Ken Fussichen's History Of The Day For
December 31st

Home Click on * for the link to the relevant chronology. New Date
335*St Silvester I ends his reign as Catholic Pope.Ref: 5
1492*100,000 Jews expelled from Sicily.Ref: 5
1564*Willem van Orange demands freedom of conscience/religion.Ref: 5
1600*British East India Company chartered.Ref: 5
1621 Hungarian King Bethlen Gábor/Ferdinand II sign Treaty of Mikulov.Ref: 5
1669*France & Brandenburg sign secret treaty.Ref: 5
1670*France & England sign Boyne-treaty.Ref: 5
1687*The first shipload of emigrating Huguenots (French Protestants) left France for South Africa.Ref: 5
1700*Frisia/Groningen adopt Gregorian calendar, tomorrow is 1/12/1701.Ref: 5
1711*Duke of Marlborough fired as English army commander.Ref: 5
1712*Birth of Peter Bohler, the Moravian missionary who, at age 25, influenced the religious spirit of John Wesley. Bohler taught the founder of Methodism the joys of personal conversion and self_surrendering faith, and Wesley later incorporated these spiritual emphases within Methodist theology.Ref: 5
1756*Russia joins the Alliance of Versailles.Ref: 5
1776*Rhode Island establishes wage & price controls to curb inflation: Limit is 70¢ a day for carpenters, 42¢ for tailors.Ref: 5
1781*Bank of North America, first US bank opens.Ref: 5
1783*Import of African slaves banned by all of the Northern states.Ref: 5
1791*Shawnee Chief Blue Jacket is commissioned a General in the British Army.Ref: 57
1805*End of French Republican calendar; France returns to Gregorianism.Ref: 5
1818*A petition is presented to the Mason grand lodge asking for the formal organization of a lodge in Xenia OH. (XDG, p 14A, 4/29/2003)Ref: 83
1837*Birth of John R. Sweney, American sacred chorister. He composed over 1,000 gospel tunes, including SUNSHINE ("There is Sunshine in My Soul Today") and SWENEY ("More About Jesus Would I Know").Ref: 5
1841*Alabama becomes first state to license dental surgeons.Ref: 5
1852*The richest year of the gold rush ends, with $81.3 million in gold produced.Ref: 2
1852*Future President & Mrs Rutherford B Hayes marry.Ref: 5
1857*Britain's Queen Victoria decides to make Ottawa the capital of Canada.Ref: 70
1859*Dutch colony in Dutch Indies counts 4,800 slaves.Ref: 5
1861*22,990 mm of rain falls in Cherrapunji Assam in 1861, world record.Ref: 5
1862*President Lincoln signs an act admitting West Virginia to the Union.Ref: 5
1877*President Rutherford B. Hayes became the first U.S. President to celebrate his silver wedding anniversary in the White House. The President and his wife reenacted their marriage ceremony on this, their 25th anniversary (technically, a day late).Ref: 4
1879*Cornerstone laid for Honolulu's Iolani Palace (only royal palace in US).Ref: 5
1889*The Jamestown [Greene County] OH Opera House opens and is dedicated. (XDG, p 5A, 9/25/2003)Ref: 83
1890*Ellis Island (New York NY) opens as a US immigration depot.Ref: 5
1896*25th auto built in US.Ref: 5
1897*Brooklyn, NY, spent its last day as a separate entity before becoming part of NY City.Ref: 5
1900*Birth of Stephen C. Neill, British clergyman and biblical scholar. A prolific writer, some of Neill's better_known titles are "A History of Christian Missions" (1964), "The Interpretation of the New Testament: 1871_1961" (1966) and "The Modern Reader's Dictionary of the Bible" (1966).Ref: 5
1905*(Haywood Trial) A waitress at the Saratoga Hotel in Caldwell reports that a guest, Thomas Hogan, had trembling hands and downcast eyes when she waited on his table shortly after the explosion. A search of Hogan's room turns up traces of plaster of paris in his chamber pot. Plaster of paris was the substance used to hold pieces of the bomb together.Ref: 87
1906*French/British/Italian treaty concerning rights on Abyssinia.Ref: 5
1907 For the first time a ball drops at Times Square to signal the new year.Ref: 5
1910*US tobacco industry produced 9 billion cigarettes in 1910.Ref: 5
1911*Marie Curie receives her 2nd Nobel Prize.Ref: 5
1917*(Prohibition) Canadian prohibitionRef: 62
1917*Dutch Social-democratic trade union NVV counts 159,450 members.Ref: 5
1921*Last San Francisco firehorses retiredRef: 5
1923*The Sahara is crossed by an automobile for the first time.Ref: 2
1929*Pope Pius XI publishes encyclical Divini illius magistri.Ref: 5
1930*US tobacco industry produced 123 billion cigarettes in 1930.Ref: 5
1930*Brewery heir Adolphus Busch is kidnapped.Ref: 2
1930*Pontifical encyclical Casti connubii against mixed marriages.Ref: 5
1932*John P O'Brien sworn-in as mayor of NY NY.Ref: 5
1935 CPH becomes Dutch Communist Party.Ref: 5
1938*Dutch national debt hits ƒ3,986,629,805.70.Ref: 5
1939*Dutch national debt hits ƒ4,218,553,180.99.Ref: 5
1941*Young Park (2) in the Bronx named in honor of Samuel Young.Ref: 5
1942*Potatoes rationed in Holland.Ref: 5
1945*Ratification of UN Charter completed.Ref: 5
1946*French troops leave Lebanon.Ref: 5
1946*President Truman officially proclaimed the end of hostilities in World War Two.Ref: 70
1949*18 countries recognize Republic Indonesia.Ref: 5
1951*Marshall Plan ends;replaced by Mutual Security agency.Ref: 10
1953*Hulan Jack sworn in as Manhattan Borough president.Ref: 5
1955*General Motors became the first U.S. corporation to earn more than one billion dollars in a single year. The company’s annual report to stockholders listed a net income of $1,189,477,082 in revenues.Ref: 4
1955*Tecumseh Township is created from a portion of Xenia Township (Ohio). (Ref: Greene County Commissioners Journal No. 40 p. 304, 12/21/1955) 
1958*Cuban dictator Batista flees.Ref: 5
1958*International Geophyscial Year ends.Ref: 5
1961*The Marshall Plan expired after distributing more than $12 billion in foreign aid.Ref: 70
1962 Dutch leave New Guinea.Ref: 5
1962*Governor Edmund G. Brown of CA announced that his state was the most populous of the 50 United States. NY’s governor, Nelson Rockefeller, disagreed and refused to concede.Ref: 4
1962 Katanga becomes part of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.Ref: 5
1964*Indonesia proclaims expelled from the UN.Ref: 5
1965*On this New Year’s Eve, Criswell made a TV appearance to announce his annual predictions for the coming year. Included in these predictions was one concerning Ronald Reagan. Criswell said Reagan would be the next governor of California. Criswell was right. Reagan was right, too.Ref: 4
1965*California becomes the largest state in population.Ref: 2
1966*Toboggan Chutes begin operation in Cleveland Metroparks.Ref: 5
1969 Congo-Brazzaville becomes People's republic, under Major Ngouabi.Ref: 5
1970*President Allende nationalizes Chilean coal mines.Ref: 5
1970*Congress authorizes the Eisenhower dollar coin.Ref: 5
1971*Lieutenant General Robert E Cushman, Jr, USMC, ends term as deputy director of CIA.Ref: 5
1971*U Thant of Burma's term of office as the third Secretary General of the United Nations ends. (Ref 
1972*Leap second day; also in 1973-79, 1987, 1998.Ref: 5
1974*Franklin Mint strikes Panama's Gold 100 Balboa coin.Ref: 5
1974*Private U.S. citizens were allowed to buy and own gold for the first time in more than 40 years.Ref: 70
1977 Cambodia breaks relations with Vietnam.Ref: 2
1977*Amir Sheikh Jabir al-Ahmad al-Jabir Al Sabah becomes leader of Kuwait.Ref: 5
1977*Donald Woods, a banned white editor flees South Africa.Ref: 5
1977*Ted Bundy escapes from jail in Colorado.Ref: 5
1978*Iran shah names Chapour Bakhtiar premier.Ref: 5
1978*Microsoft's year end sales exceed $1 million dollars. 
