of this World" premieres at New Century Theater NYC for 157 performances.Ref: 5
1961*Beatles record "Sweet Georgia Brown" & "Ready Teddy".Ref: 5
1966*The Beach Boys received a gold record for the single, "Good Vibrations". A-one, and a-two and... “...I’m pickin’ up good vibrations. She’s givin’ me excitations...”Ref: 4
1967*The Rolling Stones LP, Their Satanic Majesties Request, was released. It cost $50,000 to produce and came complete with a 3-D photograph of the Stones on the cover.Ref: 4
1968*David Crosby, Stephen Stills & Graham Nash premiere together in California.Ref: 5
1969*Diana Ross final TV appearance as a Supreme (Ed Sullivan Show).Ref: 5
1970*Elvis Presley met with President Richard M. Nixon in the Oval Office to discuss fighting drugs.Ref: 70
1975*"Hello, Dolly" closes at Minskoff Theater NYC after 51 performances.Ref: 5
1975*"Very Good Eddie" opens at Booth Theater NYC for 307 performances.Ref: 5
1978*"Broadway Musical" opens/closes at Lunt Fontanne Theater NYC.Ref: 5
1983*Loretta Swit weds Dennis Holahan.Ref: 5
1983*Musical "Tap Dance Kid" with Hinton Battle premieres at Broadhurst Theater NYC for 669 performances.Ref: 5
1985*Bruce Springsteen’s album, Born in the USA, passed Michael Jackson’s Thriller to become the second longest-lasting LP in the top 10. It stayed there for 79 weeks. Only The Sound of Music, with Julie Andrews, lasted longer: 109 weeks.Ref: 4
1991*US actress Jane Fonda marries CNN-director Ted Turner.Ref: 5
1996*AIDS researcher Dr. David Ho was named Time magazine's "Man of the Year."Ref: 64
1118*Thomas Becket archbishop of Canterbury, is born.Ref: 15
1401*Masaccio, Italian artist, is born.Ref: 70
1518*Mark van Vaernewijck Flemish nobleman/politician, is born.Ref: 5
1537*Johan III king of Sweden (1569-92), is born.Ref: 5
1573*Mathurin R‚gnier French poet (Macette), is born.Ref: 5
1616*Pietro Andrea Ziani composer, is born.Ref: 5
1628*Samuel Friedrich Capricornus composer, is born.Ref: 5
1639*Jean Baptiste Racine dramatist: Alexandre, Andromaque, Les Plaideurs, Britannicus, Berenice, Bajazet, Mithridate, etc.; is born.Ref: 4
1672*Birth of Benjamin Schmolck, German Lutheran clergyman. Though a busy pastor, Schmolck found time to pen 900 hymns, the best remembered of them being "My Jesus, As Thou Wilt."Ref: 5
1672*Birth of Johann Christoph Schwedler, German clergyman and author of the hymn, "Ask Ye What Great Thing I Know."Ref: 5
1728*Hermann Friedrich Raupach composer, is born.Ref: 5
1756*Thomas Anton Kunz composer, is born.Ref: 5
1773*Robert Brown, Scottish botanist, is born.Ref: 70
1800*Barnwell Rhett Robert (Confederacy), died in 1876, is born.Ref: 5
1804*Benjamin Disraeli (Tory) British PM (1868, 1874-80), is born.Ref: 17
1810*Ludwig Schuncke composer, is born.Ref: 5
1815*Thomas Couture French painter/author, is born.Ref: 5
1818*Amalia wife of king Otto of Greece, is born.Ref: 5
1818*Lewis H Morgan US, etnologist (Systems of Consanguinity), is born.Ref: 5
1826*Ernst Pauer composer, is born.Ref: 5
1832*John Henry Ketcham Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1906, is born.Ref: 5
1840*Mehmed N Kemal Turkish journalist (Vatan), is born.Ref: 5
1848*Edward Everett Rice composer, is born.Ref: 5