1978*CIA director, Admiral Stansfield Turner retires from the Navy.Ref: 5
1978*Taiwanese diplomats struck their colors for the final time from the embassy flagpole in Washington, marking the end of diplomatic relations with the United States.Ref: 70
1980*Senegal President Leopold Senghor resigns.Ref: 5
1981*Netherlands unemployment stands at record 475,000.Ref: 5
1981*Kurt Waldheim of Austria's term of office as the fourth Secretary General of the United Nations ends. (Ref 
1983 Nigeria's National Assembly dissolves after military coup.Ref: 5
1983*Brunei gains complete independence from Britain.Ref: 5
1983 José Happart installed as mayor of Voeren Belgium.Ref: 5
1984*Rajiv Gandhi takes office as India's 6th PM succeeds his mom, Indira.Ref: 5
1984*NYC subway gunman Bernhard Goetz surrenders to police in New Hampshire.Ref: 5
1984*US leaves UNESCO.Ref: 5
1985 King Hussein of Jordan and President Assad hold talks.Ref: 5
1986*The State of Florida passed Illinois to become the fifth most populous state in the U.S. In the lead: California, New York, Texas, and Pennsylvania.Ref: 4
1990*Iraq begins a military draft of 17 year olds.Ref: 5
1991 CPN, Communist Party of Netherlands, last day of existance.Ref: 5
1991*Dow Jones closes at record high 3168.83.Ref: 5
1991*Javier Perez de Cuellar of Peru's term of office as the fifth Secretary General of the United Nations ends. (Ref 
1991*USSR, last day of existence.Ref: 5
1992*UN Secretary-General Bourtos Boutros-Ghali is jeered by Bosnians during a visit to Sarajevo. (XDG, p 4A, 12/31/2002)Ref: 83
1992*Target date for Europe's single market.Ref: 5
1992*President Bush arrived in Australia as part of a 12-day Pacific trip.Ref: 64
1992*Representatives of the government of El Salvador and rebels reached agreement at the United Nations on a peace accord aimed at ending 12 years of civil war.Ref: 64
1994*Anti Apartheid Group of Netherlands (AABN) disbands.Ref: 5
1994*First snowless December in Baltimore MD.Ref: 5
1996*Boutros Boutros-Ghali of Egypt's term of office as the sixth Secretary General of the United Nations ends. (Ref 
1997*More Swedes died than were born in 1997, first time since 1809.Ref: 5
1997*In an attempt to nudge its Microsoft Network into a more competetive position (vs. America Online), Microsoft announced the purchase of Hotmail, the free Web-based e-mail service.Ref: 4
1997*South Africa & US surgeons separate Zambian Siamese twins joined at the head.Ref: 5
1997*Leftist rebels in Peru released two diplomats, leaving 81 hostages in the besieged Japanese embassy residence in Lima.Ref: 64
1997 In Sorocaba, Brazil, riot troops stormed a prison where inmates where holding hundreds of hostages, quickly ending a three-day rebellion without any deaths. (XDG, p 4A, 12/31/2002)Ref: 83
1997*Intel cuts price of Pentium II-233 MHz from $401 to $268.Ref: 5
1998*Europe's leaders proclaimed a new era as 11 nations merged currencies to create the euro. (XDG, p 4A, 12/31/2003)Ref: 83
1999 At noon the Panama Canal is given over to the Panamanians (from the US).Ref: 5
1999*Russian President Boris Yeltsin announces his resignation for health reasons. (XDG, p 4A, 12/31/2000)Ref: 83
1999*A global TV programme '2000Today' reports live for 25 hrs non-stop the New Year celebrations in 68 countries all over the world. It is the first ever show of that duration and geographical coverage. The programme involved a round-the-clock work of over 6000 technical personnel, and used a array of 60 communication satellites to reach 1 billion viewers from all time-zones all over the globe (The Canberra Times, 1 Jan, 2000).Ref: 75
2001*The United States finally agreed to sign a treaty creating the world's first permanent international war crimes tribunal, joining most other countries of the world.Ref: 6
2002*Emerging from holiday seclusion at his Texas ranch, President Bush tells reporters an attack by Saddam Hussein or a terrorist ally "would cripple our economy". (XDG, p 4A, 12/31/2003)Ref: 83
1744*James Bradley announces discovery of Earth's motion of nutation (wobble).Ref: 5
1870*J D Schneiter patents rocket mail in France, (not done).Ref: 5
1879*Thomas Edison delighted an audience in Menlo Park, New Jersey. He gave his first public demonstration of incandescent lighting with the words, “Now it’s on. Now it’s off.” He did this for hours and hours. Well, not quite. But he did turn the lights on and off a few times just to show folks that he could do it.Ref: 4
1911*Helene Dutrieu wins the Femina aviation cup in Etampes. She sets a distance record for women at 158 miles.Ref: 2
1923*First transatlantic radio broadcast of a voice, Pittsburgh-Manchester.Ref: 5
1924*Edwin Hubble announces existence of distant galactic systems.Ref: 5
1934*Helen Richey becomes first woman to pilot an airmail transport.Ref: 5
1935*Charles Darrow patents Monopoly.Ref: 5
1938*Dr R N Harger's "drunkometer", first breath test, introduced in IN.Ref: 5
1951*First battery to convert radioactive energy to electrical announced.Ref: 5
1968*First supersonic airliner flown (Russian Tupolev TU-144).Ref: 5
1974*Popular Electronics displays Altair 8800 computer.Ref: 5
406 For the first time in history, barbarians (80,000 strong), pushed southward by advancing Huns, crossed the Rhine River at Mainz into Western Roman territory. (Vardy, Steven B., Attila, ISBN 1-55546-803-9, p 25) 
870 Skirmish at Englefield: Ethelred of Wessex beats Danish invasion army.Ref: 5
1502 Cesare Borgia (son of pope Alexander VI) occupies Urbino.Ref: 5
1604 Admiral Steven van der Haghen's fleet reaches Bantam.Ref: 5
1688*Pro-James II-earl of Devonshire occupies Nottingham.Ref: 5
1708 Great Alliance captures Bridge.Ref: 5
1745*Bonnie Prince Charlies army meets with de Esk.Ref: 5
1758*British expeditionary army occupies Goree (Dakar) Senegal.Ref: 5
1775*Richard Montgomery and Benedict Arnold lead the American assault on Quebec and were repulsed. Montgomery was killed and Arnold wounded in the fighting. Captain Daniel Morgan and his Virginians are captured. (XDG, p 4A, 12/31/2000)Ref: 83
1775*George Washington orders recruiting officers to accept free blacks into the army.Ref: 2
1775*American General Richard Montgomery dies fighting the British.Ref: 5
1779*English fleet beat Dutch Merchant vessels.Ref: 5
1862*The Battle of Stones River (Murfeesboro) has the Union General Rosencrans with 47,000 troops facing Confederate General Bragg with 37,000 troops. Over three days 1300 Union troops and 1200 Confederates die. Bragg wins, but it is incomplete. He withdraws seeing no further advantage in continuing. Rosencrans fails to persue.Ref: 23
1862*Union ironclad ship "Monitor" sinks off Cape Hatteras NC.Ref: 5
1862*Skirmish at Parker Cross Roads TN.Ref: 5
1862*James Edward Rains lawyer/Confederate Brigadier-General, dies in battle at 29.Ref: 5
1862*Joshua Woodrow Sill US Union Brigadier-General, dies in battle at 31.Ref: 5
1895 Treaty of Shimonoseki signed, ends 1st Sino-Japanese War (1894-95).Ref: 5
1902*Boers & British army sign peace treaty.Ref: 5
1915*The Germans torpedo the British liner Persia without any warning killing 335 passengers.Ref: 2
1939*25 U boats sunk this month (81,000 ton).Ref: 5
1940*37 U boats sunk this month (213,000 ton).Ref: 5
1941*General MacArthur reports that U.S. lines in Manila have been pushed back by the Japanese.Ref: 2
1942*Midnight curfew put the damper on New Years' Eve celebrations. The usual revelers were missing from the traditional gathering spot at Market and Powell sts. Curfew regulations drove most of the revelry into hotels equipped with blackout curtains.Ref: 27
1942*Battle of the Barents Sea between German and British ships.Ref: 36
1942*Emperor Hirohito of Japan gives permission to his troops to withdraw from Guadalcanal after five months of bloody fighting against U.S. forces.Ref: 2
1942*60 U boats sunk this month (330,000 ton).Ref: 5
1944*Japanese army evacuates harbor city Akyab.Ref: 5
1961 Failed coup by Syrian group in Lebanon.Ref: 5
1981 Lieutenant Jerry Rawlings stages coup in Ghana, suspends constitution.Ref: 5
1990 United Somali Congress seizes Presidential Palace.Ref: 5
1991 Twelve year civil war in El Salvador ends; five leftist armies reach agreement; 75,000 total dead.Ref: 10
1878*A reported eight million bats are sold in the United StatesRef: 1
1897*At the age of 38, Charles H. Ebbets gains a controlling interest of eighty-percent of the Brooklyn Dodgers.Ref: 1
1913*Charles Weeghman signs deal for the Chicago Cubs to lease property for ballpark at Clark and Addison streets.Ref: 86
1914*Colonel Jacob Ruppert & Cap Huston purchase New York Yankees for $460,000.Ref: 5
1918*Kid Gleason replaces Pants Rowland as White Sox manager.Ref: 5
1950*Willie Shoemaker and Joe Culmone, both 19 years of age, became the first jockeys to ride 388 winners in a single year.Ref: 4
1953*Willie Shoemaker broke his own record as he won his 485th race of the year. Willie got his horse’s nose out in front at Santa Anita racetrack in Southern CA.Ref: 4
1957 AAU awards Bobby Morrow, James Sullivan Memorial Trophy.Ref: 5
1958*47th Davis Cup: USA beats Australia in Brisbane (3-2).Ref: 5
1958*Willie Shoemaker first jockey to win national riding championship 4X.Ref: 5
1961*Green Bay Packers shutout NY Giants 37-0 in NFL championship game.Ref: 5
1962*The State of Ohio drops its suit against the Reds when owner Bill DeWitt agrees in writing the team will stay in Cincinnati for ten years.Ref: 1
1962*American Basketball League announces suspension of operation.Ref: 5
1963*Chicago Bears win NFL championship.Ref: 5
1964 Donald Campbell (UK) sets world water speed record (276.33 mph).Ref: 5
1966*After fifteen years with the Braves, Eddie Mathews is traded to the Astros. The third baseman is the only person to play for the Boston, Milwaukee and Atlanta Braves.Ref: 1
1967*First NBA game at Great Western Forum, Los Angeles Lakers beat Houston 147-118.Ref: 5
1967*Playing in a wind chill of 40º below zero, the Green Bay Packers won the National Football League championship game by defeating Tom Landry’s Dallas Cowboys, 21-17.Ref: 4
1967*Oakland Raiders beat Houston Oilers 40-7 in AFL championship game.Ref: 5
1968*NY Jets win AFL championship.Ref: 5
1972*The Miami Dolphins edged the Pittsburgh Steelers 21-17 in the AFC championship game and the Washington Redskins trounced the Dallas Cowboys 26-3 in the NFC championship game.Ref: 4
1972*39th Sugar Bowl: OK 14 beats Penn State 0.Ref: 5
1973*40th Sugar Bowl: Notre Dame 24 beats AL 23.Ref: 5
1973*Johan Cruyff chosen European soccer Player of year.Ref: 5
1973*61st Australian Men's Tennis: John Newcombe beats O Parun (63 67 75 61).Ref: 5
1974*Free-agent Catfish Hunter signs with the Yankees ending an unprecedented bidding war. The former A's ace signs a five-year, $3.75 million dollar contract (three times more than any other players) to pitch for the Bronx Bombers.Ref: 1
1974*41st Sugar Bowl: Nebraska 13 beats Florida 10.Ref: 5
1975*42nd Sugar Bowl: Alabama 13 beats Penn State 6.Ref: 5
1980*NY Islanders greatest shutout margin (9-0) vs Chicago Black Hawks.Ref: 5
1989*Fog Bowl: Heavy fog rolls in on Bears 20-12 victory over Eagles.Ref: 5
1989*Jockey Kent Desormeaux sets record with 598 wins in a year.Ref: 5
1990*A's third baseman Carney Lansford is severely hurt in a snowmobile accident.Ref: 1