1849*James Lane Allen US writer (Kentucky Cardinal), is born.Ref: 5
1850*William Wallace "Willie" Lincoln, third child of Mary and Abraham Lincoln, is born in the family home in Springfield, Illinois. He is named after an uncle, William Wallace. (Ref) 
1850*Zdenek Fibich composer, is born.Ref: 5
1853*Isolde Kurz German writer/poetess (Meine Mutter), is born.Ref: 5
1859*Gustave Kahn France, poet (claimed to have invented vers libre), is born.Ref: 5
1860*Henrietta Szold humanitarian: founding president of Hadassah, the Women’s Zionist Organization of America; is born.Ref: 4
1860*Frederick Bonfils, American publisher of the Denver Post, is born.Ref: 70
1867*John Winter Thompson composer, is born.Ref: 5
1872*Albert P Terhune US, novelist (Lad, a Dog), is born.Ref: 5
1874*Juan Bautista Sacasa President of Nicaragua (1932-36), is born.Ref: 5
1879*Joseph Stalin (Dzhugashvili), Soviet dictator for 25 years, murdered 11,000,000, is born.Ref: 68
1879*Theodore Limperg business economist (substitute value), is born.Ref: 5
1886*George Norman Peterkin composer, is born.Ref: 5
1886*Hermann A J Kees German Egyptologist (Problems of Egyptology), is born.Ref: 5
1890*(US Supreme Court Justice) Fred M Vinson US Supreme Court Justice (1946-53), is born.Ref: 68
1891*John W McCormack (D) Speaker of the House (1962-70), is born.Ref: 5
1892*Dame Rebecca West [Cicily I F Andrews] England, journalist/novelist/critic/feminist (Meaning of Treason), is born.Ref: 5
1892*Walter Hagen golf champion: U.S. Open [1914 & 1919], British Open [1922, 1924, 1928-29], PGA [1921, 1924-27]; is born in Rochester NY.Ref: 4
1895*Paul Hoffer composer, is born.Ref: 5
1896 Carl Romme Dutch catholic foreman/KVP-Minister of Socialist Business, is born.Ref: 5
1896*Constantine Rokossovski Russian marshal/vice-premier of Poland, is born.Ref: 5
1896*Leroy Robertson composer, is born.Ref: 5
1898*Eugène Dabit French writer/painter (Hôtel du Nord), is born.Ref: 5
1898*Ira S Bowen US physicist/astronomer (Mount Wilson/Palomar), is born.Ref: 5
1899*Guy Wilkerson TX, actor (Dead or Alive, West of TX, Shootin' Iron)Ref: 5
1900*Oda Schaefer German author/poet (Die Windharfe, Ladies Only), is born.Ref: 5
1900*Wischnewski writer, is born.Ref: 5
1901*Juan A de Zunzunegui y Loredo Spanish writer, is born.Ref: 5
1901*Robin Irvine London England, actor (Easy Virtue), is born.Ref: 5
1905*Anthony Powell England, novelist (Infants of the Spring), is born.Ref: 5
1907*Garmt Stuiveling Dutch literary (Poet in Love), is born.Ref: 5
1908*Sylvester Pat Weaver President of NBC-TV, credited with the idea for Today and Tonight shows; father of actress Sigourney Weaver, is born in Los Angeles CA.Ref: 4
1909*George Ball IA, lawyer/UnderSecretary of state, is born.Ref: 5
1909*Seich“ Matsumoto Dutch Japanese detective/playwright (10 to Sen), is born.Ref: 5
1911*Josh Gibson, called the "Black Babe Ruth," is considered the greatest hitter of the black baseball leagues in the United States, before blacks were allowed to play in the major leagues, is born.Ref: 68
1911*Paul Burkhard composer, is born.Ref: 5
1913*Andor Foldes pianist: played with Budapest Philharmonic at eight years of age, is born.Ref: 4
1913*Raich Carter soccer star, is born.Ref: 5