1990*Garry Kasparov defeats Analoly Karpov in the world championship chess match at 12½-11½ played in NY City, retaining his title as World Champion. In their five world championship matches, Kasparov and Karpov had played 144 games, with the overall score being Kasparov 73, Karpov 71Ref:78
1991*Daniel R McCarthy elected NY Yankee managing general partner.Ref: 5
1991*J Donald Crump resigned as CFL Commissioner.Ref: 5
1995*62nd Sugar Bowl: Virginia Tech beats TX.Ref: 5
1997*Orlando Hernandez, half-brother of pitcher Livan, defects from Cuba.Ref: 5
1997*Buffalo Bills head coach Marv Levy retired after 11 years and four consecutive Super Bowl appearances. His 123 victories with the Bills are a team record. He led the Bills to eight postseason appearances and five conference championship games, winning four.Ref: 4
1998*Don Smiley resigns as President of the Florida Marlins.Ref: 86
1999*Brett Hull becomes the 12th player in NHL history to score 600 goals as his Dallas Stars win a 5-4 victory over Anaheim.Ref: 9
2001*Notre Dame tapped Tyrone Willingham to be its head football coach, replacing George O'Leary, who'd resigned because of mistatements about his a academic and athletic achievements on his resume. Willingham becomes the first black head coach in any sport for the Irish. (XDG, p 4A, 12/31/2002)Ref: 83
1680*Amsterdam opera at Leidsegracht opens.Ref: 5
1762*Mozart family moves from Vienna to Salzburg.Ref: 5
1879*Gilbert/Sullivan's "Pirates of Penzance" premieres in NY NY.Ref: 5
1907*G Mahler conducts the Metropolitan Opera.Ref: 5
1923 BBC begins using Big Ben chime ID.Ref: 5
1923*Singer Eddie Cantor opened in the lead role of Kid Boots. Broadway critics called the production, “A smash musical hit!” Eddie made several of the songs from that show into smash hits also, like, Alabamy Bound and If You Knew Susie. Three years later, If You Knew Susie became the title song for a movie starring Cantor.Ref: 4
1929*Guy Lombardo and his Royal Canadians play Auld Lang Syne as a New Year’s Eve song for the first time.Ref: 4
1940*As a result of a dispute between the radio networks and ASCAP (the American Society of Composers and Publishers), the radio industry was prevented from playing any ASCAP-licensed music. The ban lasted for ten months. An ASCAP competitor, BMI (Broadcast Music Incorporated) made giant strides, expanding to include 36,000 copyrights. Many radio stations had to resort to playing public domain songs, such as marches and operas, to keep their stations on the air. Even kids songs were played over and over again until the ban was lifted. One of the most popular songs to be played was Happy Birthday to You; which was performed in many different languages just to get past the ban. The original song is now, in fact, a copyrighted piece of music, though it wasn’t at the time.Ref: 4
1943*NYC's Times Square greets Frank Sinatra at the Paramount Theater.Ref: 5
1947*Roy Rogers, ‘the King of the Cowboys’, and Dale Evans are married.Ref: 4
1951*Because of the success of the TV version of Wild Bill Hickok (April, 1951 - 1958), the series came to radio. Guy Madison (Wild Bill) and Andy Devine (sidekick, Jingles) starred on the Mutual network show (as well as in the syndicated TV version). The western remained on the radio for five years.Ref: 4
1955*"Vamp" closes at Winter Garden Theater NYC after 60 performances.Ref: 5
1957*Disneyland receives its 10 Millionth GuestRef: 67
1960*After playing California nightclubs as The Pendletones, Kenny and the Cadets, and Carl and the Passions, a new group emerged this day: The Beach Boys. The group’s first national hit, Surfin’ Safari, was soon to be. They recorded for local (Los Angeles) Colpix Records and at the height of their popularity, Capitol Records. The Beach Boys also recorded under the Reprise Records banner. The revitalized group still tours and Capitol continues to reissue various greatest hits packages. The Beach Boys were inducted into The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1988. Surf’s (still) up!Ref: 4
1961*"Irma La Douce" closes at Plymouth Theater NYC after 527 performances.Ref: 5
1961*Beach Boys play their debut gig under that name.Ref: 5
1962*"Match Game" debuts on NBC with host Gene Rayburn.Ref: 5
1963 Dear Abby show premieres on CBS radio (runs 11 years).Ref: 5
1963*Jerry Garcia & Bob Weir played music together for the first time.Ref: 5
1966*Monkee's "I'm a Believer" hits #1 & stays there for 7 weeks.Ref: 5
1967*"Henry, Sweet Henry" closes at Palace Theater NYC after 80 performances.Ref: 5
1970*Paul McCartney files a lawsuit to dissolve the Beatles.Ref: 5
1974*Lindsey Buckingham & Stevie Nicks join Fleetwood Mac.Ref: 5
1975*Elvis Presley performs before 60,000 fans at the Silverdome in Pontiac, MI. He earned $800,000 for the concert -- a world record for a single concert by a single artist.Ref: 4
1976*TV soap "Somerset" ends 6 year run.Ref: 5
1976*The Cars play their first gig.Ref: 5
1977*"Man of La Mancha" closes at Palace Theater NYC after 124 performances.Ref: 5
1977*WFAT (Brooklyn NY pirate radio station) begins broadcasting on 1620 AM.Ref: 5
1977*"Bubbling Brown Sugar" closes at ANTA Theater NYC after 766 performances.Ref: 5
1978*"Magic Show" closes at Cort Theater NYC after 1859 performances.Ref: 5
1978*"Runaways" closes at Plymouth Theater NYC after 199 performances.Ref: 5
1979*Winterland Rock Concert Hall in San Francisco closes after 556 concerts.Ref: 5
1981*CNN Headline News debuts.Ref: 5
1982 CBS Mystery Theater final episode on radio after 8 years.Ref: 5
1982*TV soap "The Doctors" ends 19 year run.Ref: 5
1982 NBC radio cancels almost all of its network daily features.Ref: 5
1984*Def Leppard drummer Rick Allen loses his arm in a car crash.Ref: 5
1985*Over 54,500 people played kazoos in downtown Rochester, NY. The assembled multitude played, A Bicycle Built for Two. Any idea why? Well, they felt it was appropriate for the last day of the year -- and it got the crowd listed in the Guiness Book of World Records for ‘Most Kazoo-ers’.Ref: 4
1989*Actress Annabella Sciorra (Jungle Fever) weds Joe Petruzzi.Ref: 5
1989*"Me & My Girl" closes at Marquis Theater NYC after 1420 performances.Ref: 5
1989*"Threepenny Opera" closes at Lunt-Fontanne Theater NYC after 65 performances.Ref: 5
1990*The Sci-Fi Channel on cable TV begins transmitting.Ref: 5
1992*WCBS TV news anchor Carol Martin weds Joe Terry.Ref: 5
1993*"Loveboat" actress Jill Whelan (27) weds Brad St John (33).Ref: 5
1993*Entertainer Barbra Streisand performed her first paid concert in 22 years, singing to a sellout crowd at the MGM Grand Garden in Las Vegas.Ref: 70
1995*"Danny Gans on Broadway" closes at Neil Simon NYC.Ref: 5
1995*"Having Our Say" closes at Booth Theater NYC after 308 performances.Ref: 5
1995*"Tempest" closes at Broadhurst Theater NYC after 71 performances.Ref: 5
1995*"Paul Roebson" closes at Longacre Theater NYC after 14 performances.Ref: 5
1995*"Racing Demon" closes at Vivian Beaumont Theater NYC after 48 performances.Ref: 5
1995*"Heiress" closes at Cort Theater NYC after 340 performances.Ref: 5
1995*Cartoonist Bill Watterson ends his "Calvin & Hobbes" comic strip.Ref: 5
1998 US movie box office hits record $6.24 billion for year.Ref: 5
1999*(date approximate) Elizabeth Taylor is designated a Dame of the British Empire by Queen Elizabeth II.Ref: 9
2006*American television networks must vacate existing frequences and go digital.Ref: 10
1378*Callistus III [Alfonso the Borja] Pope (1455-58), is born.Ref: 5
1491*Jacques Cartier, French explorer, is born.Ref: 68
1514*Andreas Vesalius Brussels Belgium, anatomist (Fabrica), is born.Ref: 5
1540*Silvio Antoniano Italian cardinal/theologist (Tre libri), is born.Ref: 5
1550*Henri Guise [le Balafré] French duke/leader (Catholic League), is born.Ref: 5
1668*Hermannus Boerhaave Dutch medical/botanist, is born.Ref: 5
1720*Charles Edward Stuart, grandson of James II, known as the Young Pretender and Bonnie Prince Charlie, is born.Ref: 2
1724*Franz Joseph Oehlschlagel composer, is born.Ref: 5
1738*Charles Lord Cornwallis solider/statesman "fire when ready Gridley", is born.Ref: 5
1799*Thomas Taglichsbeck composer, is born.Ref: 5
1805*Marie-C-S de Flavigny Agoult [Daniel Stern] French author (Knife), is born.Ref: 5
1815*George Gordon Meade, Union general who defeated Robert E. Lee at the Battle of Gettysburg, is born.Ref: 2
1818*Maria J Small-Gartmann actress, is born.Ref: 5
1823*Birth of William O. Cushing, American clergyman. He penned over 300 hymns, among them "When He Cometh," "Under His Wings" and "Hiding in Thee."Ref: 5
1825*Francis Trowbridge Sherman Brigadier-General (Union volunteers), died in 1905, is born.Ref: 5
1826*Henry Hiles composer, is born.Ref: 5
1830*Ismail Pasha kedive of Egypt (1863-79), is born.Ref: 5
1838*Emile Loubet premier/President of France (1892, 1899-1906), is born.Ref: 5
1846*Ferdinand Domela Nieuwenhuis vicar/Dutch anarchist (Right for all), is born.Ref: 5
1846*Richard Kleinmichel composer, is born.Ref: 5
1855*Giovanni Pascoli Italian classicist/poet, is born.Ref: 5
1856 Charles A van Ophuysen orientalist (Maleisisch Volksrecht), is born.Ref: 5
1859*Max Fiedler composer, is born.Ref: 5
1863*Alfredo Panzini Italian author (Dizionario Moderno), is born.Ref: 5
1864*Robert G Aitken US astronomer (Binary Stars), is born.Ref: 5
1869*Henri Matisse, one of the foremost painters of 20th century French art, is born.Ref: 70
1870*Thomas Connolly baseball's major league umpire for 50 years, is born.Ref: 5
1874*Ernest Austin composer, is born.Ref: 5
1878*Horacio Quiroga Uruguayan author/poet (El Crimen del Otro), is born.Ref: 5
1880*George Catlett Marshall, Chief of Staff of the U.S. Army during World War II, Secretary of State under Truman, won Nobel Peace Prize (1953) for the Marshall Plan, is born in Uniontown PA.Ref: 68
1881*Colin G Fink US chemist (electro chemistry), is born.Ref: 5
1881*Jacob Israel de Haan Dutch poet/writer (Pipelines, Jewish Song), is born.Ref: 5
1881*Max Pechstein German "entartet" painter/graphic artist (The Bridge), is born.Ref: 5
1882*Ben Jones Missouri, horse trainer (Citation, Whirlaway), is born.Ref: 5
1882*David Cohen Dutch historian/chairman (Jewish Council), is born.Ref: 5
1884*Elizabeth Arden, Canadian-born American cosmetic executive, is born.Ref: 70
1892*Jason Robards Sr Hillsdale MI, actor (Acapulco), is born.Ref: 5
1893*Max Lamberty Flemish sociologist/author (Flemish Resurrection), is born.Ref: 5
1894*Ernest John Moeran British composer, is born.Ref: 5
1894*Pola Negri [Barbara A Chalupiec] Polish/US actress (Madame Dubarry), is born.Ref: 5
1896*Ronald Adam Herefordshire England, actor (Phantom Shot), is born.Ref: 5
1897*Rhys Williams Wales, actor (Nightmare, Okinawa, Cross My Heart), is born.Ref: 5
1899*Gaston Glass Paris France, film executive, is born.Ref: 5
1899*Silvestre Revueltas Santiago Papasquiaro México, composer (Sensemaya)Ref: 5
1903*Nathan Milstein, Russian-born American violinist, is born.Ref: 70
1904*Chuck Gardiner UK, NHL goalie (Vezina winner), is born.Ref: 5
1904*Nathan Milstein Odessa Russia, concert violinist (Philadelphia Orchestra 1942), is born.Ref: 5
1905*Guy Mollet (Socialist) French premier (1956-57), is born.Ref: 5
1905*Jule Styne England, songwriter/composer (1954 Academy Award, 1968 Tony), is born.Ref: 5
1905*Tadeusz Breza writer, is born.Ref: 5