1916*Eve Perrick journalist, is born.Ref: 5
1916*John Boon publisher, is born.Ref: 5
1917*Heinrich Boll Nobel Prize-winning author [1972]; Group Portrait with Lady, The Clown, Billiards at Half-Past Nine; is born.Ref: 4
1917*Alicia Alonso Havana Cuba, ballerina (American Ballet Theatre), is born.Ref: 5
1917*Andre Eglevsky choreographer (Limelight), is born.Ref: 5
1918*Donald Regan White House staffer/US Secretary of Treasury (1981-85), is born.Ref: 5
1918*Kurt Waldheim Nazi/4th UN Secretary-General (1972-81)/Austrian President (1986-92), is born.Ref: 5
1919*Gert Fredriksson Sweden, 1K kayak (Olympics-gold-1948, 52, 56), is born.Ref: 5
1921*Alica Alonso Havana, ballerina, is born.Ref: 5
1921 James Tye safety expert, is born.Ref: 5
1921*Joan Dickson cellist, is born.Ref: 5
1922*Paul Winchell NY NY, ventriloquist (Jerry Mahoney, Knucklehead Smith), is born.Ref: 5
1924*Joe Paterno football coach (Penn State, SI Sportsman of 1986), is born.Ref: 5
1924 Johan W "Jo" van Marle KNVB-chairman (1980-93), is born.Ref: 5
1924*Rita Reys [Maria Reijs] Dutch jazz singer, is born.Ref: 5
1926*Joe Paterno football coach: Penn State, is born.Ref: 4
1926*Pedro Gonzales-Gonzalez Aguilares TX, actor (Rio Bravo), is born.Ref: 5
1926*John Herbert McDowell composer, is born.Ref: 5
1926*Joe Paterno football coach: Penn StateRef: 4
1926*Freddie Hart country singer: Easy Loving; TV: Home Town Jamboree; quote: “I try to put down in my songs what every man wants to say, and what every woman wants to hear.”, is born.Ref: 4
1927*Michael Carreras film director, is born.Ref: 5
1928*Ed Nelson New Orleans LA, actor (Peyton Place, Along Came a Spider), is born.Ref: 5
1928*Thomas Rajna composer, is born.Ref: 5
1929*Jack Philip Cannon composer, is born.Ref: 5
1930*Willem R "Wim" van der Zee, Secretary of Council of Churches, is born.Ref: 5
1931*David Baker, Indpls IN, composer (Reflections), is born.Ref: 5
1931*Caroline Kaart [Paterson Raitt] Dutch alto singer, is born.Ref: 5
1932*Ilja Zeljenka composer, is born.Ref: 5
1933 Huib Eversdijk Dutch 2nd chamber member (CDA), is born.Ref: 5
1933*Miklos Kocsar composer, is born.Ref: 5
1935*Phil Donahue Cleveland OH, talk show host (Phil Donahue Show), is born.Ref: 5
1937*Harald Crown Prince, son of King Olav V, heir apparent of Norway, is born.Ref: 5
1937*Jane Fonda Academy Award-winning actress: Coming Home [1978], Klute [1971]; Barbarella, The China Syndrome, Cat Ballou, They Shoot Horses Don’t They, On Golden Pond; ex-wife of Time-Warner’s Ted Turner; daughter of actor Henry Fonda; sister of actor Peter; exercise videos; Vietnam-era peace activist, is born in New York NY.Ref: 4
1938*Larry Bryggman Concord CA, actor (Dr John Dixon-As the World Turns), is born.Ref: 5
1940*Frank Zappa musician, songwriter, singer: group: Mothers of Invention; Valley Girl [w/daughter Moon]; is born in Baltimore MD.Ref: 4
1940*Paul [Ray Hildebrand] TX, singer (Hey Paula), is born.Ref: 5
1941*Paul (Paulino Ortiz) Casanova (baseball: catcher: Washington Senators [all-star: 1967], Atlanta Braves), is born.Ref: 4
1942*Carla Thomas singer: B-A-B-Y, I’ll Bring It on Home to You, What a Fool I’ve Been, Let Me Be Good to You, Knock on Wood, Lovey Dovey, is born.Ref: 4