1906*Erna Bogen Hungary, foils (Olympics-bronze-1932), is born.Ref: 5
1908*Simon Wiesenthal, a Polish/Austrian survivor of the Nazi Holocaust who dedicated his life to tracking down former Nazis, is born.Ref: 2
1908*Jonah Jones (Robert Elliott Jones) musician: trumpet, singer: played with Cab Calloway; threw spitball that got Dizzy Gillespie fired from band; is born.Ref: 4
1908*Marko Rothmuller composer, is born.Ref: 5
1910*Dick Kollmar Rigewood NJ, actor (Broadway Spotlight, Guess What), is born.Ref: 5
1910*Roy Rowland film director, is born.Ref: 5
1914*Pat Brady Toledo OH, actor (Roy Rogers Show), is born.Ref: 5
1916*Suzy Delair Paris France, actress (Utopia, White Paws), is born.Ref: 5
1920*Rex Allen ‘The Arizona Cowboy’: entertainer: rodeo star; singer; songwriter: published over 300 songs; is born.Ref: 4
1922*Joan McCracken Philadelphia PA, actress (Claudie-The Story of a Marriage), is born.Ref: 5
1922*Rex Allen Wilcox AZ, cowboy singer (Dr Baxter-Frontier Doctor), is born.Ref: 5
1924*Rex Allen, Wilcox AZ, cowboy singer (Dr Baxter-Frontier Doctor), is born.Ref: 68
1924*Victoria Draves US, platform/springboard diver (Olympics-gold-1948), is born.Ref: 5
1927*Dieter Noll writer, is born.Ref: 5
1928*Hugh McElhenny NFL halfback (San Francisco, Minnesota, New York Giants, Detroit), is born.Ref: 5
1928*Ross Barbour Columbus IN, singer (4 Freshmen), is born.Ref: 5
1928*Veijo Meri writer, is born.Ref: 5
1929*Mies Bouman Dutch TV hostess (Open the Village), is born.Ref: 5
1929*Sidney Greenbaum grammarian, is born.Ref: 5
1930*Odetta (Holmes Felious Gordon) Birmingham AL, folk singer/actress (Sanctuary), is born.Ref: 5
1931*Bob Shaw UK, sci-fi author (Orbitsville, Ragged Astronauts, Vertigo), is born.Ref: 5
1932*George Schlatter TV producer (Laugh-in), is born.Ref: 5
1935*Rolf Haufs writer, is born.Ref: 5
1937*[Philip] Anthony Hopkins, Port Talbot West Glamorgan Wales, actor (Elephant Man, QB VII, Magic, Bounty), is born.Ref: 5
1937*Nicolas Born writer, is born.Ref: 5
1938*Rosalind Cash, Atlantic City NJ, actress (Omega Man, Wrong is Right), is born.Ref: 5
1938*Atje Keulen-Deelstra Holland, speed skater (world champion), is born.Ref: 5
1938*Henricus G Wijmans Dutch graphic artist, is born.Ref: 5
1939*Willye White US long jumper (Olympics-silver-56, appeared in 5 Olympics), is born.Ref: 5
1940*Oleg Anatolyevich Yakovlev Russian cosmonaut, is born.Ref: 5
1941*Sarah Miles, Essex England, actress (Ryan's Hope, Big Sleep, Venom), is born. (also TWA, 1998)Ref: 5
1942*Andy Summers Blackpool England, rock guitarist (Police-Roxanne), is born.Ref: 5
1943*John Denver [Henry John Deutschendorf Jr] Roswell NM, singer/songwriter/actor (Rocky Mountain High, Thank God, is born.Ref: 5
1943*Pete Quaife musician: bass: group: The Kinks: You Really Got Me, All Day & All of the Night, Tired of Waiting, Dedicated Follower of Fashion, A Well Respected Man, Sunny Afternoon, Dead End Street, Waterloo Sunset, Harry Rag, David Watts, Death of a Clown, Two Sisters, Autumn Almanac, Wonderboy, Days, Last of the Steam-Powered Trains, Do You Remember Walter?, is born.Ref: 4
1943*Ben Kingsley (Krishna Bhanji), Scarborough England, actor (Gandhi, Betrayal, Maurice), is born.Ref: 5
1945*Diane von Fürstenberg fashion designer: built multi-million-dollar empire around 1970s wrap dress, is born.Ref: 4
1945*Taylor Hackford Santa Barbara CA, director (Idolmaker, Officer & a Gentleman), is born.Ref: 5
1945*(date uncertain) Barbara Carrera Managua Nicaragua, actress (Angelica-Dallas), is born.Ref: 5
1946*Cliff Richey tennis: champ: Davis Cup [team w/Arthur Ashe, Stan Smith, Bob Lutz: 1970], is born.Ref: 4
1946*-Diane von Furstenberg Brussels Belgiums, fashion designer, is born.Ref: 5
1946*Patti Smith Chicago IL, singer (Radio Ethiopia), is born.Ref: 5
1947*Tim Matheson CA, actor (Animal House, Fletch, Up the Creek), is born. (TWA, 1997)Ref: 95
1947*Burton Cummings rock guitarist (Guess Who-These Eyes), is born.Ref: 5
1947*Diane Von Furstenberg 1947Ref: 10
1948*Viktor Mikhailovich Afanasieyv Russian cosmonaut (Soyuz TM-11, TM-18), is born.Ref: 5
1948*Donna Summer Boston MA, singer (Love to Love You Baby, On the Radio), is born.Ref: 5
1948*Joe Dallesandro Pensicola FL, actor (Heat, Trash, AW Frankenstein), is born.Ref: 5
1948*Tony Hamilton rocker (Aerosmith), is born.Ref: 5
1949*Claude Daniel Marks Buenos Aires Argentina, FALN member (FBI most wanted), is born.Ref: 5
1950*Golden (John) Richards football: Dallas Cowboys wide receiver: Super Bowls X, XII, is born.Ref: 4
1950*Inge Helten German Federal Republic, sprinter (Olympics-bronze-1976), is born.Ref: 5
1950*Robert Bryan Gilder Corvallis OR, PGA golfer (1980 Canadian Open), is born.Ref: 5
1951*Fermin Goytisolo rocker (KC & Sunshine Band-Give It), is born.Ref: 5
1951*Michael Allen Bantom Philadelphia PA, basketball player (Olympics-silver-1972), is born.Ref: 5
1951*Tom Hamilton Colorado Springs CO, rock bassist (Aerosmith-Dream On), is born.Ref: 5
1951*Barbara Carrera actress: Dallas, Centennial, Sawbones, Point of Impact, Loverboy, Never Say Never Again, Lone Wolf McQuade, Masada, Condorman, Island of Dr. Moreau, Embryo; modelRef: 4
1953*James Remar Boston MA, actor (48 Hours, Rent-a-Cop, Cotton Club), is born.Ref: 5
1953*Jane Badler Brooklyn NY, actress (Fine Gold, Easy Kill, V), is born.Ref: 5
1956*Martin Joseph Fettman Brooklyn NY, PhD/astronaut (STS 58), is born.Ref: 5
1957*David Allen Ogrin Waukegan IL, PGA golfer (1994 Byron Nelson-2nd), is born.Ref: 5
1958*Bebe Neuwirth actress: Cheers, Frasier, is born. (TWA, 2002)Ref: 95
1959*Val [Edward] Kilmer actor (The Saint, Top Gun, The Doors), is born.Ref: 5
1959*Paul Westerberg singer (The Replacements), is born.Ref: 5
1960*Broderick Dyke Australia, tennis star, is born.Ref: 5
1961*Joanna Johnson actress (Caroline-Bold & Beautiful), is born.Ref: 5
1961*Rick Aguilera San Gabriel CA, pitcher (Minnesota Twins), is born.Ref: 5
1962*Don Diamont New York NY, actor (Brad-Young & Restless), is born.Ref: 5
1962*Tyrone Corbin NBA forward (Miami Heat, Atlanta Hawks), is born.Ref: 5
1963*Ed Simmons NFL tackle (Washington Redskins), is born.Ref: 5
1963*Scott Ian US heavy metal guitarist (Anthrax-I'm the Man), is born.Ref: 5
1964*Klari MacAskill Budapest Hungary, kayaker (Olympics-5th-92, 96), is born.Ref: 5
1964*Liz Masakayan Quezon City Philippines, WPVA volley (Best of Beach-3rd-1994), is born.Ref: 5
1965*Michelle Dobek Holyoke MA, golfer (1995 GHP Heartland Classic-45th), is born.Ref: 5
1965 Gong Li is born.Ref: 10
1966*Paula Barbieri model/girlfriend of OJ Simpson/actress (Dangerous), is born.Ref: 5
1967*Brad Daluiso NFL place kicker (New York Giants), is born.Ref: 5
1969*Martha Byrne actress (Lily-As the World Turns), is born.Ref: 5
1970*Bryon Russell NBA forward (Utah Jazz), is born.Ref: 5
1970*Dan Howe Kingston Ontario, canoeist (Olympics-96), is born.Ref: 5
1970*Dunstan Anderson NFL defensive end (Dolphins, New Orleans Saints, Rhein Fire), is born.Ref: 5
1970*Edwin Huizinga Dutch soccer player (SC Heerenveen, Emmen), is born.Ref: 5
1970*Michel Brunet Gatineau Québec, ice dancer (1996 Canadians-2nd), is born.Ref: 5
1971*Brent Barry NBA guard (Seattle Sonics, Los Angeles Clippers), is born.Ref: 5
1971*Erin Warren Winchester MA, luger (Olympics-1994), is born.Ref: 5
1971*Heath Shuler NFL quarterback (Washington Redskins, New Orleans Saints), is born.Ref: 5
1972*Joe [Joseph Mulrey] McIntyre rocker (New Kids on the Block-Lovin You Forever), is born.Ref: 5
1972*Chris Parker running back (Jacksonville Jaguars), is born.Ref: 5
1972*Cole Ford NFL kicker (Oakland Raiders), is born.Ref: 5
1972*Kelvin Kinney defensive end (Washington Redskins), is born.Ref: 5
1973*Curtis Myden Calgary Alberta, 200 meter/400 meter swimmer (Olympics-2 bronze-96), is born.Ref: 5
1973*George Jones running back (Pittsburgh Steelers), is born.Ref: 5
1973*Hiroyuki Miura hockey defenseman (Team Japan 1998), is born.Ref: 5
1975*Cole Ford kicker (Oakland Raiders), is born.Ref: 5
1977*Ildiko Kecan Miss Hungary Universe (1997)Ref: 5
192*Lucius Aurelius Commodus Emperor of Rome (180-192), murdered at 31.Ref: 5
406*Godagisel king of the Vandals, dies in battle.Ref: 5
439*Melania the Younger Roman monastery founder/saint, dies at about 56.Ref: 5
765*Coffin of Ho-tse Shen-hui interred in a stupa built in China.Ref: 5
1382*Daigaku Zen teacher/46th head of Engakuji, dies in Kamakura Japan.Ref: 5
1384*John Wycliffe English religious reformer/bible translator, dies.Ref: 5
1583*Thomas Erastus Switzerland, theologist, dies.Ref: 5
1616*Jacques Le Maire pirate/explorer (Lemaire Strait), dies at 31.Ref: 5
1647*Giovanni Maria Trabaci composer, dies.Ref: 5
1652*Frances Cecil 2nd wife of English earl of Shaftesbury, dies.Ref: 5
1659*János Apáczai Csere Hung theologist (Magyar Logikácska), dies at 34.Ref: 5
1691*Sir Dudley North, English economist and merchant, dies at age 50.Ref: 70
1705 Catherine of Breganza dies.Ref: 10
1719*John Flamsteed, English, first Astronomer Royal, founder of the Greenwich Observatory, dies at age 73.Ref: 5
1733*Hubert K Poot Dutch poet (Akkerleven), dies at 44.Ref: 5
1802*(Declaration of Independence) Francis Lewis, Welsh/US merchant, signer of the Declaration of Independence, dies at 89.Ref: 5
1802*Hugo Franz Karl Alexander von Kerpen composer, dies at 53.Ref: 5
1809*Franz Ignaz Beck composer, dies at 75.Ref: 5
1818*Jean-Pierre Duport composer, dies at 77.Ref: 5
1848*Oliver Shaw composer, dies at 69.Ref: 5
1859*Luigi Ricci composer, dies at 54.Ref: 5
1872*Aleksis Kivi [Stenvall] Finnish writer/poet (Kanervala), dies at 38.Ref: 5
1877*Alberto Mazzucato composer, dies at 64.Ref: 5
1877*JD Gustave Courbet French painter (Baigneuses), dies at 58.Ref: 5
1882*Léon Michel Gambetta French attorney/premier (1881-82), dies at 44.Ref: 5
1889*Ion Creanga Romanian (fairy tales) author, dies at 52.Ref: 5
1893*Jacob G de Scheffer Dutch vicar/theologist, dies at 74.Ref: 5
1894*Thomas J Stieltjes mathematician (Stieltjes-integral), dies at 38.Ref: 5
1899*Karl Millöcker Austrian conductor/composer (Try-out Kiss), dies at 57.Ref: 5
1905*Aleksandr Popov, Russian physicist and electrical engineer, dies at age 46.Ref: 5
1907*Jules de Trooz Belgium PM, dies at 63.Ref: 5
1910*John B. Moisant and Arch Hoxsey, two of America's foremost aviators, die in separate plane crashes.Ref: 2
1916*Ernst Rudorff composer, dies at 76.Ref: 5
1920*Albert Roelofs Dutch painter/etcher, dies at 43.Ref: 5
1921*József Kiss Hungarian literary (A hét), dies at 78.Ref: 5
1936*Miguel de Unamuno Jugo Spanish philosopher/poet (Cancionero), dies at 72.Ref: 5
1936*William F Ellison Irish clergyman/astronomer, dies at 72.Ref: 5
1938*Richard N Roland Holst Dutch artist/painter, dies at 70.Ref: 5
1941*Sigwart Aspestrand composer, dies at 85.Ref: 5
1944*48 people die in a train accident in Ogden UT.Ref: 5
1945*Donald Douglas II dies at 40.Ref: 5
1946*Frits [Frederik H] Tartaud Dutch actor, dies at 89.Ref: 5
1946*Sir Malcolm Campbell, the first motorist to exceed 300 mph, dies at age 63.Ref: 70
1947*Franz X Ritter von Epp German general (SW Africa), dies at 79.Ref: 5
1948*Sir Malcolm Campbell, first man to travel 300 MPH in a car, dies at age 63.Ref: 4
1950*Charles Koechlin French composer (Jungle Book), dies at 83.Ref: 5
1950*Karl Renner Austrian Chancellor/President (1918-20, 45-50), dies at 80.Ref: 5
1951 Maxim M Litvinov [Meyer H Wallach] Russian diplomat, dies at 75.Ref: 5