1943*Albert Lee rocker, is born.Ref: 5
1943*Jack Nance actor (Rubbed Out), is born.Ref: 5
1943*Walter Spanghero French rugby player, is born.Ref: 5
1943*Jared Martin (actor: The New Gladiators, Karate Warrior), is born.Ref: 4
1944*Jared Martin NY NY, actor (Varian-Fantastic Voyage, Dusty-Dallas), is born.Ref: 5
1944*Michael Tilson Thomas, Los Angeles CA, conductor (NY Philharmonic for Young People), is born.Ref: 5
1945*Millie Hughes-Fulford Wells TX, astronaut (STS 40), is born.Ref: 5
1945*Gordon Kannegiesser (hockey: Des Moines Oak Leafs, KC Blues, SL Blues, Seattle Totems, Denver Spurs, Houston Aeros, Indpls Racers), is born.Ref: 4
1946*Christopher Keene Berkeley CA, conductor (La Traviata), is born.Ref: 5
1946*Josh Mostel actor: City Slickers series, The Chase, Little Man Tate, Wall Street, Radio Days, The Money Pit, Sophie’s Choice, Harry and Tonto, Jesus Christ, Superstar, The King of Marvin Gardens, Murphy’s Law, Delta House, At Ease, is born in New York, NY.Ref: 4
1946*Carl Dean Wilson, musician: guitar, group: The Beach Boys: I Get Around, Help Me Rhonda, Good Vibrations, California Girls, Surfin’ USA, Little Deuce Coupe, Surfer Girl, Be True to Your School; brother of Brian and Dennis; original group: Carl and the Passions; is born in Hawthorne CA.Ref: 4
1947*Elliott Maddox (baseball: Detroit Tigers, Washington Senators, Texas Rangers, NY Yankees [World Series: 1976], Baltimore Orioles, NY Mets), is born.Ref: 4
1947*Nate Wright (football: Minnesota Vikings), is born.Ref: 4
1948*Barry Gordon Brookline MA, actor (Gary-Archie Bunker's Place), is born.Ref: 5
1948*Carol Potter NY NY, actress (Beverly Hills 90210, Maggie Clinton-Today's FBI), is born.Ref: 5
1948*Dave Kingman baseball player (Mets, Yankees, Giants), is born.Ref: 5
1948*Willem Vermeend Dutch economist/UnderSecretary of Finance (1994-), is born.Ref: 5
1948*Samuel L. Jackson actor: Die Hard: With a Vengeance, Pulp Fiction, Do the Right Thing, Mo’ Better Blues, Jungle Fever, Jackie Brown, Sphere, Rules of Engagement, Shaft, Star Wars: Episode I The Phantom Menace, Star Wars: Episode II - Attack of the Clones, is born.Ref: 4
1950*Jeffrey Katzenberg (movie producer: The Prince of Egypt, Chicken Run, Joseph: King of Dreams, Shrek), is born.Ref: 4
1951*Nick Gilder (singer: Hot Child in the City), is born.Ref: 4
1952*Dennis Boutsikaris Newark NJ, actor (Batteries Not Included), is born.Ref: 5
1952*Steve Furniss US swimmer (Olympics-bronze-1972), is born.Ref: 5
1953*Andras Schiff Budapest Hungary, pianist (Tchaikovsky-1974), is born.Ref: 5
1953*Arie Luyendyk Netherlands, Indy-car racer (1990 Indpls 500), is born.Ref: 5
1953*Betty Wright US gospel/singer/TV hostess (Little Miss Broadway), is born.Ref: 5
1953*Tina Brown journalist (New Yorker), is born.Ref: 5
1954*Chris Evert tennis champion: Women’s singles: Australian Open [1982, 84], French Open a record for most wins [1974-75, 1979-80, 1983, 1985-86], Wimbledon [1974, 1976, 1981], U.S. Open [1975-78, 1980, 1982], is born.Ref: 4
1955*Jane Kaczmarek, actress: Malcolm in the Middle, Uncommon Valor, Flight 90: Disaster on the Potomac, The Heavenly Kid, Without Warning, Cybill, is born in Milwaukee WI.Ref: 4
1956*Kevin Burnham Hollis NY, 470 yachter (Olympics-8th-1992, 96), is born.Ref: 5