1951*Philipp A Kohnstamm Dutch philosopher/physicist, dies at 76.Ref: 5
1953*Albert Plesman Dutch aviation pioneer/founder (KLM), dies at 64.Ref: 5
1954*Peter Van Anrooy conductor/composer (Piet Hein Rhapsodie), dies at 75.Ref: 5
1958*Gustav Hermann Unger composer, dies at 72.Ref: 5
1960*Germaine Loosveldt Flemish actress (Trees die Upright), dies at 69.Ref: 5
1960*Semyon Semyonovich Bogatiryov composer, dies at 70.Ref: 5
1963*Albert Plesman aviation pioneer, dies.Ref: 5
1964*Olafur Thors, Icelandic Prime Minister, dies at age 72.Ref: 70
1966*Chief Nipo Strongheart Native American actor (Pony Soldier), dies at 75.Ref: 5
1966*Pieter C A Geyl historian (History of Dutch Race), dies.Ref: 5
1968*Carl Oscar Ahues German International Chess Master (1950), dies at 85.Ref: 5
1968*George Louis Francis Lewis composer, dies at 16.Ref: 5
1968*Sabin V Dragoi composer, dies at 74.Ref: 5
1969*Salvatore Baccaloni opera singer/actor (Full of Life), dies at 69.Ref: 5
1970*Cyril M Scott English composer/author (Alchemist), dies at 91.Ref: 5
1971*Peter Deuel actor (Gidget, Love on a Rooftop), commits suicide at 31.Ref: 5
1972*Pirate outfielder Roberto Clemente, 38, is tragically killed when a cargo plane crashes during a relief effort to bring much needed supplies to the victims of the Nicaraguan earthquake.Ref: 1
1975*Donal Michalsky composer, dies at 47.Ref: 5
1977*Nora Marlowe actress (Sara-Governor & JJ), dies at 62.Ref: 5
1980*A Jewish owned hotel in Nairobi Kenya is bombed killing 18.Ref: 5
1980*(Herbert) Marshall McLuhan professor, writer: Understanding Media, The Medium is the Massage; “The medium is the message.”; dies at age 69.Ref: 4
1980*Raoul Walsh US director (High Sierra), dies at about 88.Ref: 5
1981*Frantisek Chaun composer, dies at 60.Ref: 5
1983*Frank Link actor (Burns & Schreiber Comedy Show), dies at 46.Ref: 5
1985*Ricky (Eric Hilliard) Nelson, his fiancee, Helen Blair, and five members of the Stone Canyon Band were killed in a plane crash a mile southeast of DeKalb, TX. Nelson was 45. Fire in the pasenger cabin forced the pilots of Nelson’s DC-3 to attempt an emergency landing in a field. The aircraft hit wires and a pole, then crashed into trees where it was extensively damaged by impact and fire. The crew escaped through the cockpit windows, but none of the pasengers got out.Ref: 4
1985*Sam Spiegel, Austrian-born American film producer, dies at age 82.Ref: 70
1986*97 people were killed when fire broke out in the Dupont Plaza Hotel in San Juan, Puerto Rico. (Three hotel workers later pleaded guilty to charges in connection with the blaze.) (TWA, 1997)Ref: 95
1986*Lloyd Haynes actor (Pete Dixon-Room 222), dies at 54.Ref: 5
1986*Lester Albert Trimble composer, dies at 63.Ref: 5
1987*[Gordon] Randall [P D] Garrett author (Lord Darcy), dies at 60.Ref: 5
1990*Vasily Grigoryevich Lazarev cosmonaut (Soyuz 12, 18A), dies at 62.Ref: 5
1990*George Allen US football coach (Los Angeles Rams, Washington Redskins), dies at age 68.Ref: 5
1990*Dalton Cathey dies of AIDS at 44.Ref: 5
1993*Zviad Gamsachurdia President of Georgia SSR (1991-1993), suicide at 54.Ref: 5
1993*Arthur Dreifuss director/producer (Murder in Amsterdam), dies at 85.Ref: 5
1993 Lambert Fokkema founder Dutch Export Combination, dies at 80.Ref: 5
1993*Thomas J Watson Jr president of IBM (1956-71)/diplomat, dies at age 79 in Greenwich CT.Ref: 68
1994*BAM "Bob" Schreiner airline owner (S Aviation Group), dies at 79.Ref: 5
1994*Harri Webb poet, dies at 74.Ref: 5
1994*Leigh Bowery designer, dies at 33.Ref: 5
1994*Leo Fuchs Polish/US Yiddish actor (Story of Ruth), dies at 83.Ref: 5
1994*Woodrow "Woody" Strode US rugby player/black cowboy actor (Posse, Cotton Club, Vigilante, Oil), dies.Ref: 5
1994*BAM "Bob" Schreiner airline owner (S Aviation Group), dies at 79.Ref: 5
1995 John Powell campaigner, dies at 75.Ref: 5
1996*Phillip Edmund Clinton Manson-Bahr tropical mediciner, dies at 85.Ref: 5
1996*61 law enforcement officers killed by felons in US this year.Ref: 5
1996*Ann Susan Hills freelance journalist, dies at 55.Ref: 5
1996*David Sinclair actor (Love & Hate), dies at 62.Ref: 5
1996*Frederico Davia opera singer, dies at 63.Ref: 5
1996*Michael Roberts historian, dies at 88.Ref: 5
1996*Wesley Addy actor: What Ever Happened to Baby Jane?, Kiss Me Deadly, Seconds; dies.Ref: 4
1997*Michael Kennedy, the 39-year-old son of the late Senator Robert F. Kennedy, was killed in a skiing accident on Aspen Mountain in Colorado.Ref: 5
1997*76 law enforcement officers killed by felons in US this year.Ref: 5
1997 Dominique de Menil arts patron/human rights advocate, dies at 89.Ref: 5
1997*Floyd Cramer pianist (Nashville Sound), dies of cancer at 64 in Nashville TN.Ref: 5
1997*Billie Dove (Lillian Bohny) actress: All the Brothers were Valiant, The Black Pirate; dies.Ref: 4
1999*Former Attorney Elliot L Richardson dies in Boston at age 79. (XDG, p 4A, 12/31/2000)Ref: 83
1999*Elliot L Richardson Attorney General (1973)/Sec of Defense (1973), best known for his refusal to obey President Richard M. Nixon's order to fire a special prosecutor, dies.Ref: 70
2000*José Greco flamenco dancer, actor: Ship of Fools, The Proud and the Damned; dies.Ref: 4
2001*Eileen Heckart actress: The Bad Seed, Bus Stop, Butterflies are Free, Heartbreak Ridge, Up the Down Staircase; dies at age 82 in Norwalk CT.Ref: 4
2001*Former Sen. Alan Cranston died in Los Altos, CA., at age 86. (TWA, 2002)Ref: 95
2001*Flemenco dancer Jose Greco died in Lancaster, Pa., at age 82. (TWA, 2002)Ref: 95
2002*An explosion of a clandestine fireworks factory in the Mexican port city of Veracruz ignited an entire city block, killing 28 people. (XDG, p 4A, 12/31/2003)Ref: 83