1956*Lee Roy Parnell Abilene TX, country singer (Oughta be a Law), is born.Ref: 5
1957*Joshua Mostel NY NY, actor (Delta House, At Ease), is born.Ref: 5
1957*Lisa Gerritsen Los Angeles CA, actress (Bess-Mary Tyler Moore Show), is born.Ref: 5
1957*Ray Romano, Queens NY, actor (Ray Barone-Everybody Loves Raymond), is born.Ref: 5
1959*Florence Griffith Joyner Los Angeles CA, runner (3 Olympics-gold-1988), is born.Ref: 5
1960*Michael Swain Elizabeth NJ, judoka (Olympics-bronze-88), is born.Ref: 5
1960*Roger McDowell Cincinnati OH, pitcher (NY Mets, Baltimore Orioles), is born.Ref: 5
1960*Andy (Andrew James) Van Slyke baseball: SL Cardinals [World Series: 1985], Pittsburgh Pirates [all-star: 1988, 1992, 1993/The Sporting News NL Player of the Year: 1988/Golden Glove: 1988-1992], Baltimore Orioles, Philadelphia Phillies, is born.Ref: 4
1962*Christy Forester Lookout Mountain GA, country singer (Forester Sister-Men), is born.Ref: 5
1964*Ed Jongsma Dutch pop bassist (Sleeze Beez-Look Like Hell), is born.Ref: 5
1964*Joey Kocur Calgary, NHL right wing (Vancouver Canucks), is born.Ref: 5
1964*Keith Taylor NFL safety (Washington Redskins), is born.Ref: 5
1965*Gabrielle Glaser musician (Luscious Jackson), is born.Ref: 5
1965*Rodney Thomas WLAF cornerback (Barcelona Dragons), is born.Ref: 5
1965*Sue Thomas Texarkana TX, LPGA golfer (1991 Orix Hawaiian Ladies-14th), is born.Ref: 5
1965*Andy Dick actor: NewsRadio, The Ben Stiller Show, Reality Bites, The Cable Guy, Inspector Gadget, Being John Malkovich, Dude, Where's My Car?, The Andy Dick Show, Dr. Dolittle 2, is born in Charleston SC.Ref: 4
1966*Kiefer Sutherland actor: An Eye for an Eye, The Vanishing, The Three Musketeers, A Few Good Men, Young Guns series, Flatliners, Bright Lights Big City, Brotherhood of Justice, Twin Peaks; son of actor Donald Sutherland, is born.Ref: 68
1966*Karri Turner (actress: JAG, Wild Oats, Hollywood Squares, The X Files)Ref: 4
1967*Kristi Cooke Marion OH, Miss Ohio-America (1991), is born.Ref: 5
1967*Ervin Johnson NBA center (Seattle Supersonics, Milwaukee Bucks), is born.Ref: 5
1967*Terry Mills NBA forward (Miami Heat, Detroit Pistons), is born.Ref: 5
1968*Anthony Lynn NFL running back (Denver Broncos-Superbowl 32), is born.Ref: 5
1968*Khrystyne Haje actress: Head of the Class, Hearts are Wild, Attack of the 5'2" Women, Scanner Cop II, Demolition University, is born in Santa Clara CA.Ref: 4
1969*Chuck Smith NFL defensive end (Atlanta Falcons), is born.Ref: 5
1969*Leon Searcy NFL offensive tackle (Pittsburgh Steelers, Jackson Jaguars), is born.Ref: 5
1969*Jack Noseworthy actor: Encino Man, The Brady Bunch Movie, Barb Wire, Trigger Affect, Event Horizon, Breakdown, Idle Hands, U-571, is born.Ref: 4
1969*Julie Delpy actress: The Three Musketeers, Killing Zoe, White, An American Werewolf in Paris, Crime and Punishment, is born.Ref: 4
1970*Irving Spikes NFL running back (Miami Dolphins), is born.Ref: 5
1970*Monique Ambers WNBA forward (Phoenix Mercury), is born.Ref: 5
1970*Ronnie Woolfork WLAF linebacker (Frankfurt Galaxy), is born.Ref: 5
1971*Ernest Hunter NFL running back (Cleveland Browns), is born.Ref: 5
1971*Irena Slavutskay Israel, athlete (Olympics-1996), is born.Ref: 5
1971*Jey Phillips WLAF DB (Amsterdam Admirals), is born.Ref: 5
1971*Tommie Boyd NFL/WLAF receiver (Detroit Lions, Rhein Fire), is born.Ref: 5
1973*Mike Alstott fullback (Tampa Bay Buccaneers), is born.Ref: 5
1974*Karrie Webb Ayr Queensland Australia, LPGA golfer (1994 Australian Strokeplay), is born.Ref: 5
1974*Raymond Austin cornerback/safety (NY Jets), is born.Ref: 5
1978*Amber Corwin Harbor City CA, figure skater (1997 Nationals 5th), is born.Ref: 5
1978*Michael Vitar Los Angeles CA, actor (D2, D3, Sunset Grill, Sandlot Kids)Ref: 5
918*Conrad I Duke of Franconia/German King (911-918), dies.Ref: 5
1308*Henry I the Child, first landgrave of Hessen (1256-1308), dies.Ref: 5
1375*Giovanni Boccaccio Italian poet (Vita di Dante, Decameron), dies.Ref: 5
1429*Jacquemart de Bléharies Tournay "heretic", burned to death.Ref: 5
1549*Margaret of Angouleme, French queen consort of Henry II of Navarre; Renaissance poet and patron of the arts, dies at age 57.Ref: 70
1579*Juan de Juanes [Vicente Juan Ma‡ip] Spanish ecclesiastical painter, dies at 56.Ref: 5
1597*Petrus Canisius Dutch jesuit/saint, dies at 76.Ref: 5
1674 Rutger van Haersolte viceroy of Overijsselse, dies at about 66.Ref: 5
1734*Philipp Hyacinth Lobkowitz composer, dies at 54.Ref: 5
1736*Alessandro Galilei Italian architect (Cappella Corsini), dies at 45.Ref: 5
1755*Caspar Ruetz composer, dies at 47.Ref: 5
1765*Joseph Thadd„us Stammel Austrian sculptor, dies at 70.Ref: 5
1820*Charles-Fran‡ois Dumonchau composer, dies at 45.Ref: 5
1859*Nicolaas C Kist Dutch church historian/archivist, dies at 66.Ref: 5
1864*William Henry Fry, composer, dies at 51.Ref: 5
1889*Joseph B Lightfoot English theologist/bishop of Durham, dies at 61.Ref: 5
1889*Benjamin H. Day, American printer and journalist; founded The New York Sun, dies at age 79.Ref: 70
1890*Niels Vilhelm Gade Danish composer, dies at 73.Ref: 5
1906*Adalbert von Goldschmidt composer, dies at 58.Ref: 5
1907*Oskar Lassar German dermatologist (public baths), dies at 58.Ref: 5
1910*Explosion in coal mine in Hulton England, 344 mine workers dies.Ref: 5
1921*P B S Pinchback major Reconstruction politician, dies at 84.Ref: 5
1923*Frank Cobb, American journalist and editor of the New York World, dies at age 54Ref: 70
1928*Luigi Cadorna Italian fieldmarshal (WWI, Caporetto), dies at 78.Ref: 5
1931*John-French Cantr‚ Flemish wood carver/painter/cartoonist, dies at 45.Ref: 5
1933*Knud J V Rasmussen Danish Pole explorer (Thule), dies at 54.Ref: 5
1935*Kurt Tucholsky German journalist/writer (Panter, Tiger & Co), dies at 45.Ref: 5
1937*Frank Kellogg, U.S. Secretary of State (1925-29) who tried to outlaw war with the Kellogg-Briand Pact (Nobel1929), dies at age 80.Ref: 70
1940*F[rancis] Scott [Key] Fitzgerald author (Great Gatsby, Zelda), dies of a heart attack in Hollywood at 44.Ref: 5
1942*Leendert Round sculptor (Giraffen, Blijdorp), dies at 63.Ref: 5
1945*General George S. (Smith) Patton Jr., 'Old Blood and Guts': U.S. Army General: commander of Third Army during drive across France in WWII, dies at the age of 60 after being injured in a car accident.Ref: 4
1946*Earthquake in South Japan, kills 1,086.Ref: 5
1948*Seishiro Itagaki Japanese general/Minister of War, hanged.Ref: 5
1950*Hattie O. Caraway, first female U.S. senator, dies at age 72.Ref: 70
1955*Dorothy Bernard actress (Margaret-Life With Father), dies at 65.Ref: 5
1956*Lewis M Terman psychologist (Genetic studies of genius), dies at 79.Ref: 5
1957*Eric Coates composer, dies at 71.Ref: 5
1958*H[arry] B[yron] Warner actor (10 Commandments, New Moon), dies at 83.Ref: 5
1958*Lion Feuchtwanger philosopher/writer (Der falsche Nero), dies at 74.Ref: 5
1963*Sir John Berry Hobbs, English athlete, dies at age 81.Ref: 70
1965*Claude Adonai Champagne composer, dies at 74.Ref: 5
1967*Louis Washkansky dies 18 days after first heart transplant at 55.Ref: 5
1967*Stuart Erwin actor (Trouble With Father), dies of heart attack at 64.Ref: 5
1972*Horace Mann Bond president of Lincoln University (PA), dies at 70.Ref: 5
1974*Richard Long actor (Professor-Nanny & the Professor), dies at 47.Ref: 5
1974*Jack BennyRef: 10
1975*William Lundigan announcer (CBS Mystery Theater), dies at 61.Ref: 5
1978*Sports cartoonist Willard Mullin, creator of the lovable character known as the 'Brooklyn Bum', dies in Corpus Christi at the age of 76.Ref: 1
1980*Marc Connelly playwright (One Minute Please), dies at 90.Ref: 5
1983*Rod Cameron (Nathan Roderick Cox) actor: Midnight Auto Supply, Psychic Killer, Evel Knievel, The Last Movie, Northwest Mounted Police, Wake Island, State Trooper, City Detective; dies at age 73.Ref: 5
1987*Robert (John) Paige actor: Bye Bye Birdie, Hellzapoppin, Son of Dracula, The Green Promise, The Monster and the Girl; TV emcee: The Big Payoff, The Colgate Comedy Hour; dies.Ref: 4
1988*PanAm Flight 103 explodes over Lockerbie, Scotland, 35 minutes after it departed London's Heathrow airport en route to the United States. All 259 people on board plus 11 more on the ground were killed. Two Libyan's are the key suspects: Abd al-Basit al-Magrahi and Lamin Khalifa Fhimah.Ref: 9
1988 Bob Steele [Robert Bradbury] dies after short illness at 60.Ref: 5
1988*Nicholas Tinbergen Netherlands/British biologist/zoologist (Nobel 1973), dies at age 81.Ref: 5
1989*Jan Cikker composer, dies at 78.Ref: 5
1992*Albert King, US blues singer/guitarist (Crosscut Saw), dies at 71.Ref: 68
1992*Nathan Milstein Ukrainian/US violist (Beethoven, Bach), dies at 87.Ref: 5
1992*Stella Adler US actress (Love on Toast), dies at 90.Ref: 5
1992*Sybil Andrews English/Canada painter, dies at 94.Ref: 5
1992*Dutch DC-10 on fire at landing on Faro Portugal, 56 die.Ref: 5
1993*Philip Christison British general (Rangoon), dies at 100.Ref: 5
1994*Dean Rusk US Secretary of State, dies at 85.Ref: 5
1994*Shauna McDonald Brown British TV producer, dies at 37.Ref: 5
1995*Robert Francis Vere Heuston professor of law, dies at 72.Ref: 5
1995*Trenchard Cox museum director, dies at 90.Ref: 5
1996*Margaret E Rey author of children's books, dies at 90.Ref: 5
1996*Olga Maria Nicolis di Robilant patron of the arts, dies at 96.Ref: 5
1997*Bruce Woodcock boxer, dies at 76.Ref: 5
1997*Juzo Itami film director/actor (Lord Jim, Yuuguremade), dies at 64.Ref: 5
1997 Michael Lyne air-marshal, dies at 78Ref: 5
1999*Country singer Hank Snow dies at age 85.Ref: 9

Last Update: October 27th, 2005
© 2000-2005   Kenneth Fussichen